Embodied design grows from the idea of embodied cognition: that the actions of the body can play a role in the development of thought and ideas. Embodied design brings mathematics to life. Embodiment is an aspect of pattern recognition in all fields of human endeavor. Embodied design has an increasing role in mathematics education. Designers can use embodied cognition as a tool to study human behavior and create user-centered designs. Embodied design examines the meaning of abstractions, analyzing student reasoning and connecting mathematics to other subjects. Learning strategies based on embodied design rely on visualization; when students are physically and mentally involved in learning, they retain content better. Recent theoretical advances such as Embodied Cognitive Load Theory have been suggested to harvest the potential advantages of embodied interaction modes for learning without filling up cognitive resources. Embodied design includes trial-and-error learning. Embodied cognition is a tool designers can use to study "human behavior unobservable in order to create human-centric designs".
For teachers, embodied design is planning experiences for students with lesson plans, curricula and lessons. One aspect of embodied design is the use of manipulatives in learning. Manipulatives allow students to explore mathematical concepts by working with physical objects, linking their discoveries to abstractions. Although manipulatives are used to illustrate modern elementary mathematics, educators use objects to represent abstract topics taught in high school and beyond. A function of embodied design is to expand the use of manipulatives to foster the understanding of undergraduate abstract mathematics. One disadvantage of manipulatives is that students struggle to connect the physical activity to mathematical symbols and notation. Although manipulatives allow students to develop a deeper understanding of a concept, they need support to transfer that knowledge to algebraic representations. Although an influential theory in the field of instructional design, cognitive load theory, recommends designs involving lower levels of interactivity in order to save up cognitive resources for learning, the benefits of embodied interactions are evident.
As a result, a synthesis, embodied cognitive load theory, has been proposed to aid in embodied design. In this model, embodied interactions are conducive to learning if the cognitive costs are outweighed by their benefits. Another application of embodied design in mathematics education is its effect on problem solving and the development of critical-thinking skills. Throughout the problem-solving process students use objects to develop understanding, conveying understanding and meaning through gestures. Problem solvers use gestures to connect their thoughts to the manipulatives with which they are familiar, changing a manipulative's shape affects how a student connects with it and uses it to solve a problem. In a study by van Gog, ten Napel and Deijkers, students performed better when they used simpler objects than when they used more-complicated objects. Although problems can be as simple as what to wear or eat, their solutions are still a cognitive process. With embodied design, mathematics is not only about correct answers but the process of finding them.
Students are asked to communicate the process. Typical problem-solving questions, such as "What needs do you have? What is the problem you are posed with? How did you collect information? How did you come to your conclusion? How could you have optimized your steps to reach that conclusion?" can be answered with manipulatives. One aim of problem solving in embodied design is to inspire students' creativity and curiosity, allowing personal connections to problems. If students are given a problem which involves tactile manipulation, the learning process may be more meaningful. For example, students can learn to solve a Rubik's Cube puzzle by using a series of algorithms and steps; the process involves following directions and spatial cognition. One approach to embodied design in mathematics is the use of creative tasks, such as arts and crafts; when a student has mathematics in mind while creating a unique piece, they are engaged in mental and physical learning. The concept of area can be taught with an arts-and-crafts activity, where students find leaves and trace them on paper.
The class can be asked which student had the largest leaf, the areas can be compared. With game consoles such as the Wii and PlayStation Move, students can understand how moving a gaming wand can change the effects on the screen. Researchers who developing programs in mathematics use embodied design and gaming principles to help students create and manipulate mathematical models. At the Embodied Design Research Laboratory, researchers created a game in which fifth-graders learn ratios by holding tennis balls in the air; when the tennis balls are held at a 1:2 ratio, the screen turns green. Another embodied-design area related to programming is digital manipulatives; some students feel weak in mathematics because it is not connected to the physical world, digital manipulatives are being created to strengthen the connection between mathematics and the physical world. When students use a touchscreen with their fingers
Taku Etō is a Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party, a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet. A native of Kadogawa and graduate of Seijo University, Eto was elected for the first time in 2003, succeeding his father, a controversial former government minister, Takami Eto. Taku Eto's profile on the LDP website: Secretary to a Diet Member Parliamentary Secretary for Agriculture and Fisheries Acting Director and Forestry Division of LDP Director, Committee on Agriculture and Fisheries of Diet Senior Vice-Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries of LDP's Shadow Cabinet Senior Vice Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries Taku Eto's views are consistent with his father's: Takami Eto infuriated Japan's neighbors by defending the 1910 Annexation Treaty which gave the control of Korea to the Empire of Japan, denying the fact that Korea was invaded, campaigning for the revision of textbooks mentioning'comfort women', the women and girls forced into sexual slavery. Or denying the existence of the Nanking massacre.
