Bangaon subdivision

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Bangaon subdivision
Subdivision
Bangaon subdivision is located in West Bengal
Bangaon subdivision
Bangaon subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Bangaon subdivision is located in India
Bangaon subdivision
Bangaon subdivision
Bangaon subdivision (India)
Coordinates: 23°04′N 88°49′E / 23.07°N 88.82°E / 23.07; 88.82Coordinates: 23°04′N 88°49′E / 23.07°N 88.82°E / 23.07; 88.82
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Headquarters Bangaon
Government
 • MP Mamata Thakur (TMC)
 • SDO Dr. Kakali Ganguly, WBCS (Exe)
 • SDPO Anil Kumar Roy, WBPS
Area
 • Total 838.17 km2 (323.62 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,063,028
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 743232 (Bagdah)
743270 (Helencha)
743297 (Sindrani)
743235 (Bongaon)
743251 (Ganrapota)
743262 (Gopalnagar)
743701 (Palla)
743249 (Gaighata)
743245 (Chandpara)
743287 (Thakurnagar)
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB
Website wb.gov.in

Bangaon subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

In 1883 Bangaon subdivision was transferred from Nadia district to Jessore district.[1][2] At the time of Partition of Bengal (1947) the police station areas of Bangaon and Gaighata of Jessore district, forming Bangaon subdivision, were placed in India, and the rest of Jessore district in East Pakistan.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bangaon subdivision is part of the Ichhamati-Raimangal Plain, one of the three physiographic regions in the district located in the lower Ganges Delta. It contains soil of mature black or brownish loam to recent alluvium. The Ichhamati flows through the eastern part of the district.[4]

Subdivisions[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[5][6]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Bangaon Bangaon 838.17 1,063,028 16.33 83.67
Barasat Sadar Barasat 1,002.48 2,789,611 54.67 45.33
Barrackpore Barrackpore 334.51 3,668,653 96.02 3.98
Bidhannagar Bidhannagar 33.50 216,609 100.00 0
Basirhat Basirhat 1,777.02 2,271,880 12.96 87.04
North 24 Parganas district Barasat 4,094.00 10,009,781 57.27 42.73

Religion[edit]

Given below is an overview of the religion-wise break-up of the population across the subdivisions of North 24 Parganas district, as per 2011 census:[7]

Subdivision Population
(2011)
Hindu % Muslim % Christian % Others %
Bangaon 1,063,028 85.63 13.73 0.26 0.38
Barasat Sadar 2,789,611 65.18 34.26 0.16 0.40
Barrackpore 3,668,653 88.61 10.32 0.35 0.71
Bidhannagar 216,609 95.26 2.56 0.45 1.73
Basirhat 2,271,880 51.37 48.37 0.14 0.13
North 24 Parganas district 10,009,781 73.45 25.82 0.24 0.48

North 24 Parganas district with 24.22% Muslims (in 2001) has been identified as a minority concentrated district by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. A baseline survey on religious minority population has been carried out under the aegis of Indian Council of Social Science Research and funded by the Ministry of Minority Affairs.[8] For information on the survey see North 24 Parganas: minority concentrated district.

Population movement[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is densely populated, mainly because of the influx of refugees from East Pakistan (later Bangladesh). With a density of population of 2,182 per km² in 1971, it was 3rd in terms of density per km² in West Bengal after Kolkata and Howrah, and 20th in India.[9] According to the District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas, “High density is also explained partly by the rapid growth of urbanization in the district. In 1991, the percentage of urban population in the district has been 51.23.”[10]

As per the Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Department of the Government of West Bengal, the census figures show the number of refugees from East Pakistan in 1971 was nearly 6 million (60 lakhs) and in 1981, the number was assessed at 8 million (80 lakhs).[11] A district-wise break-up in 1971, shows the main thrust of the refugee infux was on 24-Parganas (22.3% of the total refugees), Nadia (20.3%), Bankura (19.1%) and Kolkata (12.9%).[12]

The North 24 Paraganas district has a 352 km long international border with Bangladesh, out of which 160 km is land border and 192 km is riverine border.[13] Only a small portion of the border has been fenced and it is popularly referred to as a porous border. There are reports of Bangladeshi infiltrators.[14][15][16][17] The CD Block pages carry Decadal Population Growth information.

