UK Singles Chart
The UK Singles Chart is compiled by the Official Charts Company, on behalf of the British record industry, listing the top-selling singles in the United Kingdom, based upon physical sales, paid-for downloads and streaming. The Official Chart, broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and MTV, is the UK music industry's recognised official measure of singles and albums popularity because it is the most comprehensive research panel of its kind, today surveying over 15,000 retailers and digital services daily, capturing 99.9% of all singles consumed in Britain across the week, over 98% of albums. To be eligible for the chart, a single is defined by the Official Charts Company as either a'single bundle' having no more than four tracks and not lasting longer than 25 minutes or one digital audio track not longer than 15 minutes with a minimum sale price of 40 pence; the rules have changed many times as technology has developed, the most notable being the inclusion of digital downloads in 2005 and streaming in July 2014.
The OCC website contains the Top 100 chart. Some media outlets only list the Top 75 of this list; the chart week runs from 00:01 Friday to midnight Thursday, with most UK physical and digital singles being released on Fridays. From 3 August 1969 until 5 July 2015, the chart week ran from 00:01 Sunday to midnight Saturday; the Top 40 chart is first issued on Friday afternoons by BBC Radio 1 as The Official Chart from 16:00 to 17:45, before the full Official Singles Chart Top 100 is posted on the Official Charts Company's website. A rival chart show, The Vodafone Big Top 40, is based on iTunes downloads and commercial radio airplay across the Global Radio network only, is broadcast on Sunday afternoons from 16:00 to 19:00 on 145 local commercial radio stations across the United Kingdom; the Big Top 40 is not regarded by the industry or wider media. There is a show called "Official KISS Top 40", counting down 40 most played songs on Kiss FM every Sunday 17:00 to 19:00; the UK Singles Chart began to be compiled in 1952.
According to the Official Charts Company's statistics, as of 1 July 2012, 1,200 singles have topped the UK Singles Chart. The precise number of chart-toppers is debatable due to the profusion of competing charts from the 1950s to the 1980s, but the usual list used is that endorsed by the Guinness Book of British Hit Singles and subsequently adopted by the Official Charts Company; the company regards a selected period of the New Musical Express chart and the Record Retailer chart from 1960 to 1969 as predecessors for the period prior to 11 February 1969, where multiples of competing charts coexisted side by side. For example, the BBC compiled its own chart based on an average of the music papers of the time; the first number one on the UK Singles Chart was "Here in My Heart" by Al Martino for the week ending date 14 November 1952. As of the week ending date 18 April 2019, the UK Singles Chart has had 1352 different number-one hits; the current number-one single is "Someone You Loved" by Lewis Capaldi.
Before the compilation of sales of records, the music market measured a song's popularity by sales of sheet music. The idea of compiling a chart based on sales originated in the United States, where the music-trade paper Billboard compiled the first chart incorporating sales figures on 20 July 1940. Record charts in the UK began in 1952, when Percy Dickins of the New Musical Express gathered a pool of 52 stores willing to report sales figures. For the first British chart Dickins telephoned 20 shops, asking for a list of the 10 best-selling songs; these results were aggregated into a Top 12 chart published in NME on 14 November 1952, with Al Martino's "Here in My Heart" awarded the number-one position. The chart became a successful feature of the periodical. Record Mirror compiled its own Top 10 chart for 22 January 1955; the NME chart was based on a telephone poll. Both charts expanded in size, with Mirror's becoming a Top 20 in October 1955 and NME's becoming a Top 30 in April 1956. Another rival publication, Melody Maker, began compiling its own chart.
