William Byron, 4th Baron Byron
William Byron, 4th Baron Byron was an English nobleman, politician and Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Prince George of Denmark. Byron was the son of 3rd Baron Byron and the Hon. Elizabeth Chaworth, he succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Byron in 1695 upon the death of his father. Lord Byron died on 8 August 1736, was succeeded by his fourth son William Byron, 5th Baron Byron. Lord Byron married Lady Mary Egerton, daughter of John Egerton, 3rd Earl of Bridgewater and Lady Jane Powlett, in 1702/3, but they had no children, he married Lady Frances Wilhelmina Bentinck, daughter of Hans William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland and Anne Villiers, in 1706. They had three sons who died in childhood or infancy, a daughter who died unmarried: The Hon. George Byron The Hon. William Byron The Hon. William Henry Byron Frances Wilhelmina died on 31 March 1712, he married thirdly the Hon. Frances Berkeley, daughter of William Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley of Stratton and Frances Temple, in 1720, they had five children: The Hon. Isabella Byron, wife of Henry Howard, 4th Earl of Carlisle William Byron, 5th Baron Byron Vice-Admiral Hon. John Byron Rev. Hon. Richard Byron The Hon. George Byron Frances remarried Sir Thomas Hay, Bart. of Alderston and was buried on the 21st September, 1757 in Twickenham, Middlesex.
William Byron, 4th Baron Byron, at thepeerage.com
Church of St Mary Magdalene, Hucknall
The Church of St Mary Magdalene in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire, is a parish church in the Church of England. The church is Grade II* listed as it is a significant building of more than local interest, it is set in a peaceful churchyard overlooking the market place in the centre of the town. The building itself is of great architectural interest and is built on the site of an old Saxon church; the church tower which stands high above the town was constructed in stages between the 12th and 14th century whilst the porch was built in 1320. The medieval church consisted only of a chancel, north aisle and tower but it was enlarged in the Victorian period; the top stage of the tower is 14th century. The rest of the building is the result of extensive restoration work which began in 1872; the south aisle was added by Evans and Jolly between 1872 and 1874, the transepts by Robert Charles Clarke in 1887 and 1888. In 1888 the Lady Chapel was a beautiful example of nineteenth century craftsmanship; the Victorian baptistery which used to contain the 14th century font has now been converted into a Visitor Centre where display boards and wall panels give visitors a chance to find out a little more about the Church.
There are many beautiful carvings and wall mosaics around the church. In 2004, there was a carved stone cross, a Khatchkar, given to the church in memory of the work that the rector had done for Armenia; the stone, at Holgate School was given in thanks for the British people's contributions which enable the rebuilding of Lord Byron School in Gyumri, destroyed by an earthquake in 1988. It was thought that the original stone may have been damaged by football fans who confused Armenia with Albania, it is in a group of parishes which includes: Church of St John the Evangelist, Hucknall Church of St Mary Magdalene, Hucknall Church of St Peter and St Paul, Hucknall St Mary Magdalene served as the traditional burial place of the Byron family who maintained a family vault there. Most Lords Byron are buried including the poet, his daughter Ada, Countess of Lovelace rests in the vault. There is a modest memorial to Lord Byron in the church. Other notable people buried in and near the church include, for example: Ben Caunt, boxer Zachariah Green, philanthropist There are 25 stained glass windows by Charles Eamer Kempe which were added in the 1880s.
The church holds one of the largest collections of stained glass by this artist. There is a picture of Christ and the woman taken in adultery by Daniel Maclise dating from 1869. St Mary Magdalene has a ring of eight bells installed in 1958 and a 14th-century Angelus bell, given to the church by the poet Lord Byron; the Angelus bell has an unknown weight because it is so old the ringers are afraid of it breaking if it were moved from the tower. Bell Weight Tuning Treble 4-0-22 F# 2nd 4-1-14 E# 3rd 4-3-16 D# 4th 5-2-0 C# 5th 6-2-8 B 6th 7-1-6 A# 7th 9-1-12 G# Tenor 12-2-16 F# To The Glory Of God. Angelus Bell C#; the current mechanically driven clock with a face on all four sides of the tower dates from 1882, has to be wound once a week. The clock has three weights, one for keeping time, one for the chimes and one for the clock faces; the chimes chime the 6th and 7th bells. The church had a pipe organ by Nigel Church installed in 1976; this was sold to Sedbergh School for their chapel and an electronic organ was installed in 1992.
