The Balthasar Behem Codex known as Codex Picturatus, is a collection of the charters and statutes of the burghers of the city of Kraków. Compiled in 1505, the codex was named for the chancellor at Balthasar Behem; the book's text is in German and Polish. It is now held at the library of the Jagiellonian University of Kraków; the bylaws of the guilds are featured in twenty-seven illustrations in the codex and depict both biblical subjects and the daily activities of the Kraków burgher guild members, for example that of bakers, titled in Latin: Pistores, with a subtitle in German: Das ist der briff und geseccze der becker von Krakow. and the text calligraphed in Latin. This kind of illustration - showing the practice of trades - was a tradition with an iconographical history going back to late Roman astronomical texts showing the "Labours of the Months", pairing a characteristic activity of rural life with the astrological sign for that month. Historians of culture and art have shown that these illustrations sometimes reflect their iconographical traditions rather than depicting contemporary life with accuracy.
JU Library: Bakers' Guild Workshop of a painter Stamps
Granada Charterhouse is a Carthusian monastery in Granada, Spain. It is one of the finest examples of Spanish Baroque architecture; the charterhouse was founded in 1506. While the exterior is a tame ember in comparison, the interior of the monastery's is a flamboyant explosion of ornamentation, its complex echoing geometric surfaces make of it one of the masterpieces of Churrigueresque style. The most striking features include the tabernacle, constructed to a design by Francisco Hurtado Izquierdo, the church and the famous sacristy, built between 1727 and 1764 by Luis de Arévalo and F. Manuel Vasquez; the charterhouse displays an extensive collection of paintings, prominent among which the works of Fray Juan Sánchez Cotán. History of early modern period domes
Alfred Josef Ferdinand Jodl was a German Generaloberst who served as the Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command throughout World War II. After the war, Jodl was indicted on charges of conspiracy to commit crimes against peace; the principal charges against him related to his signature of the criminal Commando and Commissar Orders. Found guilty on all charges, he was sentenced to death and executed in Nuremberg in 1946. Alfred Jodl was educated at a military Cadet School in Munich, from which he graduated in 1910. Ferdinand Jodl, who would become an Army General, was his younger brother; the philosopher and psychologist Friedrich Jodl at the University of Vienna was his uncle. From 1914 to 1916 he served with a Battery unit on the Western Front, being awarded the Iron Cross for gallantry in November 1914, being wounded in action. In 1917 he served on the Eastern Front before returning to the West as a Staff Officer. In 1918 he again won the Iron Cross for gallantry in action.
After the defeat of the German Empire in 1918, he continued his career as a professional soldier with the much-reduced German Army. Jodl married twice: in 1913, in 1944. Jodl's appointment as a major in the operations branch of the Truppenamt in the Army High Command in the last years of the Weimar Republic put him under command of General Ludwig Beck. In September 1939 Jodl first met Adolf Hitler. In the build-up to the Second World War, Jodl was nominally assigned as a commander of the 44th Division from October 1938 to August 1939 during the Anschluss. Jodl was chosen by Hitler to be Chief of Operation Staff of the newly formed Oberkommando der Wehrmacht on 23 August 1939, just prior to the German invasion of Poland. Jodl acted as a Chief of Staff during the swift invasion of Norway. Following the Fall of France Jodl was optimistic of Germany's success over Britain, on 30 June 1940 writing "The final German victory over England is now only a question of time."Jodl signed the Commissar Order of 6 June 1941 and the Commando Order of 28 October 1942.
