Spring Grove Hospital Center
Spring Grove Hospital Center known as Spring Grove State Hospital, is a psychiatric hospital located in the Baltimore, suburb of Catonsville. Founded in 1797, Spring Grove Mental Hospital is the second oldest continuously operating psychiatric hospital in the United States. Today, the hospital operates 425 beds and has 800 admissions and discharges a year. Service lines include adult and adolescent acute psychiatric admissions, long term inpatient care, medical-psychiatric hospitalization, forensic evaluation services, inpatient psychiatric research, assisted living services; the facility is owned and operated by the State of Maryland and is the location of the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, renowned for its research into the causes of schizophrenia. Founded in 1797, Spring Grove is the nation's second-oldest psychiatric hospital. Only the Eastern State Hospital, founded in 1773 in Williamsburg, Virginia, is older. In its long history it has been variously known as The Baltimore Hospital, The Maryland Hospital, The Maryland Hospital for the Insane, as The Spring Grove Hospital Center.
Built as a hospital to care for Yellow Fever for the indigent away from the city, as the Maryland Hospital. In 1840 the hospital expanded to care for the mentally ill. In 1873, the buildings were torn down as the facility relocated to Sping Hill; the original site is now home to the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The present site was purchased in 1852. Dr. Richard Sprigg Steuart President of the Board and Medical Superintendent, managed to obtain authorization and funding from the Maryland General Assembly for the construction of the new facility at Spring Grove. In co-operation with the social reformer Dorothea Dix, who in 1852 gave an impassioned speech to the Maryland legislature, Steuart chaired the committee that selected the Hospital's present site in Catonsville, he contributed $1,000 towards the purchase of the land; the cost of purchasing 136 acres of land for the hospital was $14,000, of which $12,340 was raised through private contributions, with Steuart himself contributing $1,000, a large sum at the time.
The purchase was completed in 1853, but construction of the new buildings was delayed by the Civil War, the hospital was not completed until 1872, when it was described by one contemporary as "one of the largest and best appointed Insane Asylums in the United States". Steuart's brother, Major General George H. Steuart, had two sons who suffered from mental illness, it is possible that this was one of the causes of Steuart's particular interest in Spring Grove Hospital and the treatment of mental illness. Steuart's building remained the main hospital facility for 100 years. Steuart's buildings were demolished in 1963, replaced by more modern construction. In 2014, Baltimore County plans on subdividing the hospital campus in order to create an 8.8 acre regional park for the Catonsville community. Additional plans include expansion of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County campus south of Wilkens Avenue to the Spring Grove campus, where the university still has the rights to a portion of the property.
Spring Grove Experiment Helsel, David S. and Trevor J. Blank. Spring Grove State Hospital Arcadia Publishing, 2008 ISBN 978-0-7385-5326-9 Nelker, Gladys P; the Clan Steuart, Genealogical publishing, 1970. Spring Grove Baseball Club. Plays on the grounds of Spring Grove Hospital Center at the Weltmer Bowl. Http://www.leaguelineup.com/welcome.asp?url=shep "Spring Grove State Hospital" by David S. Helsel, M. D. and Trevor J. Blank
New York County District Attorney
The New York County District Attorney is the elected district attorney for New York County, New York. The office is responsible for the prosecution of violations of New York state laws; the current district attorney is Cyrus Vance Jr. District attorneys are permitted to delegate the prosecution of petty crimes or offenses. Prosecutors do not handle New York City Criminal Court summons court cases, the Manhattan DA has a memorandum of understanding with the NYPD allowing the NYPD's Legal Bureau to selectively prosecute them. In the legislative act of February 12, 1796, New York State was divided into seven districts, each with an Assistant Attorney General, except New York County where Attorney General Josiah Ogden Hoffman prosecuted until 1801. From 1801 to 1813, New York County was part of the First District, which included the counties of New York, Queens and Suffolk. At that time, Queens included current-day Nassau Westchester included the Bronx. In 1813, Westchester County was apportioned to a new district with Rockland and Putnam counties, in 1815, New York County became the Twelfth District—the only one at the time, a single county.
