Boston Red Sox
The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League East division; the Red Sox have won nine World Series championships, tied for the third-most of any MLB team, they have played in 13. Their most recent appearance and win was in 2018. In addition, they won the 1904 American League pennant, but were not able to defend their 1903 World Series championship when the New York Giants refused to participate in the 1904 World Series. Founded in 1901 as one of the American League's eight charter franchises, the Red Sox' home ballpark has been Fenway Park since 1912; the "Red Sox" name was chosen by the team owner, John I. Taylor, circa 1908, following the lead of previous teams, known as the "Boston Red Stockings", including the forerunner of the Atlanta Braves. Boston was a dominant team in the new league, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first World Series in 1903 and winning four more championships by 1918.
However, they went into one of the longest championship droughts in baseball history, dubbed the "Curse of the Bambino" after its alleged inception due to the Red Sox' sale of Babe Ruth to the rival New York Yankees two years after their world championship in 1918, an 86-year wait before the team's sixth World Championship in 2004. The team's history during that period was punctuated with some of the most memorable moments in World Series history, including Enos Slaughter's "mad dash" in 1946, the "Impossible Dream" of 1967, Carlton Fisk's home run in 1975, Bill Buckner's error in 1986. Following their victory in the 2018 World Series, they became the first team to win four World Series trophies in the 21st century, including championships in 2004, 2007, 2013 and 2018. Red Sox history has been marked by the team's intense rivalry with the Yankees, arguably the fiercest and most historic in North American professional sports; the Boston Red Sox are owned by Fenway Sports Group, which owns Liverpool F.
C. of the Premier League in England. The Red Sox are one of the top MLB teams in average road attendance, while the small capacity of Fenway Park prevents them from leading in overall attendance. From May 15, 2003 to April 10, 2013, the Red Sox sold out every home game—a total of 820 games for a major professional sports record. Both Neil Diamond's "Sweet Caroline", The Standells's "Dirty Water" have become anthems for the Red Sox; the name Red Sox, chosen by owner John I. Taylor after the 1907 season, refers to the red hose in the team uniform beginning in 1908. Sox had been adopted for the Chicago White Sox by newspapers needing a headline-friendly form of Stockings, as "Stockings Win!" in large type did not fit in a column. The team name "Red Sox" had been used as early as 1888 by a'colored' team from Norfolk, Virginia; the Spanish language media sometimes refers to the team as Medias Rojas, a translation of "red socks". The official Spanish site uses the variant "Los Red Sox"; the Red Stockings nickname was first used by a baseball team by the Cincinnati Red Stockings, who were members of the pioneering National Association of Base Ball Players.
Managed by Harry Wright, Cincinnati adopted a uniform with white knickers and red stockings and earned the famous nickname, a year or two before hiring the first professional team in 1869. When the club folded after the 1870 season, Wright was hired by Boston businessman Ivers Whitney Adams to organize a new team in Boston, he did, bringing three teammates and the "Red Stockings" nickname along; the Boston Red Stockings won four championships in the five seasons of the new National Association, the first professional league. When a new Cincinnati club was formed as a charter member of the National League in 1876, the "Red Stockings" nickname was reserved for them once again, the Boston team was referred to as the "Red Caps". Other names were sometimes used before Boston adopted the nickname "Braves" in 1912. In 1901, the upstart American League established a competing club in Boston. For seven seasons, the AL team had no official nickname, they were "Boston", "Bostonians" or "the Bostons". Their 1901–1907 jerseys, both home, road, just read "Boston", except for 1902 when they sported large letters "B" and "A" denoting "Boston" and "American."
