Balmoral is a 1987 farcical play by British playwright Michael Frayn
Balmoral is a township in the Shire of Southern Grampians in the Western District of Victoria, Australia. At the 2016 census and the surrounding area had a population of 294; the township was settled in the early 1850s, the Post Office opening on 31 October 1855. A railway line, built in a number of sections, once connected Horsham and Hamilton, running via Cavendish and East Natimuk; the majority of the railway track has been removed. The town in conjunction with neighbouring township Harrow has an Australian Rules football and netball club competing in the Horsham & District Football League. Golfers play at the Balmoral Golf Club on Rocklands Road; the Douglas Mine owned by Iluka Resources, which operated from 2006 to 2012 is located nearby. Media related to Balmoral, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons
MV Balmoral (2008)
Balmoral is a cruise ship owned and operated by Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines, she was built in 1988 by the Meyer Werft shipyard in Papenburg, West Germany, as Crown Odyssey for Royal Cruise Line. She has sailed for the Norwegian Cruise Line as Norwegian Crown and Orient Lines as Crown Odyssey. In 2007–2008 she was lengthened by 30 m at the Blohm + Voss shipyard in Hamburg prior to entering service with her current operator; the vessel was built by Meyer Werft of Papenburg, Germany, in 1988, for service with Royal Cruise Line as the Crown Odyssey. In 1989, Royal Cruise Line was sold to Norwegian Cruise Line, which continued operation of the company, along with the Crown Odyssey, until 1996. A reorganization of all the fleets owned by Norwegian Cruise Line saw Crown Odyssey enter service with NCL's main fleet, where it was renamed Norwegian Crown. Following the purchase of Orient Lines by NCL in April 2000, Norwegian Crown was transferred, regaining her original name, Crown Odyssey, in the process. In September 2003, Crown Odyssey was refurbished and returned to the NCL fleet, again with the name Norwegian Crown.
On 25 May 2006, NCL Corporation announced that its parent company, Star Cruises, had agreed to sell Norwegian Crown to Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines effective August 2006. Star Cruises concurrently chartered the vessel back from Fred. Olsen and NCL continued her deployment through to November 2007. “Although a beautiful and well-maintained vessel, Norwegian Crown’s smaller size is less suitable for Star Cruises’ ambitions in Asia,” said Colin Veitch, president and CEO of NCL Corporation. “Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines specializes in operating smaller and mid-sized upscale vessels and this ship should fit in their fleet.” Her last NCL cruise was on 28 October 2007. On 21 January 2009, during a cruise, the ship sailed into rough weather in the Bay of Biscay, smashing through 50 ft waves and 60 mph winds. Two passengers were sent to a hospital in A Coruña, with serious injuries. Fred. Olsen took delivery of the ship on 7 November 2007, renaming her after the Balmoral estate in 2008; the company initiated a major refit at the Blohm + Voss repair shipyard in Hamburg, before her inaugural cruise on 13 February 2008, to Florida—her base for Caribbean cruising.
The work included the insertion of a 30 meter midsection, built in conjunction with Schichau Seebeckwerft in Bremerhaven, floated into Hamburg at the end of October 2007. The reconstruction added a further 186 passenger and 53 crew cabins as well as creating new and modified public areas. Balmoral was chartered by Miles Morgan Travel to follow the original route of the RMS Titanic, intending to stop over the point on the sea bed where Titanic rests on 15 April 2012, to honor the 100th anniversary of her sinking, she set sail from Southampton on Easter Sunday, 8 April 2012, passing Cherbourg and on to Cobh Queenstown, in the Republic of Ireland, arriving on Easter Monday, 9 April 2012. Cobh was the last port of call for RMS Titanic. Balmoral reached the site of the wreck of Titanic in time for the 100th anniversary of the sinking at 11pm on 14 April 2012. A memorial service was held onboard. Balmoral remained at the location overnight and departed early the following morning, with the intention of reaching the Titanic's intended destination of New York.
