Somerset Street (Ottawa)
Somerset Street is a street in Ottawa, Canada. It is divided into Somerset Street West by the Rideau Canal. Somerset Street East is a short road that runs through the neighbourhood of Sandy Hill from the University of Ottawa campus to the west and Strathcona Park to the east. Somerset used to extend east over the Rideau River towards St. Laurent Boulevard. However, that bridge was demolished, the street was renamed to Donald Street east of the river. Known as Ottawa Road #36, Somerset Street West begins at the Queen Elizabeth Driveway in the east and continues west to Wellington Street West where it ends at Somerset Square. Somerset Street West houses the backbone of Ottawa's Chinatown, between Bay Street in the east to Preston Street in the west, the centre of Ottawa's Little Italy; the area of the street between Bank and O'Connor is known as Somerset Village. The Ottawa Electric Railway ran along Somerset Street West between Bank Street going west towards Britannia Park In the 1870s, as the area was developed, a bridge was proposed linking the two Somerset Streets over the Rideau Canal.
However, this bridge never came into existence. Today, on the east side of the canal, there is a pedestrian link from the multi-use pathway that runs alongside the canal, across Colonel By Drive, under Nicholas Street and the transitway, onto the University of Ottawa campus; the street continues through the campus as Marie Curie Private, with traffic restricted to bicycles in the westbound direction. The Corktown Footbridge is restricted to non-motorized traffic; the bridge opened to the public on September 21, 2006. A large public weblog of photographs of many buildings on Somerset Street West made after 2003 is available at http://www.somersetstreet.ca/
Greely is a suburban-rural ward of Ottawa, Canada. Located south of the city in Osgoode Ward, it was part of the Township of Osgoode prior to amalgamation in 2001. Greely is the largest rural village in terms of land area and the third largest in terms of population in the City of Ottawa. According to the Greely Community Association, it is bounded on the east by Sale Barn Road and Greyscreek Road, on the north by Mitch Owens on the west by Manotick Station Road, on the south by Snake Island Road. According to the Canada 2011 Census, the population within these boundaries was 9,049, it is in the parliamentary ridings of Carleton federally and Nepean—Carleton provincially, is represented on City Council by George Darouze, being in Osgoode Ward. Greely is home to a set of unique communities throughout the village. Most homes sit on ½ acre to 2-acre lots; some developers offer condominium-like amenities such as pools, tennis courts, man-made lakes and small neighbourhood community centres within their residential communities.
The Greely Community Centre hosts activities for the entire rural town. Every year, they organize a renowned Canada Day celebration. Throughout the last eight years Greely has seen a 58.7% increase in the number of dwellings. Greely’s rapid growth can be attributed to its rural atmosphere and easy access to Ottawa’s urban centre. Furthermore, Greely presently has several large areas of undeveloped land within its boundaries. Greely’s boundaries contain enough land for twenty-two years of residential growth based on current development patterns. Greely has a strong commercial district housing many small and medium manufacturing and services companies, it has a spattering of businesses to provide the community with essentials, including 2 gas stations, 3 pizzerias, a 24-hour Grocery Store located on Meadow Drive, a couple of restaurants. Residents are eagerly anticipating new commercial developments around Parkway Road and Bank St. All Saints Anglican Church Parkway Road Pentecostal Church Our Lady of the Visitation Castor Valley Elementary School Greely Elementary School St. Mary Elementary School The Greely branch of the Ottawa Public Library was opened in 1976, after receiving approval from Osgoode Township Council, with the local fire department agreeing to let them use their meeting room for the branch.
During the 1990s, the Osgoode Township Library Board received a grant from the Ontario government to build a new branch, but the building never came to fruition. In 2009, the community secured funding for a brand new 3,500-square-foot library to be built as an extension to the Greely Community Centre at 1448 Meadow Drive; the new facility opened its doors on March 14, 2011. 2. Greely Community Design Plan. City of Ottawa, 2005. Retrieved 2010-05-14. Greely Community Association Greely Community Design Plan
Heron Road (Ottawa)
Heron Road is a major road in Ottawa, Canada. It runs from Walkley Road at an angle to the Rideau River. Heron is home to the Public Works and Government Services Canada headquarters, the Sir Leonard Tilley Building, the Canada Post headquarters, the Edward Drake Building, it is home to St. Patrick's Intermediate High School and Herongate Mall. Heron Road starts on the Heron Road Bridge which crosses the Rideau River, Rideau Canal, part of Vincent Massey Park. From there, most of Heron Road is a four- to six-lane divided principal arterial, becomes a speed trap.
