Chiquita Brands International
Chiquita Brands International Inc. is an American producer and distributor of bananas and other produce. The company operates under a number of brand names, including the flagship Chiquita brand. Chiquita is the distributor of bananas in the United States. Chiquita is the successor to the United Fruit Company, in 2003, the company acquired the German produce distribution company, Atlanta AG. Fresh Express salads was purchased from Performance Food Group in 2005, Chiquitas current headquarters is located in Charlotte, North Carolina. On 10 March 2014, Chiquita Brands International Inc. 7% of ChiquitaFyffes and Fyffes shareholders owning approximately 49. 3% of the proposed ChiquitaFyffes, the agreement would have created the largest banana producer in the world and would have been domiciled in Ireland. Though an intervening offer by Cutrale and Safra groups of $611 million in August 2014 was rejected by Chiquita, on 24 October, Chiquita announced that the shareholders at a Company Special Meeting had rejected the merger with Fyffes.
Instead the Cutrale-Safra acquisition offer was accepted by the shareholders. Chiquita Brands Internationals history began in 1870 when ships captain Lorenzo Dow Baker purchased 160 bunches of bananas in Jamaica, in 1873 Central American railroad developer Minor C. Keith began to experiment with banana production in Costa Rica. Later, he planted bananas alongside a Costa Rican railroad track to provide revenue for the railroad, in 1878, Baker partnered with Andrew Preston to form the Boston Fruit Company. United Fruit Company was founded in 1899 when the Boston Fruit Company, in 1903, United Fruit Company was listed on the New York Stock Exchange and became the first company to use refrigeration during open sea transport. By 1930, the fleet had grown to 95 ships. The brand name Chiquita was registered as a trademark in 1947, by 1955, United Fruit Company was processing 2.7 billion pounds of fruit a year. In 1966, the company expanded into Europe, in 1970, the company merged with AMK Corporation and changed its name to United Brands Company.
Eli Black took a controlling interest by outbidding two other conglomerates, Zapata Corporation and Textron, after the suicide of Black, the company was acquired by Seymour Milstein and Paul Milstein. In 1980, Chiquita was a sponsor of the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid. In 1984, Cincinnati investor Carl Lindner, Jr. became the controlling investor in United Brands, in 1928, thousands of workers were murdered by military forces in Ciénaga. The workers were protesting against the bad working conditions in the company plantations and this episode is known in the history of Colombia as the Masacre de las Bananeras
It typically has stratified social classes, including a large, impoverished working class and a ruling plutocracy of business and military elites. This politico-economic oligarchy controls the primary-sector productions to exploit the countrys economy, American multinational United Fruit had a major hand in the creation of the banana republic phenomenon. The history of the first banana republic begins with the introduction of the banana to the US in 1870, by Lorenzo Dow Baker and he initially bought bananas in Jamaica and sold them in Boston at a 1,000 percent profit. The banana proved popular with Americans, as a tropical fruit that was less expensive than fruit grown locally in the U. S. such as apples. In 1913, for example, twenty-five cents bought a dozen bananas and its popularity among Americans was spurred by the American railroad tycoons Henry Meiggs and his nephew, Minor C. Keith, who in 1873 began establishing banana plantations along the railroads built in Costa Rica to produce food for their railroad workers.
This experience led them to recognize the potential profitability of exporting bananas for sale, by the 1930s, the international political and economic tensions of the United Fruit Company had enabled it to gain control of 80 to 90 per cent of the U. S. banana trade. The fruit exporters were able to keep U. S, more generally, it is a derogatory term for a country that is considered to have a weak economy, a dishonest or cruel government, and public services that do not work. In the early 20th century, instrumental in establishing the banana republic stereotype was the American businessman Sam Zemurray and he had entered into the banana-export business by buying overripe bananas from the United Fruit Company to sell in New Orleans. In 1910, he bought 6,070 hectares of the Caribbean coast of Honduras for agricultural exploitation by the Cuyamel Fruit Company. To this end, the army of the Cuyamel Fruit Company, led by Gen. Christmas, carried out a coup détat against President Miguel R. Dávila.
