Professional wrestling is a form of performance art and entertainment that combines athletics with theatrical performance. It takes the form of events, held by touring companies; the unique form of sport portrayed is fundamentally based on classical and "catch" wrestling, with modern additions of striking attacks, strength-based holds and throws and acrobatic maneuvers. Much of these derive from the influence of various international martial arts. An additional aspect of combat with improvised weaponry is sometimes included to varying degrees; the matches have predetermined outcomes to heighten entertainment value and all combative maneuvers are executed with the full cooperation of those involved and performed in specific manners intended to lessen the chance of actual injury. These facts were once kept secret but are now a accepted open secret. To promote and sustain the willing suspension of disbelief by maintaining an aura of verisimilitude, the performing company avoids discussing the true nature of the performance in official media.
Fan communications by individual wrestlers and promotions through outside media directly acknowledge the dramatic and "fixed" nature of the spectacle. Originating as a popular form of entertainment in 19th-century Europe and as a sideshow exhibition in North American traveling carnivals and vaudeville halls, professional wrestling grew into a standalone genre of entertainment with many diverse variations in cultures around the globe, is now a billion dollar entertainment industry. Since the 1980s, local forms have declined in Europe, wrestling from North America has experienced several different periods of prominent cultural popularity during its century and a half of existence and has been exported back to Europe to fill the cultural gap left by the aforementioned decline of local versions; the advent of television gave professional wrestling a new outlet, wrestling was instrumental in making pay-per-view a viable method of content delivery. Show wrestling has become prominent in Central/North America and Europe.
In Brazil, there was a popular wrestling television program from the 1960s to the early 1980s called Telecatch. High-profile figures in the sport have become celebrities or cultural icons in their native or adopted home countries. Although professional wrestling started out as small acts in sideshows, traveling circuses and carnivals, today it is a billion-dollar industry. Revenue is drawn from ticket sales, network television broadcasts, pay-per-view broadcasts, branded merchandise and home video. Pro wrestling was instrumental in making pay-per-view a viable method of content delivery. Annual shows such as WrestleMania, Bound for Glory, Wrestle Kingdom and Starrcade are among the highest-selling pay-per-view programming each year. In modern day, internet programming has been utilized by a number of companies to air web shows, internet pay per views or on-demand content, helping to generate internet-related revenue earnings from the evolving World Wide Web. Home video sales dominate the Billboard charts Recreational Sports DVD sales, with wrestling holding anywhere from 3 to 9 of the top 10 spots every week.
Due to its persistent cultural presence and to its novelty within the performing arts, wrestling constitutes a recurring topic in both academia and the media. Several documentaries have been produced looking at professional wrestling, most notably, Beyond the Mat directed by Barry W. Blaustein, Wrestling with Shadows featuring wrestler Bret Hart and directed by Paul Jay. There have been many fictional depictions of wrestling; the largest professional wrestling company worldwide is the United States-based WWE, which bought out many smaller regional companies in the late 20th century, as well as its primary US competitors World Championship Wrestling and Extreme Championship Wrestling in early 2001. Other prominent professional wrestling companies worldwide include the US-based Impact Wrestling known as Total Nonstop Action Wrestling, Ring of Honor; when talking about professional wrestling, there are two levels: the "in-show" happenings that are presented through the shows, happenings which are outside the scope of performance but have implications on the performance, such as performer contracts, legitimate injuries, etc.
