Baron Congleton, of Congleton in the County Palatine of Chester, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1841 for the Whig politician and former Secretary at War and Paymaster of the Forces Sir Henry Parnell, 4th Baronet, his eldest son, the second Baron, devoted his life to religious work and was an early member of the Plymouth Brethren. The latter was succeeded by the third Baron, he served in the Royal Navy and fough at the Battle of Navarino in 1827. His eldest surviving son, the fourth Baron, was a major-general in the British Army and served in the Crimean War and in the Anglo-Zulu War; the latter's eldest son, the fifth Baron, was killed in action in Ypres Salient during the First World War and was succeeded by his younger brother, the sixth Baron. As of 2015, the titles are held by the latter's grandson, the ninth Baron, who succeeded his father in 2015; the Parnell Baronetcy, of Rathleague in the Queen's County, was created in the Baronetage of Ireland on 3 November 1766 for the first Baron's grandfather John Parnell.
He represented Maryborough in the Irish Parliament. His son, the second Baron, sat as a Member of the Irish House of Commons for Queen's County and served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Ireland, his younger son was the aforementioned fourth Baronet, raised to the peerage in 1841. Another member of the Parnell family was Charles Stewart Parnell, he was grandson of third son of the second Baronet. Sir John Parnell, 1st Baronet Sir John Parnell, 2nd Baronet Sir John Augustus Parnell, 3rd Baronet Sir Henry Brooke Parnell, 4th Baronet Henry Brooke Parnell, 1st Baron Congleton John Vesey Parnell, 2nd Baron Congleton Henry William Parnell, 3rd Baron Congleton Henry Parnell, 4th Baron Congleton Henry Bligh Fortescue Parnell, 5th Baron Congleton John Brooke Molesworth Parnell, 6th Baron Congleton William Jared Parnell, 7th Baron Congleton Christopher Patrick Parnell, 8th Baron Congleton John Patrick Christian Parnell, 9th Baron Congleton The heir apparent is the present holder's eldest son, the Hon. Christopher John Edward Parnell Kidd, Williamson, David.
Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990, Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages – Peerages beginning with "C"
Baron Manners, of Foston in the County of Lincoln, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1807 for politician Sir Thomas Manners-Sutton, he served as Solicitor-General from 1802 to 1805 and as Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1807 to 1827. Manners-Sutton was the fifth son of Lord George Manners-Sutton, third son of John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland, his elder brother Charles Manners-Sutton was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1805 to 1828 and the father of Charles Manners-Sutton, 1st Viscount Canterbury, Speaker of the House of Commons from 1817 to 1834. The first Baron's great-grandson, the fourth Baron, assumed the surname of Manners only; as of 2010 the title is held by the latter's grandson, the sixth Baron, who succeeded his father in 2008. As a descendant of the third Duke of Rutland he is in remainder to this peerage and its subsidiary titles. Thomas Manners-Sutton, 1st Baron Manners John Manners-Sutton, 2nd Baron Manners John Manners-Sutton, 3rd Baron Manners Francis Manners, 4th Baron Manners John Robert Cecil Manners, 5th Baron Manners John Hugh Robert Manners, 6th Baron Manners The heir apparent is the present holder's son, Hon. John Alexander David Manners.
Hon. John Alexander David Manners, only son of the 6th Baron Edward Preston Manners, eldest son of Hon. Richard Neville Manners, second son of the 4th Baron Rupert Francis Henry Manners, second son of Hon. Richard Neville Manners Stephen Francis Manners, eldest son of Rupert Manners Philip Henry Manners and youngest son of Rupert Manners Thomas Benjamin Cabbell Manners and youngest son of Hon. Richard Neville Manners Rupert Cabbell Manners, eldest son of Thomas Benjamin Cabbell Manners Hugh Cabbell Manners and youngest son of Thomas Benjamin Cabbell Manners Hon. Thomas Jasper Manners and youngest son of the 4th Baron Charles Henry Manners, eldest son of Hon. Thomas Jasper Manners Joseph Peter Manners, only son of Charles Manners Arthur Roger Manners, second son of Hon. Thomas Jasper Manners Hugo Manners, only son of Arthur Manners Robert Hugh Manners and youngest son of Hon. Thomas Jasper Manners Archie Thomas Manners, eldest son of Robert Manners Orlando Douglas Manners, second son of Robert Manners Humphrey Wilmot Manners and youngest son of Robert Manners Duke of Rutland Viscount Canterbury Kidd, Williamson, David.
Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990, Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Robert Cecil Manners, 5th Baron Manners
Baron Stratheden, of Cupar in the County of Fife, Baron Campbell, of St Andrews in the County of Fife, are two titles in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The titles were created in 1841 respectively; the barony of Stratheden was created for the Hon. Mary, Lady Campbell, wife of the prominent lawyer and Whig politician Sir John Campbell, daughter of James Scarlett, 1st Baron Abinger. Sir John Campbell, who in 1836 served as Attorney-General in the Whig administration of Lord Melbourne, had twice been overlooked for the office of Master of the Rolls, was about to tender his resignation to Melbourne as a result of this. However, he was talked out of resigning when it was decided that, in recognition of the value of his services, his wife should be raised to the peerage. Five years he was himself created Baron Campbell on his appointment as Lord Chancellor of Ireland, he held office as Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom. Both Lady Stratheden and Lord Campbell were succeeded by the second Baron.
He had represented Cambridge and Harwich in the House of Commons as a Liberal. He never was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Baron. On his death the titles passed to the fourth Baron, he was a Brigadier in the army. He was succeeded by his younger brother, the fifth Baron; as of 2017 the titles are held by the latter's grandson, the seventh Baron, who succeeded in 2011. Mary Elizabeth Campbell, 1st Baroness Stratheden William Frederick Campbell, 2nd Baron Stratheden and Campbell Hallyburton George Campbell, 3rd Baron Stratheden and Campbell Hon. John Beresford Campbell Donald Campbell Alistair Campbell, 4th Baron Stratheden and Campbell Gavin Campbell, 5th Baron Stratheden and Campbell Donald Campbell, 6th Baron Stratheden and Campbell David Anthony Campbell, 7th Baron Stratheden and Campbell There is no heir to the baronies. John Campbell, 1st Baron Campbell William Frederick Campbell, 2nd Baron Stratheden and Campbell see above for further holders Baron Abinger Kidd, Williamson, David.
Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990. Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages
An heir apparent or heiress apparent is a person, first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person. An heir presumptive, by contrast, is someone, first in line to inherit a title but who can be displaced by the birth of a more eligible heir. Today these terms most describe heirs to hereditary titles or offices when only inheritable by a single person. Most monarchies refer to the heir apparent of their thrones with the descriptive term of crown prince but these heirs may be accorded with a more specific substantive title, such as Prince of Orange in the Netherlands, Duke of Brabant in Belgium, Prince of Asturias in Spain, or Prince of Wales in the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. In France the title was le Dauphin, in Imperial Russia; the term is used metaphorically to indicate an "anointed" successor to any position of power, e.g. a political or corporate leader. This article describes the term heir apparent in a hereditary system regulated by laws of primogeniture—as opposed to cases where a monarch has a say in naming the heir.
In a hereditary system governed by some form of primogeniture, an heir apparent is identifiable as the person whose position as first in the line of succession to a title or office is secure, regardless of future births. An heir presumptive, by contrast, can always be "bumped down" in the succession by the birth of somebody more related in a legal sense to the current title-holder; the clearest example occurs in the case of a holder of a hereditary title, one that can only be inherited by a single person, with no children. If at any time he were to produce children, they rank ahead of whatever more "distant" relative had been heir presumptive. Many legal systems assume childbirth is always possible regardless of health. In such circumstances a person may be, in a practical sense, the heir apparent but still speaking, heir presumptive. Indeed, when Queen Victoria succeeded her uncle King William IV, the wording of the proclamation gave as a caveat:...saving the rights of any issue of his late Majesty King William IV, which may be born of his late Majesty's consort.
