click links in text for more info

Bald Knob, Arkansas

Bald Knob is a city in White County, United States. The population was 2,897 at the 2010 census. Located at the intersection of two of the state's natural regions, Bald Knob is promoted as "where the Ozarks meet the Delta". Bald Knob is a leading strawberry producer in the state, known for its yearly Strawberry Fest held during Mother's Day weekend, it was once known as the leading strawberry producer in the world. Bald Knob was established in 1881. Bald Knob was named for a prominent, treeless ridge of layered rock that served as a landmark to pioneers. One point of interest in Bald Knob is Arkansas Traveler Hobbies, housed in the old Missouri Pacific Railroad depot at 400 E. Market Street. Antique passenger cars and an antique caboose are housed on the grounds and being restored; the hobby shop houses a museum, which chronicles the history of Bald Knob, the Missouri Pacific Railroad, White County. Another attraction is the historic Knob Field, just east of the Big Bald Knob Park; the Campbell-Chrisp House, built in 1899, was designed by Charles L. Thompson.

It is listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places. Bald Knob is located at 35°18′42″N 91°34′12″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles, of which 4.5 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,210 people, 1,257 households, 878 families residing in the city; the population density was 715.5 people per square mile. There were 1,395 housing units at an average density of 311.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.91% White, 6.07% Black or African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.21% from other races, 1.56% from two or more races. 3.18 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 1,257 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.1% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.08. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,970, the median income for a family was $36,500. Males had a median income of $27,978 versus $19,000 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,218. About 10.4% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over. Bald Knob School District provides education for grades k-12 with students graduating from Bald Knob High School; the school's colors are blue and gray. List of cities in Arkansas Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture entry: Bald Knob Media related to Bald Knob, Arkansas at Wikimedia Commons

Subjective units of distress scale

A Subjective Units of Distress Scale is a scale of 0 to 10 for measuring the subjective intensity of disturbance or distress experienced by an individual. The individual self assesses; the SUDS may be used as a benchmark for a professional or observer to evaluate the progress of treatment. In desensitization-based therapies, such as those listed below, the patients' regular self assessments enable them to guide the clinician as part of the therapeutic dialog; the SUD-level was developed by Joseph Wolpe in 1969. It has been used for research purposes. There is no hard and fast rule by which a patient can self assign a SUDS rating to his or her disturbance or distress, hence the name subjective; some guidelines are: The intensity recorded must be as it is experienced now. Constriction or congestion or tensing of body parts indicates a higher SUDS than. Here is one version of the scale: 10 = Feels unbearably bad, beside yourself, out of control as in a nervous breakdown, overwhelmed, at the end of your rope.

You may feel so upset that you don't want to talk because you can't imagine how anyone could understand your agitation. 9 = Feeling desperate. What most people call a 10 is a 9. Feeling freaked out to the point that it feels unbearable and you are getting scared of what you might do. Feeling very bad, losing control of your emotions. 8 = Freaking out. The beginning of alienation. 7 = Starting to freak out, on the edge of some bad feelings. You can maintain control with difficulty. 6 = Feeling bad to the point that you begin to think something ought to be done about the way you feel. 5 = Moderately upset, uncomfortable. Unpleasant feelings are still manageable with some effort. 4 = Somewhat upset to the point that you cannot ignore an unpleasant thought. You don't feel good. 3 = Mildly upset. Worried, bothered to the point that you notice it. 2 = A little bit upset, but not noticeable unless you took care to pay attention to your feelings and realize, "yes" there is something bothering me. 1 = No acute distress and feeling good.

If you took special effort you might feel something unpleasant but not much. 0 = Peace, total relief. No more anxiety of any kind about any particular issue. In using SUDS in a therapeutic setting, the therapist does not define the scale, because one of the benefits of asking a patient or client for a SUDS score is that it is simple. You can ask the client, "On a scale of zero to ten, where zero is the best you can feel and ten is the worst, how do you feel right now?" The purpose of this question is to enable the patient or client to notice improvements, the inherent difference between one person's subjective scale and another person's is irrelevant to therapy with either individual. Our brains are sophisticated enough that they can summarize a large amount of data quickly, accurately. There is a possibility that in some forms of therapy, the patient will want to see progress and will therefore report progress that isn't objectively present—a type one error from a statistical point of view. While both type I and type II errors are important in research situations, type one errors can have a therapeutic utility in clinical situations, in which they can provide an indirect opportunity for positive autosuggestion—much like the indirect suggestions employed in Ericksonian hypnosis.

