Carrick Knowe is a suburb in the west of Edinburgh in Scotland, located 3 miles from the city centre. It is bordered by Tyler's Acre to the north, the Glasgow/Aberdeen railway line to the south, Carrick Knowe Golf Course to the east, Saughton Road North to the west; the catchment area for the primary school encompasses this entire area. It is considered part of Corstorphine, however it has its own shopping areas, primary school, parish church and public park; the name "Carrick Knowe" is a semi-tautology, since "Carrick" derives from a Celtic word for a "rock" or "eminence", "knowe" is the Broad Scots for a "knoll". Like nearby Corstorphine, much of the land is a former bog, would have been part of the former Corstorphine Loch. Carrick Knowe was built in 1936 as a private for-rent housing estate by builder, Mactaggart & Mickel, the Factor being Gumleys; the houses were built as four-in-the-block flatted villas. Most of these houses are now owned. Property being sold in the area is described as being in Corstorphine, this trading on the higher average house price in Corstorphine postcodes than in Carrick Knowe given differences in quality of accommodation.
The church hall of Carrick Knowe Parish Church on Saughton Road North opened in November 1937 but construction of the church was delayed due to World War II. Building began in 1950 and was completed in 1953; the church was the first post-war stone-built church in Scotland and has had only three ministers in its first seventy years. Carrick Knowe has its own municipal golf course. There are two golf clubs that play over the course, Carrick Knowe Golf Club and Carrickvale Golf Club; the local shops for Carrick Knowe are located on Saughton Road North at two points. Corstorphine Library is close to Carrick Knowe. Edinburgh Trams serves Carrick Knowe at the Saughton tram stop. Corstorphine RFC hold their home games at Union Park. Carrick Knowe Church Carrick Knowe Primary School
Murrayfield is an affluent area to the west of Edinburgh city centre in Scotland. It is to north of Balgreen and Roseburn; the A8 road runs east–west through the south of the area. Murrayfield is considered to include the smaller neighbouring areas of Ravelston and Roseburn; the name comes from the estate of Archibald Murray who built Murrayfield House for himself in 1735 on the south-facing slopes over the area. Alexander Murray, Lord Henderland was born here the year after its construction, it is known for containing Murrayfield Stadium, home to the Scottish national rugby union team and venue for many sporting events. In the shadow of the stadium is Murrayfield Ice Rink, which hosts the Edinburgh Capitals ice hockey team and played host to the famous Murrayfield Racers. In the 2006-07 season, Heart of Midlothian played their UEFA Champions League ties at Murrayfield. Murrayfield Stadium has been the venue for some large concerts. In addition to the stadium, there is Murrayfield Tennis Club and Murrayfield Golf Course, between Ravelston and Corstorphine Hill.
Next to this is Easter Belmont Road, one of Edinburgh's "Millionaire's Rows" and is home to local businessman David Murray. Aside from sports facilities, there is a lot of residential land use, a private hospital, Spire Murrayfield Hospital, part of the Spire Healthcare group. There are small numbers of shops, businesses including a Nissan dealership, hotels; the well-known independent schools, St. George's School for Girls and the Merchant Company of Edinburgh's The Mary Erskine School for girls are situated in the Murrayfield area; the local primary school for most is Roseburn Primary School and Murrayfield is part of the Craigmount High School catchment area. The nearest Roman Catholic schools are Fox Covert R. C. Primary School and St. Augustine's High School. Chris Hoy grew up on the boundary of Murrayfield. Bell, Raymond MacKean Literary Corstorphine: A reader's guide to West Edinburgh, Leamington Books, Edinburgh 2017 Cant, Villages of Edinburgh volumes 1 & 2, John Donald Publishers Ltd.
Edinburgh, 1986-1987. ISBN 0-85976-131-2 & ISBN 0-85976-186-X Cosh, Mary Edinburgh the Golden Age, Edinburgh Grant, James and new Edinburgh' volumes 1–3, Cassell, 1880s: Online edition Harris, Stuart; the Place Names of Edinburgh. Edinburgh: Gordon Wright Publishing. P. 144. ISBN 0-903065-83-5. Sherman, Robin Old Murrayfield and Corstorphine Bartholomew's Chronological map of Edinburgh Murrayfield Community Council
Scotland is a country, part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides; the Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain; the union created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland enacted a political union to create a United Kingdom.