Balmoral has eleven decks nine of which are designated passenger decks, numbered 3 to 11. Official Balmoral page at Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines site Photos, Video Clips & Review of Balmoral from February 2008 at magwa.co.uk Video of Balmoral in the Vineyard Sound "Balmoral". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 31 August 2010. Balmoral International Group Balmoral International Group Luxembourg
Battle of Coral–Balmoral
The Battle of Coral–Balmoral was a series of actions fought during the Vietnam War between the 1st Australian Task Force and the North Vietnamese 7th Division and Viet Cong Main Force units, 40 kilometres north-east of Saigon. Following the defeat of the communist Tet offensive in January and February, in late April two Australian infantry battalions—the 1st and 3rd Battalions of the Royal Australian Regiment —with supporting arms, were again deployed from their base at Nui Dat in Phước Tuy Province to positions astride infiltration routes leading to Saigon to interdict renewed movement against the capital. Part of the wider allied Operation Toan Thang I, it was launched in response to intelligence reports of another impending communist offensive, yet the Australians experienced little fighting during this period. Meanwhile, the Viet Cong penetrated the capital on 5 May, plunging Saigon into chaos during the May Offensive in an attempt to influence the upcoming Paris peace talks scheduled to begin on the 13th.
During three days of intense fighting the attacks were repelled by US and South Vietnamese forces, although another attack was launched by the Viet Cong several days the offensive was again defeated with significant losses on both sides, causing extensive damage to Saigon and many civilian casualties. By 12 May the fighting was over, the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong were forced to withdraw having suffered heavy casualties. US casualties were heavy and it proved to be their most costly week of the war. 1 ATF was redeployed on 12 May to obstruct the withdrawal of forces from the capital, with two battalions establishing a fire support base named FSB Coral, just east of Lai Khê in Bình Dương Province, in an area of operations known as AO Surfers. However, poor reconnaissance and inadequate operational planning led to delays and confusion during the fly-in, the Australians had only completed FSB Coral by the evening; the North Vietnamese mounted a number of battalion-sized assaults on the night of 12/13 May, with a heavy bombardment from 03:30 signalling the start.
Exploiting the disorganised defence to penetrate the Australian perimeter, the North Vietnamese 141st Regiment temporarily captured a forward gun position during close-quarters fighting, before being repulsed by superior firepower the following morning. Casualties were heavy on both sides but the Australians had won a convincing victory; the following day 1 RAR was deployed to defend FSB Coral, while 3 RAR established FSB Coogee to the west to ambush staging areas and infiltration routes. Coral was again assaulted in the early hours of 16 May, coming under a heavy barrage followed by another regimental-sized attack. Again the base was penetrated but after a six-hour battle the North Vietnamese were forced to withdraw after suffering heavy losses. Expecting further fighting, the Australians were subsequently reinforced with Centurion tanks and additional artillery. On 22 May, FSB Coral was again attacked overnight, coming under a short but accurate mortar bombardment, broken up by Australian artillery and mortars.
The Australians moved against the communist base areas east of Route 16, with 3 RAR redeploying to establish FSB Balmoral on 24 May, 4.5 kilometres to the north. Now supported by tanks which had arrived from Coral just hours before, the infantry at Balmoral were subjected to a two-battalion attack by the North Vietnese 165th Regiment. Following a rocket and mortar barrage at 03:45 on 26 May, the attack fell on D Company before being repelled with heavy casualties by the combined firepower of the tanks and infantry; the next day the Australians at Coral assaulted a number of bunkers, located just outside the base, with a troop of Centurions supported by infantry destroying the bunkers and their occupants without loss to themselves. A second major North Vietnamese attack, again of regimental strength, was made against Balmoral at 02:30 on 28 May but was called off after 30 minutes after being soundly defeated by the supporting fire of the tanks and mortars. Regardless, the battle continued into June.
However, with contacts decreasing, 1 ATF returned to Nui Dat on 6 June, being relieved by US and South Vietnamese forces. The battle was the first time the Australians had clashed with regular North Vietnamese Army units operating in regimental strength in conventional warfare. During 26 days of fighting the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong sustained heavy losses and were forced to postpone a further attack on Saigon, while 1 ATF suffered significant casualties; the largest unit-level action of the war for the Australians, today the battle is considered one of the most famous actions fought by the Australian Army during the Vietnam War. Based in Nui Dat in Phước Tuy Province, the 1st Australian Task Force was part of US II Field Force, under the overall command of Lieutenant General Frederick Weyand. By early 1968, 1 ATF had been reinforced and was at full strength with three infantry battalions supported by armour, artillery and engineers, while logistic arrangements were provided by the 1st Australian Logistic Support Group based at the port of Vũng Tàu.
