Banister Fletcher (senior)
Banister Fletcher was an English architect and surveyor and Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1886. He was hardworking, a prolific author besides many other interests, he is remembered for A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method, written with his son Sir Banister Fletcher, which remains in print. Fletcher was the second son of Thomas Fletcher, he was educated and while a student he won the 1st prize given by the Institute of Architects in London. He became an architect and surveyor, was based in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, designing industrial buildings, until he moved to London in about 1870, he published Model Houses for the Industrial Classes the following year, the first of many books, several of which were handbooks for architects and the building trade. From 1875 he was part of Lambeth, he was a major in the 1st Tower Hamlets Rifle Volunteer Brigade. Fletcher was the author of several architectural text-books. Fletcher was elected as a Liberal Member of Parliament for Chippenham on 24 November 1885, making his maiden speech the following year on the topic of excise duties on herb beer.
The following election cut short his parliamentary career, he was defeated on 1 July 1886 by Lord Henry Bruce, a Conservative. Fletcher made five speeches during the time. At the 1892 General Election he made an unsuccessful attempt at a return to parliament as Liberal candidate at Christchurch. From 1890, Fletcher was Professor of Architecture at London, he was Master of the Worshipful Company of Carpenters from 1889 to 1890, which developed from his interest in designing Gothic Revival furniture. Fletcher was buried in Hampstead Cemetery, near his home, he is commemorated by a plaque at the church of St. Andrew-by-the-Wardrobe in Queen Victoria Street, London EC4, where he had been churchwarden. Fletcher married Eliza Jane Phillips in 1864, their son named Banister Fletcher, became a noted architect who co-authored A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method with his father. He and another son were lecturers at King's College under their father; the history became a standard reference work, which remains in print after numerous revised editions.
Fletcher, Banister. London: B. T. Batsford, 1904 Fletcher, Banister and compensations. London: B. T. Batsford "ODNB": E. I. Carlyle, "Fletcher, Banister", rev. John Elliott, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 16 May 2012 Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Banister Fletcher
John Seymour Lucas
John Seymour Lucas was a Victorian English historical and portrait painter, as well as an accomplished theatrical costume designer. He was born into an artistic London family, trained as a woodcarver, but turned his attention to portrait painting and entered first the St. Martin's Lane Art School and the Royal Academy Schools. Here he met fellow artist Marie Cornelissen from France, whom he married in 1877. Lucas' artistic education included extensive travels around Europe Holland and Spain, where he studied the Flemish and Spanish masters, he first started exhibiting in 1872, was elected an associate member of the Royal Academy in 1876, a full Royal Academician in 1898. John Seymour Lucas was first and foremost a historical genre painter with a particular talent for realism in the depiction of costumes and interiors. Inspired by van Dyck and Diego Velázquez, he excelled in depicting scenes from the British 16th- to 18th-century Tudor and Stuart periods, including in particular the Spanish Armada, the English Civil War, the Jacobite rebellions.
His first major work to achieve widespread public acclaim was Rebel Hunting after Culloden, executed in 1884. It was praised not only for the obvious tension between the muscular blacksmiths and the red-coated forces of law and order, but for the extraordinary realism in the depiction of the rough smithy and glowing horseshoe on the anvil; as his reputation grew, Lucas mixed in society circles. He became firm friends with the famous society portrait painter John Singer Sargent, his exact contemporary. A portrait of Lucas executed by John Singer Sargent is displayed in Tate Britain. Towards the 1890s John Seymour Lucas executed a number of major works for prestigious public buildings or royal clients; these include: The Flight of the Five Members, The Granting of the Charter of the City of London, Reception by HM King Edward VII of the Moorish Ambassador, HRH the Prince of Wales in German Uniform. In addition to executing more than 100 major oil paintings and a host of drawings, Lucas was renowned as a set and costume designer for the historical dramas popular on the late Victorian and early Edwardian stages.