Because actual events are co-opted by writers for incorporation into storylines for the performers, the lines are blurred and become confused. Special care must be taken; the actions of the character should be considered fictional events, wholly separate from the life of the performer. This is similar to other entertainers; some wrestlers would incorporate elements of their real-life personalities into their characters if they and their in-ring persona have different names. Historians are unsure at what point wrestling changed from competitive catch wrestling into worked entertainment; those who participated felt that maintenance of a constant and complete illusion for all who were not involved was necessary to keep audience interest. For decades, wrestlers lived their public lives; the pra
Javier Cortes Sánchez is a Mexican Luchador, or professional wrestler who works for Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre in their Mini-Estrella division. Cortés is better known under the ring name Shockercito, a mascota version of wrestler Shocker. Cortés was an enmascarado, but was forced to unmask after losing a Lucha de Apuesta, or bet match, on January 11, 2009. Working in the Mini division does not mean that Cortés has dwarfism as several short wrestlers work in the "Mini" division, what separates the Mexican Mini-Estrella from traditional Midget wrestling as practiced in the United States among other places. Javier Cortes made his professional wrestling debut on May 21, 2002, adopting the ring name Shockercito as he began working in Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre's Mini-Estrella division; as Shockercito he was a mascota version of professional wrestler Shocker and wore the same mask as Shocker had worn before being unmasked. Since Shocker was nicknamed "1000% Guapo" Shockercito became known as "500% Guapo".
Cortes continued to train at CMLL's wrestling school in Mexico City under José Luis Feliciano and Arturo Beristain after making his in-ring debut. On September 17, 2004, Shockercito wrestled at the CMLL 71st Anniversary Show, CMLL's biggest show of the year, as he teamed up with Mascarita Sagrada and Tzuki to defeat Espectrito and Pequeño Violencia; this match marked Shockercito's first appearance at a major CMLL show. On January 4, 2008, Shockercito participated in the 2008 Pequeño Reyes del Aire tournament as part of a 10-Mini-Estrella torneo cibernetico, other participants included Bam Bam, Fire, Mr. Aguilta, Pequeño Damián 666, Pequeño Halloween, Pequeño Black Warrior and tournament winner Mascarita Dorada. In late 2008 CMLL reintroduced the Mexican National Lightweight Championship after it had been vacant since 2005. CMLL a Torneo cibernetico match on September 9, 2008 where the winner would qualify for the final. Shockercito was one of 12 Mini-Estrellas in the match and was the second to last wrestler to be eliminated, defeated by eventual light heavyweight champion Pierrothito.
Shockercito was one of the 13-Mini-Estrellas who put their mask on the line in a Steel Cage "elimination" match at CMLL's La Hora Cero show on January 11, 2009. During the match Cosmico, Electrico, Niño de Acero, Mascarita Dorada, Pequeño Ninja, Pequeno Olimpico, Pequeño Black Warrior, Ultimo Dragoncito, Pequeño Universo 2000 all escaped the cage, leaving only Pierrothito and Shockercito in the cage; the two were forced to wrestled against each other under Lucha de Apuesta, with both of them betting their mask on the outcome of the match. In the end Pierrothito pinned Shockercito, forcing him to unmask after the match and announce both his real name, home town and how long he had been a wrestler, per lucha libre traditions. Following his mask loss Shockercito was on the winning side of the opening match of the 2009 Homenaje a Dos Leyendas show as he, Pequeño Olimpico and Ultimo Dragoncito defeated Pequeño Violencia, Pequeño Black Warrior and Pierrothito, two falls to one. Shockercito kept the momentum on his side as he faced and defeated Fire in a Lucha de Apuesta, hair vs. hair match and watched as Fire was shaved bald after the match.
On June 2, 2009, Shockercito wrestled in yet another Lucha de Apuesta match, his third in 2009, defeated Pequeño Damián 666, winning his second hair match in just over two months. On November 6, 2012, 12 competitors met in a special steel cage match where the loser of the match would be forced to unmask or have his hair shaved off; the match was chaotic, the steel cage broke at one time and saw several wrestlers bleed and others need medical attention due to a number of accidents. Shockercito and Pequeño Black Warrior were the last two wrestlers left in the ring unscathed because they had stayed away from the cage as much as possible. In the end Shockercito forced Pequeño Black Warrior to submit, ensuring that he had to be shaved bald after the match. Consejo Mundial de Lucha LibreCMLL World Mini-Estrella Championship Pequeños Reyes del Aire
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important financial centres in the Americas, it is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters. The city has 16 boroughs; the 2009 population for the city proper was 8.84 million people, with a land area of 1,485 square kilometers. According to the most recent definition agreed upon by the federal and state governments, the population of Greater Mexico City is 21.3 million, which makes it the largest metropolitan area of the Western Hemisphere, the eleventh-largest agglomeration, the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world. Greater Mexico City has a GDP of $411 billion in 2011, making Greater Mexico City one of the most productive urban areas in the world; the city was responsible for generating 15.8% of Mexico's GDP, the metropolitan area accounted for about 22% of total national GDP.