Commanded by Brigadier Ron Hughes, 1 ATF had continued to operate independently within Phước Tuy, while the war had become a series of large-scale search-and-destroy operations in a war of attrition for the Americans, the Australians had pursued their own counter-insurgency campaign despite the differences between Australian and American methods at times producing friction between the allies. Regardless, 1 ATF was available for deployment elsewhere in the III Corps Tactical Zone and with the province coming
Haldimand County is a rural city-status single-tier municipality on the Niagara Peninsula in Southern Ontario, Canada, on the north shore of Lake Erie, on the Grand River. Municipal offices are located in Cayuga; the county is adjacent to Norfolk County, the County of Brant, the City of Hamilton, the Regional Municipality of Niagara. Haldimand's history has been associated with that of neighbouring Norfolk County. Haldimand was first created from a portion of Norfolk, it was named after the governor of the Province of Quebec Sir Frederick Haldimand. In 1844 the land was surrendered by Six Nations to the Crown in an agreement, signed by the vast majority of Chiefs in the Haldimand tract. From 1974 to 2000, Haldimand County and Norfolk County were merged to form the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk. See Norfolk County History for the period when Haldimand and Norfolk were governed as a single unit. Beginning in February 2006, a land dispute by native protesters began near Caledonia over a housing development being built on the outskirts of town, which members of the nearby Mohawk Six Nations people claim is rightfully their land.
The population centres in Haldimand are Caledonia, Hagersville and Cayuga. Part of the Six Nations Reserve is within the geographic area of Haldimand County, but is independent of the county. Most of Haldimand is agricultural land, although some heavy industry, including the Nanticoke Generating Station, is located here. Smaller communities within the municipality are Attercliffe Station, Bodri Bay, Brookers Bay, Canborough, Cheapside, Crescent Bay, Empire Corners, Featherstone Point, Garnet, Hoover Point, Little Buffalo, Moulton Station, Mount Carmel, Mount Healy, Nelles Corners, Peacock Point, Port Maitland, Rainham Centre, Sims Lock, South Cayuga, Stromness, Sweets Corners, Willow Grove, Woodlawn Park and York; the ghost towns of Cook's Station, Dufferin, Indiana Lambs Corners, Sandusk, Varency, are located within Haldimand. Haldimand County area 284,817 acres was formed from part of the land grant to the Six Nations in 1783; the County was purchased by treaty and opened for general settlement in 1832.
It was first settled by white veterans of Butler's Rangers established there by Joseph Brant. A large number of Germans were among the first settlers. Canborough, area 21,586 acres. Granted in 1794 by Joseph Brant to John Dochstader of Butler's Rangers. Purchased by Benjamin Canby in 1810 for 5,000, he named the village-site "Canborough. Community centre: Canborough, Darling and it touches Dunnville Dunn, area 15,122 acres. Opened for settlement in 1833. Community centre: Dunnville Moulton, area 27,781 acres. Landowner Henry John Boulton named the township from the Boulton family seat in England. North Cayuga, area 32,825 acres. Oneida, area 32,598 acres. Joseph Brant granted a 999 year lease of part of Oneida and Seneca townships to Henry Nelles, of Butler's Rangers and his sons, Abraham, William and John. Community centres were: Caledonia and Hagersville. Rainham, area 25,705 acres Community centres: Balmoral, Rainham Centre and Fisherville. Seneca, area 41,721 acres. Community centres: York and Caledonia Sherbrooke, area 5,098 acres, the smallest township in Ontario.
Opened in 1825 and named from Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, a Governor-General of Canada. The Township was granted by the Indians to William Dickson as a professional fee. Community centres: Stromness and Port Maitland. South Cayuga, area 13,293 acres. Walpole, area 66,213 acres. Community centres were: Hagersville, Selkirk and Nanticoke. Source: Province of Ontario – A History 1615 to 1927 by Jesse Edgar Middleton & Fred Landon, copyright 1927, Dominion Publishing Company, Toronto Population trend: Population in 2006: 45,212 Population in 2001: 43,728 Population total in 1996: 42,041 Only ethnic groups that comprise greater than 1% of the population are included. Note that a person can report more than one group. English: 37.4% "Canadian": 32.7% Scottish: 24.9% Irish: 20.1% German: 18.4% Dutch: 13.4% French: 8.6% Italian: 4.4% Aboriginal: 3.3% Ukrainian: 2.7% Polish: 2.7% Hungarian: 2.4% Welsh: 2.0% British Isles: 1.7% Portuguese: 1.3% The city is within the federal electoral riding of Haldimand—Norfolk and within provincial electoral riding of Haldimand—Norfolk.