This provided for the possibility that William's wife, Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, was pregnant at the moment of his death, since such a posthumous child, regardless of its sex, would have displaced Victoria from the throne. Adelaide was 44 at the time, so pregnancy was possible if unlikely. Daughters may inherit titles that descend according to male-preference primogeniture, but only in default of sons; that is, both female and male offspring have the right to a place somewhere in the order of succession, but when it comes to what that place is, a female will rank behind her brothers regardless of their ages or her age. Thus even an only daughter will not be heir apparent, since at any time a brother might be born who, though younger, would assume that position. Hence, she is an heir presumptive. For example, Queen Elizabeth II was heir presumptive during the reign of her father, King George VI, because at any stage up to his death, George could have fathered a legitimate son. In a system of absolute primogeniture that disregards gender, female heirs apparent occur.
As succession to titles, positions, or offices in the past most favoured males than females, females considered to be an heir apparent were rare. Absolute primogeniture was not practised by any modern monarchy for succession to their thrones until the late twentieth century with Sweden being the first to adopt absolute primogeniture in 1980 and other Western European monarchies following suit. Since the adoption of absolute primogeniture by contemporary Western European monarchies, examples of female heirs apparent include: Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden, Princess Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands, Princess Elisabeth of Belgium. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway is heir apparent to her father, Victoria herself has a female heir apparent in her oldest child, Princess Estelle. Victoria was not heir apparent from birth, but gained the status in 1980 following a change in the Swedish Act of Succession, her younger brother Carl Philip was thus heir apparent for a few months. In 2015, pursuant to the 2011 Perth Agreement, the Commonwealth realms changed the rules of succession to the 16 thrones of Elizabeth II to absolute primogeniture, except for male heirs born before the Perth Agreement.
The effects are not to be felt for many years. But in legal systems that apply male-preference primogeniture, female heirs apparent are by no means impossible: if a male heir apparent dies leaving no sons but at least one daughter the eldest daughter would replace her father as heir apparent to whatever throne or title is concerned, but only when it has become clear that the widow of the deceased is not pregnant; as the representative of her father's line she would assume a place ahead of any more distant relatives. Such a situation has not to date occurred with the British throne.
Baron Sudeley is a title, created thrice in British history, twice in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1299 when John de Sudeley was summoned to Parliament as Lord Sudeley. On the death of the third Baron in 1367 the title fell into abeyance; the abeyance was terminated in 1380 when the fourth Baron, became sole heir. The sixth Baron was created Baron Sudeley by letters patent in 1441, he served as Lord High Treasurer from 1444 to 1447. On his death in 1473 the 1441 creation became extinct while the 1299 creation once again fell into abeyance; the third creation came in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1838 when Charles Hanbury-Tracy was created Baron Sudeley, of Toddington in the County of Gloucester. He had represented Tewkesbury in the House of Commons as a Whig and served as Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire, he was as Chairman of the Royal Commission appointed to judge designs for the new Houses of Parliament.
He married his cousin Hon. Henrietta Susanna and heiress of Henry Leigh Tracy, 8th and last Viscount Tracy, through which marriage the estate of Toddington Manor in Gloucestershire came into the Hanbury family. Five days before the marriage Charles Hanbury assumed the additional surname of Tracy, he was succeeded by the second Baron. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. In 1806 Lord Sudeley assumed by Royal licence the surname of Leigh in lieu of his patronymic. However, in 1839 he discontinued the use of this surname and resumed by Royal licence his original surname of Hanbury-Tracy. On his death the title passed to his son, the third Baron, he was Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. He was succeeded by the fourth Baron, he was a Liberal Member of Parliament for Montgomery from 1863 to 1877 and served under William Ewart Gladstone as Captain of the Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms in 1886. However, he came into financial difficulties which caused the sale of the family seat of Toddington Manor.