If it were an independent country, in 2013, Mexico City would be the fifth-largest economy in Latin America, five times as large as Costa Rica and about the same size as Peru. Mexico’s capital is both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by Native Americans, the other being Quito, Ecuador; the city was built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards. In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, as of 1585, it was known as Ciudad de México. Mexico City was the political and financial center of a major part of the Spanish colonial empire. After independence from Spain was achieved, the federal district was created in 1824. After years of demanding greater political autonomy, residents were given the right to elect both a Head of Government and the representatives of the unicameral Legislative Assembly by election in 1997.
Since, the left-wing Party of the Democratic Revolution has controlled both of them. The city has several progressive policies, such as abortion on request, a limited form of euthanasia, no-fault divorce, same-sex marriage. On January 29, 2016, it ceased to be the Federal District, is now known as Ciudad de México, with a greater degree of autonomy. A clause in the Constitution of Mexico, prevents it from becoming a state, as it is the seat of power in the country, unless the capital of the country were relocated elsewhere; the city of Mexico-Tenochtitlan was founded by the Mexica people in 1325. The old Mexica city, now referred to as Tenochtitlan was built on an island in the center of the inland lake system of the Valley of Mexico, which it shared with a smaller city-state called Tlatelolco. According to legend, the Mexicas' principal god, indicated the site where they were to build their home by presenting a golden eagle perched on a prickly pear devouring a rattlesnake. Between 1325 and 1521, Tenochtitlan grew in size and strength dominating the other city-states around Lake Texcoco and in the Valley of Mexico.
When the Spaniards arrived, the Aztec Empire had reached much of Mesoamerica, touching both the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean. After landing in Veracruz, Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés advanced upon Tenochtitlan with the aid of many of the other native peoples, arriving there on November 8, 1519. Cortés and his men marched along the causeway leading into the city from Iztapalapa, the city's ruler, Moctezuma II, greeted the Spaniards. Cortés put Moctezuma under house arrest. Tensions increased until, on the night of June 30, 1520 – during a struggle known as "La Noche Triste" – the Aztecs rose up against the Spanish intrusion and managed to capture or drive out the Europeans and their Tlaxcalan allies. Cortés regrouped at Tlaxcala; the Aztecs thought the Spaniards were permanently gone, they elected a new king, Cuitláhuac, but he soon died. Cortés began a siege of Tenochtitlan in May 1521. For three months, the city suffered from the lack of food and water as well as the spread of smallpox brought by the Europeans.
Cortés and his allies landed their forces in the south of the island and fought their way through the city. Cuauhtémoc surrendered in August 1521; the Spaniards razed Tenochtitlan during the final siege of the conquest. Cortés first settled in Coyoacán, but decided to rebuild the Aztec site to erase all traces of the old order, he did not establish a territory under his own personal rule, but remained loyal to the Spanish crown. The first Spanish viceroy arrived in Mexico City fourteen years later. By that time, the city had again become a city-state, having power that extended far beyond its borders. Although the Spanish preserved Tenochtitlan's basic layout, they built Catholic churches over the old Aztec temples and claimed the imperial palaces for themselves. Tenochtitlan was renamed "Mexico"; the city had been the capital of the Aztec empire and in the colonial era, Mexico City became the capital of New Spain. The viceroy of Mexico or vice-king lived in the viceregal palace on Zócalo; the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral, the seat of the Archbishopric of New Spain, was const
Ángel de Oro
Miguel Ángel Chávez Velasco is a Mexican professional wrestler, who works for the Mexican wrestling promotion Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre under the ring name Ángel de Oro. Working as Ángel de Oro he is a former CMLL World Middleweight Champion, CMLL World Light Heavyweight Champion, a former Mexican National Trios Champion and the winner of the 2011 Forjando un Ídolo tournament.. His name is Spanish for "Angel of Gold" or "Golden Angel". In 2018, he was defeated in a Luchas de Apuestas, mascara contra mascara match by El Cuatrero, forced to unmask and be identified, he is a second generation luchador, son of Apolo Chávez and the brother of the luchador Niebla Roja who works for CMLL. For years Ángel de Oro was part of a group called Los Ángeles Celestiales alongside his brother and Ángel Azteca Jr. but after his brother changed his ring persona that group has been phased out. Chávez and his older brother, Niebla Roja, are the sons of professional wrestler Apolo Chávez and grew up idolizing their father.