Charles Pickard???? - 1924 Frank Slater Stanley Turner 1932 -???? Media related to Church of St Mary Magdalene, Hucknall at Wikimedia Commons Church website
The Royal Navy is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France; the modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century. From the middle decades of the 17th century, through the 18th century, the Royal Navy vied with the Dutch Navy and with the French Navy for maritime supremacy. From the mid 18th century, it was the world's most powerful navy until surpassed by the United States Navy during the Second World War; the Royal Navy played a key part in establishing the British Empire as the unmatched world power during the 19th and first part of the 20th centuries. Due to this historical prominence, it is common among non-Britons, to refer to it as "the Royal Navy" without qualification. Following World War I, the Royal Navy was reduced in size, although at the onset of World War II it was still the world's largest.
By the end of the war, the United States Navy had emerged as the world's largest. During the Cold War, the Royal Navy transformed into a anti-submarine force, hunting for Soviet submarines and active in the GIUK gap. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, its focus has returned to expeditionary operations around the world and remains one of the world's foremost blue-water navies. However, 21st century reductions in naval spending have led to a personnel shortage and a reduction in the number of warships; the Royal Navy maintains a fleet of technologically sophisticated ships and submarines including two aircraft carriers, two amphibious transport docks, four ballistic missile submarines, six nuclear fleet submarines, six guided missile destroyers, 13 frigates, 13 mine-countermeasure vessels and 22 patrol vessels. As of November 2018, there are 74 commissioned ships in the Royal Navy, plus 12 ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary; the RFA replenishes Royal Navy warships at sea, augments the Royal Navy's amphibious warfare capabilities through its three Bay-class landing ship vessels.
It works as a force multiplier for the Royal Navy doing patrols that frigates used to do. The total displacement of the Royal Navy is 408,750 tonnes; the Royal Navy is part of Her Majesty's Naval Service, which includes the Royal Marines. The professional head of the Naval Service is the First Sea Lord, an admiral and member of the Defence Council of the United Kingdom; the Defence Council delegates management of the Naval Service to the Admiralty Board, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence. The Royal Navy operates three bases in the United Kingdom; as the seaborne branch of HM Armed Forces, the RN has various roles. As it stands today, the RN has stated its 6 major roles as detailed below in umbrella terms. Preventing Conflict – On a global and regional level Providing Security At Sea – To ensure the stability of international trade at sea International Partnerships – To help cement the relationship with the United Kingdom's allies Maintaining a Readiness To Fight – To protect the United Kingdom's interests across the globe Protecting the Economy – To safe guard vital trade routes to guarantee the United Kingdom's and its allies' economic prosperity at sea Providing Humanitarian Aid – To deliver a fast and effective response to global catastrophes The strength of the fleet of the Kingdom of England was an important element in the kingdom's power in the 10th century.
At one point Aethelred II had an large fleet built by a national levy of one ship for every 310 hides of land, but it is uncertain whether this was a standard or exceptional model for raising fleets. During the period of Danish rule in the 11th century, the authorities maintained a standing fleet by taxation, this continued for a time under the restored English regime of Edward the Confessor, who commanded fleets in person. English naval power declined as a result of the Norman conquest. Following the Battle of Hastings, the Norman navy that brought over William the Conqueror disappeared from records due to William receiving all of those ships from feudal obligations or because of some sort of leasing agreement which lasted only for the duration of the enterprise. More troubling, is the fact that there is no evidence that William adopted or kept the Anglo-Saxon ship mustering system, known as the scipfryd. Hardly noted after 1066, it appears that the Normans let the scipfryd languish so that by 1086, when the Doomsday Book was completed, it had ceased to exist.
