Barnsley is a large town in South Yorkshire, England, located halfway between Leeds and Sheffield. Historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the centre lies on the west bank of the Dearne Valley. Barnsley is surrounded by smaller settlements which together form the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, of which Barnsley is the largest. At the 2011 Census, Barnsley had a population of 91,297, Barnsley is a former industrial town centred on coal mining and glassmaking. It is also home of the Barnsley chop, the town is accessed from junctions 36,37 and 38 of the M1 motorway and has a railway station on the Hallam and Penistone Lines. Barnsley F. C. is the football club. The first reference to Barnsley occurs in 1086 in the Domesday Book, the origin of the name Barnsley is subject to debate, but Barnsley Council claims that its origins lie in the Saxon word Berne, for barn or storehouse, and Lay, for field. The town was in the parish of Silkstone and developed little until in the 1150s when it was given to the Pontefract Priory, the monks built a town where three roads met, the Sheffield to Wakefield, Rotherham to Huddersfield and Cheshire to Doncaster routes. The Domesday village became known as Old Barnsley, and a grew up on the new site. The monks erected a chapel of ease dedicated to Saint Mary, which survived until 1820, in 1249, a Royal charter was granted to Barnsley permitting it to hold a weekly market on Wednesdays and annual four-day fair at Michaelmas. By the 1290s, three fairs were held. The town was the centre of the Staincross wapentake, but in the century had only 600 inhabitants. From the 17th century, Barnsley developed into a point on the route between Leeds, Wakefield, Sheffield and London. The traffic generated as a result of its location fuelled trade, with hostelries, a principal centre for linen weaving during the 18th and 19th century, Barnsley grew into an important manufacturing town. Barnsley became a borough in 1869, and a county borough in 1913. The towns boundaries were extended to absorb Ardsley and Monk Bretton in 1921 and Carlton in 1938. Barnsley was the site of a stampede resulted in the deaths of 16 children in 1908, at a public hall now known as The Civic. Barnsley has a tradition of glass-making, and this connection continues through the UKs largest independent glass recycling company Glass Recycling UK Ltd being based in the town
Cheapside, circa 1904
St Mary's Church (Church of England)
The winding tower of the former Barnsley Main Colliery (now closed) seen in 2006.