Ángel de Oro was trained for his professional wrestling debut by Dibólico and Corsario Rojo and would receive further training from Gran Cochisse, El Satánico and Franco Columbo in his career. Early on Ángel de Plata worked for independent promotions around the Gómez Palacio, Durango area while feuding with his brother who at the time wrestled as Guerrero Inca, it was the feud between the two brothers that got Ángel de Oro noticed by Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre talent scouts and landed him a contract with CMLL. His brother changed his ring character to Ángel de Plata to complement his younger brother's ring character and together they began training at CMLL's wrestling school in Guadalajara, Jalisco; the duo made their CMLL debut on July 4, 2008, wrestling, as a team dubbed Los Angeles Celestiales The duo was made into a trio when they were joined by Ángel Azteca Jr. who used a similar "Angel inspired" ring character. Los Angeles Celestiales worked low card matches throughout 2008 and into 2009, gaining valuable ring experience along the way.
On April 7, 2009, Ángel de Oro participated in a 10-man Torneo cibernetico elimination match for the vacant CMLL World Super Lightweight Championship. The other participants included Ángel Azteca Jr. Rey Cometa, Tiger Kid, Pólvora, Inquisidor, Súper Comando, Angel de Plata and eventual winner Máscara Dorada. In late 2009 Ángel de Oro participated in the 2009 Gran Alternativa tournament, a tournament where an experienced wrestler teams up with a newcomer. Ángel de Oro teamed up with Místico, CMLL's most popular wrestler at the time, to form a team, considered the favorite for the tournament. They defeated Atlantis and Camorra and Mr. Niebla and Tiger Kid en route to the final, where they were defeated by the Japanese duo of Naito and Okumura in an upset. On October 18, 2009, Angel de Oro was one of 12 wrestlers who put his mask on the line in a 12-man Luchas de Apuestas cage match, he was the tenth and last person to escape the cage keeping his mask safe while Tigre Blanco was forced to unmask after the loss to Pólvora.
Los Ángeles Celestiales participated in a 2009 tournament to crown new Mexican National Trios Champion. The team lost in the first round to Los Cancerberos del Infierno. Following the tournament loss Los Ángeles Celestiales and Los Cancerberos del Infierno developed a rivalry between the two groups, facing off on various CMLL shows, including CMLL's main weekly show on Friday nights Super Viernes. In early 2010 Ángel de Oro was voted "Newcomer of the year", both for CMLL and by SuperLuchas Magazine; as a sign of his success so far Ángel de Oro participated in his first major CMLL event as he teamed up with Fuego and Stuka Jr. wrestling and losing to Poder Mexica in the opening match of the 2010 Homenaje a Dos Leyendas on March 19, 2010. Ángel de Oro was one of 12 men who put their mask on the line as part of a 12-man steel cage match in the main event of the 2010 Infierno en el Ring. During the match, his brother Ángel de Plata tricked him. On rival Puma King feigned an alliance with Ángel de Oro only to jump him from behind and escape the cage as well.