In 1818, each county in the state became its own district. From 1874 to 1895, the New York County included the West Bronx, from 1895 to 1913 it included all of what is now Bronx County, governing the same area as does the present Borough of the Bronx. On January 1, 1914, the Bronx became a separate county with its own district attorney; until 1822, the district attorney was appointed by the Council of Appointment, held the office "during the Council's pleasure", meaning that there was no defined term of office. Under the provisions of the New York State Constitution of 1821, the D. A. was appointed to a three-year term by the County Court, under the provisions of the Constitution of 1846, the office became elective by popular ballot. The term was three years, beginning on January 1 and ending on December 31. In case of a vacancy, an acting district attorney was appointed by the Court of General Sessions until the Governor of New York filled the vacancy with an interim appointment until an election was held for the remainder of the term.
The Consolidation Charter of 1896 extended the term of the incumbent John R. Fellows, elected in 1893 to a three-year term by a year. Since the City election of 1897, the D. A.'s term has been four years long. In case of a vacancy, the governor can still make an interim appointment until a special election is held for the remainder of the term; the long-running television series Law & Order and its spin-offs depict the prosecution of criminal suspects by lawyers of the New York County District Attorney's office. The fictional district attorneys depicted in the franchise are Adam Schiff, Nora Lewin, Arthur Branch and Jack McCoy. Manhattanda.org
Prettyboy Reservoir is a 206.5 km2 reservoir in northern Baltimore County, Maryland known as the Hereford Zone. Though the reservoir is in the county, the City of Baltimore owns the reservoir and the surrounding land of forested watershed; the reservoir is one of three reservoirs created to supply the Metropolitan Baltimore municipal water system for Baltimore City, Baltimore County and northern Anne Arundel County constructed by the Baltimore City Department of Public Works. Prettyboy Reservoir, along with Loch Raven Reservoir, downstream on the Gunpowder Falls, provide about 61% of the drinking water for the Baltimore Metropolitan system. For this reason, the Prettyboy is considered drinking water watershed; the reservoir on average contains about 19 billion US gallons of water. The water from Prettyboy Reservoir is transferred to Loch Raven Reservoir via Gunpowder Falls rather than directly to Baltimore, it is transferred via tunnel from Loch Raven to the Montebello Filtration Plants in Baltimore for treatment and distribution.
Prettyboy Dam, completed in 1932, impounds the Gunpowder Falls to create the Reservoir. The dam covers about 1,500 acres. Prettyboy Reservoir sits behind Prettyboy Dam on the Gunpowder River, which flows into the northwestern Chesapeake Bay; the Gunpowder River serves as a State Park and borderline between Baltimore County and Harford County. The reservoir area serves as land for hiking, mountain biking, road cycling and boating. Hunting is permitted, though limited to archery only and requires a special permit. Swimming is prohibited. Sport bike riders and sports car enthusiasts use the roads in the parklands that surround the reservoir. Kayak and tubing enthusiasts float or paddle the Lower Gunpowder Falls from the dam down to Falls Road or Masemore Road; the river between those two points contains Flatwater to class II rapids but one section contains a class III when the water level is normal or higher. Heavy spring rains mean. Increased water levels make for excellent kayaking because of the narrow width of Gunpowder Falls' valley.