Current Mayor: Ken HewittPrevious Mayors: 2004–2010: Marie Trainer 2000–2004: Lorraine Bergstrand Policing in the county is provided by the Haldimand detachment of the Ontario Provincial Police located in Cayuga. Fire services in the county is provided by the Haldimand County Fire Department, created in 2001 following the separation of Haldimand and Norfolk; the department consists of 11 stations located strategically throughout the county. With 300 firefighters and 40 fire apparatuses, it is one of the largest volunteer fire departments in Ontario; the department consists of. Haldimand Conservation Area Selkirk Provincial Park Taquanyah Conservation Area Hedley Forest Conservation Area Canborough Conservation Area Ruigrok Tract Conservation Area Oswego Conservation Area Byng Island Conservation Area Rock Point Provincial Park Mohawk Islan
Tartan is a pattern consisting of criss-crossed horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colours. Tartans originated in woven wool. Tartan is associated with Scotland. Scottish kilts always have tartan patterns. Tartan is mistakenly called "plaid" in the United States, but in Scotland, a plaid is a large piece of tartan cloth, worn as a type of kilt or shawl, or a plain ordinary blanket such as one would have on a bed. Tartan is made with alternating bands of coloured threads woven as both warp and weft at right angles to each other; the weft is woven in two over -- two under the warp, advancing one thread at each pass. This forms visible diagonal lines where different colours cross, which give the appearance of new colours blended from the original ones; the resulting blocks of colour repeat vertically and horizontally in a distinctive pattern of squares and lines known as a sett. The Dress Act of 1746 attempted to bring the warrior clans under government control by banning the tartan and other aspects of Gaelic culture.
When the law was repealed in 1782, it was no longer ordinary Highland dress, but was adopted instead as the symbolic national dress of Scotland. Until the middle of the nineteenth century, the highland tartans were only associated with either regions or districts, rather than any specific Scottish clan; this was because like other materials, tartan designs were produced by local weavers for local tastes and would only use the natural dyes available in that area, as synthetic dye production was non-existent and transportation of other dye materials across long distances was prohibitively expensive. The patterns were different regional checked-cloth patterns, chosen by the wearer's preference—in the same way as people nowadays choose what colours and patterns they like in their clothing, without particular reference to propriety, it was not until the mid-nineteenth century that many patterns were created and artificially associated with Scottish clans, families, or institutions who were associated in some way with a Scottish heritage.
The Victorians' penchant for ordered taxonomy and the new chemical dyes available meant that the idea of specific patterns of bright colours, or "dress" tartans, could be created and applied to a faux-nostalgic view of Scottish history. Today tartan is no longer limited to textiles, but is used on non-woven mediums, such as paper, plastics and wall coverings; the English word "tartan" is most derived from the French tartarin meaning "Tartar cloth". It has been suggested that "tartan" may be derived from modern Scottish Gaelic tarsainn, meaning "across". Today "tartan" refers to coloured patterns, though a tartan did not have to be made up of any pattern at all; as late as the 1830s tartan was sometimes described as "plain coloured... without pattern". Patterned cloth from the Gaelic-speaking Scottish Highlands was called breacan, meaning many colours. Over time the meanings of tartan and breacan were combined to describe certain type of pattern on a certain type of cloth; the pattern of a tartan is called a sett.
