Triyuga is an urban municipality out of 4 urban municipalities located in the Udayapur district of the Province No. 1 of Nepal. Gaighat is the headquarter of the municipality. According to the 1991 Nepal census, it had a population of 55,291. According to the 2011 Nepal census, Triyuga had 87,557 inhabitants, it is divided into 16 wards. Triyuga Municipality was established on B. S. Chaitra 13, 2053, it was named after Triyuga River. A river which flows through the town. Triyuga 1st largest in Province No. 1 in term of size. The total area of the municipality is 547.43 square kilometres Almost all facilities are available in the town. Schools, colleges and clinics are available in the town. There are six police stations and armed police force in the town, an army barrack is situated in the city. Triyuga municipality was established on 26 March 1997 merging 3 VDCs: e.g. Gaighat and Bhoomrasuwa. Total area of the municipality was 319.88 square kilometres. On 6 March 2017, following VDCs added into Triyuga municipality: Jogidaha, Saune and Jalpachilaune.
Now total area of the municipality is 547.43 square kilometres. Gaighat Bazar: Gaighat Bazar or Gaighat city is the main settlement and urbanized area in the Triyuga municipality, where the headquarter of the municipality is situated; the headquarter of Udayapur is here. It became headquarter of Udayapur District in 1972. Gaighat was a Village development committee before 1997. Jogidaha Jaljale Chuhade Deuri Bagaha Saune Dhaplang Triyuga is one municipality out of four municipalities of Udayapur District; the municipality is surrounded by Mahabharat hills in Churey hills in south. Udayapurgadhi and Rautamai are in north of the municipality, Khotang District is in north-east and Chaudandigadhi Municipality is in east. Saptari District is in south of Triyuga Municipality; this city is in the famous Udayapur Valley. Gaighat is the shadow of a historic kingdom of Sen dynasty in Udayapurgadhi, this Inner Terai Valley of south-eastern Nepal has a glorious history with a bright future. Gaighat is in the plane of the Valley.
Udayapur Valley is the largest valley in eastern Nepal having fabulous natural attractions such as the Triyuga river, Baruwa river flowing through the town. Koshi River is east of the city; the total population of the municipality, as of 2011 Nepal census is 87,557 in which male comprises 41,221 and female 46,336. There are 19,484 households. 74% of people of the municipality is educated. 82% male and 66.5% female are educated. Chetri is the largest group of caste in Triyuga municipality which comprises 24.24% of people of total population of Triyuga. The second largest group of caste is Tharu people which comprises 14.91%. Rai 12.43%, Magar 9.04%, Bahun 7.74% comprises total population of the municipality. Nepali language is the spoken language in Triyuga, spoken by 55.82% of people. Tharu language is secondly most spoken language, Maithili language is third most spoken language and Magar is fourth. Education in the town is accessible. Campuses for higher education are available at Gaighat. Triyuga Janata Multiple Campus provides undergraduate and post graduate education on management and social sciences.
Baruwa Campus provides undergraduate education and science. Udayasi English higher secondary school provides intermediate education on science and management. There are numerous other schools for education, such as: 1. Paradise Secondary school, Gaighat 2. Udayapur English School, Gaighat 3. Laligurans Secondary school, Gaighat 4. Canvas Secondary school, Gaighat 5. Sagarmatha Secondary school, Purano Gaighat 6. Rastriya janata higher secondary school, Bagaha 7. Janajyoti higher secondary school, Chuhade 8. Shree janata Higher Secondary School Deory 9. Evergreen Secondary English Boarding School 10. Shree Ram Janaki higher Secondary School, Motigada 11. B. D. M. English Boarding School, Motigada 12. Udayasi English Higher Secondary school, Jaljale 13. Baruwa Campus, Gaighat 14. Peace-Zone international Academy,Gaighat Sagarmatha Highway from Kadmaha connects Gaighat with the Mahendra Highway and all other part of the country; this highway connects Gaighat to Solukhumbu Districts. Alternative East-West highway goes through the city which connects Dharan in the East and Sindhuli in the west.