One of his more unusual commissions was the "Duke of Normandy" costume for the ill-fated prince Alfred of Saxe Coburg-Gotha for the Devonshire House Ball in 1897. Lucas was a prolific watercolour painter. During most of his artistic career, Lucas lived in a purpose-built studio in South Hampstead, designed for him by his friend and fellow artist, architect Sydney Williams-Lee. Lucas joined the Sylvan Debating Club in 1872, painted a portrait of the society's founder Alfred Harmsworth, he retired from painting towards the end of World War I, moved to Blythburgh, where he re-designed a house next to the church known as "The Priory". Lucas is interred in the churchyard of Holy Trinity church in Blythburgh, his son, Sydney Seymour Lucas became an artist and illustrator. John Seymour Lucas was a renowned artist in his day, when his painting style and themes resonated with the core themes of Imperial Great Britain: the uniqueness of the British historical experience and the nation's inexorable rise to global preeminence.
His love for colourful detail and the theatrical was well suited to the tastes of the late Victorian audience. However, the end of Pax Britannica and the rise of Modernism left these twin pillars of the Lucas oeuvre marooned, he is less than a household name in the 21st century, but he left a unique legacy as a costume painter of distinction. This article is based on articles in the Art Journal of March 1887 and December 1908, Current Art Notes 1923, as well as the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica biographical entry. 49 paintings by or after John Seymour Lucas at the Art UK site National Portrait Gallery Royal Collection Profile on Royal Academy of Arts Collections
Gillette Corner is a crossroads in west London. The junction of the ancient road of Syon Lane and the Great West Road A4, Gillette Corner marks the border between Osterley and Brentford, it marks the western end of the Great West Road's "Golden Mile" of classic 1930s developments in commercial and industrial architecture. The land to the north east of the junction contains the'Gillette Building', a grade II listed Art Deco style office and works development, designed by Sir Banister Fletcher, incorporating a high brick tower surmounted by a four-faced neon-illuminated clock; as this tall structure sits on high ground it represents a prominent local landmark and can be seen from afar and night. From the early 1930s until the early 21st century this building was the European headquarters of the Gillette Company, of Boston, Massachusetts; the surrounding area includes a Tesco hypermarket, the headquarters of media company Sky and Syon Lane railway station. The nearest tube stations are Boston Manor and Osterley, it is served by the H91 and H28 bus routes.
The Bonnington Group has been granted planning permission by the London Borough of Hounslow to develop the Gillette building into a hotel and "business park", which will add to the West Cross industrial estate, of which Gillette Corner forms the western end. However, these plans have not yet been approved by the Mayor of London. Map from Google Maps
J. Mordaunt Crook
Joseph Mordaunt Crook known as J. Mordaunt Crook, is an English architectural historian and specialist on the Georgian and Victorian periods, he is an authority on the life and work of the Victorian architect William Burges, his study published in 1981 has been described as "one of the most substantial studies of any Victorian architect".. Slade Professor of Fine Art, University of Oxford Professor of Architectural History, Royal Holloway College, Fellow of the British Academy President of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain Supernumerary Fellow of Brasenose College, Oxford Member of the Supervisory Committee of the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Council Member of the Society of Antiquaries of London Council Member of the Victorian Society of Great Britain Vice Chairman Westminster Abbey Fabric Commission The History of the King's Works volumes V-VI HMSO The British Museum: a Case-study in Architectural Politics, Pelican The Greek Revival: Neo-Classical Attitudes in British Architecture 1760-1870 John Murray The Reform Club article for and published by the Reform Club Strawberry Hill Revisited Reprints from Country Life of 7/14/21 June 1973 William Burges and the High Victorian Dream John Murray.