The sett is made up of a series of woven threads. Today tartan is used to describe the pattern, not limited to textiles. In North America the term plaid is used to describe tartan; the word plaid, derived from the Scottish Gaelic plaide, meaning "blanket", was first used of any rectangular garment, sometimes made up of tartan that which preceded the modern kilt. In time, plaid was used to describe blankets themselves. For example in the German language the word is used as it is and in Hungarian it's adopted as pléd; each thread in the warp crosses each thread in the weft at right angles. Where a thread in the warp crosses a thread of the same colour in the weft they produce a solid colour on the tartan, while a thread crossing another of a different colour produces an equal mixture of the two colours. Thus, a set of two base colours produces three different colours including one mixture; the total number of colours, including mixtures, increases quadratically with the number of base colours so a set of six base colours produces fifteen mixtures and a total of twenty-one different colours.
This means that the more stripes and colours used, the more blurred and subdued the tartan's pattern becomes. The sequence of threads, known as the sett, starts at an edge and either repeats or reverses on what are called pivot points. In diagram A, the sett reverses at the first pivot repeats reverses at the next pivot, will carry on in this manner horizontally. In diagram B, the sett reverses and repeats in the same way as the warp, carries on in the same manner vertically; the diagrams left illustrate the construction of a "symmetrical" tartan. However, on an "asymmetrical" tartan, the sett does not reverse at the pivots, it just repeats at the pivots; some tartans do not have the same sett for the warp and weft. This means the weft will have alternate thread counts. Tartan is recorded by counting the threads of each colour; the thread count not only describes the width of the stripes on a sett, but the colours used. For example, the thread count "K4 R24 K24 Y4" corresponds to 4 black threads, 24 red threads, 24 black threads, 4 yellow threads.
The first and last threads of the thread count are the pivot points. Though thread counts are indeed quite specific, they can be modified in certain circumstances, depending on the desired size of the tartan. For example, the sett of a tartan may be too large to fit upon the face of a necktie. In this
MV Balmoral (1949)
MV Balmoral is a vintage excursion ship owned by MV Balmoral Fund Ltd. a preservation charity. Her principal area of operation is the Bristol Channel, although she operates day excursions to other parts of the United Kingdom; the Balmoral is included on the National Historic Ships register as part of the National Historic Fleet. Balmoral was built as a ferry by John I. Thornycroft & Company at Woolston in 1949, for the Southampton, Isle of Wight and South of England Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. Limited, more known as the Red Funnel line; as built, Balmoral could carry up to 10 cars on her aft car deck, she operated on her owner's ferry service from Southampton on the English mainland to Cowes on the Isle of Wight. From her introduction she occasionally performed excursion duties, but as dedicated car ferries were introduced to her main route, her role became more focussed on offering coastal cruises around the South Coast. Red Funnel ceased operating excursions in 1968, after which Balmoral was acquired by A Campbell.
She moved to the Bristol Channel, where she became part of P&A Campbell's White Funnel Fleet until 1980, by which time she was the last working member of the fleet. Balmoral moved to Dundee to become a floating restaurant; this was unsuccessful and the ship was placed for sale again. At this time the Waverley Steam Navigation Co. Ltd were looking for another vessel to operate alongside the world's last seagoing paddle steamer, PS Waverley. Balmoral was subjected to a major refit; as part of this, her car deck was enclosed to form an area, now in use as a dining saloon. Balmoral returned to the Bristol Channel in 1986. Since the ship has operated a summer season of excursions around the Bristol Channel, with visits to most areas of the UK. In winter 2002, Balmoral received new engines, her original twin 6-cyl Newbury Sirron diesels were removed and replaced with a pair of Danish-built Grenaa diesel engines; this work was funded by a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund. Today Balmoral can accommodate up to 800 passengers and has a self-service restaurant on board, along with two licensed bars, a heated observation lounge and a souvenir shop.
In December 2012 Waverley Excursions and Waverley Steam Navigation announced that Balmoral would not be sailing in 2013. The ship's operation has been hampered in recent years by extreme weather conditions. In 2015, ownership of MV Balmoral was transferred to a new registered charity MV Balmoral Fund Limited, she and is now operated by their subsidiary, White Funnel Ltd. Following a refit costing over £300,000 and with help from a Coastal Communities Fund Grant, Balmoral started public sailing again on 19 June 2015, it was announced in December 2017 that she will not be sailing in 2018 as she requires major hull plating work. Balmoral appeared in the 2018 film Potato Peel Pie Society, she features in the 2019 film Stan and Ollie, a biographical comedy-drama based on the lives of the comedy double act Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy. List of classic vessels MV Balmoral – Vintage Excursion Ship