Newspaper writers of the time used other nicknames for the club, including "Somersets", "Plymouth Rocks", "Beaneaters", the "Collinsites"", "Pilgrims." For years many sources have listed "Pilgrims" as the early Boston AL team's official nickname, but researcher Bill Nowlin has demonstrated that the name was used, if at all, during the team's early years. The origin of the nickname appears to be a poem entitled "The Pilgrims At Home" written by Edwin Fitzwilliam, sung at the 1907 home opener; this nickname was used during that season because the team had a new manager and several rookie players. John I. Taylor had said in December 1907 that the Pilgrims "sounded too much like homeless wanderers." The National League club in Boston, though called the "Red Stockings" anymore, still wore red trim. In 1907, the Nat
1914 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1914 throughout the world. World Series: Boston Braves over Philadelphia Athletics Chalmers Award Eddie Collins, Philadelphia Athletics, 2B Johnny Evers, Boston Braves, 2B May 31 – Joe Benz pitches a no hitter in a 6-1 Chicago White Sox victory over the Cleveland Naps. June 9 – Honus Wagner of the Pittsburgh Pirates becomes the second member of the 3000 hit club. July 17 – Red Murray of the New York Giants catches game winning catch and is struck by lightning. September 9 – In the second game of a doubleheader, George Davis of the Boston Braves pitches a no-hitter against the Philadelphia Phillies in a 7-0 win. September 19 – Ed Lafitte tosses a no-hitter for the Brooklyn Tip-Tops of the Federal League in a 6-2 win over the Kansas City Packers. September 27 – Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Naps becomes the third member of the 3000 hit club. October 13 – The Boston Braves defeat the Philadelphia Athletics, 3-1, in Game 4 of the World Series to win their first World Championship, four games to none.
This was the first four-game sweep in World Series history. The Cubs had defeated the Tigers four games to none in 1907, but Game 1 had ended in a tie before the Cubs won the next four in a row. November 1 – Philadelphia Athletics owner Connie Mack starts a fire sale, asking waivers on Jack Coombs, Eddie Plank and Chief Bender. Coombs goes to the Brooklyn Robins as Plank and Bender escape Mack's maneuvering by jumping to the Federal League. Despite the American League Pennant title, Philadelphia fans did not support the Athletics and the club lost $50,000. January 4 – Herman Franks January 5 – Joe Grace January 5 – Jack Salveson January 13 – Roberto Olivo January 19 – Benny Culp January 19 – Al Piechota January 21 – Blix Donnelly January 23 – Merv Connors January 28 – Alf Anderson January 31 – Mel Mazzera January 31 – Charlie Wiedemeyer February 5 – John Gaddy February 8 – Mel Bosser February 8 – Bert Haas February 9 – Bill Veeck February 17 – Rod Dedeaux February 19 – John Bissant February 19 – Stan Sperry February 21 – Milt Gray February 23 – Lynn Myers February 23 – Mike Tresh March 1 – Harry Caray March 4 – Art Rebel March 7 – Joe Gallagher March 12 – Otto Huber March 14 – Red Marion March 21 – Boyd Perry March 26 – Hal Epps April 1 – George Bradley April 1 – Moe Franklin April 6 – Dee Moore April 8 – Andy Karl April 14 – Earl Bumpus April 17 – Lefty Smoll April 27 – George Archie April 27 – Larry Crawford April 27 – Jug Thesenga April 29 – Marv Breuer May 4 – Harl Maggert May 9 – Culley Rikard May 10 – Russ Bauers May 11 – Al Williams May 14 – Jim Shilling May 14 – Chink Zachary May 15 – Jimmy Wasdell May 20 – Stan Benjamin May 27 – Johnny Welaj June 6 – Eddie Silber June 12 – Pete Naktenis June 14 – George Myatt June 16 – Johnnie Wittig June 22 – Jim Asbell June 22 – Maury Newlin June 24 – Hal Kelleher June 27 – Irv Bartling July 2 – Bob Allen July 3 – Buddy Rosar July 8 – George Fallon July 11 – George Binks July 11 – Joseph Jessup July 12 – Al Glossop July 