The majority of Ireland subsequently seceded from the UK in 1922. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland; the legal system within Scotland has remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland. The continued existence of legal, educational and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England; the Scottish Parliament, a unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, was established in 1999 and has authority over those areas of domestic policy which have been devolved by the United Kingdom Parliament. The head of the Scottish Government, the executive of the devolved legislature, is the First Minister of Scotland. Scotland is represented in the UK House of Commons by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs.
Scotland is a member of the British–Irish Council, sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Scotland is divided into councils. Glasgow City is the largest subdivision in Scotland in terms of population, with Highland being the largest in terms of area. "Scotland" comes from the Latin name for the Gaels. From the ninth century, the meaning of Scotia shifted to designate Gaelic Scotland and by the eleventh century the name was being used to refer to the core territory of the Kingdom of Alba in what is now east-central Scotland; the use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass most of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages, as the Kingdom of Alba expanded and came to encompass various peoples of diverse origins. Repeated glaciations, which covered the entire land mass of modern Scotland, destroyed any traces of human habitation that may have existed before the Mesolithic period, it is believed the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, as the ice sheet retreated after the last glaciation.
At the time, Scotland was covered in forests, had more bog-land, the main form of transport was by water. These settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500 years ago, the first villages around 6,000 years ago; the well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period. Neolithic habitation and ritual sites are common and well preserved in the Northern Isles and Western Isles, where a lack of trees led to most structures being built of local stone. Evidence of sophisticated pre-Christian belief systems is demonstrated by sites such as the Callanish Stones on Lewis and the Maes Howe on Orkney, which were built in the third millennium BCE; the first written reference to Scotland was in 320 BC by Greek sailor Pytheas, who called the northern tip of Britain "Orcas", the source of the name of the Orkney islands. During the first millennium BCE, the society changed to a chiefdom model, as consolidation of settlement led to the concentration of wealth and underground stores of surplus food.
The first Roman incursion into Scotland occurred in 79 AD. After the Roman victory, Roman forts were set along the Gask Ridge close to the Highland line, but by three years after the battle, the Roman armies had withdrawn to the Southern Uplands; the Romans erected Hadrian's Wall in northern England and the Limes Britannicus became the northern border of the Roman Empire. The Roman influence on the southern part of the country was considerable, they introduced Christianity to Scotland. Beginning in the sixth century, the area, now Scotland was divided into three areas: Pictland, a patchwork of small lordships in central Scotland; these societies were based on the family unit and had sharp divisions in wealth, although the vast majority were poor and worked full-time in subsistence agriculture. The Picts kept slaves through the ninth century. Gaelic influence over Pictland and Northumbria was facilitated by the large number of Gaelic-speaking clerics working as missionaries. Operating in the sixth ce
Gorgie is a densely populated area of Edinburgh, Scotland. It is located in the west of the city and borders Murrayfield and Dalry; the name is thought to be Brythonic in origin. Early forms suggest it derives from gor gyn – upper wedge – which may refer to the tapering shape of the land between the Water of Leith and the Craiglockhart hills. An alternative derivation is'big field' from Cumbric gor cyn. Gorgie is recorded in 12th century charters of Holyrood Abbey, when in 1236 it came into the possession of Sir William Livingston. In 1799, the Cox family who owned a mill bought most of the former estate from the residual Livingston family, they developed a glue factory on the site, redeveloped under a new Post Office Telecommunications telephone exchange in 1969. From 1527, the landowners lived in Gorgie House, situated on Alexander Drive, its remnants were demolished in 1937, to allow construction of the Pooles Roxy cinema and some housing. Gorgie developed at a slower pace than nearby Dalry, allowing the continued operation of the 10 acres Gorgie pig farm until 1885.
Robb's Loan is named after Robert Robb and his son James who farmed at Gorgie Mains for much of the nineteenth century. By 1800, only the area between Robertson Avenue and Saughton Park had any housing, served by a school and a church mission. With grain whisky consumption growing in the industrialised and railway connected Victorian era, independent whisky blenders needed access to a high quality and high volume producer of grain whisky spirit. In 1885, major shareholders Andrew Usher, William Sanderson and John M. Crabbie, with numerous other whisky-blenders as shareholders, established the North British Distillery Company, which bought the former pig farm, began developing a distillery; the distillery gained access to the Edinburgh Suburban and Southside Junction Railway, which began developing a railway station in Gorgie. This brought about the 1888 development of Stewart Terrace, Wardlaw Place, Wardlaw Street, the tenement flats of Tynecastle Terrace and Ardmillan Terrace. McVitie & Price Ltd was established in 1830 on Rose Street in Edinburgh.