It was the first chart to include Northern Ireland in its sample. Record Mirror began running a Top 5 album chart in July 1956. In March 1960, Record Retailer had a Top 50 singles chart. Although NME had the largest circulation of charts in the 1960s and was followed, in March 1962 Record Mirror stopped compiling its own chart and published Record Retailer's instead. Retailer began independent auditing in January 1963, has been used by the UK Singles Chart as the source for number-ones since the week ending 12 March 1960; the choice of Record Retailer as the source has been criticised. With available lists of which record shops were sampled to compile the charts some shops were subjected to "hyping" but, with Record Retailer being less followed than some charts, it was subject to less hyping. Additionally, Retailer was set up by independent record shops and had no funding or affiliation with record companies. However, it had a smaller sample size than some ri
Heineken Lager Beer, or Heineken is a pale lager beer with 5% alcohol by volume produced by the Dutch brewing company Heineken International. Heineken is well known for red star. On 15 February 1864, Gerard Adriaan Heineken convinced his wealthy mother to buy De Hooiberg brewery in Amsterdam, a popular working-class brand founded in 1592. In 1873 after hiring a Dr. Elion to develop Heineken a yeast for Bavarian bottom fermentation, the HBM was established, the first Heineken brand beer was brewed. In 1875 Heineken won the Medaille D'Or at the International Maritime Exposition in Paris began to be shipped there after which Heineken sales topped 64,000 hectolitres, making them the biggest beer exporter to France. In Heineken's early years, the beer won four awards: Medaille d'Or at the International Maritime Exhibition in Paris in May 1875. Diplome d'Honneurs at the International Colonial Exposition in Amsterdam in 1883. Grand Prix at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1889. Hors Concours Membre du Jury in Paris in 1900.
The two awards that are still mentioned on the label are the Medaille Diplome d'Honneurs. In 2013, Heineken joined leading alcohol producers as part of a producers' commitments to reducing harmful drinking. In the end of February 2013, Heineken stopped producing the brown bottles used for the Dutch market in favor of the green color of bottles it used for exports. In 2014, Heineken celebrated its 150th anniversary. In 2015, Heineken won the Creative Marketer of the Year Award, becoming the second company to win the award twice; the original brewery where Gerard Adriaan Heineken first started making Heineken is now the Heineken Experience Museum. Since 1975, most Heineken brand beer has been brewed at their brewery in Netherlands. In 2011, 2.74 billion litres of Heineken brand beer were produced worldwide, while the total beer production of all breweries owned by the Heineken Group over all brands was 16.46 billion litres globally. Heineken has been sold in more than 170 countries, they have been incorporated with numerous beer brands in different countries all over the world including Mexico, China and various countries in Africa.
Heineken beer is brewed in the United Kingdom, Serbia and Saint Lucia for those respective markets. Heineken was the major sponsor of Rugby World Cup. Dating back to 1997, Heineken has had a long withstanding relationship with the Bond franchise, consecutively being featured in 7 of their films; this is the brand's largest global marketing platform as of 2015. In 2016, Heineken became the Official Beer of the FIA Formula One World Championship starting from the Canadian Grand Prix. Official website
Sunshine Superman (album)
Sunshine Superman is the third album from British singer-songwriter Donovan. It was released in the US in September 1966, but was not released in the UK because of a contractual dispute. In June 1967, a compilation of the Sunshine Superman and Mellow Yellow albums was released as Sunshine Superman in the UK. Sunshine Superman was named after Donovan's hit single released in the US in July 1966; the tracks from Sunshine Superman and Mellow Yellow were not mixed into stereo, with the exception of "Season of the Witch", until the 2011 2-CD deluxe edition issued by UK EMI. In 2017, Sunshine Superman was ranked the 199th greatest album of the 1960s by Pitchfork. Whilst still incorporating folk music, these recordings mark a distinct change in Donovan's music, representing some of the first psychedelia released. A full rock band backs up Donovan on many of the songs, the instrumentation had been expanded, being one of the first pop albums to extensively use the sitar and other unique musical instruments.