Special Department of Public Works and Baltimore City Police Officers are now patrolling all three of the metropolitan areas' watersheds. On June 23, 2008, Prettyboy Reservoir became the site of the first rescue performed by the Baltimore County Fire Department using a helicopter with rescuers dangling from a rope; the victim was a 30-year-old woman. The department had just been trained in the rescue two weeks prior to the incident. According to tradition, the lake was named after a settler's horse, Pretty Boy, who drowned in a nearby creek. Prettyboy Watershed Alliance Where does the water come from? Metro Reservoir Anglers, Inc
North Point State Park
North Point State Park is a public recreation area located on Chesapeake Bay in Edgemere, Baltimore County, Maryland. The state park includes the site of the former Bay Shore Park, one of the state's premiere amusement parks during the first half of the 20th century; the park features restored remnants of the old amusement park as well as facilities for swimming, picnicking and hiking. Black Marsh, a 667-acre state wildlands area, makes up half the park's area; the park is administered by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. The park occupies the southeastern portion of Patapsco River Neck, a peninsula of agricultural use. Evidence suggests. During the War of 1812, it was on the route traveled by British troops intent on invading Baltimore from the southeast and several skirmishes were fought there; the site was used for farming for some three and a half centuries before becoming the site of Bay Shore Amusement Park, a popular destination for summer visitors from 1906 through 1947. Bay Shore ParkBay Shore Amusement Park was built on 30 acres in 1906 by the United Railways and Electric Company of Baltimore using plans drawn up by architects Otto Simonson and Theodore Wells Pietsch.
During its time, the park was a lively and attractive place offering a variety of recreations and relaxation along the Chesapeake Bay. Activities included a dance hall, bowling alley and pier. In addition to the trolley/streetcar from Baltimore, visitors could reach the park by steamboat from Baltimore to the park pier. Jimmy Doolittle won the Schneider Trophy seaplane race held at the park in 1925, an event attended by aviation pioneers Orville Wright and Glenn L. Martin. In 1947, Bethlehem Steel tore down the amusement park; the attractions were moved to a new park, Bay Island Beach, in the 1950s, torn down by Bethlehem Steel in the 1960s. In 1987, the Maryland Department of Natural Resources purchased the land from Bethlehem Steel for five million dollars to create what was known as Black Marsh State Park. In 1992, Bay Shore Amusement Park and its trolley station were evaluated by the Maryland Historical Trust for the National Register of Historic Places, they were found to eligible because of their association with streetcar-related recreation.
The park used them for recreation. The park provides beach access to visitors for wading and swimming. There are picnic grills on site; the historical fountain has been restored, as well as the old trolley station, used by permit for large gatherings. The Takos Visitor Center, which opened in 2002, was named in honor of Volunteer Ranger Steve Takos who spearheaded the renovation efforts at the park, it was designed to resemble the amusement's park former hotel and restaurant, boasts an educational science room, multiple history and nature-oriented exhibits, including a large saltwater fish tank, a conference room. North Point State Park Maryland Department of Natural Resources North Point State Park Map Maryland Department of Natural Resources
The Shops at Kenilworth
The Shops at Kenilworth is a mall in Towson, Maryland. It has more than 30 stores; the mall opened in 1979 as the Kenilworth Bazaar. The original anchor stores were Hochschild Kohn's. Other former tenants include an express location of the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration, which closed on September 23, 2005 in favor of a new location elsewhere in Baltimore County, a location of European clothing retailer Ulla Popken, which opened in 2000 and has since closed. In 2008, the mall started to undergo a multimillion-dollar facelift; the mall managed to attract new tenants, despite a downturned economy that year. In 2009, the mall celebrated its 30th anniversary, stated that its retailers were doing well, despite the downturn in the economy. In 2015, the new owners of the mall, Greenberg Gibbons, announced that they plan a massive renovation and expansion of the decades-old mall, including reconfiguration of the current retail space to give the mall street frontage on Kenilworth Drive; the expansion is planned on being completed by the summer of 2017.