Jodl spent most of the war at the Hitler's forward command post in East Prussia. On 1 February 1944, Jodl was promoted to the rank of Generaloberst. Jodl was among those injured during the 20 July plot of 1944 against Hitler where he suffered a concussion from the explosion. Jodl was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross by Admiral Karl Dönitz, Hitler's successor, on 6 May. At the end of World War II in Europe, Jodl signed the German Instrument of Surrender on 7 May 1945 in Reims as the representative of Dönitz. Jodl was arrested by British troops on 23 May 1945 and transferred to Flensburg POW camp and put before the International Military Tribunal at the Nuremberg trials. Jodl was accused of conspiracy to commit crimes against peace; the principal charges against him related to his signature of the Commando Order and the Commissar Order, both of which ordered that certain classes of prisoners of war were to be summarily executed upon capture. When confronted with the 1941 mass shootings of Soviet POWs, Jodl claimed the only prisoners shot were "not those that could not, but those that did not want to walk."Additional charges at his trial included unlawful deportation and abetting execution.
Presented as evidence was his signature on an order that transferred Danish citizens, including Jews, to Nazi concentration camps. Although he denied his role in this activity of the regime, the court sustained his complicity based on the evidence it had examined, with the French judge, Henri Donnedieu de Vabres, dissenting, his wife Luise attached herself to her husband's defence team. Subsequently, interviewed by Gitta Sereny, researching her biography of Albert Speer, Luise alleged that in many instances the Allied prosecution made charges against Jodl based on documents that they refused to share with the defence. Jodl proved that some of the charges made against him were untrue, such as the charge that he had helped Hitler gain control of Germany in 1933. Jodl pleaded not guilty "before God, before history and my people". Found guilty on all four charges, he was hanged at Nuremberg Prison on 16 October 1946. Jodl's last words were "Ich grüße Dich, mein ewiges Deutschland"—"I greet you, my eternal Germany."
His remains, like those of the other nine executed men and Hermann Göring, were cremated at Ostfriedhof and the ashes were scattered in the Wentzbach, a small tributary of the River Isar to prevent the establishment of a permanent burial site which might be enshrined by nationalist groups. On 28 February 1953, a West German denazification court declared the now-deceased Jodl not guilty of breaking international law; this not guilty declaration was revoked by the Minister of Political Liberation for Bavaria on 3 September 1953, following objections from the United States. Iron Cross 2nd Class & 1st Class Clasp to the Iron Cross 2nd Class & 1st Class Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves Knight's Cross on 6 May 1945 as Generaloberst and Chef des Wehrmachtfuhrungsstabes im OKW Oak L
Karenia mikimotoi is a dinoflagellate species from the genus Karenia. Its first appearance was in Japan in 1935 and since it has appeared in other parts of the world such as the east coast of the USA, the English Channel. Karenia mikimotoi has yellow-brown chloroplasts and, like other species in its genus, is able to activate photosynthetically, it lacks thecal plates, is more ovular. Blooms form during warmer months; the toxicity of Karenia mikimotoi is not understood, whereas other species in Karenia have identified toxins that are shown to kill marine life. For example, Karenia brevis has brevetoxins, it is believed that its killing effects are due to a combination of the creation of an anoxic environment by the physical bloom itself in addition to some sort of toxin. New toxins called gymnocin A and B were discovered, but their low toxicity is inconsistent with the high number of deaths Karenia mikimotoi causes, it is believed that in red tides, Karenia mikimotoi fills in the fish’s gills, thereby allowing direct contact with toxins.
This is a more approach to the toxin’s mechanisms. In August, 1978, a bloom stretched 100 km eastwards in Roaringwater Bay from Fastnet Rock to Kinsale Harbor in Irish waters; the next year at around the same time, a similar bloom appeared, again in 1984. These blooms resulted in the deaths of benthic organisms as well as farmed culture and their consistency suggests the water zone between the upwelling open ocean and the more stratified inner bay might be favorable conditions for phytoplankton growth; the English Channel experienced a major bloom in 2003 that traveled from the western English Channel at end of June to the French coast of Brittany at the beginning of August. The density of this bloom was up to 100 mg/m3 whereas it only takes 10 mg/m3 to cause noticeable discoloration. In 2005, a major bloom appeared off the west coast of Ireland. Deaths due to the bloom persisted throughout that entire summer. In August, deaths were still being reported. There were reports of dead lugworms and cockles washing up on beaches, as well as unoxygenated sediment beginning to appear due to eliminations in other parts of the ecosystem.