This change is the result of working with producer Mickie Most, whose pop sensibilities led to chart hits for many other artists at the time. Donovan's lyrics began to encompass his increasing ability to portray "Swinging London" and give listeners an insider's look into the mid-sixties pop scene, he was close to The Beatles and Brian Jones at this time, he became known after "Sunshine Superman" became a chart-topper in the US, hit number 2 in the UK. Donovan's penchant for name-dropping in songs such as two influenced by his travel to Los Angeles, "The Trip" and "The Fat Angel" coupled with his chart success helped elevate him to superstar status. In addition to noting the people in the pop scene, Donovan recorded "Bert's Blues" for his friend and folk music notable Bert Jansch. Contrasting this modern bent was Donovan's fascination with medieval themes in such songs as "Legend of a Girl Child Linda" and "Guinevere". Several other songs did not make the cut; these include "Museum", "Superlungs My Supergirl" and "Breezes of Patchulie".
The Sunshine Superman recordings of these songs were all included on Troubadour The Definitive Collection 1964–1976. In the video for the Beatles' "A Day in the Life", a close up of a spinning turntable shows the Epic Records version of Sunshine Superman playing; the film was shot at the recording sessions for the song, included on Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. A cover version of "The Fat Angel" was recorded by Jefferson Airplane for their 1968 live album Bless Its Pointed Little Head. Monster Magnet covered "Three King Fishers" on their 2013 album Last Patrol, with a live version included on 2014's Milking the Stars: A Re-Imagining of Last Patrol. All tracks written by Donovan. Due to the contractual dispute between Pye Records and Epic Records, Donovan's releases were held back in the UK throughout 1966 and early 1967. During this time, Donovan released Sunshine Superman and Mellow Yellow in the US. To catch up to the Epic Records schedule in America, Pye Records compiled a cross-section of both albums and titled it Sunshine Superman.
It was reached # 25 in the British charts. Side one "Sunshine Superman" "Legend of a Girl Child Linda" "The Observation" "Guinevere" "Celeste" "Writer in the Sun"Side two "Season of the Witch" "Hampstead Incident" "Sand and Foam" "Young Girl Blues" "Three Kingfishers" "Bert's Blues" On 5 October 1990, Epic Records reissued the US version of Sunshine Superman in the US on compact disc. On 24 October 1994, EMI released Four Donovan Originals in the UK. Four Donovan Originals is a compact disc box set containing four Donovan albums that were not released in the UK; the US version of Sunshine Superman is disc one of that set. On 7 October 1996, EMI reissued the US version of Sunshine Superman on compact disc. On 12 March 1998, Beat Goes On Records reissued the UK version of Sunshine Superman in the UK on compact disc. On 24 May 2005, EMI reissued the US version of Sunshine Superman on compact disc in the UK with seven bonus tracks. On 1 October 2018, The state51 Conspiracy reissued Sunshine Superman in the UK and Ireland on LP.
In mid-2011, UK EMI issued a 2-CD set containing the entire US album in stereo for the first time. Disc one "Sunshine Superman" - 3:19 "Legend of a Girl Child Linda" - 6:52 "Three Kingfishers" - 3:19 "Ferris Wheel" - 4:13 "Bert's Blues" - 3:59 "Season of the Witch" - 4:58 "The Trip" - 4:38 "Guinevere" - 3:44 "The Fat Angel" - 4:16 "Celeste" - 4:13 "Breezes of Patchuli" - 4:39 "Museum" - 2:53 "Superlungs" - 4:14 "The Land of Doesn't Have to Be" - 2:43 "Sunny South Kensington" - 3:57 "Epistle to Dippy" - 3:19 "Writer in the Sun" - 4:33 "Hampstead Incident" - 4:51 "Sunshine Superman" - 4:42Disc two "Sunshine Superman" - 3:17 "Legend of a Girl Child Linda" - 6:54 "The Observation" - 2:25 "Guinevere" - 3:42 "Celeste" - 4:12 "Writer in the Sun" - 4:31 "Season of the Witch" - 4:59 "Hampstead Incident" - 4:44 "Sand and Foam" - 3:21 "Young Girl Blues" - 3:48 "Three Kingfishers" - 3:18 "Bert's Blues" - 4:03 "Ferris Wheel" - 4:15 "The Trip" - 4:38 "The Fat Angel" - 4:11 Donovan – vocals, organ Bobby Ray – bass guitar Eddie Hoh – drums Shawn Phillips – sitarOn "Sunshine Superman" a
Benicio del Toro
Benicio Monserrate Rafael del Toro Sánchez is a Puerto Rican Italian actor. He won an Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild Award for his portrayal of the jaded but morally upright police officer Javier Rodriguez in the film Traffic. Del Toro's performance as ex-con turned religious fanatic in despair, Jack Jordan, in Alejandro González Iñárritu's 21 Grams earned him a second Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor, as well as a second Screen Actors Guild Awards nomination and a BAFTA Awards nomination for Best Actor in a Leading Role, he is known for his scene-stealing breakout role as the eccentric, unintelligible crook Fred Fenster in The Usual Suspects, which won him his first Independent Spirit Award. His noteworthy body of work includes portrayals of the Collector in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, infamous drug lord Pablo Escobar in Escobar: Paradise Lost, Lawrence Talbot in the 2010 remake of The Wolfman, codebreaker DJ in Star Wars: The Last Jedi.