The United States Government turned an eye to this deposition of the elected government of Honduras by a privately owned army. Government loans for the Honduran government, because of its resulting political instability, stalled economy, and huge external debt, the Republic of Honduras was excluded from international capital investment. Its financial deficit perpetuated its economic stagnation, and so perpetuated its banana republic image as well. In the event, the United States dollar became the currency of Honduras, the mercenary Gen. Lee Christmas became Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Honduras. Consul to the Republic of Honduras, nonetheless,23 years later, by means of a hostile takeover, Sam Zemurray assumed control of the rival United Fruit Company, in 1933. The inequitable land distribution was an important cause of poverty. During the 1950s, the United Fruit Company sought to convince the governments of U. S, in the Cold War context of the pro-active anti-communist politics exemplified by U
USS Worden (DD-288)
The second USS Worden was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy following World War I. She was named for John Lorimer Worden, the destroyer spent the first four years of her decade of active service in operations along the Atlantic coast of the United States. After fitting out, she departed Boston loaded torpedoes and spare parts at Newport, Rhode Island and she completed that voyage at New York on 1 May and joined Destroyer Division 42, 3d Squadron, Atlantic Fleet. From May to July, she conducted operations along the length of the Atlantic seaboard, on 21 July, she arrived in Charleston and remained there until the following summer. On 25 June 1921, she departed Charleston, South Carolina for a 4 July visit to New York, in August, she made a voyage to Guantanamo Bay, with Naval Academy midshipmen embarked, returning them to Annapolis, Maryland, on the 22nd. Worden stopped briefly at Hampton Roads, headed via New York to Boston for repairs at the yard which she completed early in November.
On the 16th, she loaded torpedoes at Newport and headed south to Charleston and she remained there until the spring of 1922. On 29 May of that year, she got underway for a voyage took her up the coast to Philadelphia, thence to Yorktown, Virginia. Late in July, Worden made a cruise to New York. During August and October, she conducted battle practice off the capes, departing the area periodically for visits to New York, North Carolina, and Newport. On 21 November, the destroyer entered port at Boston for a period which lasted until the end of 1922. Shen left Boston and loaded torpedoes at Newport on New Years Day 1923. On 5 January, she arrived at Lynnhaven Roads, but, soon thereafter, continued south to Guantanamo Bay, where she resumed gun and torpedo drills through the end of the month. On 12 February, she transited the Panama Canal with the Scouting Fleet for Fleet Problem I and she retransited the canal on 27 March and resumed training in the Guantanamo Bay area until late April. After visits to several gulf coast ports she returned to Newport on 15 May, early in June, she visited Washington, D. C.
and, by mid-month, had entered the Philadelphia Navy Yard for repairs. Worden left Philadelphia on 12 October and resumed gunnery drills and battle practice at the drill grounds off the Virginia capes. On 3 January 1924, Worden departed Philadelphia and, after a stop at Lynnhaven Roads. Conducting drills and exercises along the way, Scouting Fleet headed for Colón, Worden participated in the annual spring exercises in the West Indies until late spring
The banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called plantains, in contrast to dessert bananas. The fruit is variable in size and firmness, but is elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind which may be green, red, purple. The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the plant, almost all modern edible parthenocarpic bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. The scientific names of most cultivated bananas are Musa acuminata, Musa balbisiana, the old scientific name Musa sapientum is no longer used. Musa species are native to tropical Indomalaya and Australia, and are likely to have been first domesticated in Papua New Guinea. They are grown in 135 countries, primarily for their fruit, there is no sharp distinction between bananas and plantains. Especially in the Americas and Europe, banana usually refers to soft, dessert bananas, particularly those of the Cavendish group, by contrast, Musa cultivars with firmer, starchier fruit are called plantains.
In other regions, such as Southeast Asia, many kinds of banana are grown and eaten. The term banana is used as the common name for the plants which produce the fruit. This can extend to members of the genus Musa like the scarlet banana, pink banana. It can refer to members of the genus Ensete, like the snow banana, both genera are classified under the banana family, Musaceae. The banana plant is the largest herbaceous flowering plant, all the above-ground parts of a banana plant grow from a structure usually called a corm. Plants are normally tall and fairly sturdy, and are mistaken for trees. Bananas grow in a variety of soils, as long as the soil is at least 60 cm deep, has good drainage and is not compacted. The leaves of plants are composed of a stalk and a blade. The base of the petiole widens to form a sheath, the tightly packed sheaths make up the pseudostem, the edges of the sheath meet when it is first produced, making it tubular. As new growth occurs in the centre of the pseudostem the edges are forced apart, cultivated banana plants vary in height depending on the variety and growing conditions
Fyffes Line was the name given to the fleet of passenger-carrying banana boats owned and operated by the UK banana importer Elders & Fyffes Limited. With the formation of Elders & Fyffes Ltd in 1901 it was necessary to procure suitable ships on which to transport their bananas from the West Indies to the UK. Therefore, in 1902 when the Furness Line was anxious to sell three steamships each of 2,875 gross register tons, the new company raised the funds to buy them. Named Appomattox and Greenbriar, they were all refitted in Newcastle upon Tyne, the first of these entered service the same year as a banana boat and a fourth vessel, the Oracabessa, was added to the fleet. In 1904, three purpose built boats were ordered, each of 3,760 GRT. In 1910 the company came under the control of the United Fruit Company, the new ships carried a small number of passengers in relative comfort, especially when compared to the Royal Mail steamers of that era. As such they have acknowledged as playing a significant part in bringing the first tourists to Jamaica.