Imai, Ichiro. "Polyamines control the growth of the fish-killing dinoflagellate Karenia mikimotoi in culture". Harmful Algae. 29: 10–13. Doi:10.1016/j.hal.2013.07.002. Yang, Chen. "Toxic effects of Karenia mikimotoi extracts on mammalian cells". Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology. 29: 860–868. Doi:10.1007/s00343-011-0514-8
WIZZ is a daytimer radio station licensed to serve Greenfield, United States. The station is owned by P. & M. Radio, LLC, it airs a locally programmed adult standards format, plays the national AP news feed on the half-hour. The station verifies signal reports by QSL card. At the top of the hour, WIZZ uses the same "V for Victory" time tone as WTIC in Hartford, Connecticut; the station was assigned the WIZZ call letters by the Federal Communications Commission on February 1, 2003. The frequency was home to WPOE in Greenfield, which first went on the air in 1980 with an adult contemporary format. By 1985, the call had changed with a format of Big Band/adult standards, its owner and DJ, Phil D, was inducted into the Massachusetts Broadcasters Hall of Fame in 2010, has been active in broadcasting for 60 years. The station streams its broadcast over the Internet from its website, as well as running its usual format 24 hours a day. WIZZ official website Query the FCC's AM station database for WIZZ Radio-Locator Information on WIZZ Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WIZZ
Aaron Sowd is an American comic book creator and artist. Sowd began his comic book career as an inker for Top Cow, Marvel Comics, DC Comics, he works as an illustrator and storyboard artist. As a storyboard artist, Sowd has worked on Michael Bay's Transformers, Ultimate Avengers II, Freddy vs. Jason, Austin Powers in Goldmember, God of War; as a conceptual designer, Sowd provided designs for Steven Soderbergh and James Cameron's Solaris, as well as Human Nature and Virus. In animation, Sowd has worked on the style guides for Titan A. E. and Anastasia for 20th Century Fox Animation. Sowd's comic book credits include: 9-11: September 11, 2001 Stories to Remember, Volume 2, Sowd's work has appeared in The New York Times, People Magazine, Time Magazine, The Hollywood Reporter, Playboy and PlayStation Magazine. Komikwerks Volume 1 Komikwerks Presents: Nuts & Bolts Komikwerks Presents: Rockets & Robots Komikwerks Presents: Thrills & Chills Hero Happy Hour Super Special #1 9-11: September 11, 2001 Stories to Remember Volume 2 Batman #595, 596 Batman: Harley Quinn #1 X-Men # 76 Uncanny X-Men #356-357, 360, 362, 365 Nightwing: The Target #1 Detective Comics # 746, 747 Batman: No Man's Land Secret Files #1 Batgirl #11 Batman: Legends of The Dark Knight #116 The Batman Chronicles #14, 17, 20 Batman/Toyman #4 Batman: No Man's Land Volume I Relative Heroes #1-6 M-Rex #1, 2, Preview Edition Alpha Flight #10, 12, 16 All Star Comics 80-Page Giant #1 The Flash # 151 Flash Secret Files #3 Ballistic/Wolverine #1 Cyblade/Ghost Rider #1 Witchblade/Elektra #1 Star Trek/X-Men #1 Medieval Spawn/Witchblade #3 Weapon Zero #T-2, T-1 Weapon Zero #0, 1-8 Velocity # 1-3 Cyberforce Sourcebook # 1, 2 Cyberforce Annual #1 Witchblade #1/2 Ripclaw #1/2 Killrazor #1 Ballistic #3 Cyberforce Origins: Cyblade #1 Ballistic Studios Swimsuit Special #1 Ballistic Studios Lingerie Special #1 Codename: Strykeforce # 8 ShadowHawk # 13, 14 Robotech: Return to Macross #10 Official website Aaron Sowd on IMDb