SRT Light Red Line
1 February 2014The Light Red Line is part of the planned SRT Red Lines suburban railway system to serve the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. It will run east–west from Sala Ya in Phutthamonthon District of Nakhon Pathom Province to Hua Mak Railway Station in Bangkok; the segment from Taling Chan to Bang Son opened for limited, free trial service on December 5, 2012. The trial service operated for only 13 months with a limited 12 services a day operated on the line until all services were suspended on 13 January 2014 due to a lack of rolling stock and pending further notice. In July 2016 the cabinet approved the construction of the Bang Sue–Phaya Thai–Makkasan–Hua Mak segment. However, the 12 km, 4 station western extension Taling Chan to Salaya is expected to be tendered first by September 2018; the contract for the initial stages from Taling Chan to Bang Sue was signed on December 15, 2008, with the contract awarded to the Unique-Chun Wo consortium. Construction started in early 2010 but was delayed for a few months due to the late 2011 floods in Bangkok which inundated the route.
Construction was completed by the 3rd quarter of 2012. Testing began in September 2012 for a 3-month period. Bang Sue–Taling Chan Rail Electrification included in Contract 3 of SRT Dark Red Line Bang Sue - Rangsit, under construction. Electrification will be completed by 2020; the line opened for free limited trial service on 5 Dec 2012 between Taling Chan Station and Bang Son Station. The line is operated with 2 refurbished DMUs running a limited service. There are only 6 services each way a day every 60 minutes from 6 am from 4 pm to 7 pm; as such, only a few hundred passengers a day ride the service. As of 14 September 2013, weekend services were cancelled. Effective on 13 January 2014 all services were suspended until further notice; until the Bang Sue Terminal is complete and the SRT purchases new rolling stock this service cannot operate. It would be noted that the line will be electrified. Two additional stations on either side of the Chao Praya river have been approved to be built, at Rama 6 bridge and Bang Kruay.
However, as of December 2017 no contracts have been tendered to build these two stations. The SRT Light Red Line is planned to be extended by 12 km west to Salaya. 4 stations are planned be built along the existing SRT corridor. This western extension Taling Chan to Salaya is expected to be tendered first by September 2018. There will be stations at Ratchawithi, Phaya Thai and Hua Mak; the Construction seems to start late than expected due to late completion of Bang Sue Central Station and narrow right of way. Thus, SRT needs to reconsider construction methods to reduce an effect to rail service when the construction begins; the SRT operates existing intercity services from Thonburi station to Kanchananburi. This line is planned to be converted to a spur line of the existing Light Red line, from Taling Chan to Thonburi/ Siriraj. In August 2012, the SRT proposed that 3 stations be built for this 6.5 km route: 1) Talingchan Floating Market station at Bang Ramad, 2) Charansanitwongse station 3) Thonburi/Siraraj station It is worth noting that the Orange Line was planned to be built along this alignment to Taling Chan.
As of December 2017, no final approval had been granted to construct this spur line with the extension to Salaya being the priority. "SRT Red Line website" Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region SRT Dark Red Line Airport Rail Link BTS Skytrain Sukhumvit Line Silom Line Bangkok Metro MRT Blue Line MRT Brown Line MRT Grey Line MRT Light Blue Line MRT Orange Line MRT Pink Line MRT Purple Line MRT Yellow Line Bangkok BRT
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or Krung Thep; the city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres in the Chao Phraya River delta in central Thailand, has a population of over eight million, or 12.6 percent of the country's population. Over fourteen million people lived within the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region at the 2010 census, making Bangkok the nation's primate city dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in terms of importance. Bangkok traces its roots to a small trading post during the Ayutthaya Kingdom in the 15th century, which grew and became the site of two capital cities: Thonburi in 1768 and Rattanakosin in 1782. Bangkok was at the heart of the modernization of Siam renamed Thailand, during the late-19th century, as the country faced pressures from the West; the city was at the centre of Thailand's political struggles throughout the 20th century, as the country abolished absolute monarchy, adopted constitutional rule, underwent numerous coups and several uprisings.
The city grew during the 1960s through the 1980s and now exerts a significant impact on Thailand's politics, education and modern society. The Asian investment boom in the 1980s and 1990s led many multinational corporations to locate their regional headquarters in Bangkok; the city is now a regional force in business. It is an international hub for transport and health care, has emerged as a centre for the arts and entertainment; the city is known for cultural landmarks, as well as its red-light districts. The Grand Palace and Buddhist temples including Wat Arun and Wat Pho stand in contrast with other tourist attractions such as the nightlife scenes of Khaosan Road and Patpong. Bangkok is among the world's top tourist destinations, has been named the world's most visited city in several rankings. Bangkok's rapid growth coupled with little urban planning has resulted in a haphazard cityscape and inadequate infrastructure. An inadequate road network, despite an extensive expressway network, together with substantial private car usage, have led to chronic and crippling traffic congestion, which caused severe air pollution in the 1990s.