By the start of World War I, the Fyffes fleet had grown to 18 ships, in the next four years ten ships were sunk by torpedoes or mines. The company recovered quickly and less than five years after the war had achieved a stronger position than it occupied in 1914. By 1938 the Fyffes fleet which had numbered 36 ships in 1932 was down to 21, by September 1939 there had been 56 ships which had flown the Fyffes flag in the previous 38 years. In the next six years of World War II,14 ships were lost at sea, in November 1940 the UK Government imposed a total ban on the import of bananas, having decided that the only fruit that could be imported for the duration of the war was oranges. This ban continued until 30 December 1945 when the SS Tilapa, flying the Fyffes Line flag, the team always ended its visit by playing a private game against Elders & Fyffes own cricket team at the company’s sports ground in New Malden, Surrey. Thereafter its fleet acquisitions were second-hand ships, such as three cargo and passenger liners from the early 1930s that the United Fruit Company transferred to Fyffes in 1958.
They were SS Quirigua, SS Talamanca and SS Veragua, which Fyffes renamed Samala, Sulaco and we have some, The story of Fyffes. Elders & Fyffes Shipping, Limited—Fyffes Group, Limited / Fyffes PLC—Geest Line Miller, the World Ocean & Cruise Liner Society. Archived from the original on 14 July 2006
Central Intelligence Agency
As one of the principal members of the U. S. Intelligence Community, the CIA reports to the Director of National Intelligence and is focused on providing intelligence for the President. Though it is not the only U. S. government agency specializing in HUMINT and it exerts foreign political influence through its tactical divisions, such as the Special Activities Division. Despite transferring some of its powers to the DNI, the CIA has grown in size as a result of the September 11 attacks. In 2013, The Washington Post reported that in fiscal year 2010, the CIA has increasingly expanded its roles, including covert paramilitary operations. One of its largest divisions, the Information Operations Center, has shifted focus from counter-terrorism to offensive cyber-operations, when the CIA was created, its purpose was to create a clearinghouse for foreign policy intelligence and analysis. Today its primary purpose is to collect, analyze and disseminate foreign intelligence, warning/informing American leaders of important overseas events, with Pakistan described as an intractable target.
Counterintelligence, with China, Iran, the Executive Office supports the U. S. military by providing it with information it gathers, receiving information from military intelligence organizations, and cooperates on field activities. The Executive Director is in charge of the day to day operation of the CIA, each branch of the military service has its own Director. The Directorate has four regional groups, six groups for transnational issues. There is a dedicated to Iraq, regional analytical offices covering the Near East and South Asia and Europe, and the Asian Pacific, Latin American. The Directorate of Operations is responsible for collecting intelligence. The name reflects its role as the coordinator of intelligence activities between other elements of the wider U. S. intelligence community with their own HUMINT operations. This Directorate was created in an attempt to end years of rivalry over influence, philosophy, in spite of this, the Department of Defense recently organized its own global clandestine intelligence service, the Defense Clandestine Service, under the Defense Intelligence Agency.
This Directorate is known to be organized by regions and issues. The Directorate of Science & Technology was established to research, many of its innovations were transferred to other intelligence organizations, or, as they became more overt, to the military services. For example, the development of the U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft was done in cooperation with the United States Air Force, the U-2s original mission was clandestine imagery intelligence over denied areas such as the Soviet Union. It was subsequently provided with signals intelligence and measurement and signature intelligence capabilities, subsequently, NPIC was transferred to the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
British African-Caribbean people
British African Caribbean people are residents of the United Kingdom who are of West Indian background and whose ancestors were primarily natives or indigenous to Africa. African-Caribbean people are present throughout the United Kingdom with by far the largest concentrations in London, pauls in Bristol, or Handsworth and Aston in Birmingham or Moss Side in Manchester. According to the 2011 census, the largest number of African-Caribbean people are found in Croydon, there is now a view that the term should not be hyphenated and that indeed, the differences between such groups mean the people of African and Caribbean origins should be referred to separately. The Guardian and Observer style guide prescribes the use of African-Caribbean for use in the two newspapers, specifically noting not Afro-Caribbean, New World slavery was originally focused on the extraction of gold and other precious raw materials. Africans were set to work on the vast cotton and sugar plantations in the Americas for the economic benefit of these colonial powers.
