Carabanchel is a district in the south western suburbs of Madrid, Spain. The area was the scene of fighting during the Spanish Civil War -especially in November 1936, during the Battle of Madrid. Unaccustomed to street fighting, they took heavy casualties, for the remainder of the Siege of Madrid, the front lines ran through the streets of Carabanchel, until Republican Madrid fell in March 1939. It was home of Spains most notorious prison, which housed political prisoners during the Franco era. The prison was closed in 1998, the Gómez Ulla Military Hospital, formerly known as Hospital de Carabanchel, is located in the area. The district is divided into 7 wards, Abrantes Comillas Opañel Puerta Bonita San Isidro Vista Alegre Media related to Carabanchel at Wikimedia Commons
Madrid is the capital city of the Kingdom of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has a population of almost 3.2 million with an area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union after London and Berlin, the municipality itself covers an area of 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid, this community is bordered by the communities of Castile and León. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political, the current mayor is Manuela Carmena from Ahora Madrid. Madrid is home to two football clubs, Real Madrid and Atlético de Madrid. Madrid is the 17th most liveable city in the according to Monocle magazine. Madrid organises fairs such as FITUR, ARCO, SIMO TCI, while Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets.
Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city, the first documented reference of the city originates in Andalusan times as the Arabic مجريط Majrīṭ, which was retained in Medieval Spanish as Magerit. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins, according to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named Metragirta or Mantua Carpetana. The most ancient recorded name of the city Magerit comes from the name of a built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD. Nevertheless, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river, the name of this first village was Matrice. In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the changed to Mayrit, from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra. The modern Madrid evolved from the Mozarabic Matrit, which is still in the Madrilenian gentilic, after the disintegration of the Caliphate of Córdoba, Madrid was integrated in the Taifa of Toledo.
With the surrender of Toledo to Alfonso VI of León and Castile, the city was conquered by Christians in 1085, Christians replaced Muslims in the occupation of the centre of the city, while Muslims and Jews settled in the suburbs. The city was thriving and was given the title of Villa, since 1188, Madrid won the right to be a city with representation in the courts of Castile. In 1202, King Alfonso VIII of Castile gave Madrid its first charter to regulate the municipal council, which was expanded in 1222 by Ferdinand III of Castile
Centro is the central district of the city of Madrid, Spain. It is approximately 5.23 km² in size and it has a population of 149,718 people and a population density of 28, 587/km². The Centro district of Madrid is the oldest section of the city, evidence of a stable settlement dates back to Spains Muslim period. In the second half of the 9th century, the emir of Córdoba, Muhammad I, built a fortress on a promontory beside the river and its purpose was to watch the passes of the Sierra de Guadarrama and to initiate raids against the northern Christian countries. The remaining ruins of the wall are still preserved. A small suburb called Magerit developed to the east of the fortress, with the exception of the wall, few structures from this period remain. The city passed into Christian hands in 1085, prospering into a villa by 1123, philip II chose to place his court in Madrid in 1561, ensuring the swift evolution of the city. Many of the buildings and monuments of the region known as El Madrid de los Austrias are from this period.
The city quickly surpassed the borders of the current Centro district, the majority of new monuments continue to be built in the area, including the Royal Palace and the Plaza de Cibeles. The Bourbon kings, especially Carlos III, fixated on converting Madrid into a city at the height of the new European villas and this resulted in huge investments in the infrastructure of the city, especially sewage and public buildings. In the 19th and 20th centuries, with the arrival of democracy, the reign of Isabella II saw the construction of the Congress of Deputies building, in Puerta del Sol. Centro currently houses the government of the Community of Madrid. Until 2007, the City Council of Madrid was located here, at present it is located in Cybele Palace, in the district of Retiro. Centro is the location of many of Madrids galleries, including the Reina Sofia Museum, districts of Madrid Media related to Centro district, Madrid at Wikimedia Commons Distrito Centro on madrid. es