The city has since turned to public transport in an attempt to solve the problem. Five rapid transit lines are now in operation, with more systems under construction or planned by the national government and the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration; the history of Bangkok dates at least back to the early 15th century, when it was a village on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River, under the rule of Ayutthaya. Because of its strategic location near the mouth of the river, the town increased in importance. Bangkok served as a customs outpost with forts on both sides of the river, was the site of a siege in 1688 in which the French were expelled from Siam. After the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese Empire in 1767, the newly crowned King Taksin established his capital at the town, which became the base of the Thonburi Kingdom. In 1782, King Phutthayotfa Chulalok succeeded Taksin, moved the capital to the eastern bank's Rattanakosin Island, thus founding the Rattanakosin Kingdom; the City Pillar was erected on 21 April 1782, regarded as the date of foundation of the present city.
Bangkok's economy expanded through international trade, first with China with Western merchants returning in the early to-mid 19th century. As the capital, Bangkok was the centre of Siam's modernization as it faced pressure from Western powers in the late-19th century; the reigns of Kings Mongkut and Chulalongkorn saw the introduction of the steam engine, printing press, rail transport and utilities infrastructure in the city, as well as formal education and healthcare. Bangkok became the centre stage for power struggles between the military and political elite as the country abolished absolute monarchy in 1932. Allied with Japan in World War II, it was subjected to Allied bombing, but grew in the post-war period as a result of US aid and government-sponsored investment. Bangkok's role as a US military R&R destination boosted its tourism industry as well as establishing it as a sex tourism destination. Disproportionate urban development led to increasing income inequalities and migration from rural areas into Bangkok.
Following the US withdrawal from Vietnam in 1973, Japanese businesses took over as leaders in investment, the expansion of export-oriented manufacturing led to growth of the financial market in Bangkok. Rapid growth of the city continued through the 1980s and early 1990s, until it was stalled by the 1997 Asian financial crisis. By many public and social issues had emerged, among them the strain on infrastructure reflected in the city's notorious traffic jams. Bangkok's role as the nation's political stage continues to be seen in strings of popular protests, from the student uprisings in 1973 and 1976, anti-military demonstrations in 1992, successive anti-government demonstrations by opposing groups from 2008 on. Administration of the city was first formalized by King Chulalongkorn in 1906, with the establishment of Monthon Krung Thep Phra Maha Nakhon as a national subdivision. In 1915 the monthon was split into several provinces, the administrative boundaries of which have since further changed.
The city in its current form was created in 1972 with the formation of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, following the merger of Phra Nakhon Province on the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya and Thonburi Province on the west during the previous year. The origin of th
Bang Sue District
Bang Sue is one of the 50 districts of Bangkok, Thailand. It borders Chatuchak to the east, Phaya Thai to the southeast, Dusit to the south, Bang Phlat and Bang Kruai across the Chao Phraya to the west and Mueang Nonthaburi to the north. Bang Sue was one of eight outer Bangkok amphoes established during King Chulalongkorn's reign. In an administrative reform in 1938, Bang Sue was reduced from an amphoe to a tambon, becoming part of amphoe Dusit. In 1972, as part of the creation of a special administrative area of Bangkok where tambons in Bangkok were renamed khwaengs and amphoes in Bangkok were renamed khets, Bang Sue became Khwaeng Bang Sue under Khet Dusit. Bang Sue became a khet in 1989, its name meaning "Community of Faithfully". It appears in the Sunthorn Phu's poem "Journey to Phrabat" since 1807. Rama VI Bridge was the first bridge to cross the Chao Phraya River, it was named after King Vajiravudh. The 442 metre long and 10 metre wide road-rail bridge carried a single-track railway to the west and south of Thailand and a one-lane road.
During World War II the bridge was damaged by Allied bombing, since it was being used by the occupying Japanese. The reconstructed bridge was re-opened on 12 December 1953. In 1992, road traffic was permanently diverted to the new Rama VII bridge upstream as the State Railway of Thailand converted the roadway to a second railway track. King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok and Rajamangala University of Technology Phra Nakhon are major universities in the district. Bang Sue District hosts a MRT Blue Line station at Bang Sue MRT Station, the interchange station between the Blue Line and MRT Purple Line at Tao Poon MRT Station and Purple Line Bang Son and Wong Sawang stations. State Railway of Thailand trains serve the Bang Sue Junction Railway Station. In 2019 the district will be the site of a new central station for Bangkok, Bang Sue Central Station, along with a new business district. Three separate subway lines are being planned or constructed which will connect Bang Sue to other districts in Bangkok.