Thus, since the main use of SUDS is for clinical purposes, rather than research purposes, the imprecise nature of the scale is unimportant to its main users: patients and clinicians


Kymenlaakso is a region in Finland. It borders the regions of Russia, its name means The Valley of River Kymijoki. Kymijoki is one of the biggest rivers in Finland with a drainage basin with 11% of the area of Finland; the city of Kotka with 55,000 inhabitants is located at the delta of River Kymijoki and has the most important import harbour in Finland. Other cities are Kouvola further in the inland which has after a municipal merger 88,000 inhabitants and the old bastion town Hamina. Kymenlaakso was one of the first industrialized regions of Finland, it became the most important region for pulp industry in Finland. Since the late 1900s many plants have closed, which has caused some deindustrialization and population decline in Kymenlaakso in those communes that were built around plants such as Myllykoski in Kouvola. For history and culture see: Uusimaa and Tavastia The region of Kymenlaakso is made up of seven municipalities, of which three have city status. Kotka-Hamina Sub-region: Kotka Hamina Pyhtää Virolahti Miehikkälä Kouvola Sub-region: Kouvola Iitti Former municipalities: Kuusankoski Elimäki Anjala Haapasaari Kymi Karhula Anjalankoski Valkeala Jaala Vehkalahti Results of the 2019 Finnish parliamentary election in Kymenlaakso: Social Democratic Party 24.73% Finns Party 20.93% National Coalition Party 18.21% Centre Party 11.64% Green League 8.64% Left Alliance 6.34% Christian Democrats 4.85% Movement Now 1.83% Blue Reform 1.68% Seven Star Movement 0.33% Other parties 0.82% Regional Council of Kymenlaakso

Boris Feigin

Boris Lvovich Feigin is a Russian mathematician. His research has spanned representation theory, mathematical physics, algebraic geometry, Lie groups and Lie algebras, conformal field theory and homotopical algebra. In 1969 Feigin graduated from the Moscow Mathematical School No. 2. From 1969 until 1974 he was a student in the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics at Moscow State University under joint supervision of Dmitry Fuchs and Israel Gelfand, his diploma thesis was dedicated to characteristic classes of flags of foliations. Feigin was not accepted to the graduate school of MSU due to anti-semitic policies at that institution at that time. After working as a computer programmer in industry for some time, he was accepted in 1976 to the graduate school of Yaroslavl State University and defended his thesis "Cohomology of current Lie algebras on smooth manifolds" in 1981 at Steklov Institute in Leningrad, he was an invited speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Kyoto in 1990.

He obtained his habilitation in 1995. Boris Feigin is a professor at the Independent University of Moscow and a senior research fellow at Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics since 1992. Since 2009, he is a professor of the Faculty of Mathematics at the Higher School of Economics. In 2013 he was promoted to Distinguished professor at HSE. Since 2014, he is the head of the Laboratory of Representation Theory and Mathematical Physics at HSE. Boris Feigin is a member of the editorial boards of mathematics journals Functional Analysis and Its Applications, Moscow Mathematical Journal, Transformation groups. Boris Feigin home page at Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics Boris Feigin at the Mathematics Genealogy Project Boris Feigin's articles on the Arxiv

Alexander Archipelago wolf

The Alexander Archipelago wolf known as the Islands wolf, is a subspecies of the northwestern wolf, Canis lupus occidentalis. The coastal wolves of southeast Alaska inhabit the area that includes the Alexander Archipelago, its islands, a narrow strip of rugged coastline, biologically isolated from the rest of North America by the Coast Mountains; the Tongass National Forest comprises about 80% of the region. In 1993, a petition to list the Alexander Archipelago wolf as threatened under the U. S. Endangered Species Act was lodged with the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service; the agency decided in 1997. In the interim, a multiagency conservation assessment of the species was published. In 2011, a second petition to list the species as either threatened or endangered was filed with the Fish and Wildlife Service, it referenced scientific studies and other information that had arisen over the intervening 14 years. In March 2014, in response to the petition, the agency made a positive initial finding that listing the species as threatened or endangered "may be warranted" and that it will prepare a formal status review.