According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, in 1068, Harold Godwinson's sons Godwine and Edmund conducted a ‘raiding-ship army’ which came from Ireland, raiding across the region and to the townships of Bristol and Somerset. In the following year of 1069, they returned with a bigger fleet which they sailed up the River Taw before being beaten back by a local earl near Devon. However, this made explicitly clear that the newly conquered England under Norman rule, in effect, ceded the Irish Sea to the Irish, the Vikings of Dublin, other Norwegians. Besides ceding away the Irish Sea, the Normans ceded the North Sea, a major area where Nordic peoples traveled. In 1069, this lack of naval presence in the North Sea allowed for the invasion an
Rear admiral is a naval commissioned officer rank above that of a commodore and captain, below that of a vice admiral. It is regarded as the lowest of the "admiral" ranks, which are sometimes referred to as "flag officers" or "flag ranks". In many navies it is referred to as a two-star rank /, it can trace its origins to the Royal Navy. Each naval squadron would be assigned an admiral as its head, who would command from the centre vessel and direct the activities of the squadron; the admiral would in turn be assisted by a vice admiral, who commanded the lead ships which would bear the brunt of a naval battle. In the rear of the naval squadron, a third admiral would command the remaining ships and, as this section of the squadron was considered to be in the least danger, the admiral in command of the rear would be the most junior of the squadron admirals; this has survived into the modern age, with the rank of rear admiral the most-junior of the admiralty ranks of many navies. In some European navies, in the Canadian Forces' French rank translations, the rank of rear admiral is known as contre-amiral.
In the German Navy the rank is known as Konteradmiral, superior to the flotilla admiral. In the Royal Netherlands Navy, this rank is known as schout-bij-nacht, denoting the role junior to the squadron admiral, fleet admiral; the Royal Australian Navy maintains a rank of rear admiral. The abbreviation is RADM. Since the mid-1990s, the insignia of a Royal Australian Navy rear admiral is the Crown of St. Edward above a crossed sword and baton, above two silver stars, above the word "Australia". Like the Royal Navy version, the sword is a traditional naval cutlass; the stars have eight points, unlike the four pointed Order of the Bath stars used by the army. Prior to 1995, the RAN shoulder board was identical to the Royal Navy shoulder board; the Royal Navy shoulder board changed again in 2001 and the Australian and UK shoulder boards are now identical except for the word "Australia". Rear Admiral Robyn Walker became the first female admiral in the Royal Australian Navy when she was appointed Surgeon-General of the Australian Defence Force on 16 December 2011.
In the Royal Canadian Navy, the rank of rear-admiral is the Navy rank equivalent to major-general of the Army and Air Force. A rear-admiral is the naval equivalent of a general officer. A rear-admiral is senior to a commodore and brigadier-general, junior to a vice-admiral and lieutenant-general; the rank insignia for a rear-admiral is two silver maple leaves beneath a silver crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St Edward's Crown, worn on gold shoulder boards on the white short-sleeved shirt or the tropical white tunic. The service dress features a wide strip of gold braid around the cuff and, since June 2010, above it a narrower strip of gold braid embellished with the executive curl. On the visor of the service cap are two rows of gold oak leaves. Konteradmiral is an OF-7 two-star rank equivalent to the Generalmajor in the German Army and the German Air Force; the Guyana Defence Force Coast Guard is the naval component of the Military of Guyana. As such, the ranks of the Coast Guard are naval ranks similar to the practice in the respective Coast Guards of Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago.
The rank of rear admiral was first awarded to chief of staff commodore Gary Best on August 19, 2013. The rank insignia consists of two silver pips with green highlights, beneath a crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by the gold-colored Cacique's crown with red, green highlights; the Indian Navy maintains a rear admiral rank senior to commodore and captain ranks and junior to vice admiral ranks. The rank insignia for a rear-admiral is two stars beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by Emblem of India, worn on shoulder boards. Before Islamic Revolution The Iranian Imperial Navy. After Islamic Revolution The Islamic Republic of Iran Navy known as the Iranian Navy. A rear admiral in the Pakistani Navy is a senior and two-star rank naval officer, appointed in higher naval commands. Like most Commonwealth navies, the rear admiral rank is superior to captain. However, the rank is junior to the three-star rank vice-admiral and four-star rank admiral, a Chief of Naval Staff of the Navy. Schout-bij-nacht is a Dutch Naval rank, equivalent to rear admiral in the US Royal Navy.