The highway is opened after the completion of chatara bridge over Koshi. Public buses are available from Kathmandu, Biratnagar and other cities to move to the city. Local transportation is available within the town. Many small local routes have public transport facilities. Tempos and taxis are available for rent too. Rickshaws, tempos as well as City Safari cost. Sagarmatha airport is proposed to be constructed in the city. Rajbiraj Airport Janakpur Airport Biratnagar Airport Communication facilities is available in the town. Internet services are provided by Nepal Telecom, Broadlink, Worldlink. Telephones services are provided by Nepal Telecom and United Telecommunications. Both Pstn as well as cellular phones can be used in the city. Following banking and financial institutions provides services in the city. Nepal Investment Bank NIC Asia Bank Limited Global IME Bank Limited Rastriya Banijya Bank Nepal Bank Limited Citizens Bank International Limited Sunrise Bank Limited Agriculture Development Bank Civil Bank Limited Nepal Credit and Commerce Bank Laxmi Bank Sanima Bank Hotels and restaurants are available in Gaighat.
Resorts are available near Koshi Tappu W
Sagarmāthā was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restructuring of zones into provinces. Sagarmāthā is a Nepali word derived from सगर् meaning "sky" and माथा meaning "head", it includes mountain districts of the Himalayas in the north, hill districts in the center, valley districts of the Terai in the south. It is bordered by China to the north, India to the south, the Koshi Zone to the east and the Janakpur Zone to the west. Sagarmāthā is divided into six districts: The main city of the Sagarmāthā Zone was Rajbiraj, the headquarters. Other towns of the Sagarmāthā hill area were Katari, Diktel and Namche Bazaar. Triyuga is an emerging city in the zone. Sagarmāthā Zone took its name from the Nepalese name for Mount Everest, located in the north of the zone within the Sagarmatha National Park in the Solu Khumbu district. Sagarmāthā means "the Head in the Great Blue Sky". Development Regions of Nepal List of zones of Nepal List of districts of Nepal Sagarmatha National Park List of districts of Nepal
Gaunpalika or gaupalika is the newly formed lower administrative division in Nepal. The Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development dissolved the existing village development committees and announced the establishment of this new local body. There are 460 rural municipalities; the main purpose of a gaunpalika is similar to that of a village development committee. Besides this, this division has the authority to collect various taxes like entertainment tax, business tax and residential tax at the local level; the Village Development Committee was dissolved on 10 March 2017. Panchayat was dissolved and turned into VDC by the Constitution of Nepal 1990. According to the English translation of the Constitution of Nepal, the term "gaunpalika" has been used as "village body". However, the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development explained that the term "rural municipality" was coined after opinions from experts and diverse sources; the chief is the head of a rural municipality. A total of 744 chiefs were selected by the government in 10 March 2017.
The rural municipalities will have an annual budget of at least Rs 10 million. Village development committees of Nepal topics
Nepal the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas but includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language; the name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic period of the Indian subcontinent, the era in ancient India when Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal.
Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley is intertwined with the culture of Indo-Aryans, was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala; the Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal; the Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rajput Rana dynasty of premiers. The country was never colonized but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and British India. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005; the Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the proclamation of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world's last Hindu monarchy. The Constitution of Nepal, adopted in 2015, establishes Nepal as a federal secular parliamentary republic divided into seven provinces.
Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955, friendship treaties were signed with India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960. Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, of which it is a founding member. Nepal is a member of the Non Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative; the military of Nepal is the fifth largest in South Asia. Local legends have it that a Hindu sage named "Ne" established himself in the valley of Kathmandu in prehistoric times, that the word "Nepal" came into existence as the place was protected by the sage "Nemi", it is mentioned in Vedic texts. According to the Skanda Purana, a rishi called. In the Pashupati Purana, he is mentioned as a protector, he is said to have taught there. The name of the country is identical in origin to the name of the Newar people; the terms "Nepāl", "Newār", "Newāl" and "Nepār" are phonetically different forms of the same word, instances of the various forms appear in texts in different times in history.