Taku Eto is affiliated to the revisionist lobby Nippon Kaigi, which advocates a restoration of monarchy in the archipelago and negates the existence of Japanese war crimes. He was among the 86 MPs invited to the meeting for the'one million people rally to protect the Imperial tradition' in March 2006, among the people who signed ‘THE FACTS’, an ad published in the Washington Post on June 14, 2007 in order to protest against United States House of Representatives House Resolution 121, to deny the existence of sexual slavery for the Imperial military. Taku Eto belongs to the following Diet groups consistent with Nippon Kaigi's vision: Nippon Kaigi Diet discussion group Japan Rebirth Conference of parliamentarians on the Shinto Association of Spiritual Leadership - NB: SAS a.k.a. Sinseiren, Shinto Political League, Shinto Seiji Renmei Kokkai Giin Kondankai Diet Celebration League of the 20th Anniversary of His Majesty The Emperor's Accession to the Throne Conference of lawmakers to promote value-based diplomacy Conference of young parliamentarians supporting the idea that the Yasukuni Shrine is a true national interest and desire for peace Conference to consider the true human rights Eto gave the following answers to the questionnaire submitted by Mainichi to parliamentarians in 2012: in favor of the revision of the Constitution in favor of right of collective self-defense in favor of reform of the National assembly no answer for the reactivation of nuclear power plants no answer for the goal of zero nuclear power by 2030s in favor of the relocation of Marine Corps Air Station Futenma no answer for the evaluation of the purchase of Senkaku Islands by the Government no answer for a strong attitude versus China against the participation of Japan to the Trans-Pacific Partnership against a nuclear-armed Japan against the reform of the Imperial Household that would allow women to retain their Imperial status after marriage 政治家情報 〜江藤 拓〜.
ザ･選挙. JANJAN. Archived from the original on 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2007-10-20. Official website in Japanese
Bartholomew Ikechukwu Ibenegbu, nicknamed Mosquito, is a Nigerian attacking Midfielder who plays for Nigeria giants Enugu Rangers. Before Heartland, he played for Enyimba F. C. and El-Kanemi Warriors, where he led the Nigerian Premier League in scoring in 2006 with ten goals. Ibenegbu has played on the Nigeria national beach soccer team since 2006, he was called into the 2007 Under-23 camp before the Beijing Olympics but did not make the final team. He was called into camp for the senior team ahead of the 2010 African Cup of Nations, one of only three home-based players to make it, he made. Ike Ibenegbu at Footballdatabase
Dubai Spice Souk or the Old Souk is a traditional market in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The Spice Souk is adjacent to the Dubai Gold Souk; the Spice Souk, situated on Baniyas Street, is in the locality of Al Ras. The souk comprises several narrow lanes which are lined with closed-roof stores. Stores in the Spice Souk sell a variety of fragrances and spices from frankincense and shisha to the many herbs used in Arabic and South Asian food. In addition, several household, tea, incense and artifacts are sold in the Spice Souk. A majority of the trading occurs through haggling; the quantity of trade as well as the number of stores trading spices in the Spice Souk have been reduced in recent years due to the growth larger stores and supermarkets and the number of household stores has gained. The souq is a attraction place for tourists. Video of the Spice Souk on YouTube Deira Spice Souk on lonely planet
The Flying Wallendas is the name of a circus act and daredevil stunt performers, most known for performing highwire acts without a safety net. They were first known as The Great Wallendas, but the current name was coined by the press in the 1940s and has stayed since. Karl Wallenda was born in Magdeburg, Germany, in 1905 to an old circus family, began performing at the age of six. While still in his teens he answered an ad for a "hand balancer with courage", his employer, Louis Weitzman, taught him the trade. In 1922, Karl put together his own act with his brother Herman, Joseph Geiger, a teenage girl, Helen Kreis, who became his wife; the act toured Europe for several years. When John Ringling saw them perform in Cuba, he hired them to perform at the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus. In 1928, they debuted at the Madison Square Garden; the act performed without a net and the crowd gave them a standing ovation. In 1944, while the Wallendas were performing in Hartford, Connecticut, a circus fire broke out, killing over 168 people.
None of the Wallendas were hurt. In the following years, Karl developed some of their most impressive acts, such as the seven-person chair pyramid, they continued performing those acts until January 30, 1962 when, while performing at the Shrine Circus at Detroit's State Fair Coliseum, the front man on the wire faltered and the pyramid collapsed. Three men fell to the ground, killing Wallenda's son-in-law. Karl injured his pelvis, his adopted son, was paralyzed from the waist down. Dieter's sister Jana Schepp let go of the wire to fall into the quickly-raised safety net, but bounced off and suffered a head injury. Other tragedies include when Wallenda's sister-in-law, fell to her death in 1963, his son-in-law Richard Guzman was killed in 1972 after touching a live electric wire while holding part of the metal rigging. Nonetheless, Karl decided to go on, he repeated the pyramid act in 1963 and 1977. Karl continued performing with a smaller group, doing solo acts. Karl Wallenda crossed the Tallulah Gorge in Georgia on a high wire on July 18, 1970.
On March 22, 1978, during a promotional walk in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Karl Wallenda fell from the wire and died. It was between the towers of Condado Plaza Hotel, one hundred feet high, he was 73. Nik Wallenda completed the walk on June 2011, with his mother, Delilah. On March 5, 1993, Karl's grandson Mario B. Wallenda died from AIDS complications at the age of 36, he had tested positive for HIV in July 1990. On October 15, 2008, Nik broke the world record for the highest and longest bike ride on a high wire live on NBC's Today. Nik Wallenda became the first aerialist to walk directly over Niagara Falls on June 15, 2012, from the United States into Canada. Wearing a safety harness as required by ABC television, he crossed at the river's widest point. Nik Wallenda is the first aerialist to walk over the Little Colorado River Gorge at the Grand Canyon; the event was broadcast live on the Discovery Channel. He made the journey without a harness or safety net; the canyon is 1,500 feet deep. There are several branches of the Wallendas performing today, comprising grandchildren of Karl Wallenda.
They still perform and have achieved recognition in the Guinness Book of Records. On November 2, 2014, Nik crossed between two Chicago skyscrapers, the west tower of Marina City and the Leo Burnett Building. After accomplishing this feat, he crossed the two towers of Marina City while wearing a blindfold in cold conditions with strong winds, he set two world records, one for the highest incline, 19 degrees, between the west tower and the Leo Burnett building and one for the highest blindfolded wire walk between the two towers of Marina City. Both crossings were broadcast live on Discovery Channel. In February 2017, a rehearsal of the troupe's eight-person pyramid highwire act for Circus Sarasota turned awry when the pyramid collapsed, plummeting five of the performers to the ground while three others, including Nik Wallenda, managed to cling to the wire. Miraculously no one was killed, but all five performers were injured: Nik's sister Lijana Wallenda suffered the worst injuries, breaking nearly every bone in her face.
Nik and Lijana became the first individuals to cross New York's Time Square on a tightrope 25 stories above street level on June 23, 2019. The duo crossed from opposite ends of the wire, which measured 1300 feet long and was suspended between 1 Times Square and 2 Times Square; the stunt was broadcast live on ABC and marked Lijana's return to live performance since her accident. For the stunt, both Wallendas used safety harnesses, despite the family's long-standing objection to the use of safety devices. In contrast to his statements during his Niagara Falls walk, Nik Wallenda admitted he felt the use of a harness was important for Lijana's first highwire walk since her fall. Karl Wallenda was the founder and leader of the group until he fell to his death in 1978, he was 73. Nikolas and Erendira Wallenda, Karl's great-grandson and his wife performed with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus until its last performance in 2017, he is a seventh generation Wallenda. Erendira comes from the Flying Vasquez family of trapeze artists.
They have three children, sons Yanni and daughter Evita Wallenda, who are learning the family trade. In 1978, The Great Wallendas, a made-for-TV movie about the family, aired. In 1983, on the Family Ties episode titl