This wolf is recognized as a subspecies of Canis lupus in the taxonomic authority Mammal Species of the World. Early taxonomists were able to determine that the Alexander Archipelago wolf was its own unique subspecies due to "common cranial characteristics". Taxonomists have suggested more that the species may have originated from another subspecies known as C. l. nubilis. Studies using mitochondrial DNA have indicated that the wolves of coastal southeast Alaska are genetically distinct from inland gray wolves, reflecting a pattern observed in other taxa, they show a phylogenetic relationship with extirpated wolves from the south, indicating that these wolves are the last remains of a once widespread group, extirpated during the last century, that the wolves of northern North America had expanded from southern refuges below the Wisconsin glaciation after the ice had melted at the end of the last glacial maximum. These findings call into question the taxonomic classification of C.l. nulibus proposed by Nowak.

Another study found that the wolves of coastal British Columbia were genetically and ecologically distinct from the inland wolves, including other wolves from inland British Columbia. A study of the three coastal wolves indicated a close phylogenetic relationship across regions that are geographically and ecologically contiguous, the study proposed that C. l. ligoni, C. l. columbianus, C. l. crassodon should be recognized as a single subspecies of C. lupus. In 2016, two studies compared the DNA sequences of 42,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in North American gray wolves and found the coastal wolves to be genetically and phenotypically distinct from other wolves, they share the same habitat and prey species, form one of the study's six identified ecotypes - a genetically and ecologically distinct population separated from other populations by their different types of habitat. The local adaptation of a wolf ecotype most reflects the wolf's preference to remain in the type of habitat that it was born into.

Wolves that prey on fish and small deer in wet, coastal environments tend to be smaller than other wolves. Smaller than the other North American subspecies of wolf, the Alexander Archipelago wolf averages between 30 and 50 lb, they are 2 ft tall at the shoulder. Their coat is a dark gray, with varying patterns of lighter shades. Individuals from different islands in the archipelago have a propensity for different color phases, from pure black to combinations of black and white to a much brighter cinnamon color; the primary prey of this species is the Sitka black-tailed deer, which comprises as much as 90% of an individual's diet. The next-closest consumed species, less than 10%, is the North American beaver; the average Alexander Archipelago wolf eats an estimated 26 deer per year. This habit of feeding entirely on a single species is peculiar to this wolf, is not seen in other North American wolf species; this subspecies consumes large amounts of salmon in addition to deer, mountain goat, small mammals.

Salmon make up about 10-25% of their diet. Salmon are attributed with allowing the subspecies to have one of the higher pup survivorship of the species; the range of the Alexander Archipelago wolf covers all of southeastern Alaska except the Admiralty and Chichagof Islands. A population estimate made in the mid-1990s with a radio-collar study produced a region-wide population estimate of 750 to 1,100, with the fall 1994 population estimated to be 908; that study was conducted on Prince of Wales Island, the region-wide estimate was made by an extrapolation based on the varying habitat capability for prey. The Prince of Wales population was estimated to be 300–350. From Environment New Jersey: "The Alexander Archipelago wolf is one of the world's rarest wolf subspecies, the islands that make up the Tongass National Forest are its only home in the United States. They're threatened. In 2014, the wolves' population fell from 200 to around 60 wolves -- a drop of 70 percent in just one year." During field work in summer 2010, the Alaska Department of Fish and Game determined the Prince of Wales Island wolf population has declined sharply.

ADFG was unable to collect enough wolf scats to make a population estimate based on DNA. "only a'small fraction' of the expected number of scats" was found during this effort, in which a numb

Italian destroyer Aquilone (1927)

Aquilone was one of eight Turbine-class destroyers built for the Regia Marina during the late 1920s. She was named after a cold northerly wind; the Turbine-class destroyers were improved versions of the preceding Sauro classs. They had a beam of 9.2 meters and a mean draft of 3 meters. They displaced 1,090 metric tons at standard load, 1,700 metric tons at deep load, their complement was 167 enlisted men. The Turbines were powered by two Parsons geared steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft using steam supplied by three Thornycroft boilers; the turbines were rated at 40,000 shaft horsepower for a speed of 33 knots in service, although Aquilone reached a speed of 39.5 knots during her sea trials while loaded. They carried enough fuel oil to give them a range of 3,200 nautical miles at a speed of 14 knots, their main battery consisted of four 120-millimeter guns in two twin-gun turrets, one each fore and aft of the superstructure. Anti-aircraft defense for the Turbine-class ships was provided by a pair of 40-millimeter AA guns in single mounts amidships and a twin-gun mount for 13.2-millimeter machine guns.