Nepal is the learned Sanskrit form and Newar is the colloquial Prakrit form. A Sanskrit inscription dated 512 CE found in Tistung, a valley to the west of Kathmandu, contains the phrase "greetings to the Nepals" indicating that the term "Nepal" was used to refer to both the country and the people, it has been suggested that "Nepal" may be a Sanskritization of "Newar", or "Newar" may be a form of "Nepal". According to another explanation, the words "Newar" and "Newari" are vulgarisms arising from the mutation of P to V, L to R. Neolithic tools found in the Kathmandu Valley indicate that people have been living in the Himalayan region for at least eleven thousand years. Nepal is first mentioned in the late Vedic Atharvaveda Pariśiṣṭa as a place exporting blankets, in the post-Vedic Atharvashirsha Upanishad. In Samudragupta's Allahabad Pillar it is mentioned as a border country; the Skanda Purana has a separate chapter, known as "Nepal Mahatmya", with more details. Nepal is mentioned in Hindu texts such as the Narayana Puja.
Legends and ancient texts that mention the region now known as Nepal reach back to the 30th century BC. The Gopal Bansa were one of the earliest inhabitants of Kathmandu valley; the earliest rulers of Nepal were the Kiratas, peoples mentioned in Hindu texts, who ruled Nepal for many centuries. Various sources mention up to 32 Kirati kings. Around 500 BCE, small kingdoms and confederations of clans arose in the southern regions of Nepal. From one of these, the Shakya polity, arose a prince who renounced his status to lead an ascetic life, founded Buddhism, came to be known as Gautama Buddha. By 250 BCE, the southern regions had come under the influence of the Maurya Empire of North India and became a vassal state under the Gupta Empire in the 4th century CE. There is a quite detailed description of the kingdom of Nepal in the account of the renowned Chinese Buddhist pilgrim monk Xuanzang, dating from about 645 CE. Stone inscriptions in the Kathmandu Valley are important sources for the history of Nepal.
The kings of the Lichhavi dynasty have been found to have r
Udayapur District (Nepali: उदयपुर जिल्लाListen, is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district, with Triyuga as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,063 km² and in 2001 had a population of 287,689, in 2011 of 317,532; the district border of Udayapur is drawn by Natural border with hills. Koshi river in the east of the district separates it from Sunsari District, Sun Kosi river in the north draw a borderline which separates it from Bhojpur and Khotang. Sindhuli District lies in the west across the Tawa khola and foothills of shiwalik in the south separates it from outer terai of Siraha and Saptari. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies in the east occupying the area of Udayapur and Saptari District. According to the former administrative divisions of Nepal, Udayapur falls in Eastern Development Region in Sagarmatha Zone. Before the unification of modern Nepal by Shah kings. Udayapur District was under Sen dynasty; the Kingdom name was Chaudandi and capital of the Kingdom was Udayapurgadhi.
The last king of the Chaudandi was Karna Sen who fled to Bijayapur when Gorkha army envaded and captured the Sen Kingdom Chaudandi. Before 1972, Panchawati was Headquarter of Udayapur District, it moved to Gaighat in 1972. Udayapur district is surrounded by Mahabharat hills from north and Shiwalik from south, whereas both hills meet together by west which forms the region a valley Udayapur valley. Udayapur valley is about 30 km long and between 2 km to 4 km wide, it is drained by the Triyuga river flowing east to join the Koshi river. Forest cover takes up 67% of the total land area of the district. 28% of the land is cultivated. Small and large river and ponds remain the main source of water in the district. Ponds like Rauta Pokhari, Suke Pokhari, Tapli Pokhari, Jogidaha Chure Forest Pond and Jhilke Pokhari are key water resources in the district; the district does not possess larger lakes. Triyuga is the largest river in this district. Other two major rivers are Tawa Khola from Western side and Vaidyanath River from mid-side unite with Tawa River.
Other rivers in the district are Kakaru Khola, Yari Khola, Baruwa Khola, Bahadura Khola and Rasuwa Khola. Sunkosi, Kamala rivers lie on the district border; this inner Terai district covers elevations between 360 metres to 2310 metres above sea level. Different topography and altitude have established three distinct physiographic zones in the district as mentioned below. Mahabharat hill range in this district stretches from Sun Kosi River on northern side and links to Inner Terai and in some stretches, to Churiya hills. About 60% of the district is covered by middle hills with steep slope and rugged mountain topography. From nearly 1100 m to 2310 m, this land consists of high hills like Lekhani, Rautapokhari; the Churiya hills stretch across elevations between 550 m to 1100 m. reaching from the upper Mahabharata to Terai land in the south leaving some plain inner Tarai land in between. It occupies about 9% of land of the district and consists of small valleys of inner Terai including Nepaltar and Mainatar as well as plains like Bahuntar and Hardeni.