Del Toro was born on February 19, 1967, in San Germán, Puerto Rico, to Gustavo Adolfo del Toro Bermúdez and Fausta Genoveva Sánchez Rivera, who were both lawyers. Many of del Toro's relatives are involved in Puerto Rico's legal system, he has an older brother, the Executive Vice President and Chief Medical Officer at the Wyckoff Heights Medical Center in the Bushwick section of Brooklyn, New York. He had a Basque maternal great-grandmother. Del Toro is related to Puerto Rican basketball player Carlos Arroyo, Spanish latin pop and eurodance singer Rebeca Pous Del Toro, whose maternal grandfather was Puerto Rican, Puerto Rican singer Eliseo del Toro. Del Toro's great-grandfather was Rafael Rivera Esbrí, one of the heroes of the El Polvorin fire in Ponce, whom would later become mayor of that city, he spent most of his infancy in a barrio within San Juan. Del Toro, whose childhood nicknames were "Skinny Benny" and "Beno", was raised a Roman Catholic and attended Academia del Perpetuo Socorro, a Roman Catholic school in Miramar, Puerto Rico.
When del Toro was nine years old, his mother died of hepatitis. At age 15, he moved with his father and brother to Mercersburg, where he was enrolled at the Mercersburg Academy, he attended high school there. After graduation, del Toro followed the advice of his father and pursued a business degree at the University of California, San Diego. Success in an elective drama course encouraged him to drop out of college and study with noted acting teachers Stella Adler and Arthur Mendoza, in Los Angeles, as well as at the Circle in the Square Theatre School in New York City. Del Toro surfaced in small television roles during the late 1980s, playing thugs and drug dealers on programs such as Miami Vice and the NBC miniseries Drug Wars: The Camarena Story, he appeared in Madonna's 1987 music video "La Isla Bonita" as a background character sitting on a car. Work in films followed, beginning with his debut in Big Top Pee-wee and as Dario in the James Bond movie Licence to Kill, in which the 21-year-old del Toro held the distinction of being the youngest actor to play a Bond henchman.
Del Toro continued to appear in movies including The Indian Runner, China Moon, Christopher Columbus: The Discovery, Money for Nothing and Swimming with Sharks. His career gained momentum in 1995 with his breakout performance in The Usual Suspects, where he played the mumbling, wisecracking Fred Fenster; the role won him an Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male and established him as a character actor. This led to stronger roles in independent and major studio films, including playing Gaspare in Abel Ferrara's The Funeral and winning a second consecutive Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male for his work as Benny Dalmau in Basquiat, directed by his friend, artist Julian Schnabel. Del Toro shared the screen with Robert De Niro in the big-budget thriller The Fan, in which he played Juan Primo, a charismatic Puerto Rican baseball star, he subsequently starred opposite Alicia Silverstone in Excess Baggage. For Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, the 1998 film adaptation of Hunter S. Thompson's famous book, he gained more than 40 lbs. to play Dr. Gonzo, Thompson's lawyer and drug-fiend cohort.