One impact of the American Revolution was the historical development of African-American and African-Caribbean people. Whereas the American colonies had established slavery by positive laws, slavery did not exist under English common law and was prohibited in England. Slaves cannot breathe in England, if their lungs receive our air and they touch our country, and their shackles fall. Thats noble, and bespeaks a nation proud, spread it then, And let it circulate through every vein. There are records of small communities in the ports of Cardiff, Liverpool and these communities were formed by freed slaves following the abolition of slavery. Typical occupations of the migrants were footmen or coachmen. Walter Tull and soldier, Andrew Watson, Robert Wedderburn, Spencean revolutionary Nathaniel Wells and yeomanry officer. The growing Caribbean presence in the British military led to approximately 15,000 migrants arriving in the north-west of England around the time of World War I to work in munitions factories.
The Jamaican poet and communist activist, Claude McKay came to England following the First World War and became the first Black British journalist, in February 1941,345 West Indian workers were brought to work in and around Liverpool. They were generally better skilled than the local Black British, there was some tension between them and West Africans who had settled in the area. Since World War II, many African-Caribbean people migrated to North America and Europe, especially to the United States, the UK, and the Netherlands. As a result of the losses during the war, the British government began to mass immigration from the countries of the British Empire. The British Nationality Act 1948 gave British citizenship to all living in Commonwealth countries
SS Antigua was a United Fruit Company passenger and refrigerated cargo liner built at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation of Quincy, Massachusetts completed in 1932. She was owned by a United Fruit subsidiary, United Mail Steam Ship Company and she carried bananas from Central America to the USA and passengers in both directions. The six ships were of the basic design with specific developments of that design left to the two builders. Antigua was the first of the ships from Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation with keel laying 30 April 1931, launch on 12 December 1931, tonnage, in U. S. was displacement to designed waterline 10,928, gross 7,035. Normal service speed of 17.5 knots was driven by engines with of 10,500 normal shaft horsepower, a crew of 112 served the ship and up to 113 passengers. On delivery Antigua was placed in the Pacific coastal passenger and banana trade between San Francisco and Armuelles, between 1935 and 1936 schedules the ship changed from Pacific service to service from New York to Cuba and Puerto Barrios, Guatemala with that service continuing through 1941.
Antigua was delivered by United Fruit Company to the War Shipping Administration on 26 December 1941 at New York, on 27 December 1941 the US Navy designated the ship as the Mizar-class stores ship Antigua. Navy records indicate the ship was allocated to Navy and perhaps considered for acquisition and commissioning, Navy cancelled the name Antigua on 22 May 1944. The ship underwent a limited modificatio at Maryland Drydock Company, of Baltimore, armament included a single 5/38 caliber gun and four 3/50 caliber guns for anti-aircraft and anti submarine use and up to eight Oerlikon 20 mm cannon anti-aircraft guns. With some modification Antigua was able to carry a number of troops as well as refrigerated stores, the ship operated under WSA with United Fruit Company acting as its agent and providing the civilian crew. Antigua continued to operate under WSA until returned to United Fruit 17 March 1947, postwar Antigua resumed operations departing from New Orleans for destinations in Cuba and Honduras.
In December 1957 Antigua was sold to Swedish owners who renamed her Tortuga
USS Mizar (AF-12)
USS Mizar was a United Fruit Company cargo and passenger liner that served as a United States Navy Mizar-class stores ship in World War II. Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation of Quincy, Massachusetts built the ship as SS Quirigua for United Fruit Company in 1932 and she was one of six UFC sister ships driven by turbo-electric transmission. The United States Postal Service subsidised the building of the six ships, United Fruit placed Quirigua on express liner services between Central America and New York. She normally carried up to 95 passengers to ports in Central America and would return to the United States with passengers, the US Navy bareboat chartered Quirigua through the Maritime Commission on 2 June 1941 under Public Law 101, 77th Congress and Executive Order 8771. She was renamed Mizar and commissioned into the US Navy on 14 June 1941, with some modification Mizar was able to carry a number of troops as well as her refrigerated stores. She was crewed by Merchant mariners plus a team of United States Navy Armed Guard sailors to man her guns.