The district is divided into two sub-districts. District website
Taling Chan Station
Taling Chan Station is a railway station located in Taling Chan District, Bangkok. It is operated by the State Railway of Thailand and serves two routes: the Southern Main Line and the Bang Son-Taling Chan SRT Light Red Line, it is located 22.136 kilometres from Bangkok Railway Station. Taling Chan Junction serves as a junction for the mainline from Bangkok and the short branchline to Thon Buri Railway Station, near Siriraj Hospital. Taling Chan Station is the terminus for the current Light Red Line from Bang Son. In the past, the station building was a wooden structure with about 5 platforms. Since 2009, the station has been rebuilt to concrete and other tracks were removed for the SRT Light Red Line new tracks. Ordinary 261/262 Bangkok-Hua Hin-Bangkok Rapid 171/172 Bangkok-Sungai Kolok-Bangkok Rapid 169/170 Bangkok-Yala-Bangkok Commuter 355/356 Bangkok-Suphan Buri-Bangkok Ordinary 251/252 Bang Sue Junction-Prachuap Khiri Khan-Bang Sue Junction Ordinary 254/255 Lang Suan-Thon Buri-Lang Suan Ordinary 257/258 Thon Buri-Nam Tok-Thon Buri Ordinary 259/260 Thon Buri-Nam Tok-Thon Buri Ordinary 351/352 Thon Buri-Ratchaburi-Thon Buri Rapid 177/178 Thon Buri-Lang Suan-Thon Buri Commuter 919/920 Thon Buri-Salaya-Thon Buri The accident occurred at dawn on 21 August 1979.
A congested Ratchaburi-Thon Buri train approached the intersection around Taling Chan Junction and was collided by a freight train from Bang Sue Junction to Padang Besar, due to having gone through a red signal. The freight train collided into the passenger train in the middle section and caused derailments for both trains. There were 51 deaths and 138 injured, the majority of the passengers being students and merchants coming for trade near Thon Buri Station; the accident was one of the most severe rail disasters in Thailand
Su-ngai Kolok railway station
Sungai Golok railway station is a railway station in Sungai Golok Sub-district, Su-ngai Kolok District, Narathiwat. It is a class 1 railway station 1,142.993 km from Thon Buri railway station. Sungai Golok Station is the furthest railway station from Bangkok, the terminus of the Southern Line, it opened in September 1921 as part of the Southern Line Tanyong Mat-Su-ngai Kolok section. Su-ngai Kolok borders Malaysia. In the past, rail services used to extend to Rantau Panjang, across the Harmony Railway Bridge, over the Golok River. Thai DMUs took up the entire schedule, up to Tumpat, this soon led to protests and the disuse of this link. Nowadays, rail cross-border services at this checkpoint are closed. There have been talks about re-establishing this rail border crossing. Thaksin Special Express train No. 37 / 38 Bangkok - Su-ngai Kolok - Bangkok Rapid train No. 171 / 172 Bangkok - Su-ngai Kolok - Bangkok Rapid train No. 175 / 176 Hat Yai Junction - Su-ngai Kolok - Hat Yai Junction Local train No. 447 / 448 Surat Thani - Su-ngai Kolok - Surat Thani Local train No. 451 / 452 Nakhon Si Thammarat- Su-ngai Kolok- Nakhon Si Thammarat Local train No. 453 / 454 Yala - Su-ngai Kolok - Yala Local train No. 463 / 464 Phatthalung-Su-ngai Kolok-Phatthalung "".
State Railway of Thailand. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. 岡本和之. タイ鉄道旅行. めこん. ISBN 4-8396-0080-5. 杉本聖一. 魅惑のタイ鉄道. 玉川新聞社. ISBN 4-924882-29-1. 柿崎一郎. 王国の鉄路 タイ鉄道の歴史. 京都大学学術出版会. ISBN 978-4-87698-848-8. 渡邉乙弘. タイ国鉄4000キロの旅. 文芸社. ISBN 978-4-286-13041-5
Phaya Thai station
Phaya Thai station is a rapid transit station on the Airport Rail Link and Sukhumvit Line in Ratchathewi District, Thailand. The Airport Rail Link station is located above the mainline Eastern Railway at a level crossing on Phaya Thai Road. There is a direct interchange to the BTS Sukhumvit Line; the station is surrounded by the government buildings, office towers and comdominiums along Phaya Thai and Si Ayutthaya Road. Suan Pakkad Palace, Traditional Thai antiques Museum and Gallery is nearby to the east of the station; the station is the terminus of the Airport Rail Link City Line to Suvarnabhumi Airport. Suvarnabhumi Airport Link
Makkasan Station is a rapid transit station on the Airport Rail Link. The station was opened in August 2010, it is the biggest rapid transit station in Bangkok. City Air Terminal was the terminal station for the Airport Rail Link Express Line, suspended in September 2014 due to a shortage of rolling stock; the station is a stop on the Airport Rail Link City Line. Thai Airways' City Air Terminal facilities are located inside the station; as of September 2014, the City Air Terminal check-in service is no longer operational. The station has a skywalk, accessible by escalators and elevator, connecting it to Phetchaburi MRT Station, MRT Blue Line. Makkasan is the largest station on the Airport Rail Line connecting Suvarnabhumi Airport with downtown Bangkok, it was envisioned as a city air terminal where passengers could check into outgoing flights and connect to the public transportation network in Bangkok. In reality, the terminal is used due to its inconvenient location and lack of connections to other public transportation.
The nearest subway stop is about 800 meters away. Access to the terminal is via one crowded road and when leaving the terminal traffic must go in a direction that makes getting to the popular Sukhumvit and Silom areas time-consuming and inconvenient. Makkasan Railway Station Suvarnabhumi Airport Link Airport Rail Link – Official Website City Line Timetable – Makkasan Station