It is the second most junior admiral position of the Dutch Navy, ranking above commandeur and below a vice-admiraal. The rank of schout-bij-nacht originated between the 16th century. Interpreted as "watch-at-night", the schout-bij-nacht was the officer who supervised the ship when the captain was asleep. In times the schout-bij-nacht was the officer who supervised an entire naval squadron, in the absence of a senior admiral, by the 17th century schout-bij-nacht was the common rank held by the naval commander of a battle fleet's rear squadron. In the 17th century the navies of Sweden and Denmark-Norway adopted the rank as schoutbynacht and the early Imperial Russian Navy as шаутбенахт. In 1724 the Russians, followed in 1771 by both the Swedish navy and the Dano-Norwegian navy changed the name of the rank to counter admiral; the highest ordinary rank f
House of Lords
The House of Lords known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Membership is else by heredity or official function. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster; the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled. Unlike the elected House of Commons, members of the House of Lords are appointed; the membership of the House of Lords is drawn from the peerage and is made up of Lords Spiritual and Lords Temporal. The Lords Spiritual are 26 bishops in the established Church of England. Of the Lords Temporal, the majority are life peers who are appointed by the monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister, or on the advice of the House of Lords Appointments Commission. However, they include some hereditary peers including four dukes. Membership was once an entitlement of all hereditary peers, other than those in the peerage of Ireland, but under the House of Lords Act 1999, the right to membership was restricted to 92 hereditary peers.
Since 2008, only one of them is female. While the House of Commons has a defined number of seats membership, the number of members in the House of Lords is not fixed; the House of Lords is the only upper house of any bicameral parliament in the world to be larger than its lower house. The House of Lords scrutinises bills, it reviews and amends Bills from the Commons. While it is unable to prevent Bills passing into law, except in certain limited circumstances, it can delay Bills and force the Commons to reconsider their decisions. In this capacity, the House of Lords acts as a check on the House of Commons, independent from the electoral process. Bills can be introduced into the House of Commons. While members of the Lords may take on roles as government ministers, high-ranking officials such as cabinet ministers are drawn from the Commons; the House of Lords has its own support services, separate from the Commons, including the House of Lords Library. The Queen's Speech is delivered in the House of Lords during the State Opening of Parliament.
In addition to its role as the upper house, until the establishment of the Supreme Court in 2009, the House of Lords, through the Law Lords, acted as the final court of appeal in the United Kingdom judicial system. The House has a Church of England role, in that Church Measures must be tabled within the House by the Lords Spiritual. Today's Parliament of the United Kingdom descends, in practice, from the Parliament of England, though the Treaty of Union of 1706 and the Acts of Union that ratified the Treaty in 1707 and created a new Parliament of Great Britain to replace the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland; this new parliament was, in effect, the continuation of the Parliament of England with the addition of 45 MPs and 16 Peers to represent Scotland. The House of Lords developed from the "Great Council"; this royal council came to be composed of ecclesiastics and representatives of the counties of England and Wales. The first English Parliament is considered to be the "Model Parliament", which included archbishops, abbots, earls and representatives of the shires and boroughs of it.
The power of Parliament grew fluctuating as the strength of the monarchy grew or declined. For example, during much of the reign of Edward II, the nobility was supreme, the Crown weak, the shire and borough representatives powerless. In 1569, the authority of Parliament was for the first time recognised not by custom or royal charter, but by an authoritative statute, passed by Parliament itself. During the reign of Edward II's successor, Edward III, Parliament separated into two distinct chambers: the House of Commons and the House of Lords; the authority of Parliament continued to grow, during the early 15th century both Houses exercised powers to an extent not seen before. The Lords were far more powerful than the Commons because of the great influence of the great landowners and the prelates of the realm; the power of the nobility declined during the civil wars of the late 15th century, known as the Wars of the Roses. Much of the nobility was killed on the battlefield or executed for participation in the war, many aristocratic estates were lost to the Crown.
Moreover, feudalism was dying, the feudal armies controlled by the barons became obsolete. Henry VII established the supremacy of the monarch, symbolised by the "Crown Imperial"; the domination of the Sovereign continued to grow during the reigns of the Tudor monarchs in the 16th century. The Crown was at the height of its power during the reign of Henry VIII; the House of Lords remained more powerful than the House of Commons, but the Lower House continued to grow in influence, reaching a zenith in relation to the House of Lords during the middle 17th century. Conflicts between the King and the Parliament led to the English Civil War during the 1640s. In 1649, after the defeat and execution of King Charles I, the Commonwealth of England was declared, but the nation was under the overall control of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, S
Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace was an English mathematician and writer, chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's proposed mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. She was the first to recognise that the machine had applications beyond pure calculation, published the first algorithm intended to be carried out by such a machine; as a result, she is sometimes regarded as the first to recognise the full potential of a "computing machine" and one of the first computer programmers. Lovelace was the only legitimate child of his wife Lady Byron. All of Byron's other children were born out of wedlock to other women. Byron left England forever four months later, he commemorated the parting in a poem that begins, "Is thy face like thy mother's my fair child! ADA! Sole daughter of my house and heart?". He died of disease in the Greek War of Independence, her mother remained bitter and promoted Ada's interest in mathematics and logic in an effort to prevent her from developing her father's perceived insanity.
Despite this, Ada remained interested in Byron and was, upon her eventual death, buried next to him at her request. Although ill in her childhood, Ada pursued her studies assiduously, she married William King in 1835. King was made Earl of Lovelace in Ada thereby becoming Countess of Lovelace, her educational and social exploits brought her into contact with scientists such as Andrew Crosse, Sir David Brewster, Charles Wheatstone, Michael Faraday and the author Charles Dickens, contacts which she used to further her education. Ada described her approach as "poetical science" and herself as an "Analyst"; when she was a teenager, her mathematical talents led her to a long working relationship and friendship with fellow British mathematician Charles Babbage known as "the father of computers", in particular, Babbage's work on the Analytical Engine. Lovelace first met him in June 1833, through their mutual friend, her private tutor, Mary Somerville. Between 1842 and 1843, Ada translated an article by Italian military engineer Luigi Menabrea on the calculating engine, supplementing it with an elaborate set of notes called Notes.
These notes contain what many consider to be the first computer program—that is, an algorithm designed to be carried out by a machine. Other historians reject this perspective and point out that Babbage's personal notes from the years 1836/1837 contain the first programs for the engine. Lovelace's notes are important in the early history of computers, she developed a vision of the capability of computers to go beyond mere calculating or number-crunching, while many others, including Babbage himself, focused only on those capabilities. Her mindset of "poetical science" led her to ask questions about the Analytical Engine examining how individuals and society relate to technology as a collaborative tool, she died of uterine cancer in 1852 at the age of 36. Lord Byron expected his child to be a "glorious boy" and was disappointed when Lady Byron gave birth to a girl; the child was named after Byron's half-sister, Augusta Leigh, was called "Ada" by Byron himself. On 16 January 1816, at Lord Byron's command, Lady Byron left for her parents' home at Kirkby Mallory, taking their five-week-old daughter with her.
Although English law at the time granted full custody of children to the father in cases of separation, Lord Byron made no attempt to claim his parental rights, but did request that his sister keep him informed of Ada's welfare. On 21 April, Lord Byron signed the deed of separation, although reluctantly, left England for good a few days later. Aside from an acrimonious separation, Lady Byron continued throughout her life to make allegations about her husband's immoral behaviour; this set of events made Lovelace infamous in Victorian society. She did not have a relationship with her father, he died in 1824. Her mother was the only significant parental figure in her life. Lovelace was not shown the family portrait of her father until her 20th birthday. Lovelace did not have a close relationship with her mother, she was left in the care of her maternal grandmother Judith, Hon. Lady Milbanke, who doted on her. However, because of societal attitudes of the time—which favoured the husband in any separation, with the welfare of any child acting as mitigation—Lady Byron had to present herself as a loving mother to the rest of society.
This included writing anxious letters to Lady Milbanke about her daughter's welfare, with a cover note saying to retain the letters in case she had to use them to show maternal concern. In one letter to Lady Milbanke, she referred to her daughter as "it": "I talk to it for your satisfaction, not my own, shall be glad when you have it under your own." Lady Byron had her teenage daughter watched by close friends for any sign of moral deviation. Lovelace dubbed these observers the "Furies" and complained they exaggerated and invented stories about her. Lovelace was ill, beginning in early childhood. At the age of eight, she experienced headaches. In June 1829, she was paralysed after a bout of measles, she was subjected to continuous bed rest for nearly a year, something which may have extended her period of disability. By 1831, she was able to walk with crutches. Despite the illnesses, she developed her technological skills. At the age of twelve, this future "Lady Fairy", as Charles Babbage affectionately called her, decided she wanted to fly.