The firm moved to various sites in the city, before completing the St. Andrews Biscuit Works factory on Robertson Avenue in 1888. Though the factory burned down in 1894, it was rebuilt the same year, it is one of the claimed sites of. The site was closed in 1969, when production ceased and operations were transferred to Levenshulme in Manchester, Harlesden in London. After closure, Ferranti occupied the buildings as an electronics factory until the 1980s. In 1906, pharmaceutical research company T&H Smith Ltd moved from Canongate to the district. Now merged with two other Edinburgh-based medical research companies, they form leading global medicinal-opiate producer MacFarlan Smith; the chemical plant of Cox's glue and gelatin works, the Caledonian Brewery developed in the area. Most of the large industrial works closed from the late-1960s to the mid-1980s, bringing high unemployment to the area; the recent refurbishment of many of the older buildings has brought a more cosmopolitan nature to the district, allowing it to retain several smaller businesses.
The area is served by Tynecastle High School. Gorgie City Farm was established by local people in 1982 on the site of a derelict railway goods yard. Set up as a community project with the aim of improving education in agriculture and rural crafts for people living in the area. In 2012, Gorgie was the centre of a Legionnaire's Disease outbreak believed to originate from factory cooling towers in the area; the Gorgie area is within the Edinburgh South West constituency for the Westminster Parliament and is represented by the Rt Hon Joanna Cherry MP of the Scottish National Party. At the Scottish Parliament, the area falls within Edinburgh Central, represented by Marco Biagi MSP of the Scottish National Party; the area, as part of the Sighthill/Gorgie ward, elects four councillors to the City of Edinburgh Council. The current representation is: Denis Dixon and Catherine Fullerton and Eric Milligan and Donald Wilson; the area was traversed by both the Caledonian Railway and the North British Railway and was served by Gorgie East Station on the Edinburgh Suburban and Southside Junction Railway.
It was opened on 1 December 1884 and served the area until it was closed in 1962 when passenger rail services were withdrawn from the Edinburgh Suburban line as part of the British Railways rationalisation programme known as the Beeching Axe. No trace of the station remains but the route continues to be used for freight services to this day, so freight trains avoid Edinburgh's main stations of Edinburgh Waverley and Edinburgh Haymarket, diverted passenger trains pass along this line. A local campaigning group, the Capital Rail Action Group, ran a campaign for the ESSJR line to be re-opened to passenger services, proposed that it should be operated either as a commuter rail service or as a light rail system to form an extension of the forthcoming Edinburgh Tram Network. Following a petition submitted to the Scottish Parliament in 2007, the proposal was rejected in 2009 by transport planners due to anticipated cost. After Heart of Midlothian F. C. was formed in 1874, the club played at sites in the Meadows and Powderhall.
Hearts first moved to Gorgie in 1881. This pitch stood on the site of the present-day Wardlaw Wardlaw Terrace; as this site was regarded as being "out of town", Hearts would sometimes stage two matches for the price of one, or set an admission price much
Edinburgh Trams is a tramway in Edinburgh, operated by Transport for Edinburgh. It is a 14-kilometre line between York Place in Edinburgh Airport, with 16 stops. Construction began in June 2008, after encountering delays it opened on 31 May 2014; the scheme had an initial estimated cost of £375 million in 2003, but by May 2008, when contracts were signed, the cost had risen to £521 million. The final cost after delays was £776 million. After running for two years the scheme achieved pre-tax profitability and has exceeded the original ridership targets. On 14 March 2019, Edinburgh Council voted to approve the extension of the existing line from York Place to Newhaven; the extended line is due to be operational by early 2023. Edinburgh Corporation Tramways ran from 1871 until 16 November 1956. After that date, public transport consisted of a limited network of commuter rail lines. Towards the end of the 20th century, there was revived interest in trams and networks were introduced in Birmingham, Manchester and Sheffield.