14 – José Pérez Colmenares July 16 – Don Ross July 17 – Charlie Frye July 18 – Andy Gilbert July 18 – Ben Huffman July 19 – Marius Russo July 23 – Frank Croucher July 26 – Ellis Kinder July 30 – Steve Peek July 31 – Elmer Riddle August 5 – Bob Daughters August 5 – Bob Loane August 6 – Tommy Reis August 22 – Augie Donatelli August 24 – George Turbeville August 26 – Al Cuccinello August 30 – Buddy Hancken September 7 – Hermina Franks September 11 – Clay Smith September 18 – Bill Sodd September 23 – Mack Stewart September 27 – Bill Jackowski September 28 – Dick Midkiff September 29 – Johnny Johnson October 3 – Woody Wheaton October 4 – Bruce Sloan October 6 – George Washburn October 10 – Italo Chelini October 10 – Tommy Fine October 13 – Frankie Hayes October 14 – Harry Brecheen October 28 – Johnny Rigney October 30 – Lefty Wilkie November 2 – Jesse Flores November 2 – Tom McBride November 2 – Johnny Vander Meer November 4 – Sig Gryska November 4 – Les McCrabb November 5 – Mark Mauldin November 10 – Angel Fleitas November 12 – Emerson Dickman November 13 – Jack Hallett November 15 – Mickey Livingston November 15 – Maurice Van Robays November 19 – Eddie Morgan November 21 – Pinky Jorgensen November 21 – George Scharein November 22 – Alex Pitko November 23 – Emmett Ashford November 23 – Mel Preibisch November 25 – Joe DiMaggio November 25 – Gene Handley November 26 – Ed Weiland November 29 – Joe Orengo December 6 – Turkey Tyson December 9 – Hank Camelli December 11 – Bill Nicholson December 12 – Buzzie Bavasi December 14 – Rusty Peters December 17 – Dave Smith January 11 – Walt Goldsby, 52, outfielder who hit.236 for five teams in two different leagues between 1884 and 1888.
January 13 – Aaron Clapp, 57, first baseman for the 1879 Troy Trojans of the National League. January 20 – Pat Lyons, 53, Canadian second baseman who played for the Cleveland Spiders of the National League in 1890. February 1 – Sam Weaver, 58, pitcher who posted a 68-80 record and a 3.21 ERA with five teams in four different leagues from 1875 to 1886. February 9 – Buster Brown, 32, National League pitcher who had a 51-103 record and a 3.21 ERA for the St. Louis Cardinals, Philadelphia Phillies and Boston Doves/Braves. February 9 – Jack Farrell, 56, second baseman for 11 seasons, who played bulk of his career with the Providence Grays. February 21 – Farmer Vaughn, 49, catcher who hit.274 with 21 home runs and 525 RBI in 925 games for five teams from 1886 to 1899. February 23 – Nat Jewett, 69, catcher for the 1872 Brooklyn Eckfords of the National Association. February 28 – Art Sladen, 53, outfielder for the Boston Reds of the Union Association in 1884. March 24 – Jack Brennan, 50, catcher/infielder who played from 1884 to 1890 with four teams in four different leagues.
April 1 – Rube Waddell, 37, pitcher for the Philadelphia Athletics who led AL in strikeouts
Memorial Stadium (Baltimore)
Memorial Stadium was a sports stadium in Baltimore, that stood on 33rd Street on an oversized block bounded by Ellerslie Avenue, 36th Street, Ednor Road. Two different stadiums were located here, a 1922 version known as "Baltimore Stadium", or "Municipal Stadium", or sometimes'Venable Stadium', for a time, "Babe Ruth Stadium" in reference to the then-recently deceased Baltimore native; the rebuilt multi-sport stadium, when reconstruction was completed in the summer of 1954, would become known as "Memorial Stadium". The stadium was known as "The Old Gray Lady of 33rd Street", as "The World's Largest Outdoor Insane Asylum." This pair of structures hosted the following teams: Baltimore Orioles, International League, mid-season 1944–1953 Baltimore Orioles, American League, 1954–1991 United States Congressional Baseball Game, 1973–1976 Bowie Baysox, Eastern League, 1993 Baltimore Colts, AAFC 1947–1949, NFL 1950 Baltimore Colts, National Football League, 1953–1983 Baltimore Stallions/Baltimore F.