Ada Byron went about the project methodically, with imagination and passion. Her first step, in February 1828, was to constru
Vice-Admiral John Byron was a British Royal Navy officer and politician. He was known as Foulweather Jack because of his frequent encounters with bad weather at sea; as a midshipman, he sailed in the squadron under George Anson on his voyage around the world, though Byron made it only to southern Chile, where his ship was wrecked. He returned to England with the captain of HMS Wager, he was governor of Newfoundland following Hugh Palliser, who left in 1768. He circumnavigated the world as a commodore with his own squadron in 1764-1766, he fought in battles in the American Revolution. He rose to Vice Admiral of the White before his death in 1786, his grandsons include the poet George Gordon Byron and George Anson Byron and explorer, who were the 6th and 7th Baron Byron, respectively. Byron was the son of William Byron, 4th Baron Byron and Frances Berkeley, the daughter of William, 4th Baron Berkeley, he joined the Royal Navy in 1731. In 1740, he accompanied George Anson on his voyage around the world as a midshipman aboard one of the several ships in the squadron.
On 14 May 1741, HMS Wager under Captain Cheap, was shipwrecked on the coast of Chile on what is now called Wager Island and Byron was one of the survivors. The survivors decided to split in two teams, one to make its way by boat to Rio de Janeiro on the Atlantic coast. Captain Cheap at Wager Island had a party of 19 men; this included the surgeon Elliot and Lieutenant Hamilton, cast adrift with him plus midshipmen John Byron and Campbell, in the barge. They rowed up the coast but were punished by continuous rain and waves that threatened the boats. One night while the men slept on shore, one of the boats was capsized while at anchor and was swept out to sea with its two boatkeepers. One of the men got ashore but the other drowned; as it was now impossible for them all to fit in the remaining boat, four marines were left ashore with muskets to fend for themselves. The winds prevented them from getting around the headland so they returned to pick up the marines only to find them gone, they returned to Wager Island in early February 1742.
With one death on the journey, there were now 13 in the group. A local Chono guided the men up the coast to the Spanish settlements of Chiloe Island so they set out again. Two men died and after burying the bodies, the six seaman rowed off in the boat never to be seen again while Cheap, Byron and the dying Elliot were on shore looking for food; the Chono agreed to take the remaining four on by canoe for their only remaining possession, a musket. It is the party travelled across Presidente Ríos Lake in inland Taitao Peninsula, a lake dicovered by non-natives in 1945, they made it to be taken prisoner by the Spanish. The Spaniards treated them well and they were taken to the inland capital of Santiago where they were released on parole; the Spaniards heard that Anson had been generous in the treatment of the prisoners he had taken and this kindness was returned. Byron and the other three men stayed in Santiago till late 1744 and were offered passage on a French ship bound for Spain. Three accepted the passage.
Campbell elected to take a mule across the Andes and joined the Spanish Admiral Pizarro in Montevideo on the Asia only to find Isaac Morris and the two seamen, abandoned in Freshwater Bay on the Atlantic coast. After time in prison in Spain, Campbell reached Britain in May 1746, followed by the other three two months later. In England, the official court martial examined only the loss of the Wager in which Baynes, in nominal charge at the time, was acquitted of blame but reprimanded for omissions of duty. Disputes over what happened after the wreck were instead played out as Bulkeley and Cummins, Morris, the cooper Young and Byron published their own accounts, the last of, the only one that in any way defended Cheap who had since died. Twenty nine crew members plus seven marines made it back to England. Byron's account of his adventures and the Wager Mutiny are recounted in The Narrative of the Honourable John Byron, his book sold well enough to be printed in several editions. Byron was appointed captain of HMS Siren in December 1746.
In 1760, during the Seven Years' War, Byron commanded a squadron sent to destroy the fortifications at Louisbourg, captured by the British two years before. They wanted to ensure. In July of that year he defeated the French flotilla sent to relieve New France at the Battle of Restigouche. In early 1764 the British Admiralty determined that it would require a permanent naval settlement off the South American coast, in order to resupply naval vessels seeking to enter the Pacific via Cape Horn. Captain Byron was selected to explore the South Atlantic for a suitable island upon which to establish such a settlement; the South American mainland was controlled by Spain, hostile to local expansion of British interests. Byron set sail in June 1764. For the voyage he was granted command of the 24-gun frigate HMS Dolphin and the 16-gun sloop HMS Tamar. Byron's two-vessel flotilla crossed the Atlantic over the winter of 1764 and made its way down the South American coast; the Admiralty had ordered Byron to first seek Pepys Island, reputedly discovered off the Patagonian coast by the corsair Ambrose Cowley in 1683.
Byron reached the co-ordinates given by Cowley in