The match came down to Ángel de Oro, Doctor X, Fabián el Gitano, only to see Ángel de Oro accidentally hit Fabián el Gitano so that Doctor X could escape the cage, leaving Ángel de Oro and Fabián to fight for their masks. Ángel de Oro won his first Lucha de Apueta by pinning Fabián, forcing him to unmask and reveal his name as per lucha libre traditions. On August 15, 2010, Ángel de Oro participated in a "Mexico City vs. Guadalajara" torneo cibernetico, an elimination match between young wrestlers trained at CMLL's wrestling school in Mexico and young wrestlers trained at CMLL's facility in Guadalajara where he represented the Mexico City city; the match, that included his brother Ángel de Plata, as well as Ángel Azteca Jr. Delta and Fuego on the Mexico City team and Ángel del Mal, Metal Blanco, El Gallo and Palacio Negro on the Guadalajara team, it came down to Ángel de Oro and Metal Blanco as the last two wrestlers, with Ángel de Oro taking the victory for Mexico City after Guadalajara trained Ángel del Mal betrayed his "home town" by costing Metal Blanco the match.
On September 3, 2010 Ángel de Oro teamed up with Delta and Stuka Jr. to defeat Los Guerreros Tuareg and Pólvora on the undercard of the CMLL 77th Anniversary Show Up until the end of 2010 CMLL had not promoted the fact that Ángel de Oro and Ángel de Plata were
Mexico the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States. Covering 2,000,000 square kilometres, the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity, the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana and León. Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of five cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain.
Three centuries the territory became a nation state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes; the Mexican–American War led to a territorial cession of the extant northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century; the Porfiriato was ended by the start of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system as a federal, democratic republic. Mexico has the 11th largest by purchasing power parity; the Mexican economy is linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement partners the United States. In 1994, Mexico became the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, it is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts.
The country is considered both a regional power and a middle power, is identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Mexico is an ecologically megadiverse country, ranking fourth in the world for its biodiversity. Mexico receives a huge number of tourists every year: in 2018, it was the sixth most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus group of the UN, the Pacific Alliance trade bloc. Mēxihco is the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire, namely the Valley of Mexico and surrounding territories, with its people being known as the Mexica, it is believed to be a toponym for the valley which became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result, although it could have been the other way around.
In the colonial era, back when Mexico was called New Spain this territory became the Intendency of Mexico and after New Spain achieved independence from the Spanish Empire it came to be known as the State of Mexico with the new country being named after its capital: the City of Mexico, which itself was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Mexica capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl and nōchtli and is thought to mean "Among the prickly pears rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggests the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain; the suffix -co is the Nahuatl locative, making the word a place name. Beyond that, the etymology is uncertain, it has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexica, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "place where Huitzilopochtli lives".
Another hypothesis suggests that Mēxihco derives from a portmanteau of the Nahuatl words for "moon" and navel. This meaning might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco; the system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the moon rabbit. Still another hypothesis suggests that the word is derived from Mēctli, the name of the goddess of maguey; the name of the city-state was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the letter x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative during the 16th century; this led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries, México was the preferred spelling. In recent years, the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish l
Último Dragoncito is a Tapatío Mexican luchador enmascarado, or masked professional wrestler. Último Dragoncito is a part of Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre's Mini-Estrella, or "Mini", division and is the only wrestler to hold the CMLL World Mini-Estrella Championship two times. Último Dragoncito is Spanish for "Little Last Dragon", alluding to the fact that he wrestles as a mini version of Último Dragón. Último Dragoncito's real name is not a matter of public record, as is the case with masked wrestlers in Mexico where their private lives are kept a secret from the wrestling fans. He worked as Misteriosito from his debut until 1992 when he was given his current ring name; the man who would be known as Último Dragoncito was born on August 8, 1972 in Guadalajara, Mexico. At the age of seven he became a big fan of Lucha libre, or professional wrestling the enmascarado, or masked wrestler, known as Gallo Tapado, a Guadalajara regular. On he began going to the gym to get in shape before approaching Diablo Velasco to train him.
Velasco turned him down, stating he was too short to be a luchador, standing at only 1.50 m at the time. He suggested, he began training with Cesar and Apolo Dantés, learning the wrestling basics and trained for with them for several years before being taught Lucha Libre. With his small size the future Último Dragoncito did not get any lucha libre bookings right away until a local promoter needed a team to work a show, with the future Dragoncito being told that he was only included to make up the numbers. Following his in ring debut, under an undisclosed ring name, he was accepted as a professional wrestler and began working on a regular basis, he was given the ring character "Misteriosito", a Mini-Estrella version of regular-sized wrestler Misterioso, working both in Guadalajara and Mexico City for Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre, Mexico's larges wrestling promotion. Working in the Mini division does not mean that Dragoncito is a dwarf as a number of wrestlers of short stature work in the "Mini" division as well.