An estimate made in 2000 places the total number of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants in India at 1.5 crore, with around 3 lakh entering every year. The thumb rule for such illegal immigrants is that for each illegal person caught four get through. While many immigrants have settled in the border areas, some have moved on, even to far way places such as Mumbai and Delhi. The border is guarded by the Border Security Force.[18] During the UPA government, Sriprakash Jaiswal, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, had made a statement in Parliament on 14 July 2004, that there were 12 million illegal Bangladeshi infiltrators living in India, and West Bengal topped the list with 5.7 million Bangladeshis. More recently, Kiren Rijiju, Minister of State for Home Affairs in the NDA government has put the figure at around 20 million.[19]

Administrative units[edit]

Bangaon subdivision has 4 police stations, 3 community development blocks, 3 panchayat samitis, 38 gram panchayats, 363 mouzas, 355 inhabited villages, 1 municipality and 7 census towns. The municipality is at Bangaon. The census towns are: Chandpara, Chhekati, Sonatikiri, Dhakuria, Chikanpara, Shimulpur and Bara. The subdivision has its headquarters at Bangaon.[5][20]

Police stations[edit]

Police stations in Bangaon subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[5][21]

Police station Area covered
(km2)
Border (km) Municipal town/ city CD Block
Bagadah 233. 055 58 - Bagdah
Gopalnagar 169 N/A - Bangaon partly
Bangaon 157.06 N/A Bangaon -
Gaighata 248.64 21.72 - Gaighata
Petrapole N/A N/A - Bangaon partly
Women PS (Bangaon) N/A

Blocks[edit]

Community development blocks in Bangaon subdivision are:[5][6][20][7]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Hindus % Muslims % Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Bagdah Bagdah 233.47 242,974 54.81 5.33 82.00 17.42 75.30 -
Bangaon Bangaon 336.70 380,903 46.60 3.61 78.17 18.47 79.71 -
Gaighata Chandpara Bazar 243.30 330,287 49.13 1.76 93.27 6.42 83.32 7

Gram panchayats[edit]

The subdivision contains 38 gram panchayats under 3 community development blocks:[22]

  • Gram panchayats in Bagdah CD Block are: Asharu, Helencha, Malipota, Bagda, Koniara–I, Ranghat, Bayra, Koniara–II and Sindrani.
  • Gram panchayats in Bangaon CD Block are: Akaipur, Chhaighoria, Gangrapota, Kalupur, Bairampur, Dharam Pukuria, Ghatbour, Palla, Chawberia–I, Dighari, Gopalnagar–I, Sundarpur, Chawberia–II, Ganganandapur, Gopalnagar–II and Tengra.
  • Gram panchayats in Gaighata CD Block are Chandpara, Fulsara, Jaleswar–II, Sutia, Dharmapur–I, Ichapur–I, Jhaudanga, Dharmapur–II, Ichapur–II, Ramnagar, Duma, Jaleswar–I and Shimulpur.

Municipal towns/ cities[edit]

An overview of the only municipal city in Bangaon subdivision is given below.[7][23]

Municipal town/city Area (km2) Population
(2011)
Hindus % Muslims % Slum
population %
BPL Households
 % (2006)
Literacy%
(2001)
Bangaon 15.57 108,864 96.66 2.85 14.53 37.45 84.16

Education[edit]