The Guards were assisted by the crew and all took equal risk of being sunk by submarine or aircraft. For the early part of 1942 Mizar sailed the western Atlantic from a number of US East Coast ports, supplying bases, the force transited the Panama Canal on its month-long voyage to Wellington, New Zealand. When not making these crossings of the Pacific Ocean she normally worked between Brisbane and Milne, New Guinea and she continued carrying men and supplies throughout these areas until 4 January 1946. Steaming eastward she reached San Francisco 25 January but soon received orders to go to the US East Coast, previewing a return to civilian status, en route she took bananas for the United Fruit Company from Quepos, Costa Rica to Charleston, South Carolina. Mizar averaged over 5,000 miles a month in World War II and she was decommissioned as a naval vessel at Baltimore and returned to the United Fruit Company on 1 April 1946, and struck from the Navy list of active ships on 17 April. United Fruit restored the ships pre-war name Quirigua to her, in 1958 United Fruit transferred Quirigua and her sisters Talamanca and Veragua to its British subsidiary Elders and Fyffes.
Quirigua was renamed SS Samala after an earlier Fyffes ship of the same name, USS Antigua former United Fruit passenger and refrigerated ship SS Antigua. Taken over under indefinite time charter 28 December 41 and converted to Naval use by adding deck guns etc. by Maryland Dry Dock, Naval Acquisition directive cancelled 22 May 44 and continued operation with Merchant Marine crew till returned to United Fruit in 1946. USS Ariel former USS Dione, renamed 28 April 1942, former United Fruit passenger and refrigerated ship SS Jamaica, ex SS Peten, ex SS Segovia. Converted by Todd Galveston Dry Dock, Texas, returned to United Fruit Company who renamed her SS Jamaica 1946. Broken up in 1969 as SS Blumenthal, USS Merak former United Fruit passenger and refrigerated ship SS Veragua. Converted to Naval use by adding deck guns etc. by Todd Galveston Dry Dock, returned to United Fruit Company who named her SS Veragua in 1946
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was a Cuban revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and as President from 1976 to 2008. Politically a Marxist–Leninist and Cuban nationalist, he served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 1961 until 2011. Under his administration, Cuba became a one-party socialist state and business were nationalized, born in Birán, Oriente as the son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist anti-imperialist politics while studying law at the University of Havana. After a years imprisonment, he traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, returning to Cuba, Castro took a key role in the Cuban Revolution by leading the Movement in a guerrilla war against Batistas forces from the Sierra Maestra. After Batistas overthrow in 1959, Castro assumed military and political power as Cubas Prime Minister, adopting a Marxist–Leninist model of development, Castro converted Cuba into a one-party, socialist state under Communist Party rule, the first in the Western Hemisphere.
Policies introducing central economic planning and expanding healthcare and education were accompanied by control of the press. These actions, coupled with Castros leadership of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1979 to 1983 and Cubas medical internationalism, following the Soviet Unions dissolution in 1991, Castro led Cuba into its Special Period and embraced environmentalist and anti-globalization ideas. In the 2000s he forged alliances in the Latin American pink tide—namely with Hugo Chávezs Venezuela—and signed Cuba up to the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas, in 2006 he transferred his responsibilities to Vice-President Raúl Castro, who was elected to the presidency by the National Assembly in 2008. Castro is a world figure. His supporters view him as a champion of socialism and anti-imperialism whose revolutionary regime advanced economic, critics view him as a dictator whose administration oversaw human-rights abuses, the exodus of a large number of Cubans, and the impoverishment of the countrys economy.
He was decorated with various awards and significantly influenced various individuals. In 1960 Castro was bestowed with the Grand Slam Silver Trophy in the prestigious Ernest Hemingway International Billfishing Tournament after he caught a sailfish, Castro was born out of wedlock at his fathers farm on August 13,1926. His father, Ángel Castro y Argiz, was a migrant to Cuba from Galicia, aged six, Castro was sent to live with his teacher in Santiago de Cuba, before being baptized into the Roman Catholic Church at the age of eight. Being baptized enabled Castro to attend the La Salle boarding school in Santiago, in 1945 he transferred to the more prestigious Jesuit-run El Colegio de Belén in Havana. Although Castro took an interest in history and debating at Belén, he did not excel academically, in 1945, Castro began studying law at the University of Havana. Admitting he was illiterate, he became embroiled in student activism. In 1947, Castro joined the Party of the Cuban People, a charismatic figure, Chibás advocated social justice, honest government, and political freedom, while his party exposed corruption and demanded reform.