Ontario Highway 417
King's Highway 417 referred to as Highway 417 and the Queensway through Ottawa, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. It connects Montreal with Ottawa, is the backbone of the transportation system in the National Capital Region. Within Ottawa, it forms part of the Queensway west from Highway 7 to Ottawa Regional Road 174. Highway 417 extends from the Quebec border to Arnprior, where it continues westward as Highway 17. Aside from the urban section through Ottawa, Highway 417 passes through farmland that dominates much of the fertile Ottawa Valley. Within Ottawa, the Queensway was built as part of a grand plan for the city between 1957 and 1966, reconstructed to its present form throughout the 1980s; the eastern section, from Gloucester to the Quebec border, opened in 1975 in preparation for the 1976 Montreal Olympics. Sections west of Ottawa have been under construction since the mid-1970s, with the section bypassing Arnprior opening on November 29, 2012 and another 5.3 km stretch in December 2016.
Highway 417 is a 181.4 km controlled-access highway that traverses the lower Ottawa Valley and upper St. Lawrence Valley, bypassing the two-lane Highway 17 and providing a high-speed connection between Montreal and Ottawa via A-40; the freeway has gradually been extended northwest from Ottawa alongside the old highway to its current terminus in Arnprior. Highway 417 has 42 interchanges from the Quebec border to Arnprior, with more planned as the highway is extended westward. Unlike other highways in Ontario and most of North America, exits are numbered from east to west. While a significant portion of Highway 417 is a rural four lane freeway divided by a grass median, the section within urban Ottawa is a busy commuter route as wide as eight lanes; the portion of the route from the Highway 7 interchange east to the Split – a large four-way interchange between Highway 417, Ottawa Regional Road 174 and the Aviation Parkway – is known formally as the Queensway, although no indication of this name appears on any signage.
Highway 417 begins at the border between the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, east of which the four lane freeway continues as Autoroute 40. The route proceeds west along the former alignment of Highway 17, it passes through a forested and agricultural landscape en route to Ottawa, serving the communities of Hawkesbury, Vankleek Hill, Casselman and Vars. After 9 km the route curves southwest while ramps provide access from the westbound lanes to Prescott and Russell County Road 17 and from County Road 17 to the eastbound lanes of Highway 417; the route meets the southern terminus of Highway 34 at Exit 27. Continuing southwest, the route meanders along the boundary between The Nation and North Glengarry encountering the northern terminus of Highway 138—a highway built to connect Highway 417 with Highway 401 and Cornwall—east of Casselman. At this point, the freeway enters The Nation and diverges from the boundary. After crossing a Via Rail line, the route dips south of Casselman and curves to the west at Exit 66.
It parallels the Via Rail line several kilometres north of the freeway, though significant deviations bypass the communities of Benoit and Limoges. Near Limoges is the Larose Forest, a man-made forest planted between 1928 and 1980 over the Bourget Desert, itself created as the result of clear cutting in the 19th century. At Exit 88, Highway 417 enters the city of Ottawa, though the surroundings remain unchanged until Exit 110, near Ramsayville. North of Ramsayville, the route jogs abruptly to the west as it crosses Greens Creek and enters the suburbs of Ottawa; the freeway merges with the Queensway at a large multi-level interchange known locally as the Split, curving to the west and into downtown Ottawa. The interchange provides access to Aviation Parkway from westbound Highway 417 and from the parkway to eastbound Highway 417. Within Ottawa, the Queensway extends from Orleans in the east and passes just south of downtown through central Ottawa to Kanata in the west. Two major interchanges anchor either end of this section: in the east, Highway 417 diverges south towards Montreal at the split, while the Queensway continues east as Ottawa Regional Road 174 and Aviation Parkway branches north.
The core section of the Queensway is eight lanes wide, four per carriageway. The freeway is elevated on a berm along some central portions of the route, providing views of downtown and the Gatineau Hills to the north; this section was constructed along a former Canadian National Railway railbed. The route bisects central Ottawa with downtown and the Parliament Buildings lay to the north of the highway and residential neighbourhoods including the Glebe to the south. Towards the Richmond Road interchange, the original western terminus of the Queensway, both sides of the freeway are lined by residential subdivisions. Between Eagleson/March Road and Moodie Drive in the west and between Blair Road and Place d'Orléans Drive in the east, a bus-only shoulder is used by OCTranspo's Transitway rapid-transit network. Several spaced exits serve the downtown core of Ottawa, including Nicholas Street, Bronson Avenue and Metcalfe Street. West of the interchange with Highway 416, the freeway enters the suburb of Kanata and travels through it in an east–west direction.
At Exit 145, the route encounters the ea
Old Ottawa South
Old Ottawa South is an older urban neighbourhood in Capital Ward in Ottawa, Canada. Old Ottawa South is a small and compact neighbourhood, located between the Rideau Canal and the Rideau River; the eastern boundary is Avenue Road. Bronson Avenue forms the western border of the residential neighbourhood. Carleton University is on the other side of Bronson but the campus can be considered to be geographically within Old Ottawa South as the campus is nestled between the river and the canal. According to the Canada 2011 Census, the population of the neighbourhood was 6,293 Today, Old Ottawa South is an upper middle class area. Proximity to the university has meant that the neighbourhood has been a haven for professors and students, although rising housing prices are driving out the latter, it is one of Ottawa's more politically progressive neighbourhoods and has been a stronghold for the New Democratic Party. Many neighbourhood businesses line Bank Street, including several pubs, the Mayfair Theatre, some Lebanese stores towards the Southern end.
This section of Bank Street is well known for its antique stores. As part of a 2004 Bank Street redesign, inlaid metal maple leaves were added to the sidewalks inscribed with the names of Canadian folk musicians. Other new features included the removal of over-head powerlines, "traffic calming" measures, the addition of more brick to the sidewalks; the area was settled around 1814 by American and British settlers. In those years after the construction of the canal the area was sparsely populated; the larger community south of the Rideau River around the Billings estate exerted more influence over the fledgling community than the city of Ottawa did in those days. Shortly after Confederation in 1867 a bridge was built over the canal increasing access from the larger city to the north; the area was tentatively called Rideauville at the time. After the turn of the century the area grew rapidly. Rideauville was incorporated as a police village in 1905 and was annexed to Ottawa in 1907; the streetcar tracks were extended to the area around 1910.
The old streetcar ran along a route similar to today's bus route #7, turning around in what is now Brewer Park. Hopewell school was built around this time; the architectural style is "Craftsman", with many houses in the American Foursquare style popular in the 1920s and 1930s. Many of these houses have been upgraded and added to over the years, contributing to the area's eclectic style. Since the 1920s, the streetcars have been replaced by buses, stores have changed, Carleton University has been constructed on the site of an old garbage dump. Many of the streetscapes and much of the housing has been preserved however. In the 1920s, the area opened Brighton Beach, a public swimming venue on the shore of the Rideau River, it was opened for residents of the area to take swimming lessons. Brighton beach was closed in 1970 due to adherence with new City of Ottawa pollution standards. Notable buildings include Hopewell Avenue Public School, Southminster Church, St. Margaret Mary Church, Trinity Church, the Mayfair Theatre, the former Precious Blood Convent, the Old Firehall.
Around 300 residences and institutional buildings are included on Ottawa's heritage reference list from the area. Old Ottawa South, used to be known as "Ottawa South"; the "old" designation came into use in the 1990s to distinguish the community from newer suburban developments in the south of Ottawa. "Old Ottawa South" is quite central and close to downtown by modern standards. The term "Ottawa South" is still in use in some contexts. For example, the community newspaper is The OSCAR, which stands for Ottawa South Community Association Review. Old Ottawa South is not to be confused with the parliamentary constituency of Ottawa South. Old Ottawa South is located in the federal and provincial constituencies of Ottawa Centre, although Old Ottawa South was within the Ottawa South provincial riding until 1999. In the fall of 2007 leading up to the 100th anniversary of the annexation of Ottawa South to the City of Ottawa on December 16, 2007, a group of local residents founded the Ottawa South History Project to research and present facts and anecdotes about the history of the community.
The OSHP is an amateur run historical society which regular publishes in The OSCAR and maintains a website. The group is active in supporting the heritage designation of the Mayfair Theatre, is a partner in the Friends of the Mayfair Theatre. List of Ottawa neighbourhoods Ottawa South Community Association Mayfair Theatre Ottawa South History Project
The Rideau Canal known unofficially as the Rideau Waterway, connects Canada's capital city of Ottawa, Ontario, to Lake Ontario and the Saint Lawrence River at Kingston, Ontario. It is 202 kilometres in length; the name Rideau, French for "curtain", is derived from the curtain-like appearance of the Rideau River's twin waterfalls where they join the Ottawa River. The canal system uses sections of two rivers, the Rideau and the Cataraqui, as well as several lakes; the Rideau Canal is operated by Parks Canada. The canal was opened in 1832 as a precaution in case of war with the United States, it remains in use today for pleasure boating, with most of its original structures intact, operated by Parks Canada. The locks on the system open for navigation in close in mid-October, it is the oldest continuously operated canal system in North America, in 2007 it was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The construction of the Rideau Canal was a preventive military measure undertaken after a report that during the War of 1812 the United States had intended to invade the British colony of Upper Canada via the St. Lawrence River, which would have severed the lifeline between Montreal and Kingston.
The British built a number of other canals as well as a number of forts to impede and deter any future American invasions of Canadian territory. The initial purpose of the Rideau Canal was military, as it was intended to provide a secure supply and communications route between Montreal and the British naval base in Kingston. Westward from Montreal, travel would proceed along the Ottawa River to Bytown southwest via the canal to Kingston and out into Lake Ontario; the objective was to bypass the stretch of the St. Lawrence bordering New York; the canal served a commercial purpose. The Rideau Canal was easier to navigate than the St. Lawrence River because of the series of rapids between Montreal and Kingston; as a result, the Rideau Canal became a busy commercial artery from Montreal to the Great Lakes. However, by 1849, the rapids of the St. Lawrence had been tamed by a series of locks, commercial shippers were quick to switch to this more direct route; the construction of the canal was supervised by Lieutenant-Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers.
Private contractors such as future sugar refining entrepreneur John Redpath, Thomas McKay, Robert Drummond, Thomas Phillips, Andrew White and others were responsible for much of the construction, the majority of the actual work was done by thousands of Irish and French-Canadian labourers. Colonel John By decided to create a slackwater canal system instead of constructing new channels; this was a better approach as it required fewer workers, was more cost effective, would have been easier to build. The canal work started in the fall of 1826, it was completed by the spring of 1832; the first full steamboat transit of the canal was done by Robert Drummond's steamboat, leaving Kingston on May 22, 1832 with Colonel By and family on board, arriving in Bytown on May 29, 1832. The final cost of the canal's construction was £822,804 by the time all the costs, including land acquisitions costs, were accounted for. Given the unexpected cost overruns, John By was recalled to London and was retired with no accolades or recognition for his tremendous accomplishment.
Once the canal was constructed, no further military engagements took place between Canada and the United States. Although the Rideau Canal never had to be used as a military supply route, it played a pivotal role in the early development of Canada. Prior to the locks being completed on the St. Lawrence in the late 1840s, the Rideau served as the main travel route for immigrants heading westward into Upper Canada and for heavy goods from Canada's hinterland heading east to Montreal. Tens of thousands of immigrants from the British Isles travelled the Rideau in this period. Hundreds of barge loads of goods were shipped each year along the Rideau, allowing Montreal to compete commercially in the 1830s and 40s with New York as a major North American port. In 1841, for instance, there were 19 steamboats, 3 self-propelled barges and 157 unpowered or tow barges using the Rideau Canal; as many as one thousand of the workers died from other diseases and accidents. Most deaths were from disease, principally complications from malaria, endemic in Ontario within the range of the Anopheles mosquito, other diseases of the day.
Accidents were rare for a project of this size. Inquests were held for each accidental death; the men and children who died were buried in local cemeteries, either burial grounds set up near work sites or existing local cemeteries. Funerals were held for the workers and the graves marked with wooden markers; some of the dead remain unidentified. Memorials have been erected along the canal route, most the Celtic Cross memorials in Ottawa and Chaffeys Lock; the first memorial on the Rideau Canal acknowledging deaths among the labour force was erected in 1993 by the Kingston and District Labour Council and the Ontario Heritage Foundation at Kingston Mills. Three canal era cemeteries are open to the public today: Chaffey's Cemetery and Memory Wall at Chaffey's Lock—this cemetery was used from 1825 to the late 19th century.
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000