Banu Qatada

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Banū Qatādah
بنو قتادة
Arab tribe
Descended fromQatadah ibn Idris
Parent tribeBanu Hashim

The Banū Qatādah (Arabic: بنو قتادة‎), called al-Qatādāt (القتادات), al-Qatādīyūn (القتاديون), al-Qatādīyah (القتادية), or Qatadids, are an Arab tribe of Hasanid ashraf that are descended from Qatadah ibn Idris, a 13th-generation descendant of Hasan ibn Ali who conquered Mecca in 1201.

The Qatadids were the last of four dynasties of Hasanid sharifs (preceded by the Musawids, Sulaymanids, and the Hawashim) that altogether ruled Mecca since about the mid-10th century. Qatadah ibn Idris took possession of Mecca from Mukaththir, the last of the Hawashim emirs, in 1201. The Emirate of Mecca remained in the hands of his descendants until 1925 when the last Sharif of Mecca, Ali ibn al-Husayn, surrendered the Kingdom of Hejaz to Ibn Saud, Sultan of Nejd.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hashimids". The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition. III. Leiden: Brill. 1986. pp. 262–263.
  2. ^ "Makka". The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition. VI. Leiden: Brill. 1991. pp. 149–151.