Club Government: How the Early Victorian World was Ruled from London Clubs. London: I. B. Tauris. ISBN 9781784538187
King's College London
King's College London is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, a founding constituent college of the federal University of London. King's was established in 1829 by King George IV and Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, when it received its first royal charter, claims to be the fourth oldest university institution in England. In 1836, King's became one of the two founding colleges of the University of London. In the late 20th century, King's grew through a series of mergers, including with Queen Elizabeth College and Chelsea College of Science and Technology, the Institute of Psychiatry, the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals and the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery. King's has five campuses: its historic Strand Campus in central London, three other Thames-side campuses and one in Denmark Hill in south London. In 2017/18, King's had a total income of £841.1 million, of which £194.4 million was from research grants and contracts.
It is the 12th largest university in the United Kingdom by total enrolment. It has the fifth largest endowment of any university in the United Kingdom, the largest of any in London, its academic activities are organised into nine faculties, which are subdivided into numerous departments and research divisions. King's is considered part of the'golden triangle' of research-intensive English universities alongside the University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, University College London, Imperial College London, The London School of Economics, it is a member of academic organisations including the Association of Commonwealth Universities, European University Association, the Russell Group. King's is home to six Medical Research Council centres and is a founding member of the King's Health Partners academic health sciences centre, Francis Crick Institute and MedCity, it is the largest European centre for graduate and post-graduate medical teaching and biomedical research, by number of students, includes the world's first nursing school, the Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery.
Globally, it was ranked 31st in the 2019 QS World University Rankings, 36th in the 2018 CWTS Leiden Ranking, 36th in the 2018 The World University Rankings, 46th in the 2017 ARWU. King's was ranked 42nd in the world for reputation in the annual Times Higher Education survey of academics for 2018. Nationally it was ranked 26th in the 2019 Complete University Guide, 35th in the 2019 Times/Sunday Times University Guide, 58th in the 2019 Guardian University Guide. King's alumni and staff include 12 Nobel laureates. Alumni include heads of states and intergovernmental organisations. King's College, so named to indicate the patronage of King George IV, was founded in 1829 in response to the theological controversy surrounding the founding of "London University" in 1826. London University was founded, with the backing of Utilitarians and Nonconformists, as a secular institution, intended to educate "the youth of our middling rich people between the ages of 15 or 16 and 20 or later" giving its nickname, "the godless college in Gower Street".
The need for such an institution was a result of the religious and social nature of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, which educated the sons of wealthy Anglicans. The secular nature of London University was disapproved by The Establishment, indeed, "the storms of opposition which raged around it threatened to crush every spark of vital energy which remained". Thus, the creation of a rival institution represented a Tory response to reassert the educational values of The Establishment. More King's was one of the first of a series of institutions which came about in the early nineteenth century as a result of the Industrial Revolution and great social changes in England following the Napoleonic Wars. By virtue of its foundation King's has enjoyed the patronage of the monarch, the Archbishop of Canterbury as its visitor and during the nineteenth century counted among its official governors the Lord Chancellor, Speaker of the House of Commons and the Lord Mayor of London; the simultaneous support of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, for an Anglican King's College London and the Roman Catholic Relief Act, to lead to the granting of full civil rights to Catholics, was challenged by George Finch-Hatton, 10th Earl of Winchilsea, in early 1829.
Winchilsea and his supporters wished for King's to be subject to the Test Acts, like the universities of Oxford, where only members of the Church of England could matriculate, Cambridge, where non-Anglicans could matriculate but not graduate, but this was not Wellington's intent. Winchilsea and about 150 other contributors withdrew their support of King's College London in response to Wellington's support of Catholic emancipation. In a letter to Wellington he accused the Duke to have in mind "insidious designs for the infringement of our liberty and the introduction of Popery into every department of the State"; the letter provoked a furious exchange of correspondence and Wellington accused Winchilsea of imputing him with "disgraceful and criminal motives" in setting up King's C
King's College School
King's College School referred to as KCS, King's or KCS Wimbledon, is a selective independent school in Wimbledon, southwest London, England. The school was founded in 1829 as the junior department of King's College London and occupied part of its premises in Strand, prior to relocating to Wimbledon in 1897, it is a member of the Eton Group of schools. King's accepts girls into the sixth form. In the sixth form pupils can choose between A-Levels. A Royal Charter by King George IV founded the School in 1829 as the junior department of the newly established King's College, London; the School occupied the basement of the College in The Strand. Most of its original eighty-five pupils lived in the City within walking distance of the School. During the early Victorian Period, the School grew in numbers and reputation. Members of the teaching staff included Gabriele Rossetti, his son, Dante Gabriel, joined the School in 1837. The best known of the early masters was John Sell Cotman. Nine of his pupils became ten architects.
By 1843 there were five hundred pupils and the need for larger premises led to the move to Wimbledon in 1897. The school was progressive in its curriculum in many areas and appointed its first Science Master in 1855, at a time where few schools taught science; the first Head Master, John Major, served the school between 1831–1866. Ninety-nine of the school's pupils from this period appear in the Dictionary of National Biography; until the 1880s, the school flourished. In 1882, only Eton College surpassed the total of thirty Oxford and Cambridge Board examination certificates obtained by pupils at KCS, but the school's teaching facilities were becoming inadequate as many competitor schools moved to new sites with modern facilities and large playing fields. In 1897, falling numbers of pupils prompted the move to the school's present site in Wimbledon, a fast-growing suburb well served by the railway lines from Surrey and south London. A separate junior school was opened on the same campus in 1912.
In World War I, many letters were written to the school, including some from the Battle of the Somme. During World War II, the school's Great Hall was damaged by bomb shrapnel, some of the damage can still be seen on the outside of the hall; the only remaining link between KCS and its former parent is that one of the KCS Board of Governors is nominated by King's College London. In 2017, King's College School has won The Sunday Times award for the top London independent secondary school. In fact, King's College School achieved the best combined A-Level, IB and GCSE results of any boys' or co-ed school in the whole of the UK. King's College School is one of the highest academically performing schools in the UK and to date, placing 5th in The Times GCSE Results league table in 2014, 3rd in its results table for A-Level, IB, Pre-U. In the 2015 edition of Tatler Schools Guide, it was commented on that "No wonder Oxbridge loves KCS pupils: more than 150 places in the past three years." On 21 November 2014, King's won the title of Sunday Times Independent Secondary School of the Year.
All sixth-formers at King's study either the IB Diploma or the A-Level course. In 2015 14 pupils obtained the maximum IB score of 45 points, equivalent to 7 A grades at A-Level. All pupils take IGCSEs, with 85% of all grades attaining A* in 2015. In the last year of all-IB, 2014, 86.9% of higher level grades were at 6 or 7, with 53% of grades at 7. Out of 190 students, 116 pupils scored 40 points or more. In the Daily Telegraph and the Times - when gauging success in A level, IB, Pre-U results all together placed King's as the second highest ranking sixth form in the UK in 2012. King's was named Sunday Times IB School of the Year in 2009 and 2012. GCSE summary: last five years A level summary: since reintroduction in 2014 International Baccalaureate Results: last five years* 2014 was the last year that the school had a full cohort of students taking IB examinations. For comparison, in 2014 there were 190 students that sat the IB exams, whereas, in 2017, this figure fell to just 55 pupils. All pupils stay on into the sixth form and proceed to leave for university – 58 places at Oxbridge were offered to students in 2015-16 - the rest to London University colleges or Russell Group universities, e.g. Durham and Bristol, to do traditional subjects.
Increasing numbers are heading abroad – including Harvard and Princeton. Oxbridge offer statistics are as follows:Number and Percentage of each year receiving offers from Oxbridge: last few yearsThe majority of pupils come to the school from southwest London, north Surrey and neighbouring areas. 64% of the Year 9 entry consists of boys who continue from the King's College Junior School, 34% enter from other preparatory schools and about 2% come from overseas. At a recent count around 450 applied for the 60 places available at 13+ entry; the Good Schools Guide described the school as "an inspiring place to be," adding, "Boys work and play hard in this wonderful school community". It is a member of the Eton Group of 12 leading independent schools, of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. Senior School fees are £20,400 per year. Tatler's current review observes: What sets KCS apart is head Andrew Halls's forward-thinking leadership. Since joining King's from Magdalen College School, where he was Master until 2007, Andrew has introduced a successful co-educational sixth form, he reintroduced A levels as an option to complement the International Baccalaureate diploma programme, in 2014 he announced plans to open a school in China.