Proposals for a tram network were made in the 1990s, a plan to build a line along Princes Street and Leith Walk to Newhaven was proposed in 1999 by the City of Edinburgh Council and Edinburgh Enterprise and the New Edinburgh Tramways Company. A 2001 proposal envisaged three routes, lines 1, 2 and 3; the first was a circular route around the northern suburbs, the others were radial routes to Newbridge in the west and Newcraighall in the south. All lines would have passed through the city centre. In May 2004, a 15-year operating contract was awarded to Transdev, to operate and maintain the tram network; this contract was cancelled in 2009. Two bills to reintroduce a tram network were passed by the Scottish Parliament in March 2006. Lines 1 and 2 received parliamentary permission, but funding the entire network was deemed impossible. Line 3, to be paid for by a proposed Edinburgh congestion charge, was scrapped when the charge was defeated in a referendum and construction of the remaining two lines was split into four phases: Phase 1a 18.5-kilometre from Newhaven to Edinburgh Airport via Princes Street, combining parts of lines 1 and 2 Phase 1b 5.6-kilometre from Haymarket to Granton Square via Crewe Toll, comprising most of the remainder of line 1 Phase 2 linking Granton Square and Newhaven, completing the line 1 loop Phase 3 extending the airport line to Newbridge, completing line 2 The future of the scheme came under threat in 2007, when the Scottish National Party published its manifesto for the Scottish Parliamentary election.
The party made clear its intention to cancel the scheme, along with the Edinburgh Airport Rail Link, to save £1.1 billion. Following a lost vote in the Scottish Parliament, the SNP-led minority Scottish Government agreed to continue the line from the airport to Leith on condition that no more public money would be supplied. A report by Audit Scotland, commissioned by the Scottish Government, confirmed that the cost projections were sound; the cost of the scheme in 2003 was estimated at £498 million, £375 million in funding from the Scottish Government and £45 million from Edinburgh Council. On 25 October 2007, the council approved the final business case. Approval was given on 22 December 2007 for TIE to sign contracts with CAF to supply vehicles and BBS to design and construct the network. Contract negotiations finished in April 2008, construction started in June 2008. By this stage the cost of the project was estimated at £521 million. Funding problems and political disputes led to the scaling back of the original plans.
In April 2009, the council cancelled phase 1b, citing revenue shortfall created by the economic slowdown to save an estimated £75 million. The Granton extension was cancelled; until August 2011, the project was overseen by Transport Initiatives Edinburgh, a company wholly owned by the City of Edinburgh Council, who were responsible for project-managing the construction of the tramway. After the draft business case was accepted by the Scottish Government in March 2007, initial construction work commenced in July 2007, with the diversion of underground utilities in preparation for track-laying in Leith; these works followed a plan by System Design Services, a joint design team led by Parsons Brinckerhoff and Halcrow Group. In May 2008, final contracts to build the tram system were awarded to BSC, a consortium of Bilfinger Berger and Spanish tram builder Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles; the tramway uses a mix of street running and segregated off-road track, with conventional tram stop platforms.
Stops are fitted with shelters, ticket machines, lighting and CCTV. The network is operated from a depot in Gogar, close to the A8 roundabout, north of Gyle Centre tram stop; the route of the line required the construction of bridges to cross railway lines at Edinburgh Park and Stenhouse, a tunnel under the A8 near the Gogar roundabout. A bridge at Balgreen was widened. Works to build a tram interchange at Haymarket station involved the demolition of a Category C listed building, the former Caledonian Alehouse on Haymarket Terrace; some on-street track was laid in a special foundation with cobbled road surfacing designed to be sympathetic with the style of Edinburgh streets but was removed in many places due to objections from cyclists. The trams are powered by overhead cables attached to purpose-built poles or mounted on the sides of buildings. Nine electrical sub-stations were planned for the line to Newhaven, both underground and above-ground but only five were built after the line was truncated at York Place.
In 2008 and 2009, the project met with delays to work on tramway infrastructure. Phase 1b of the project was cancelled bec
Balgreen Halt railway station
Balgreen Halt railway station served Balgreen in the Scottish city of Edinburgh. Services were provided by trains on the Corstorphine Branch. In 2014 the Edinburgh Tram system opened a tram stop named "Balgreen" adjacent to the site of the station; the station was opened by the London and North Eastern Railway in 1934. The line passed on to the Scottish Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948, to be closed by the British Railways Board; the stationmaster's house remains standing, in the site, landscaped as part of a garden. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers.
ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. *RAILSCOT on Corstorphine Branch Balgreen Halt on navigable O. S. map Station marked at Saughton Hall Picture of the station
Stockbridge is a suburb of Edinburgh, located towards the north of the city centre, bounded by the New Town and by Comely Bank. The name is Scots stock brig from Anglic stocc brycg. A small outlying village, it was incorporated into the City of Edinburgh in the 19th century; the current "Stock Bridge", built in 1801, is a stone structure spanning the Water of Leith. The painter Henry Raeburn owned two adjoining estates, Deanhaugh and St Bernard's, which he developed with the assistance of the architect James Milne. Milne was responsible for the fine St Bernard's Church in Saxe Coburg Street. Ann Street, designed by Raeburn and named after his wife, is a rare early example of a New Town street with private front gardens; the eastern route into Stockbridge is marked by St Stephen's Church. This stands at the north end of St Vincent Street, its tower visible from the first New Town on the higher slope to the south. Intended to stand in the centre of Circus Place, it was redesigned and squeezed into its current restricted site on ground which falls at the southern edge of the Silvermills area.
It was designed by the architect William Playfair in 1827. It is unusual for its main church being raised by a storey, accessed by a tall but narrow flight of steps at its frontage, its clock pendulum is the longest in Europe. The church stands at the eastern end of St Stephen Street, a curving Georgian street of inhabited basement flats with ground floors accommodating a series of antique shops and offices. A small spur on its north side, St Stephen Place, leads to the old Stockbridge Market, of which the original entrance archway still stands. Parallel to St Stephen Street, to the south, lies Circus Lane, a mews lane, integrating both old and new buildings; the main road through Stockbridge is Raeburn Place, a street of mixed character, with numerous small shops at ground-floor level. The link from this street to the New Town is via North West Circus Place. Saunders Street, south of the bridge, was built in 1974 as part of a "slum clearance" programme; the medical centre to its east is part of the same scheme.
Gloucester Lane marks the line of the medieval road from the village to St Cuthbert's Church at the west end of Princes Street. One building close to the Stockbridge end, predates the New Town, it is a merchant's house built about 1790 from the stones of demolished buildings in the Old Town and was the birthplace of the painter David Roberts, who worked as a scene painter at Edinburgh's Theatre Royal and London's Covent Garden. Leslie Place, dating from the late Victorian period, joins the village to the western sections of the New Town: St Bernards Crescent. To the north of this is a less formal area of narrower streets: Dean Street; the north-eastern route out of the area, towards Leith, runs along Hamilton Place. Dean Bank spurs off this road, running alongside the Water of Leith. Hamilton Place holds both primary school. Saxe Coburg Street, a small Georgian cul-de-sac just to the north, leads to the small and bow-ended square of Saxe Coburg Place; this formal space was never completed due to ground level problems and Glenogle Baths were instead built on the corner of the square.
To the north, St Bernard's Row leads out past another little Georgian cul-de-sac, Malta Terrace, to Inverleith and the Botanic Gardens. Between Glenogle Road and the Water of Leith are eleven parallel streets, collectively known as the "Stockbridge Colonies", built between 1861 and 1911 by the Edinburgh Co-operative Building Company to provide low-cost housing for the artisan class; the streets are named including geologist and writer Hugh Miller. The colony houses are now coveted properties, due to their location near the Royal Botanic Gardens and Inverleith Park, ease of access to the city centre; this mineral water well is on the south bank of the Water of Leith, on an estate once known as St Bernard's. Just below a footpath is St Bernard's Well; the waters of the well were held in high repute for their medicinal qualities, the nobility and gentry took summer quarters in the valley to drink deep draughts of the water and take the country air. In 1788 Lord Gardenstone, a wealthy Court of Session law lord, who thought he had benefited from the mineral spring, commissioned Alexander Nasmyth to design a new pump room and ornate structure over.
The builder John Wilson began work in 1789. It is in the shape of a circular Greek temple supported by ten tall Doric order columns, based on Sibyl's Temple at Tivoli. In 1884 the lands were purchased by the edinburgh publisher William Nelson, who commissioned the current statue of Hygieia from David Watson Stevenson and presented the improved well to the city as a landmark. St Bernard's F. C. a once successful Scottish team but now defunct were named after the famous well and played in Stockbridge. The mosaic interior is by Thomas Bonnar; the superiority of much of the St Bernard's estate was purchased in the 1790s by Sir Henry Raeburn, who immediately began selling it off by feu charters, although he continued to live in St. Bernard's House until his death in 1823.. In the opening years of the 19th century George Lauder of Inverleith Mains acquired parts of these lands as evidenced by a charter whereby "Henry Raeburn, as retoured heir to Sir Henry Raeburn, Portrait Painter, his father, was seised on the 19 March 1824 in a p