In 1992 then-CMLL booker Antonio Peña left CMLL to form his own promotion, Asistencia Asesoría y Administración. In the months following Peña's exodus Misteriosito found himself without any bookings for CMLL; when he approached CMLL owner Paco Alonso he realised that Lutteroth thought he had left CMLL with Peña apologized and paid Misteriosito for the months he sat at home without working. Following the 1992 Mini-Estrella exodus CMLL licensed the rights for the character "Último Dragoncito", a mini version of Último Dragón who worked in CMLL at the time. Último Dragoncito has worked under that ring name since after Último Dragon left the promotion. On March 14, 1993 Último Dragoncito defeated Orito to win the CMLL World Mini-Estrella Championship. Dragoncito would hold the title for just under six months, without making a single successful title defense before losing the championship to Ultratumbita on September 11, 1993. On September 19, 1997 Último Dragoncito worked the CMLL 64th Anniversary Show, CMLL's biggest show of the year, teaming up with Cicloncito Ramirez to defeat Damiancito el Guerrero and Pierrothito in the opening match of the show.
In the mid to late-1990s CMLL did not focus much on their Minis division, their made it onto their television shows which meant that Último Dragoncito only used sparingly for a number of years. In October 1999 it was announced that Último Dragoncito had won the CMLL World's Mini-Estrella Championship for the second time, making him the only wrestler to hold the title twice. Último Dragoncito did not win the title in a match, but rather through what is known as a "Phantom title switch", CMLL needed previous champion Damiancito El Guerrero to lose the championship as he had begun working as in the regular division as "Virus". Instead of making him lose in the ring CMLL decided to announce that Último Dragoncito had won the belt on an undisclosed day in October, 1999. Último Dragoncito held the title for two years, but as the Mini division was not active he only made one successful title defense, against Pequeño Aristoteles, before losing the title to Pierrothito on October 16, 2001. As part of the Entre Torre Infernal show Dragoncito, Bracito de Oro and Cicloncito Ramirez defeated Fire, El Fierito and Pierrothito in the opening match of the show.
He worked the 2001 Juicio Final show, where Dragoncito and Tzuki defeated El Fierito and Pierrothito, two falls to one. His next major show was the 2004 Sin Piedad' show on December 17, 2004 where Dragoncito and Tzuki defeated Espectrito and Pierrothito in the opening match of the show. Dragoncito worked the CMLL 72nd Anniversary Show in 2005, teaming up with Bam Bam, Pequeño Olímpico to defeat Pequeño Violencia and Sombrita. Último Dragoncito remained one of CMLL's main "tecnico" Minis as the Mini division got more air time and promotional focus than in previous years. On October 27, 2008 Último Dragoncito won the mask of Fire by winning a Luchas de Apuestas, mask vs. mask match. In 2008 CMLL decided that the inactive Mexican National Lightweight Championship would be brought back and used as a secondary title in the Mini-Estrellas division. Último Dragoncito entered a torneo cibernetico elimination match Lightweight Championship tournament on September 9, 2008, during the match he eliminated Cosmico but was in turn p
Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre
Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre Co. Ltd. is a lucha libre professional wrestling promotion based in Mexico City. The promotion is referred to by its previous name Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre. Founded in 1933, it is the oldest professional wrestling promotion still in existence. CMLL has been nicknamed "The serious and the stable", referencing their conservative booking style and their traditional structure to how wrestlers are used and allowed to express themselves. Outside live television broadcasts, CMLL has not shown, they have a few steel cage matches and on occasion have Super Libre matches where there are no disqualifications, but otherwise do not promote any variety of matches that would be considered hardcore wrestling, nor match types such as Ladder matches. CMLL has on occasion fired wrestlers for excessive violence, like the use of chairs, during a match or for using profanity while addressing the crowd during a show. CMLL recognizes and promotes twelve "World Championships" for various weight divisions and classifications, six national level and six regional level championships.