C. Canadian Football League, 1994–1995 Baltimore Ravens, National Football League, 1996–1997 Baltimore City College vs Baltimore Polytechnic Institute, Thanksgiving Day 1954–1999, known as "City vs. Poly". Calvert Hall College vs Loyola Blakefield Thanksgiving Day 1957–1999, known as " Calvert Hall vs. Loyola", the Turkey Bowl". Maryland Terrapins football Navy Midshipmen football Memorial Stadium started out in life as Municipal Stadium known as Baltimore Stadium, as Venable Stadium. Designed by Pleasants Pennington and Albert W. Lewis, it was built in 1922 over a six-month period at the urging of the Mayor, William F. Broening, in a undeveloped area just north beyond the City's iconic rows of rowhouses where upon they reached out in the 1920s to many of the largest 19th Century country estates of the wealthy in the northeastern wedge of the City. Constructed in the former Venable Park, established in the early 20th Century, the Stadium was operated by the City's Board of Park Commissioners on behalf of the Baltimore City Department of Recreation and Parks.
It was a football stadium, a large horseshoe with an earthen-mound exterior and its open end with a large stone gateway of a Greek/Roman columnade and porticoes on the open-faced south side facing the new 33rd Street boulevard/parkway which had just been cut through east to west. In this configuration, it seated anywhere from 70,000 to 80,000 people. In its early years it hosted various public and private high school and college-level games, including the annual "City – Poly Game" on the regular Thanksgiving Day "double-header where the "Collegians" of Baltimore City College opposed its rival Baltimore Polytechnic Institute "Engineers", along with the Roman Catholic high schools' "Calvert Hall – Loyola" Game pitting the Cardinals of Calvert Hall College against Loyola High School at Blakefield's Dons before crowds of school students, parents and the city's sports fans numbering 30,000. Occasional home games for the University of Maryland at College Park's "Terrapins" football and the home team favorites United States Naval Academy "Midshipmen" versus the United States Military Academy at West Point's "Cadets" in several Army–Navy Games, attracting a national audience and media coverage.
In mid-summer 1944 it was pressed into service as a baseball park by the Baltimore Orioles of the International League, when their previous long-time home, "Oriole Park" on the northwest corner at Greenmount Avenue and 29th Street in the Abell neighborhood, to the southwest, was destroyed by a late-night fire in July 1944. The minor league Orioles rose from the ashes, in heroic fashion, going on to win the International League championship that year, the Junior World Series over the Louisville Colonels of the American Association; the large post-season crowds at Municipal Stadium, which would not have been possible at Oriole Park, which surpassed the attendance at major league baseball's own World Series that year, caught the attention of the Major Leagues and their team owners, Baltimore became a viable option for teams looking to move. Soon after the death of Hall of Famer and Baltimore native Babe Ruth in August, 1948, the venue was renamed "Babe Ruth Stadium", it was renamed again, as "Memorial Stadium", in honor of America's military veterans.
The name "Babe Ruth Stadium" remained an unofficial alternate name for some years afterward. Spurred by the Orioles' success, by the new presence of professional football, the City chose to rebuild the stadium as a facility of "major league caliber", which they renamed Memorial Stadium in honor of the thousands of the City's dead of the concluded World War II. Baltimore mayor Thomas L. J. D'Alesandro, Jr. championed the new stadium project and overcame various legal and political hurdles which delayed progress on the project. The initial plan called for a single, horseshoe-shaped deck to be built, with the open end facing north, was designed to host football as well as baseball, it was engineered with enough strength to support a second deck and a roof. The lower deck reconstruction began in
2011 World Series
The 2011 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's 2011 season. The 107th edition of World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff played between the American League champion Texas Rangers and the National League champion St. Louis Cardinals; the Series was noted for its back-and-forth Game 6, in which the Cardinals erased a two-run deficit in the bottom of the ninth inning did it again in the 10th. In both innings, the Rangers were one strike away from their first World Series championship; the Cardinals won the game in the 11th inning on a walk-off home run by David Freese. The Series was known for the blowout Game 3, in which Cardinals player Albert Pujols hit three home runs, a World Series feat accomplished only by Reggie Jackson and Babe Ruth, subsequently by Pablo Sandoval; the Series began on October 19, earlier than the previous season so that no games would be played in November. The Cardinals enjoyed home-field advantage for the series because the NL won the 2011 All-Star Game 5–1 on July 12.
The 2011 World Series was the first World Series to go all seven games since 2002. The Rangers appeared in their second consecutive World Series, they were the first American League team to play in consecutive World Series since the New York Yankees did it from 1998 to 2001. They earned their postseason berth by winning the American League West division, defeated the Tampa Bay Rays in the American League Division Series and the Detroit Tigers in the American League Championship Series to earn their World Series berth; the Cardinals appeared in their 18th World Series, third in eight years. They won in 2006 against the Detroit Tigers; the Cardinals earned their postseason berth by winning the National League Wild Card on the last day of the regular season, defeated the Philadelphia Phillies in the National League Division Series and the Milwaukee Brewers in the National League Championship Series to earn their World Series berth. This Series was only the second time the Cardinals played each other.
This was the first World Series assignment for umpires Greg Ron Kulpa. Each of the other umpires had worked one World Series; the Cardinals were supported by fans brandishing Rally Squirrel memorabilia to celebrate their new impromptu mascot acquired during the playoff run which they credited with turning the Cardinals' fortunes around. This was the Rangers' second appearance in the World Series. Heading into 2010, their 50th season as a franchise, the team was the only one in Major League Baseball to never win a postseason series, was one of three teams to never appear in the World Series. However, that season, the Rangers won their first postseason series and made their first appearance in the World Series, only to lose to the San Francisco Giants in five games. During the offseason, Chuck Greenberg, who purchased the Rangers from Tom Hicks during the 2010 season along with Nolan Ryan, sold his interest in the team to Ryan, making him the Rangers' principal owner. Notable player departures during the offseason included pitcher Cliff Lee and outfielder/designated hitter Vladimir Guerrero and catcher Bengie Molina, who retired.
Notable free agent additions during the offseason included pitchers Yoshinori Tateyama and Brandon Webb, catcher Yorvit Torrealba, third-baseman Adrián Beltré. In January 2011, as part of a three-way trade with the Toronto Blue Jays and Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, the Rangers acquired catcher Mike Napoli in exchange for pitcher Frank Francisco. During the season, the team acquired pitcher Koji Uehara from the Baltimore Orioles in exchange for infielder Chris Davis, Mike Adams from the San Diego Padres in exchange for two minor-league pitchers. Pitcher Arthur Rhodes was signed with the St. Louis Cardinals days later. With the exception of one day in late April and a brief stretch in early May, the Rangers led the American League West for most of the season, they finished the season with a franchise record 96–66 and won their second consecutive and fifth overall division title, 10 games ahead of the second-place Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. They set a franchise record for home attendance of 2,946,949.
Texas earned the most shutouts in the American League. All five members of the opening day starting rotation stayed in the rotation for the entire year. C. J. Wilson tied for the league lead in starts with 34 while Derek Holland tied for second in shutouts with four, with each pitcher racking up at least 13 wins; the offense had another good year with three players getting 30-plus home runs for the first time in team history, Ian Kinsler completing his second 30–30 season. The Rangers defeated the Tampa Bay Rays three games to one in the American League Division Series before beating the Detroit Tigers four games to two in the American League Championship Series; the Rangers lost home-field advantage in the World Series as a result of the AL team, managed by Rangers manager Ron Washington, losing the 2011 All-Star Game, when Ranger ace C. J. Wilson surrendered the game-winning three-run homer to Prince Fielder; the Cardinals made their first World Series appe
The Cleveland Indians are an American professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. The Indians compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League Central division. Since 1994, they have played at Progressive Field; the team's spring training facility is at Goodyear Ballpark in Arizona. Since their establishment as a major league franchise in 1901, the Indians have won two World Series championships: in 1920 and 1948, along with 10 Central Division titles and six American League pennants; the Indians' current World Series championship drought is the longest active drought. The name "Indians" originated from a request by club owner Charles Somers to baseball writers to choose a new name to replace "Cleveland Naps" following the departure of Nap Lajoie after the 1914 season; the name referenced the nickname "Indians", applied to the Cleveland Spiders baseball club during the time when Louis Sockalexis, a Native American, played in Cleveland. Common nicknames for the Indians include the "Tribe" and the "Wahoos", the latter being a reference to their former logo, Chief Wahoo.
The team's mascot is named "Slider." The franchise originated in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1894 as the Grand Rapids Rustlers, a minor league team that competed in the Western League. The team relocated to Cleveland in 1900 and changed its name to the Cleveland Lake Shores; the Western League itself changed its name to the American League while continuing its minor league status. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the major league incarnation of the club was founded in Cleveland in 1901. Called the Cleveland Bluebirds, the team played in League Park until moving permanently to Cleveland Stadium in 1946. At the end of the 2018 season, they had a regular season franchise record of 9,384–8,968. From August 24 to September 14, 2017, the Indians won 22 consecutive games, the longest winning streak in American League history. "In 1857 baseball games were a daily spectacle in Cleveland's Public Squares. City authorities tried to find an ordinance forbidding it, to the joy of the crowd, they were unsuccessful.
– Harold Seymour" 1865–1868 Forest Citys of Cleveland 1869–1872 Forest Citys of Cleveland From 1865 to 1868 Forest Citys was an amateur ball club. During the 1869 season, Cleveland was among several cities which established professional baseball teams following the success of the 1869 Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional team. In the newspapers before and after 1870, the team was called the Forest Citys, in the same generic way that the team from Chicago was sometimes called The Chicagos. In 1871 the Forest Citys joined the new National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, the first professional league. Two of the league's western clubs went out of business during the first season and the Chicago Fire left that city's White Stockings impoverished, unable to field a team again until 1874. Cleveland was thus the year the club folded. Cleveland played their full schedule to July 19 followed by two games versus Boston in mid-August and disbanded at the end of the season. 1879–1881 Cleveland Forest Citys 1882–1884 Cleveland BluesIn 1876, the National League supplanted the NA as the major professional league.
Cleveland were not among its charter members, but by 1879 the league was looking for new entries and the city gained an NL team. The Cleveland Forest Citys baseball team was re-created; the National League required distinct colors for the 1882 season, so the Cleveland Forest Citys became the Cleveland Blues. They had a mediocre record for six seasons and were ruined by a trade war with the Union Association in 1884, when its three best players jumped to the UA after being offered higher salaries. Cleveland Blues merged with the St. Louis Maroons UA team in 1885. 1887–1899 Cleveland Spiders — nickname "Blues"Cleveland went without major league baseball for two seasons until gaining a team in the American Association in 1887. After the AA's Allegheny club jumped to the NL Cleveland followed suit in 1889, as the AA began to crumble; the Cleveland ball club, named the Spiders became a power in the league. The next year the Spiders moved into League Park, which would serve as the home of Cleveland professional baseball for the next 55 years.
Led by native Ohioan Cy Young, the Spiders became a contender in the mid-1890s, when they played in the Temple Cup Series twice, winning it in 1895. The team began to fade after this success, was dealt a severe blow under the ownership of the Robison brothers Prior to the 1899 season, Frank Robison, the Spiders owner, bought the St. Louis Browns, thus owning two clubs at the same time; the Browns were renamed the "Perfectos", restocked with Cleveland talent. Just weeks before the season opener, most of the better Spiders players were transferred to St. Louis, including three future Hall of Famers: Cy Young, Jesse Burkett and Bobby Wallace; the roster maneuvers failed to create a powerhouse Perfectos team, as St. Louis finished fifth in both 1899 and 1900; the Spiders were left with a minor league lineup, began to lose games at a record pace. Drawing no fans at home, they ended up playing most of their season on the road, became known as "The Wanderers." The team ended the season in 12th place, 84 games out of first place, with an all-time worst record of 20-134.
Following the 1899 season, the National League disbanded four teams, including the Cleveland franchise. The disastrous 1899 season would be a step toward a new future for Cleveland fans
1926 World Series
The 1926 World Series, the 23rd playing of Major League Baseball's championship series, pitted the National League champion St. Louis Cardinals against the American League champion New York Yankees; the Cardinals defeated the Yankees four games to three in the best-of-seven series, which took place from October 2 to 10, 1926, at Yankee Stadium and Sportsman's Park. This was the first World Series appearance for the Cardinals, would be the first of eleven World Series championships in Cardinals history; the Yankees were playing in their fourth World Series in six years after winning their first American League pennant in 1921 and their first world championship in 1923. They would play in another 36 World Series through the end of the 2018 season. In Game 1, Herb Pennock pitched the Yankees to a 2–1 win over the Cards. In Game 2, pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander evened the Series for St. Louis with a 6–2 victory. Knuckleballer Jesse Haines' shutout in Game 3 gave St. Louis a 2–1 Series lead. In the Yankees' 10–5 Game 4 win, Babe Ruth hit three home runs, a World Series record equaled only four times since.