They were equipped with six 533-millimeter torpedo tubes in two triple mounts amidships. The Turbines could carry 52 mines. Aquilone was laid down by Odero-Terni-Orlando at their Genoa-Sestri Ponente shipyard on 18 May 1925, launched on 3 August 1927 and completed on 3 December. Upon her completion, together with Turbine and Euro was assigned to the 2nd Squadron of the I Destroyer Flotilla based at La Spezia. Between 1929 and 1932 she carried out several training cruises in the Mediterranean. In 1932 during the training exercises she launched and accidentally hit Zeffiro with a torpedo, but no damage was done as torpedo proved to be defective. In 1931 Aquilone together with Turbine and Borea as well as older Daniele Manin, Giovanni Nicotera and Pantera formed 1st Destroyer Flotilla, part of II Naval Division. In 1934 after another reorganization Aquilone as well as Nembo and Turbine were again reunited, now forming the 8th Destroyer Squadron, part of II Naval Division. Early in 1938 the ship was moved to Brindisi and from there she departed for Tobruk in Libya which became her new base in March 1938.

Aquilone conducted many exploratory and training cruises in the eastern Mediterranean throughout 1938 and part of 1939, visiting Albania and the island of Crete. She escorted Italian submarines to Port Said on their voyage to the Italian East Africa. During these cruises the destroyer went through significant storms on several occasions resulting in damage. In November 1939 Aquilone returned to Brindisi to unload all the ammunition and proceeded to Fiume for repairs. In March 1940 the repairs were finished and Aquilone sailed to Brindisi to load ammunition, from there continued on to Tobruk arriving there in April 1940. With the war drawing closer, the destroyer was ordered to conduct daily exercises, on May 20 received an order to lay protective minefields around ports of Tripoli, Tobruk and a few others; the minelaying operations continued through the months of July as well. At the time of Italy entry into World War II on June 10, 1940, Aquillone together with Turbine and Nembo formed 1st Destroyer Squadron based in Tobruk.

The destroyer was under command of Captain Alberto Agostini. After an air reconnaissance revealed large number of ships present in Tobruk harbor, including several destroyers, British command ordered an air attack on Tobruk on June 12; the air strike was carried out by Blenheims from 45, 55, 113 and 211 Squadrons in the early morning hours of June 12. British bombers were intercepted by CR.32s from 92nd, 93rd and 94th Squadriglias, forcing some bombers to turn away, or drop their bombs prematurely. Several bombers managed to get through and bombed the harbor between 04:52 and 05:02 causing only negligible damage. Aquilone was not hit directly. In response the Italian command ordered a bombardment of Sollum; the raid was carried out both by Regia Aeronautica and Regia Marina, with twelve SM.79 bombers dropping bombs in the early morning of June 14, while destroyers Aquilone and Turbine shelled the town from 03:49 to 04:05, firing 220 shells of their main caliber, but dealing negligible damage to the installations due to thick fog present at the time of attack.

Another bombardment of Sollum was performed between 05:35 and 06:18 on June 26 by the same destroyer group "with considerable effectiveness" expending 541 shells in the process. On June 29 Aquilone was sent to look for survivors of Espero sunk the previous day in the battle against British cruisers. Despite her best efforts, she could not locate anyone, but during the search she was spotted and attacked by a British flying boat; the bombs dropped by the aircraft exploded 50-60 meters away from the destroyer's stern, forcing the ship to withdraw at maximum speed and shooting from her anti-aircraft guns. Aquilone arrived at Tobruk in the evening of the same day. On July 5, 1940 there were seven Turbine-class destroyers berthed in Tobruk harbor, including Aquilone, together with four torpedo boats, six freighters and several auxiliary vessels. Between 10:00 to 11:15 a Short Sunderland reconnaissance plane overflew the harbor at an altitude of 1,500-2,000 meters and despite the anti-aircraft fire opened against it, confirmed the presence of numerous ships in the harbor.

In the late afternoon a group of nine Fairey Swordfish