As of 2010 the title is held by his great-grandson, the seventh Baron, who succeeded his first cousin once removed, the sixth Baron, in 1941. The Hon. Frederick Hanbury-Tracy, younger son of the second Baron, was Member of Parliament for Montgomery. John de Sudeley, 1st Baron Sudeley John de Sudeley, 2nd Baron Sudeley John de Sudeley, 3rd Baron Sudeley Thomas Boteler, 4th Baron Sudeley John Boteler, 5th Baron Sudeley Ralph Boteler, 6th Baron Sudeley Charles Hanbury-Tracy, 1st Baron Sudeley Thomas Charles Hanbury-Tracy, 2nd Baron Sudeley Sudeley Charles George Hanbury-Tracy, 3rd Baron Sudeley Charles Douglas Richard Hanbury-Tracy, 4th Baron Sudeley William Charles Frederick Hanbury-Tracy, 5th Baron Sudeley Richard Algernon Frederick Hanbury-Tracy, 6th Baron Sudeley Merlin Charles Sainthill Hanbury-Tracy, 7th Baron Sudeley The heir presumptive is the present holder's second cousin twice removed Nicholas Edward John Hanbury-Tracy, he is the great-great-grandson of Hon. Frederick Stephen Archibald Hanbury-Tracy, fifth son of the second Baron.
The next in line is the heir presumptive's half-brother Timothy Christopher Claud Hanbury-Tracy. His heir is his son Max Hanbury-Tracy. Baron Sudley Viscount Tracy Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage New York: St Martin's Press, 1990 Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Knightage, 107th edition, 3/3 volumes Charles Kidd and David Williamson, Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p12347.htm#i123469 http://www.leighrayment.com/peers/peersS6.htm A VR Panorama of St Andrews church overlooking Toddington Manor
Baron Ellenborough, of Ellenborough in the County of Cumberland, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1802 for the lawyer and politician Sir Edward Law, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench from 1802 to 1818, his son, the second Baron, notably served as Governor-General of India. In 1844 the second Baron was created Viscount Southam, of Southam in the County of Gloucester, Earl of Ellenborough, in the County of Cumberland; these titles were in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. His only son predeceased him and on his death in 1871 the viscountcy and earldom became extinct. However, he was succeeded in the barony by the third Baron, he was the son of the Hon. Charles Law, Member of Parliament for Cambridge University, second son of the first Baron. In 1885 he assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Towry. On the death of his son, the fourth Baron, this line of the family failed, he was succeeded by the fifth Baron. When he died the title passed to his younger brother, the sixth Baron.
As of 2016 the title is held by the latter's great-grandson, the ninth Baron, who succeeded his father in 2013. The family seat is near Leicestershire. Edward Law, 1st Baron Ellenborough Edward Law, 2nd Baron Ellenborough Edward Law, 1st Earl of Ellenborough Charles Edmund Towry-Law, 3rd Baron Ellenborough Charles Towry Hamilton Towry-Law, 4th Baron Ellenborough Edward Downes Law, 5th Baron Ellenborough Cecil Henry Law, 6th Baron Ellenborough Henry Astell Law, 7th Baron Ellenborough Richard Edward Cecil Law, 8th Baron Ellenborough Rupert Edward Henry Law, 9th Baron Ellenborough The heir apparent is the present holder's son, the Hon. James Rupert Thomas Law. Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990, Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages
Baron Gifford, of St Leonard's in the County of Devon, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1824 for the lawyer Sir Robert Gifford, who served as Master of the Rolls, his grandson, the third Baron, was a soldier and colonial administrator and was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1874. On his death the title passed to his younger brother, the fourth Baron, to their nephew, the fifth Baron; as of 2010 the title is held by the latter's son, the sixth Baron, who succeeded in 1961. He is a barrister; the Hon. Maurice Gifford, fourth son of the second Baron, was a soldier; the family surname and the title of the barony are pronounced "Jifford". Robert Gifford, 1st Baron Gifford Robert Francis Gifford, 2nd Baron Gifford Edric Frederick Gifford, 3rd Baron Gifford Edgar Berkeley Gifford, 4th Baron Gifford Charles Maurice Elton Gifford, 5th Baron Gifford Anthony Maurice Gifford, 6th Baron Gifford The heir apparent is the present holder's son the Hon. Thomas Adam Gifford. There are no other heirs to the barony.
Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990, Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages