Baron Manners, of Foston in the County of Lincoln, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1807 for the lawyer and politician Sir Thomas Manners-Sutton and he served as Solicitor-General from 1802 to 1805 and as Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1807 to 1827. Manners-Sutton was the son of Lord George Manners-Sutton, third son of John Manners. The first Barons great-grandson, the fourth Baron, assumed the surname of Manners only, as of 2010 the title is held by the latters grandson, the sixth Baron, who succeeded his father in 2008. As a descendant of the third Duke of Rutland he is in remainder to this peerage, new York, St Martins Press,1990, Leigh Rayments Peerage Pages Hansard 1803–2005, contributions in Parliament by John Robert Cecil Manners, 5th Baron Manners
Baron Gifford, of St Leonards in the County of Devon, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1824 for the lawyer Sir Robert Gifford and his grandson, the third Baron, was a soldier and colonial administrator and was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1874. On his death the title passed to his brother, the fourth Baron, and to their nephew. As of 2010 the title is held by the son, the sixth Baron. The Hon. Maurice Gifford, fourth son of the second Baron, was a soldier, the family surname and the title of the barony are pronounced Jifford. Thomas Adam Gifford Kidd, Williamson, new York, St Martins Press,1990, Leigh Rayments Peerage Pages
Baron Rayleigh, of Terling Place in the County of Essex, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1821 for Lady Charlotte Strutt, wife of Colonel Joseph Strutt, Member of Parliament for Maldon, Joseph Strutt had earlier declined the offer of a peerage, and instead proposed that the honour be given to his wife. Lady Rayleigh was the daughter of James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, and his wife Lady Emily Lennox and her elder brother was Charles FitzGerald, 1st Baron Lecale and her younger brother was Lord Edward FitzGerald. Lady Rayleighs grandson, the third Baron, was a noted physicist, the latters son, the fourth Baron, was a well-known physicist. As of 2014 the title is held by the fourth Barons grandson, the sixth Baron, other notable members of the Strutt family include Strutt & Parker founder Edward Gerald Strutt, a son of the second Baron, and the formers grandson Sir Nigel Strutt. The family seat is Terling Place, near Terling, john Frederick Strutt Duke of Leinster Strutt Baronets Kidd, Williamson, David.
New York, St Martins Press,1990
County Dublin is a former county in Ireland. It is conterminous with the Dublin Region and is in the province of Leinster and it is named after the city of Dublin, which is the regional capital and the capital city of Ireland. County Dublin was one of the first parts of Ireland to be shired by John, prior to 1994 County Dublin was an administrative unit covering the whole county outside of Dublin City Council. In 1994 Dublin County Council was abolished and replaced with three separate administrative county councils, Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown and South Dublin, the total population of the three aforementioned counties and Dublin city was 1,345,402 according to the census of 2016. Since the abolition of the Dublin Regional Assembly by statutory instrument No, 573/2014, the Eurostat statistical region known as Dublin Region falls under the remit of the wider Eastern and Midland Regional Authority. There are four local authorities whose remit collectively encompasses the area of the county and city of Dublin.
These are Dublin City Council, South Dublin County Council, Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council, prior to the enactment of the Local Government Act 1993, the county was a unified whole even though it was administered by two local authorities - Dublin County Council and Dublin Corporation. They rank equally as first level administrative units of the NUTS3 Dublin Region for Eurostat purposes. There are 34 LAU1 entities in the Republic of Ireland, each local authority is responsible for certain local services such as sanitation and development, the collection of motor taxation, local roads and social housing. Dublin County Council was abolished in 1994 and the area divided among the counties of Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Fingal. To these areas may be added the area of Dublin city which collectively comprise the Dublin Region, the area lost its administrative county status in 1994, with Section 9 Part 1 of the Local Government Act,1993 stating that the county shall cease to exist. I am not sure whether Dubliners realise that that is what we are about today, the county is part of the Dublin constituency for the purposes of European elections.
Together they return 44 deputies to the Dáil, despite the legal status of the Dublin Region, the term County Dublin is still in common usage. Many organisations and sporting teams continue to organise on a County Dublin or Dublin Region basis, the term Greater Dublin Area, which might consist of some or all of the Dublin Region along with counties of Kildare and Wicklow, has no legal standing. The Dublin Region is a NUTS Level III region of Ireland, the region is one of eight regions of the Republic of Ireland for the purposes of Eurostat statistics. It is co-extensive with the old county, the regional capital is Dublin City which is the national capital. The latest Ordnance Survey Ireland Discovery Series 1,50,000 map of the Dublin Region, Sheet 50, shows the boundaries of the city and three surrounding counties of the region. Extremities of the Dublin Region, in the north and south of the region, Local radio stations include 98FM, FM104,103.2 Dublin City FM, Q102, SPIN1038, Sunshine 106.8, TXFM, Raidió Na Life and Radio Nova
Barings Bank was a British merchant bank based in London, and the worlds second oldest merchant bank. It was founded in 1762 and was owned by the German-originated Baring family of merchants, Barings Bank was founded in 1762 as the John and Francis Baring Company by Francis Baring, with his older brother John Baring as a mostly silent partner. They were sons of John Baring, wool trader of Exeter, born in Bremen, the company began in offices off Cheapside and within a few years moved to larger quarters in Mincing Lane. Barings gradually diversified from wool into many other commodities, providing financial services necessary for the growth of international trade. In 1774, Barings started business in the U. S, by 1790, Barings had greatly expanded its resources, both through Francis efforts in London and by association with leading Amsterdam bankers Hope & Co. In 1793, the increased business necessitated a move to larger quarters in Devonshire Square and his family lived upstairs, above the offices.
In 1796, the Bank helped to finance the purchase of about 1 million acres of land that would become part of the state of Maine. In 1800, John retired and the company was reorganized as Francis Baring and Co. Francis new partners were his eldest son Thomas and son-in-law Charles Wall. Then, in 1802, Barings and Hope were called on to facilitate the largest land purchase in history - the Louisiana Purchase and it is regarded as one of the most historically significant trades of all time. This was accomplished despite the fact that Britain was at war with France, the United States purchased Louisiana from Barings and Hope, not from Napoleon. In other words, American slavery would ensure Barings profits in Britain. After a $3 million down payment in gold, the remainder of the purchase was made in U. S. bonds, Francis second son Alexander, working for Hope & Co. made the arrangements in Paris with François Barbé-Marbois, Director of the Public Treasury. Alexander sailed to the United States and back to pick up the bonds, in 1803, Francis began to withdraw from active management, bringing in Thomas younger brothers Alexander and Henry to become partners in 1804.
The new partnership was called Baring Brothers & Co. which it remained until 1890, the offspring of these three brothers became the future generations of Barings leadership. Barings helped to finance the United States government during the War of 1812, by 1818, Barings was called “the sixth great European power” after England, Prussia and Russia. A fall off in business and a lack of leadership in 1820s caused Barings to cede its dominance in the City of London to the rival firm of N M Rothschild & Sons. Bates advocated a shift in Barings efforts from Europe to the Americas, in 1832, a Barings office was established in Liverpool specifically to capitalize on new North American opportunities. In 1843, Barings became exclusive agent to the U. S. government, the company declined to act beyond 1846 when the government instructed them to restrict purchases to within the United Kingdom
Baron Harris, of Seringapatam and Mysore in the East Indies and of Belmont in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1815 for the military commander General Sir George Harris and he gained fame as Commander-in-Chief at the siege and capture of Seringapatam and the conquest of Mysore in India in 1799. He was injured at the Battle of Bunker Hill in the American Revolutionary War and he was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Baron. He was a Lieutenant-General in the Army and his son, the third Baron, served as Governor of Madras and held minor office in the second Liberal administration of Lord Palmerston. His son, the fourth Baron, was a Conservative politician and served as Under-Secretary of State for India, Under-Secretary of State for War, Lord Harris was a successful cricketer. On the death of his grandson, the sixth Baron, in 1995, the late Baron was succeeded by his fourth cousin, the seventh Baron. He was the great-great-grandson of the Hon.