North 24 Parganas district had a literacy rate of 84.06% (for population of 7 years and above) as per the census of India 2011. Bangaon subdivision had a literacy rate of 80.57%, Barasat Sadar subdivision 84.90%, Barrackpur subdivision 89.09%, Bidhannagar subdivision 89.16% and Basirhat subdivision 75.67%.[24]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in North 24 Parganas district for the year 2012-13:[24]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution Student
Institution
Student
Bangaon 533 54,361 1 36 31 14,654 83 107,745 4 11,031 1 95 1,594 54,016
Barasat Sadar 920 120,670 19 2,734 93 63,707 171 246,098 14 40,466 23 6,190 2,887 130,522
Barrackpore 948 126,453 29 5,716 193 165,924 205 215,713 25 44,818 20 6,345 2,483 160,236
Bidhannagar 20 12,317 - - 1 900 17 22,536 1 865 15 5,432 1 552
Basirhat 1,256 139,737 25 10,165 124 101,536 118 105,724 5 15,248 - - 3,800 164,833
North 24 Parganas district 3,677 453,538 74 18,651 442 346,721 594 697,816 49 112,428 59 18,062 10,765 439,560

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[24]

The following institutions are located in Bangaon subdivision:

List of Colleges in Bongaon Sub-division
College Name Place Established Ref
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Satabarshiki Mahavidyalaya Helencha 2005 [25]
Dinabandhu Mahavidyalay Bangaon 1947 [26][27]
Gobardanga Hindu College Gobardanga 1947 [28][29]
Nahata Jogendranath Mandal Smriti Mahavidyalaya Nahata 1985 [30][31]
P.R. Thakur Government College Thakurnagar 2013 [32][33]

Healthcare[edit]

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2013 in North 24 Parganas district.[34]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts**
Local
bodies**
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs**
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes**
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors*
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Bangaon 1 1 2 10 - - - - 14 417 24 11,587 650,349
Barasat Sadar 3 1 6 15 - - - - 25 1,084 45 125,000 1,397,574
Barrackpore 7 - 2 2 - - - - 11 1,081 8 94,042 1,010,820
Bidhannagar 1 - - - - - - ` 1 100 - 6,567 117,136
Basirhat 1 5 5 23 - - - - 34 703 77 69,034 897,725
North 24 Parganas district 13 7 15 50 6 27 3 233 354 3,385 154 306,230 4,073,604

.* Excluding nursing homes.
** Subdivision-wise break up for certain items not available.

Medical facilities available in Bangaon subdivision are as follows:

Hospitals: (Name, location, beds)[35]
Dr. Jiban Ratan Dhar Subdivisional Hospital, Bangaon, 250 beds
Bangaon Railway Hospital, Bangaon, 4 beds
Male Vagrants Home (Petrapole), Bangaon, 10 beds

Rural Hospitals: (Name, block, location, beds)[35]
Bagdah Rural Hospital, Bagda, 30 beds
Chandpara Rural Hospital, Chandpara, 30 beds

Block Primary Health Centres: (Name, block, location, beds)[35]
Sundarpur BPHC, Palla, 15 beds

Primary Health Centres: (CD Block-wise)(CD Block, PHC location, beds)[35]
Bagdah CD Block: Nataberia PHC, Mangalganj (6), Sindrani PHC (10), Koniera PHC, Bena (6)
Bangaon CD Block: Akaipur PHC, Garibpur (6), Chowberia PHC (6)
Gaighata CD Block: Gaighata PHC (6), Dharampur PHC (6), Baduria PHC, Ramchandrapur (10), Dr. B.R.Roy PHC, Ghonja (6)

Electoral constituencies[edit]

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Bangaon subdivision were as follows:[36]

Bangaon (Reserved for SC) consists of following Vidhan Sabha Constituency
Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation Sub-division CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Bagdah Reserved for SC Bangaon Bagdah CD Block, and Gangrapota, Sundarpur and Tengra GPs of Bangaon CD Block
Bangaon Uttar Bangaon municipality, and Akaipur, Chhaigheria, Dharma Pukuria, Ganganandapur, Ghatbore, Gopalnagar I and Gopalnagar II GPs of Bangaon CD Block
Bangaon Dakshin Bairampur, Chauberia I, Chauberia II, Dighari, Kalupur and Palla GPs of Bangaon CD Block, and Chandpara, Dooma, Fulsara, Jaleswar II, Jhaudanga, Ramnagar GPs of Gaighata CD Block
Gaighata Gobardanga municipality, Dharmapur I, Dharmapur II, Ichapur I, Ichapur II, Jaleswar I, Shimulpur and Sutia GPs of Gaighata CD Block, and Bergum I, Bergum II and Machhalandpur I GPs of Habra I CD Block
Other assembly segments outside Bangaon subdivision
Vidhan Sabha Constituency Reservation Sub-division CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Kalyani Reserved for SC Kalyani
Haringhata
Swarupnagar Basirhat