The surrealistic film, directed by Terry Gilliam, has earned a cult following over the years. Del Toro's performances in four films in 2000 gained him a mainstream audience. First, the crime yarn The Way of the Gun reunited him with The Usual Suspects screenwriter Christopher McQuarrie. A few months he stood out among a first-rate ensemble cast in Steven Soderbergh's Traffic, a complex dissection of the North American drug wars; as Javier Rodriguez — a Mexican border policeman struggling to remain honest amid the corruption and deception of illegal drug
The Jeff Beck Group
The Jeff Beck Group was an English rock band formed in London in January 1967 by former Yardbirds guitarist Jeff Beck. Their innovative approach to heavy-sounding blues and rhythm and blues was a major influence on popular music; the first Jeff Beck Group formed in London in early 1967 and included guitarist Jeff Beck, vocalist Rod Stewart, rhythm guitarist Ronnie Wood, with bass players and drummers changing regularly. Early bass players were Jet Harris and Dave Ambrose, with Clem Cattini and Viv Prince trying out on drums; the line-up went through months of personnel changes, notably no fewer than four drummers before settling on Aynsley Dunbar and switching Ron Wood to bass. This line-up appeared several times on BBC Radio. Beck signed a personal management contract with record producer and manager Mickie Most, who had no interest in the group, only Beck as a solo artist. During 1967 the band released three singles in Europe and two in the United States, the first, "Hi Ho Silver Lining", being the most successful, reaching No. 14 on the UK singles chart.
The line-up for that session included guitarist Jimmy Page on rhythm guitar, John Paul Jones on bass, Keith Moon on drums, Nicky Hopkins on piano. Frustrated that the band was not playing a strict enough blues set for his taste, drummer Dunbar left and was replaced by Roy Cook for one show, before Stewart recommended Micky Waller, a bandmate of his from Steampacket. Waller went on to play with the band all through 1968 and early 1969, was their longest-lasting drummer. Peter Grant, a road manager at the time, had been to the US with the New Vaudeville Band, was aware of the new concert and album-oriented rock FM radio format developing there, it was now possible to break out a band without using the "hit single" formula. Grant realised that Beck's band was ideal for this market and tried several times to buy Beck's contract from Mickie Most, who refused to let Beck go. By early 1968 the band was ready to throw in the towel, again to his credit, Grant convinced them not to break up, booked a short US tour for them.
Beck is quoted as saying "We were down to one change of clothing each". Grant's first stop for them was in New York City, for four shows at Fillmore East, where they played second on the bill to the Grateful Dead, they took the town by storm. The New York Times ran the Robert Shelton article: "Jeff Beck Group Cheered in Debut", with the byline "British Pop Singers Delight Fillmore East Audience" proclaiming that Beck and his group had upstaged the Grateful Dead; the reviews from The Boston Tea Party were as good or better: "By the time he got to his last number... were in a state of pandemonium the likes of which hadn't been witnessed since the Beatles hit town." By the time they wrapped up the tour at San Francisco's Fillmore West, Peter Grant had secured them a new album contract with Epic Records. The band returned to England to record Truth, which reached No. 15 in the US charts. The tracks were recorded with overdubs added the following month. Most was busy with other projects at the time and delegated most of the work to Ken Scott, who recorded the band playing their live set in the studio.
Beck's amplifier was so loud, it was recorded from inside a closet. The extra line-up for these sessions included John Paul Jones on Hammond organ, drummer Keith Moon and Nicky Hopkins on piano; the core group, billed as the "Jeff Beck Group", returned to the US for a tour to promote the release of Truth. Long-time Beck fan Jimi Hendrix jammed with the band at Cafe Wha during this and their following tours, they embarked on their third tour in December 1968 with Hopkins who, although in poor health, decided he wanted to play live. He accepted Beck's invitation though he had been offered more money by Led Zeppelin, he lamented that "We lost one of the greatest bands in Rock history." With his best intentions, the last leg of the tour was curtailed by illness. Beck postponed a fourth, February 1969 US tour; this was because he felt they shouldn't keep playing the same material with nothing new to add to it. New material was written, Waller was replaced by power drummer Tony Newman and Wood was dismissed, only to be re-hired immediately.
