Barbette was an American female impersonator, high-wire performer, and trapeze artist born in Texas on December 19,1899. Barbette attained great popularity throughout the United States but his greatest fame came in Europe and especially Paris, Barbette began performing as an aerialist at around the age of 14 as one-half of a circus act called The Alfaretta Sisters. After a few years of work, Barbette went solo. He performed in drag, revealing himself as male only at the end of his act. After years of dealing with pain, Barbette committed suicide on August 5,1973. Both in life and following his death, Barbette served as an inspiration to a number of artists, including Jean Cocteau, Barbette was born on December 19,1899, in Texas. Most sources indicate he was born in Round Rock, although Barbette stated that his birthplace was Trickham and his Draft Registration Card, dated 7 September 1918, states that his birthday was 19 December 1898. Some confusion surrounds the name of Barbettes father, on a 1923 passport application, Barbette lists his fathers name as Henry Broadway and notes him as deceased.
However, Barbettes death certificate gives his fathers first name as Jeff, the death certificate lists his mothers name as Hattie Wilson, Barbette listed her name as Mrs. E. S. Loving on his passport application, as well as his 1918 Draft Registration form. Hattie, aged 21, was listed as a widow on the census, living in the household was Hattie Broadways younger brother, Malcolm Wilson. Hattie Broadway married, as her husband, in 1906, Samuel E. Barbettes mother took him to the circus at an early age in Austin. Barbette practiced for hours by walking along his mothers steel clothes line and he graduated from high school at the age of 14. After high school, Barbette began his circus career as one-half of the aerialist team The Alfaretta Sisters, one of the sisters had died unexpectedly and Barbette answered the surviving sisters ad for a replacement, auditioning in San Antonio. Together the pair decided that it was dramatic for a woman to perform the acrobatic stunts. She told me that womens clothes always make an act more impressive.
I didnt, and thats how it began, following his time as an Alfaretta, Barbette next joined an act called Erfords Whirling Sensation. This act included three people who hung from an apparatus by their teeth. He developed an act and moved to the vaudeville stage
Barbettes are several types of gun emplacement in terrestrial fortifications or on naval ships. In recent naval usage, a barbette is a circular armour support for a heavy gun turret. This evolved from earlier forms of gun protection that led to the pre-dreadnought. The former gives better angles of fire but less protection than the latter, the disappearing gun was a variation on the barbette gun, it consisted of a heavy gun on a carriage that would retract behind a parapet or into a gunpit for reloading. They were primarily used in coastal defences, but saw use in a handful of warships. The term is used for certain aircraft gun mounts. By the late 1880s, all three systems were replaced with a hybrid system that combined the benefits of both types. The heavily-armored vertical tube that supported the new gun mount was referred to as a barbette, american authors generally refer to such mounts simply as tail guns or tail gun turrets. The use of barbette mountings originated in ground fortifications, the term originally referred to a raised platform on a rampart for one or more guns, enabling them to be fired over a parapet.
This gave rise to the phrase en barbette, which referred to a gun placed to fire over a parapet, rather than through an embrasure, while an en barbette emplacement offered wider arcs of fire, it exposed the guns crew to greater danger from hostile fire. In addition, since the position would be higher than a casemate position—that is. Fortifications in the 19th century typically employed both casemate and barbette emplacements, the type was usually used for coastal defence guns. Later heavy coastal guns were protected in hybrid installation, with wide casemate with cantilevered overhead cover partially covering a barbette mount. Following the introduction of ironclad warships in the early 1860s, naval designers grappled with the problem of mounting guns in the most efficient way possible. The first generation of ironclads employed the same arrangement as the old ship of the line. This was particularly important to designers, since the tactic of ramming was revived following its successful employment at the decisive Austrian victory at the Battle of Lissa in 1866, ramming required a ship to steam directly at its opponent, which greatly increased the importance of end-on fire.
Designers such as Cowper Phipps Coles and John Ericsson designed the first gun turrets in the 1860s, in the 1870s, designers began to experiment with an en barbette type of mounting. The barbette was a fixed armoured enclosure protecting the gun, the barbette could take the form of a circular or elongated ring of armour around the rotating gun mount over which the guns fired
HMAS Barbette (P 97)
HMAS Barbette was an Attack class patrol boat of the Royal Australian Navy. Initially, nine were ordered for the RAN, with five for Papua New Guineas Australian-run coastal security force. Propulsion machinery consisted of two 16-cylinder Paxman YJCM diesel engines, which supplied 3,460 shaft horsepower to the two propellers, the vessels could achieve a top speed of 24 knots, and had a range of 1,200 nautical miles at 13 knots. The ships company consisted of three officers and sixteen sailors, main armament was a bow-mounted Bofors 40 mm gun, supplemented by two.50 calibre M2 Browning machine guns and various small arms. Barbette was built by Walkers Limited at Maryborough, launched on 10 April 1968, Barbette paid off on 15 June 1984. She was transferred to the Indonesian Navy on 22 February 1985, the patrol boat was listed in Janes Fighting Ships as still operational in 2011. Blackman, Raymond, ed. Janes Fighting Ships, 1968–69, Australian and New Zealand Warships since 1946
Barbetta is an Italian restaurant focused on Piemonte cuisine located at 321 West 46th Street on the Theater Districts Restaurant Row in New York City. Founded in 1906, Barbetta is the oldest Italian restaurant in New York and it holds many other firsts from its food innovations. Barbetta was founded in 1906 by Sebastiano Maioglio and is now owned by his daughter, Laura Maioglio, Barbetta is the first restaurant in America to have received landmark status from the Locali Storici dItalia when it was designated Locale Storico. In 2013, Zagat gave it a rating of 22