As part of the process, Stebbins Anderson has downsized to one floor planning to occupy only the lower level of its former two-level space. Trader Joe's plans to move its store from downtown Towson to the upper level in Spring 2017; the mall has been under the following ownership: Kenilworth Limited Partnership, an entity related to Towne Properties of Cincinnati Irvin C. Tillman, Sr. Clark MacKenzie The Shops at Kenilworth official site Towson Times article about mall's 30-year anniversary
Baltimore County Police Department
The Baltimore County Police Department is the primary law enforcement agency for Baltimore County, Maryland. They have been accredited by Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies since 1984; the current Chief of the county police department is James Johnson. Chief Johnson took over as Chief on May 31, 2007, Chief James Johnson's formal ceremony was held that July when Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley named Chief Terrence B. Sheridan as the new Superintendent of the Maryland State Police. Baltimore County Executive, James T. Smith, Jr. nominated Johnson for the position of Police Chief upon the exit of Sheridan. Johnson was subsequently approved by the County Council. Chief James Johnson has held every sworn rank in the Baltimore County Police Department, started his career as a cadet at the age of 18. In March 2017, James Johnson retired. Terrence B. Sheridan returned to take over control of the police department. 1874: The Baltimore County Police Department was established by the General Assembly of Maryland on April 11, 1874.
The Maryland state legislature approved. This authorized the Board of County Commissioners for Baltimore County "to appoint such number of policemen as they may deem necessary, for the better protection of persons and property. A second provision stated that "the pay of each policeman shall be two dollars per day, except such police as may be mounted. On June 17, 1874, the County Commissioners divided the two mile portion of the county bordering the Baltimore City boundary into five districts and appointed the first police force. Officers were appointed to one year terms. 1878: County Commissioners were authorized to build a station house at Waverly. The Canton Station was added a year later. Both communities were absorbed into the adjacent City of Baltimore, the first at the second major annexation of 1888 and the second in the third annexation of 1919 1883: a new position was created, "Marshal of Police". Charles O. Kemp was appointed to this office. Kemp, a loyal Democrat, had been the Superintendent of the Baltimore County Almshouse.
He had served as a trustee for one of the schools in the Fifth District. The new position consolidated the responsibility and control of the police force under one person instead of individual chiefs for each police district. 1885: The first call boxes were installed in the area around Huntington Avenue in the Harwood neighborhood, south of Waverly, North Avenue, near Jones Falls, 28th Street. 1886: A new station was built in Mount Winans. 1888: A 17-square-mile portion of Baltimore County was annexed by Baltimore City. The number of officers in the Baltimore County Police Department was cut from 33 to 10 as officers and station houses were absorbed into the Baltimore City Police Department on the western and northern "precincts" adjacent to the City; the industrial and residential communities on the east such as Highlandtown and Canton voted against annexation in the referendum and stayed in the County until 1919. 1891: B. Co. P. D. Stations were built at Arlington. 1892: The Mount Washington Station opened.
1894: Terrence Doyle became the first county police officer to be shot when he attempted to arrest two men for breaking into a barn. Doyle was shot six times; the two suspects were apprehended. 1902: The Maryland General Assembly passed an act aimed at improving the background of those appointed to the Baltimore County police force. The act stated: "all appointments hereafter made to the police force of Baltimore County shall be made from the qualified voters thereof, all applications for such appointments shall be made upon printed blanks to be furnished free of charge by the County Commissioners, wherein the applicant shall set forth in his own handwriting his full name and age, the place and State of his birth, his occupation for two years preceding his application, such other information as the Commissioners may require touching the merit and fitness of the applicant for the position for which he applies. All appointments shall be hereafter made from applications filed not less than one month or more than two years previous to such appointments.