The success of Truth ignited new interest from Most and they recorded an album: Beck-Ola at De Lane Lea Studios, engineered by Martin Birch. They laid down three Donovan backing tracks as a favour to Most. Two of them were used for his single "Barabajagal". In May 1969, the Jeff Beck Group embarked on their fourth U. S tour, this time with Hopkins as a full-fledged member; the tour went smoothly, Beck-Ola was received well, reaching No. 15 on the Billboard 200 album chart, but it was reported that there was now terrible in-fighting within the band. To illustrate, Rod Stewart's plans to leave the band may have been under consideration by this time; the Jeff Beck Group finished the tour and returned to England, only to return to the States in July 1969 for their fifth and final time. It was a short tour along the East Coast, including Maryland, their final Fillmore East appearance, the Newport Jazz Festival. Beck broke up the band on the eve of the Woodstock Music Festival, at which they had been scheduled to perform, a decision Beck stated that he regretted.
Late in 1970, Jeff Beck reformed the Jeff Beck Group with vocalist Alex Ligertwood, keyboard
Václav Neckář is a Czech singer and actor. He is best known for his performance as Miloš Hrma in Closely Watched Trains. Between 1978 and 1979 he cooperated with Polish singer Anna Jantar during their performances in Poland and ČSSR. In 2007, he was accused of being an StB collaborator since 1978. Czech Woodstock Larks on a String Lady Macbeth von Mzensk Sing, sing Pan Vok odchází The Lanfier Colony The Incredibly Sad Princess Kulhavý dábel Little Summer Blues Private Torment Closely Observed Trains Panelák: Silvester 2012 VIP zprávy: Episode dated 9 March 2012 Ceny Andel 2011 Ceský lev 2011 To byl nás hit: 1. Semifinále Ceský slavík Mattoni 2011 Show Jana Krause VIP zprávy Top star magazín: Top star magazín Top star magazín: Top star magazín VIP zprávy: Episode#1.23 Po stopách hvezd: Marta Kubisová Tenkrát na východe Dobroty: Dobroty 2 Bigbít: Povolený rock Pan Tau: Pan Tau a tisíc kouzel Písen pro Rudolfa III.: Betlém Písen pro Rudolfa III.: Hrabe Monte Christo Písen pro Rudolfa III.: Loupez století Siroká cesta spravedlnosti Písen pro Rudolfa III.: Albrecht z Valdstejna Písen pro Rudolfa III.: Muz v redingotu Písen pro Rudolfa III.: Kreslo Sha-La-La-La-Lee Krokodil Theophil Pár dnů prázdnin Václav Neckář on IMDb Biography at csfd.cz
Donovan is a Scottish singer and guitarist. He developed an eclectic and distinctive style that blended folk, pop and world music, he has lived in Scotland, London and since at least 2008 in County Cork, with his family. Emerging from the British folk scene, Donovan reached fame in the United Kingdom in early 1965 with live performances on the pop TV series Ready Steady Go!. Having signed with Pye Records in 1965, he recorded singles and two albums in the folk vein, after which he signed to CBS/Epic Records in the US – the first signing by the company's new vice-president Clive Davis – and became more successful internationally, he began a long and successful collaboration with leading British independent record producer Mickie Most, scoring multiple hit singles and albums in the UK, US, other countries. His most successful singles were the early UK hits "Catch the Wind", "Colours" and "Universal Soldier" in 1965. In September 1966 "Sunshine Superman" topped America's Billboard Hot 100 chart for one week and went to number two in Britain, followed by "Mellow Yellow" at US No. 2 in December 1966 1968's "Hurdy Gurdy Man" in the Top 5 in both countries "Atlantis", which reached US No. 7 in May 1969.