Though Chibás came third in the 1948 general election, Castro remained committed to working on his behalf, in years anti-Castro dissidents accused him of committing gang-related assassinations at the time, but these remain unproven
USS Putnam (DD-287)
USS Putnam was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy following World War I. She was named for Charles Putnam, upon completion of shakedown out of Boston, Putnam was assigned to Division 43, Squadron 3, Destroyer Force Atlantic Fleet based at Newport, Rhode Island. She sailed from Newport 8 February 1920 for Guantanamo Bay where she carried out target practice until 26 April, Putnam was sent to Tampico, Mexico, to join Isherwood and Reid in observing the volatile political situation there 10 May –14 June. She made a reservist training cruise between Philadelphia and Newport before being placed in reserve at Charleston 22 September. Putnam was reassigned to Destroyer Division 49, Squadron 1 upon returning to active duty 1 May 1921, after spending the winter in reserve at Charleston, South Carolina, she was ordered to Destroyer Division 25 Squadron 9 at Newport 27 June 1922. Putnam engaged in drills at Guantanamo Bay before returning to Boston for periodic overhaul. She rejoined her division at Guantanamo Bay 5 April 1924 for maneuvers with Scouting Fleet Destroyers there, Putnam rendezvoused with the fleet for torpedo exercises in the Caribbean again 6 January –10 February 1925.
Following repairs at Boston, Putnam reported to the Newport Naval Torpedo Station for experimental duty and she departed Newport 2 October for Gonaïves, Guantanamo Bay and the Panama Canal Zone to continue her readiness operations with Scouting Fleet Destroyers. Putnam sailed for Boston 20 February 1926 for a refit, upon completion of repairs at Boston 28 April 1926, Putnam resumed her schedule of experimental torpedo duty at Newport and fleet maneuvers off Haiti until October 1927. She proceeded to Charleston for Fleet Problem II, Putnam served as a reservists training ship for two cruises out of Tompkinsville, New York. Putnam decommissioned at Philadelphia 21 September 1929, was struck from the Navy List 22 October 1930, the ship was converted to the MV Teapa that was acquired by the Army in an effort to resupply Corregidor. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, the entry can be found here. NavSource Standard Fruit Co / Vaccaro Brothers Ship list
USS Osborne (DD-295)
USS Osborne was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy following World War I. She was named for Weedon Osborne, commissioned into a peacetime navy curtailed by a retrenching Congress, the undermanned four-stacker departed Boston, Massachusetts 25 June to join DESRON3, Atlantic Fleet. The limited coastal operations of 1920 were supplemented by 2 months of fleet exercises and these useful testing periods brought a familiarization not only with the Caribbean area but the Pacific coast of Panama. On 20 September 1929 entered the Philadelphia Navy Yard for inactivation, Osborne decommissioned 1 May 1930 with her crew transferring to the newly recommissioned USS Taylor. In accordance with the agreements reached at the London Naval Disarmament Conference of 1930, she was struck from the Navy List 22 October 1930, on 22 February 1942 General MacArthur had requested direct support from Honolulu rather than Australia as it was lacking in resources. Under urgent Presidential orders to support the forces in Bataan and Corregidor the Army began to prepare the ships to run the Japanese blockade of the Philippines, cargoes were shipped to New Orleans for the three ships.
They were originally due to sail on 28 February 1942 but difficulties, to put on the ships, delayed sailing. Masaya sailed on 2 March 1942, Matagalpa on 11 March, while the situation in the Philippines became desperate the three ships were forced to stop in Los Angeles for repair. On 13 April General MacArthur reported blockade running was useless, the ships were reloaded with Matagalpa loaded for Mindanao and arriving in Honolulu on 8 May 1942, too late to relieve Corregidor. Matagalpa and the ships intended for supply of the Philippines, were diverted to Australia. On 26 June 1942 Matagalpa burned at her berth in Sydney, Australia as over one hundred firefighters worked to unload gasoline drums, Matagalpa was not repaired and was scuttled in the disposal area off Sydney on 6 September 1947. Naval History and Heritage Command Online Library of Selected Images, USS Osborne, 1920-1931 Photo of Matagalpa at Pacific Wrecks. com