According to newspaper reports, Ruth had promised a sickly boy named Johnny Sylvester to hit a home run for him in Game 4. After Ruth's three-homer game, the boy's condition miraculously improved; the newspapers' account of the story is disputed by contemporary baseball historians, but it remains one of the most famous anecdotes in baseball history. Pennock again won for the Yankees in Game 5, 3–2. Cards' player-manager Rogers Hornsby chose Alexander to start Game 6, used him in relief to close out Game 7. Behind Alexander, the Cardinals won the final two games of the series, with it the world championship. In Game 7, the Yankees, trailing 3–2 in the bottom of the ninth inning and down to their last out, Ruth walked, bringing up Bob Meusel. Ruth, successful in half of his stolen base attempts in his career, took off for second base on the first pitch. Meusel swung and missed, catcher Bob O'Farrell threw to second baseman Hornsby who tagged Ruth out, ending Game 7 and thereby crowning his Cardinals World Series champions for the first time.
The 1926 World Series is the only Series to date which ended with a baserunner being caught stealing. The Cardinals won the 1926 National League pennant with 89 wins and 65 losses, two games ahead of the runner-up Cincinnati Reds, after finishing only fourth in 1925 at 77–76. Before 1926 was half over, they traded outfielder Heinie Mueller to the New York Giants for outfielder Billy Southworth, they claimed future Hall of Fame pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander on waivers from the Chicago Cubs. Their starting rotation was led by Flint Rhem with 20 wins and a 3.21 earned run average, far surpassing his eight wins and 4.92 ERA of 1925. Offensively, the Cardinals were led by Jim Bottomley, Rogers Hornsby and catcher Bob O'Farrell, 1926 National League MVP-to-be; the 1926 NL pennant race was heated. During the second and third weeks of September, both the Cardinals and the Reds had multi-game winning streaks and traded first and second place every day. On September 17, the Cards took a one-game lead over the Reds and extended their lead when the Reds lost several games in a row.
They lost the last game of the season to the Reds on September 26, but still finished two games ahead of them in first place in the final standings. The Yankees had the best record in the AL at 91–63, finishing three games ahead of the Cleveland Indians and improving on their 69-win, seventh-place 1925 season. Lou Gehrig played his first full season as the Yankees' starting first baseman, the team traded for rookie shortstop Tony Lazzeri in the offseason playing him at second base. Gehrig and Ruth led the offense, while Pennock and Urban Shocker led the starting rotation with 42 wins between them. In early September 1926, thousands of Cleveland fans, confident that their Indians would win the pennant when they trailed the Yankees by six games, made World Series ticket reservations. By September 23, the Indians were only two games behind New York, but lost three of their final four games to finish the season three games behind. On September 11, Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis met with representatives from four of the top teams in each of the two major leagues.
The group gave home field to the AL for World Series Games 1–2 and 6–7, while the NL would host Games 3–5. Each game was to start at 1:30 p.m. local time. Some bookmakers made the Yankees a 15-to-1 Series favorite, while others, like New York's top betting commissioners, thought the teams were evenly matched. One New York Times writer found "little justification for installing either team as the favorite". Regardless of the odds, players from both teams were confident of victory. Hornsby said, "We're going to come through winners. We have the better hitters and the greater experience. That's what it takes to win.... We're going to beat the Yankees. Any of my ball players will tell you that, we expect to do it." Yankee skipper Miller Huggins retorted, We're confident. It'll be whichever team does the hitting, we're sure we're going to do it. We're out of our hitting slump. We have more experienced pitchers. We're about in the strength of the infields, but ours is steadier. Our outfield is better and more experienced, all the boys are cocky and ready to go.