He became a friend of pop musicians including Brian Jones and The Beatles. He taught John Lennon a finger-picking guitar style in 1968 that Lennon employed in "Dear Prudence", "Julia", "Happiness Is a Warm Gun" and other songs. Donovan's commercial fortunes waned after parting with Most in 1969, he left the industry for a time. Donovan continued to record sporadically in the 1970s and 1980s, his musical style and hippie image were scorned by critics after punk rock. His performing and recording became sporadic until a revival in the 1990s with the emergence of Britain's rave scene, he recorded the 1996 album Sutras with producer Rick Rubin and in 2004 made a new album, Beat Cafe. Donovan was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2012 and the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2014. Donovan was born on 10 May 1946, in Glasgow, to Donald and Winifred Leitch, his father was Protestant and his mother was Catholic. He contracted polio as a child; the disease and treatment left him with a limp. In 1956, his family moved to the new town of Hatfield, England.
Influenced by his family's love of folk music, he began playing the guitar at 14. He enrolled in art school but soon dropped out, to live out his beatnik aspirations by going on the road. Returning to Hatfield, Donovan spent several months playing in local clubs, absorbing the folk scene around his home in St Albans, learning the crosspicking guitar technique from local players such as Mac MacLeod and Mick Softley and writing his first songs. In 1964, he travelled to Manchester with Gypsy Dave spent the summer in Torquay, Devon. In Torquay he stayed with Mac MacLeod and took up busking, studying the guitar, learning traditional folk and blues. In late 1964, Donovan was offered a management and publishing contract by Peter Eden and Geoff Stephens of Pye Records in London, for which he recorded a 10-track demo tape, which included the original of his first single, "Catch the Wind", "Josie"; the first song revealed the influence of Woody Guthrie and Ramblin' Jack Elliott, who had influenced Bob Dylan.
Dylan comparisons followed for some time. In an interview with KFOK radio in the US on 14 June 2005, MacLeod said: "The press were fond of calling Donovan a Dylan clone as they had both been influenced by the same sources: Ramblin' Jack Elliott, Jesse Fuller, Woody Guthrie, many more."While recording the demo, Donovan befriended Brian Jones of the Rolling Stones, recording nearby. He had met Jones' ex-girlfriend, Linda Lawrence, the mother of Jones' son, Julian Brian Leitch; the on-off romantic relationship that developed over five years was a force in Donovan's career. She influenced Donovan's music but refused to marry him and she moved to the United States for several years in the late 1960s, they married soon after. Donovan had other relationships – one of which resulted in the birth of his first two children, Donovan Leitch and Ione Skye, both of whom became actors. During Bob Dylan's trip to the UK in the spring of 1965, the British music press were making comparisons of the two singer-songwriters and going so far as to stir up allegations of a rivalry, other luminaries of the pop scene were chiming in.
The Rolling Stones guitarist Brian Jones said, We've been watching Donovan too. He isn't too bad. His'Catch The Wind' sounds like'Chimes of Freedom'. He's got a song,'Hey Tangerine Eyes' and it sounds like Dylan's'Mr. Tambourine Man'. Donovan is the undercurrent In D. A. Pennebaker's film Dont Look Back documenting Dylan's tour. Near the start of the film, Dylan opens a newspaper and exclaims, "Donovan? Who is this Donovan?" and his associates spur the rivalry on by telling Dylan that Donovan is a better guitar player, but that he had only been around for three months. Throughout the film Donovan's name is seen next to Dylan's on newspaper headlines and on posters in the background, Dylan and his friends refer to him consistently. Donovan appears in the second half of the film, along with Derroll Adams, in Dylan's suite at the Savoy Hotel despite Donovan's management refusing to allow journalists to be present, saying they did not want "any stunt on the lines of the disciple meeting the messiah".
According to Pennebaker, Dylan told him not to film the encounter, Donovan played a song that sounded just like "Mr. Tambourine Man" but with different