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers, Jessore by L.S.S. O'Malley". Chapter II: History, Page/ Section 44. Bengal Secretariat Book Depot, 1912. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  2. ^ "District Gazetteer" (PDF). Chapter IX: General Administration, Page 150. Egiye Bangla. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  3. ^ "Jessore District Information". Khujbo.com. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c d "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  6. ^ a b "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of North Twenty Four Parganas with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  7. ^ a b c "Population by Religious Community". West Bengal - North 24 Parganas. Registrar General and Census Commisioner, Government of India. Retrieved 22 May 2018. 
  8. ^ "Minority Concentration District Project: North 24 Parganas, West Bengal" (PDF). Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta. Retrieved 20 May 2018. 
  9. ^ "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Intro P 6. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  10. ^ "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Page 259, Table 11.2.2. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  11. ^ "Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation". Government. Egiye Bangla. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  12. ^ Dasgupta, Abhijit. "The Puzzling Numbers: The Politics of Counting Refugees in West Bengal" (PDF). Table 1.2, Page 66. South Asian Refgees Watch, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2000. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  13. ^ "North 24 Parganas Police". District at a Glance. WB Police. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  14. ^ "Why BSF wants 81.7 km of Indo-Bangla border fenced urgently". Rediff.com. 21 August 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  15. ^ Mishra, Abhinandan. "Laskar helped fan Basirhat tension". Sunday Guardian, 8 July 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  16. ^ "Infiltrating porous Bangladesh-India border". Aljazeera. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  17. ^ "Bangladeshi Infiltrators – the Reality Check". The Pioneer, 27 June 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  18. ^ Jamwal, N.S. (January–March 2004). "Border Management: Dilemma of Guarding the India-Bangladesh border" (PDF). Strategic Analysis. Retrieved 22 May 2018. 
  19. ^ "Two crore illegal Bangladeshi living in India: Govt". Business Standard / Press Trust of India. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2018. 
  20. ^ a b "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  21. ^ "North 24 Parganas Dist. Police". Know Your Police Station. District Police. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  22. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". North Twentyfour Parganas - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  23. ^ "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). (1)Table 3.3.2: Population densist and other features of municipalities in North 24 Parganas, Pages 42-43 (2) Table 3.3.8: Slum population, slum children and literacy rates in slum, Page 51 (3) Table 3.3.10: Distriution of BPL households in uraban North 24 Parganas and (4) Table 3.3.7 Literacy rates in urban North 24 Parganas, Page 49. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2018. 
  24. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Basic data: Table 4.4, 4.5, Clarifications: other related tables. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 May 2018. 
  25. ^ "Dr. B.R.Ambedkar Satabarshiki Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  26. ^ "Dinabandhu Mahavidyalaya". DM. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  27. ^ "Dinabandhu Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  28. ^ "Gobardanga Hindu College". GHC. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  29. ^ "Gobardanga Hindu College". College Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  30. ^ "Nahata Jogendranath Mandal Smriti Mahavidyalaya". NJMSM. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  31. ^ "Nahta Jogendranath Mandal Smriti Mahavidyalaya". Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  32. ^ "P.R.Thakur Government College". PRTGC. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  33. ^ "P.R.Thakur Government College". Traget Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018. 
  34. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Table 3.1, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 May 2018. 
  35. ^ a b c d "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  36. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18, 15 February 2006" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 May 2018.