1903: Invented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell and installation began in the Ci
Baltimore County Circuit Courthouses
The Baltimore County Courthouses is located in Towson, the county seat. The older, original Baltimore County Courthouse of 1854-1856 houses many of the offices of the County government, including both the executive branch and the legislative branch; the County Courts Building lies to the west, separated by a plaza. Built in 1970-1971, it houses the civil, criminal and juvenile divisions of the Circuit Court of Maryland for Baltimore County, as well as the Baltimore County Sheriff's Office; the latter office protects the Courthouse and its judicial personnel, as well as having countywide law enforcement functions. The historic Baltimore County Courthouse is an edifice of limestone and marble, two stories in height and nine bays in length, surrounded by a modest park and square on the east sides. Several small memorials and historical objects are displayed; the east original facade of 1855-1856 is of Greek Revival-styled architecture, with a portico/porte-cochère that has a pediment supported by fluted Doric columns.
The structure is one twelve feet in length in front, by fifty-six feet in depth. A shallow A-frame roof of the main block is crowned with a centered, eight-windowed, frame cupola bearing a domed copper roof. Constructed in 1854–55, at a cost of thirty thousand dollars, the building is one of the few H-plan buildings, public or private, remaining in the State. All of the original exterior treatments are preserved intact; the Towsontown Courthouse was begun in 1854. It replaced the earlier City/County Courthouses, shared since 1768 by both Baltimore Town and the surrounding County; the first one was located in old "Courthouse Square", now in downtown. Construction began in the port town of Baltimore in 1768, a year after it was newly designated as the county seat; this had been at old Joppa, a village near the mouth of the Gunpowder River at Chesapeake Bay along the mid-eastern boundaries of the County. Without the court functions, the village declined. Baltimore is located on the Northwest Branch of the Patapsco River and had been founded in 1730.
This second City/County Courthouse was constructed in 1768 across the street from the old public square in downtown Baltimore. It is to the west at the northwestern corner facing North Calvert Street. For several years, it faced the empty square of the razed earlier colonial-era courthouse; this center city site was considered for the proposed first monument to honor George Washington, commanding General of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War and first President of the United States. The town lay a cornerstone for the new planned Washington column on "Independence Day", July 4, 1814, 15 years after the president's death and during the War of 1812; this was a few months before the massive military attack by British sea and land forces that September, when they burned the Capitol in Washington, DC. Local home owners feared that the unusually tall column proposed might threaten their houses, the proposed Washington memorial was moved north of the town to "Howard's Woods" on land donated by Col. John Eager Howard, to the west of his mansion on his estate of "Belvidere".
It is now at the center of Baltimore's Washington Square. The old Courthouse Square had always been a gathering place for news and protests, along with mass meetings and assemblies of the citizenry, it became the site of a memorial for the soldiers and officers in the Battle of North Point with the British Army, which took place southeast of the city on the Patapsco Neck, as well as honoring those in the bombardment at Fort McHenry during the recent Battle of Baltimore. It was renamed as Battle Monument Square; the second courthouse was built during 1815 to 1822, its east side faced this square. The east side of the second courthouse faced the new adjoining Across from the City/County Courthouse was the Battle Monument which replaced the previous first County and Town Courts known as the "Courthouse on Stilts" as the 1768 building was temporarily saved from razing when it became necessary to extend Calvert Street further north, so in 1784, local town builder Leonard Harbaugh erected a new brick/stone foundation under the building resting on arches supporting the building and cut away ground around it enabling the street passage beneath, in the Square at the edge of the cliffs overlooking the bend of the Jones Falls flowing south to the harbor.
This first courthouse in the square, was razed around 1804-1805. It was here on July 29, 1776, that the adopted Declaration of Independence proclaimed three weeks earlier by the Second Continental Congress at the old Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia, was read to the townfolk along the Patapsco River The second courthouse of Georgian style was constructed on the southwest corner of North Calvert and East Lexington streets, opposite the old "Courthouse Square" in which the Battle Monument was erected; the latter was designed by French architect Maximilian Godefroy, to commemorate "Defenders' Day" of the British attack on Baltimore. The "rockets red glare, the bombs bursting in air" were lines of a poem, titled "The Defence of Fort McHenry", that soon appeared on printed broadsheets and handbills all around town and was soon published in the Baltimore Patriot, it was w