The CMLL Anniversary Show series is the longest running annual major show, starting in 1934, with the CMLL 84th Anniversary Show being the most recent. CMLL regularly promotes major events under the names Homenaje a Dos Leyendas, Sin Piedad, Sin Salida, Infierno en el Ring during the year. CMLL has promoted their regular weekly Super Viernes on a regular basis since the 1930s. Founder Salvador Lutteroth funded the building of Arena Coliseo in 1943, making it the first building in Mexico built for professional wrestling. Prior to 1933, lucha libre shows in Mexico were promoted by foreign promoters doing the occasional match through Mexico or a few scattered local promoters along the U. S. border, who brought in American professional wrestlers as their main attractions. In 1929, Salvador Lutteroth, who at the time was a property inspector for the Mexican Tax department, moved to Ciudad Juárez near the Mexico/U. S. Border. During a trip to El Paso, Texas Lutteroth witnessed a professional wrestling show and was intrigued by the show and the main event Greek wrestler Gus Pappas.
Four years Lutteroth, along with his financial backer Francisco Ahumada chartered Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre, the first Mexican owned wrestling promotion in the country. EMLL held their first shown on September 21, 1933, considered the "birth of Lucha libre" and led to Lutteroth being known as "the father of Lucha Libre". EMLL tried to book Arena Nacional, the premier boxing venue in Mexico City but the promoters would not let him rent it, forcing Lutteroth and EMLL to take up residence in Arena Modelo, an abandoned and run down facility that Lutteroth was able to use as his home base; the concept of Lucha Libre became popular, so much so that the EMLL 1st Anniversary Show drew a sell out crowd of 5,000 paying fans. In 1934, an American wrestler debuted in Mexico under a black, leather mask, Lutteroth dubbed him "La Maravilla Enmascarada" or "The Masked Marvel". In the United States the concept of the masked wrestler was more of a mid-level attraction, but the reaction to La Maravilla Enmascarada led to Lutteroth and the EMLL officials to introduce more masks, starting with a wrestler known as El Enmascarado and late on El Murciélago Enmascarado.
Through the use of the masks and ring characters EMLL helped create the sacred position of the mask in Lucha libre, making it the ultimate status symbol for luchadors. In the early days of EMLL most of the top names were Americans, but with time EMLL introduced several Mexican natives that became so popular that they began to main event most of the EMLL shows. In order to expand their business EMLL began working with a number of local wrestling promoters across Mexico, allowing them to use the EMLL name and some of their contracted wrestlers while gaining access to local wrestlers in return; each booking office was independent of each other but the main office in Mexico City had the final say if there were disputes over who would be able to book certain wrestlers. In 1942, a masked wrestler clad in silver known as El Santo, a man who go on to become a cultural icon in Mexico and is cited as the greatest Mexican wrestler of all time. With the popularity of El Santo as well as other Mexican stars such as Bobby Bonales, Tarzán López, Cavernario Galindo and Gory Guerrero Arena Modelo became too small to accommodate the demand for tickets.
To solve the problem Lutteroth financed the construction of Arena Coliseo in Mexico City, the first arena in Mexico built for professional wrestling and the first sports building in Mexico to have built in air conditioning. The arena, nicknamed the "Lagunilla Funnel" due to its interior shape would hold over 8,800 spectators when configured for Lucha libre or boxing. Arena Coliseo began hosting EMLL's annual Anniversary shows starting with the 10th Anniversary show. In 1953, Salvador Lutteroth joined the US based National Wrestling Alliance, becoming the official NWA territory for all of Mexico, known as "NWA-EMLL" outside Mexico. By joining the NWA, Lutteroth and EMLL gained control of the NWA World Light Heavyweight Championship, they were able to re-brand their "World Middleweight Championship" to become the NWA World Middleweight Championship and their "World Welterweight Championship" became the NWA World Welterweight