These valleys are situated on Panchawati, Rauta and Tawashri VDC respectively. This region occupies around 31% of the district at elevations between 360m to 550 m above sea level; this region is situated on the border of Triyuga and Tawa River. Where inner Tarai exists the Churiya range lies to the south of this region; this region is affected by the problem of river cutting or floods. Major places of district like Gaighat and Beltar lie in this region. According to the census of 2011 the total population of Udaypur district is 317,532. Major ethnicities in the district are Chhetri, Magar, Tharu and others; the literacy rate is 53.31 percent. Udayapur District is administered by Udayapur District Coordination Committee; the Udayapur DCC is elected by Udayapur District Assembly. The head of Udayapur DCC is Mr. Khadag Bahadur Pariyar and Mrs. Ganga Rai is deputy head of Udayapur DCC. Udayapur District Administration Office under Ministry of Home Affairs co-operate with Udayapur DCC to maintain peace and security in the district.
The officer of District Administration office called CDO and current CDO of Udayapur DAO is Bishnu Kumar Karkee. Udayapur District Court is a Judicial court to see the cases of people on district level. Udayapur District is divided into total 8 local level bodies, 4 local level body categorized into Rural municipality and 4 into Municipality: Formerly, Udayapur had three municipality and many VDCs. VDCs were the local administrative units for villages. Fulfilling the requirement of the new constitution of Nepal 2015, on 10 March 2017 all VDCs were nullified and formed new units after grouping VDCs. Udayapur District is divided into 2 Parliamentary constituencies and 4 Provincial constituencies: Gaighat, the headquarter of Udaydpur District is connected with NH-09, which connects Udayapur with NH-01 at Kadmaha. Kadmaha is 28 KM at distance from Gaighat; the NH-09 connects Gaighat to Khotang, 127 KM at distance from Gaighat but the road is not paved. Feeder Road F057 connects Gaighat to Chatara via Beltar-Basaha at 70 KM at distance in east, across the Koshi river.
The F057 feeder road connects Sindhuli via Katari. Tribeni: It is a place in Katari municipality where the three rivers Kamla and Dudhauli adjoins, it is visited by many devotees on the occasion of Makar Sankrati every year. On this occasion, a large fair is organized. Rauta: Rauta is a holy pl
Belaka is a municipality located in Udayapur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. It is one out of total four urban municipalities located in Udayapur District, it has covered eastmost areas of Udayapur District. The total area of the municipality is 344.73 square kilometres and the population of the municipality is 42,386 as of 2011 Nepal census The municipality was formed on 10 March 2017, when Government of Nepal announced 744 local level units as per the new constitution of Nepal 2015. Thus the municipality came into existence; the municipality was formed merging following former VDCs: Tapeshwari, Rampur Thoksila and Katunjebawala. The municipality is divided into 9 wards and the headquarter of the municipality is located at Rampur Thoksila; the municipality is situated in the easternmost part of Udayapur district. The geographical coordinations for the municipality is 26°42′09″N 86°55′29″E - 26°55′38″N 87°10′06″E Latitude and longitude; the municipality covers an area of 344.37 square kilometres.
Shiwalik and Mahabharat Range borders at south part of the municipality. Sun kosi River flows on north border of the municipality which meets to Kosi River which flows on eastern border of the municipality; the municipality includes urban area of Rampur Thoksila and it's neighborhood, rural areas, forests and grasslands. It is surrounded by Bhojpur District in north, Dhankuta in north-east, Sunsari in east, Saptari in south and Chaudandigadhi of Udayapur in west; the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is within in south-east corner. Www.mofald.gov.np/ www.belakamun.gov.np www.kathmandupost.ekantipur.com