Most he announced the opening of a new lower school
Architectural Association School of Architecture
The Architectural Association School of Architecture in London referred to as the AA, is the oldest independent school of architecture in the UK and one of the most prestigious and competitive in the world. Its wide-ranging programme of exhibitions, lectures and publications have given it a central position in global discussions and developments within contemporary architectural culture; the foundation of the Architectural Association was as an alternative to the practice where young men were articled to established architects. This practise offered no guarantee for educational professional standards; the AA believed it was open to vested interests, abuse and incompetence. This situation led two articled pupils, Robert Kerr and Charles Gray, to propose a systematic course of training provided by the students themselves. Following a merger with the existing Association of Architectural Draughtsmen, the first formal meeting under the name of the Architectural Association took place in May 1847 at Lyons Inn Hall, London.
Kerr became the first president, 1847–48. From 1859 the AA shared premises at 9 Conduit Street with the Royal Institute of British Architects renting rooms in Great Marlborough Street; the AA School was formally established in 1890. In 1901, it moved premises to the former Royal Architectural Museum in Westminster. In 1917, it moved again, to its current premises in Bedford Square, central London; the school has acquired property on Morwell Street behind Bedford Square. Women were first admitted as students to the AA School during the First World War in 1917. AA is one of the world's most international and prestigious schools of architecture and selecting students and staff from more than 60 countries worldwide, with a long list of visiting critics and other participants from around the world each year; the students of the AA have been addressed by many eminent figures, from John Ruskin and George Gilbert Scott in the 19th century, to more Richard Rogers, an alumnus of the school. In November 2017, the AA was reported to be planning to make 16 staff redundant, including the whole of its publications and exhibitions departments.
Shortly before, the AA had announced it was seeking a new director, to be appointed by March 2018, following the departure of Brett Steele announced in December 2016. Courses are divided into two main areas – undergraduate programmes, leading to the AA Diploma, postgraduate programmes, which include specialised courses in landscape urbanism and urbanism, sustainable environmental design and theories, emergent technologies, design research lab, as well as day-release course in building conservation, garden conservation, environmental access. Launched programmes include projective cities, design + make, interprofessional studio. Since its foundation, the school has continued to draw its teaching staff from progressive international practices, they are reappointed annually, allowing a continual renewal of the exploration of architectural graphics and polemical formalism; the school sits outside the state-funded university system and UCAS application system, with tuition fees comparable to those of a private school.
As an independent school, the AA does not feature in university rankings. Since non-EU students are charged higher fees to attend state universities, the AA is competitively priced by comparison, with a higher proportion of overseas students enrolled than many other UK architecture schools. At undergraduate/first degree level direct application is the norm, it is not included in many books. The school has a bookshop, containing a range of architectural books; the bookshop is used as a platform for the AA's own books. AA Publications has a long tradition of publishing architects and theorists early in their careers, as well as publishing figures who have gained notoriety in other fields of expertise, such as Salman Rushdie. AA Publications publishes the journal AA Files and the AA Book, known as the Projects Review, which annually documents the work undertaken by members of the school from Foundation to Graduate programmes. AA publications are designed and edited by the AA Print Studio established in 1971 as part of the Communications Unit directed by Dennis Crompton of Archigram.
The school had its own independent radio station. Howard Robertson Alvin Boyarsky Alan Balfour Roger Zogolovitch Mohsen Mostafavi Brett Steele Samantha Hardingham Eva Franch i Gilabert John Summerson: The Architectural Association 1847–1947, Pleiades Books, London 1947. Official website Bedford Press AA Publications