There's no doubt in mine that the Yankees will win. Yankee Stadium was filled with 61,658 fans on October 2 for Game 1; those without tickets gathered at City Hall to watch the game's progress as charted on two large scoreboards. Before the star
Oriole Park is the name of several former major league and minor league baseball parks in Baltimore, Maryland. It is half the name of the current downtown home of the Baltimore Orioles, its full name being Oriole Park at Camden Yards. All of the early incarnations of "Oriole Park" were built within a few blocks of each other; the first field called Oriole Park was built on the southwest corner of Sixth Street / Huntingdon Avenue, to the north. The park was variously known as Huntingdon Avenue Park and American Association Park, it was the first home of the major league American Association professional baseball franchise, the first to bear the name of the Baltimore Orioles, during 1882–1888. In 1889, the Orioles club opened a new Oriole Park, it was on a rectangular block bounded by 10th Street and York Road. The future 9th Street would be south, the future Barclay Street would be west; this field in the suburban village of Waverly, a community just outside the northeast city limits of Baltimore at North Avenue, from 1816, served as the home of the American Association Orioles entry during 1889 through the first month of the spring season in 1891.
A rough diagram of the ballpark which appeared in the Baltimore Sun on March 21, 1889, showed the diamond and the stands in the northern portion of the block, with the outfield in the southern portion. The club's reason for abandoning the park after just two full seasons is implied in another Baltimore Sun article, for April 27, 1891, describing the upcoming Union Park as "better and more convenient". Coincidentally, Oriole Park II was one city block south of two Oriole Parks at 29th Street and Greenmount Avenue in the early 20th century, 1901–1915 and 1916–1944; the club opened Union Park in early 1891 south of Waverly at Greenmount Avenue and Sixth Street and operated there for the rest of the 1890s, when the team joined the National League of 1892 after the competing American Association folded. Union Park was the Orioles' home during the first "glory years" of Baltimore baseball. Despite their great success in the 1890s, with three straight National League pennants and winning the "Temple Cup" Series twice, Baltimore was dropped when the National League contracted from 12 to eight teams in 1900.
The newly formed American League from the reorganized Western League, under its new president Ban Johnson, took up in 1901 where the reduced National League had left off the previous year, adding some of the dropped cities while directly challenging the National in other cities. They opened a new Oriole Park, it was on the same site but farther north as the 1889–91 field site from the last years of the old American Association. The American League's new Orioles and charter member team played for two seasons before they were transferred north for the 1903 season to become the New York Highlanders, as part of a peace pact and recognition agreement between the two competing baseball leagues, to give the American League a foothold in the nation's largest city; that Highlanders team soon became known as the New York Yankees. Baltimore revived professional baseball as a minor league club, an entry in the Eastern League, which began play at this same Oriole Park/American League Park. There they were successful, producing some remarkable and marketable players, including the local star Babe Ruth, sold to the Boston Red Sox as a pitcher, gained greater fame as a home run slugger with that same New York Yankees franchise which had begun in Baltimore.
The block was rectangular, with home plate in the northwest corner. A Baltimore Sun piece about the new Terrapin Park on May 29, 1914, gave the dimensions of Oriole Park as left field 322 feet, center field 475 feet, right field 318 feet; the last and by far the best known Oriole Park prior to Camden Yards is the fifth one, started in life as Terrapin Park. It was the home field of the Baltimore Terrapins of the short-lived Federal League of 1914–1915; some of the "Fed" facilities, such as the eventual Wrigley Field, in Chicago were made of steel and concrete, but Terrapin Park was made of wood, which would prove to be its undoing, but its eventual demise would boost Baltimore's chances of returning to the major leagues. Terrapin Park was built on a wedge-shaped block bounded by 10th Street, York Road, 11th Street and the angling small alley-like Vineyard Lane; that is, it was directly across the street, to the north and west, from the existing Oriole Park/American League Park. That competition proved too strong for the Orioles, who moved out of Baltimore in mid-season 1914.
The Federal League experiment ended after two seasons, a revived Orioles club acquired the newer park to the north in 1916, renaming it Oriole Park. The abandoned Oriole Park IV property became the site of a Billy Sunday tabernacle. Following the demise of the "Fed", the Baltimore professional baseball interests became a primary party in an antitrust legal suit filed against Major League Baseball and involving the Commissioner of Baseball; this resulted