Bardo National Museum (Tunis)
The Bardo National Museum is a museum of Tunis, located in the suburbs of Le Bardo. It is one of the most important museums in the Mediterranean region and the second museum of the African continent after the Egyptian Museum of Cairo by richness of its collections, it traces the history of Tunisia over several millennia and across several civilizations through a wide variety of archaeological pieces. Housed in an old beylical palace since 1888, it offers a prestigious and magnificent setting for the exhibition of many major works discovered since the beginning of archaeological research in the country. Called Alaoui Museum, named after the reigning bey at the time, it takes its current name of Bardo Museum after the independence of the country if the denomination is attested before that date; the museum houses one of the finest and largest collections of Roman mosaics in the world, thanks to the excavations at the beginning of 20th century in various archaeological sites in the country including Carthage, Hadrumetum and Utica.
Some of the displayed works have no equivalent, such as the Virgil Mosaic. The mosaics of Bardo represent a unique source for research on everyday life in Roman Africa. From the Roman era, the museum contains a rich collection of marble statues representing the deities and the Roman emperors found on different sites including those of Carthage and Thuburbo Majus; the museum has some rich pieces discovered during the excavations of Libyco-Punic sites including Carthage, although the National Museum of Carthage has the vocation to be the museum of this major archaeological site. The essential pieces of this department are grimacing masks, terracotta statues and stelae of major interest for Semitic epigraphy, the stele of the priest and the child being the most famous; the museum houses Greek works discovered in the excavations of the shipwreck of Mahdia, whose emblematic piece remains the bust of Aphrodite in marble, gnawed by the sea and yet still of a moving beauty. The Islamic Department contains, in addition to famous works such as the Blue Qur'an of Kairouan, a collection of ceramics from the Maghreb and Anatolia.
In order to increase the reception capacity and optimize the presentation of the collections, the museum is the subject of a vast operation, to be completed in 2011 but was not finished until 2012 due to the Tunisian Revolution. The work concerns the increase of the exhibition surfaces by adding new buildings and redeploying the collections; the project aims to make the museum a major pole for a quality cultural development, so that the visitor can appreciate the artistic pieces deposited. On March 18, 2015, an Islamist terrorist group attacked the museum and took tourists hostage in the building; the attack, which killed 22 people including 21 foreign tourists, was claimed by ISIS. The Bardo National Museum building was a 15th-century Hafsid palace, located in the suburbs of Tunis; the Bardo is one of the most important museums of the Mediterranean basin, the second largest on the African continent after the Egyptian Museum. It traces the history of Tunisia over several millennia and through many civilizations through a wide variety of archaeological pieces.
Being in the former palace, it offers many major works discovered since the beginnings of archaeological research in the country. Called Museum Alaoui, the name of the reigning bey at the time, it has had its current name of Museum of Bardo only since the country's independence. In addition to famous works such as the Blue Koran of Kairouan, the Islamic Department contains a collection of ceramics from North Africa and Asia Minor; the Bardo brings together one of the finest and largest collections of Roman mosaics in the world thanks to the excavations undertaken from the beginning of the 20th century on archaeological sites in the country including Carthage, Dougga, or Utica. The mosaics represent a unique source for research on everyday life in Roman Africa; the Museum contains a rich collection of marble statues representing the gods and Roman emperors found on various sites including those of Carthage and Thuburbo Majus. The Bardo has rich pieces discovered during the excavations of Libyco-Punic sites including Carthage, although the Carthage National Museum possesses an important collection.
The main parts of this Department are grimacing masks, terracotta statues and stelae of major interest for the Semitic epigraphy, the stele of the priest and the child being the most famous. The Museum houses Greek works discovered in particular in the excavations of the ship of Mahdia, whose iconic piece is a marble bust of Aphrodite; the museum underwent a major refurbishment, completed in 2011, interrupted due to the Tunisian revolution. It contains a major collection of Roman mosaics and other antiquities of interest from Ancient Greece, Carthage and the Islamic period; the museum displays objects ranging from pre-historical artifacts to modern jewelry. On 18 March 2015, 24 people were killed in a terrorist attack when three terrorists in civil uniform attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis, took hostages. Twenty-one people European tourists, were killed at the scene, while an additional victim died ten days later. Around fifty others were injured; this attack took place after the famous Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris where many journalists were killed Two of the gunmen, Tunisian citizens Yassine Labidi and Saber Khachnaoui, were killed by police, while the third attacker is at large.
Bardo National Museum (Algiers)
The Bardo National Museum of Prehistory and Ethnography is a national museum located in Algiers, Algeria. The edifice is a former Moorish villa, it was opened as a museum in 1927. Nothing specific is known about this residence in the countryside and now encompassed in the modern city. H. Klein tells us that the palace was built in the eighteenth century and that it would have been the property of Prince Omar before the French conquest. A document, in the form of a drawing signed by Captain Longuemare, specifies that it was Mustapha ben Omar, a rich Tunisian. In 1926, the Bardo Palace was ceded to the Domains by Mrs Frémont and heiress of Pierre Joret. List of museums in Algeria Bardo National Museum https://web.archive.org/web/20130721142135/http://lebardo.info/