Michael Thomas Harris, as of 2010 the title is held by his son, the eighth Baron, who succeeded in 1996. The family seat is Belmont House near Faversham in Kent and he is a great-great-great grandson of the second Baron. New York, St Martins Press,1990, Leigh Rayments Peerage Pages Belmont House
Baron Wynford, of Wynford Eagle in the County of Dorset, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1829 for the politician and lawyer Sir William Best and he served as Chief Justice of the Common Pleas from 1824 to 1829. His eldest son, the second Baron, represented Mitchell in the House of Commons from 1831 to 1832, on the death of his younger son, the fourth Baron, this line of the family failed. The late Baron was succeeded by his first cousin, the fifth Baron and he was the son of Reverend the Hon. Samuel Best, third son of the first Baron. As of 2010 the title is held by his great-grandson, the ninth Baron, harry Robert Francis Best Kidd, Williamson, David. New York, St Martins Press,1990
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, the United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state—the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland, with an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. It is the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants, this makes it the fourth-most densely populated country in the European Union. The United Kingdom is a monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 6 February 1952, other major urban areas in the United Kingdom include the regions of Birmingham, Glasgow and Manchester.
The United Kingdom consists of four countries—England, Wales, the last three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capitals, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. The relationships among the countries of the UK have changed over time, Wales was annexed by the Kingdom of England under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. A treaty between England and Scotland resulted in 1707 in a unified Kingdom of Great Britain, which merged in 1801 with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, there are fourteen British Overseas Territories. These are the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, British influence can be observed in the language and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a country and has the worlds fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP. The UK is considered to have an economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index.
It was the worlds first industrialised country and the worlds foremost power during the 19th, the UK remains a great power with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally. It is a nuclear weapons state and its military expenditure ranks fourth or fifth in the world. The UK has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946 and it has been a leading member state of the EU and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. However, on 23 June 2016, a referendum on the UKs membership of the EU resulted in a decision to leave. The Acts of Union 1800 united the Kingdom of Great Britain, Scotland and Northern Ireland have devolved self-government
George III of the United Kingdom
He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India. However, many of Britains American colonies were soon lost in the American War of Independence, further wars against revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1793 concluded in the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. In the part of his life, George III had recurrent, although it has since been suggested that he had the blood disease porphyria, the cause of his illness remains unknown. After a final relapse in 1810, a regency was established, on George IIIs death, the Prince Regent succeeded his father as George IV. Historical analysis of George IIIs life has gone through a kaleidoscope of changing views that have depended heavily on the prejudices of his biographers and the sources available to them.
Until it was reassessed in the half of the 20th century, his reputation in the United States was one of a tyrant. George was born in London at Norfolk House and he was the grandson of King George II, and the eldest son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. As Prince George was born two months prematurely and he was unlikely to survive, he was baptised the same day by Thomas Secker. One month later, he was baptised at Norfolk House. His godparents were the King of Sweden, his uncle the Duke of Saxe-Gotha, George grew into a healthy but reserved and shy child. The family moved to Leicester Square, where George and his younger brother Prince Edward, Duke of York, Family letters show that he could read and write in both English and German, as well as comment on political events of the time, by the age of eight. He was the first British monarch to study science systematically and his religious education was wholly Anglican. At age 10 George took part in a production of Joseph Addisons play Cato and said in the new prologue, What.
It may with truth be said, A boy in England born, historian Romney Sedgwick argued that these lines appear to be the source of the only historical phrase with which he is associated. Georges grandfather, King George II, disliked the Prince of Wales, however, in 1751 the Prince of Wales died unexpectedly from a lung injury, and George became heir apparent to the throne. He inherited one of his fathers titles and became the Duke of Edinburgh, now more interested in his grandson, three weeks the King created George Prince of Wales. Georges mother, now the Dowager Princess of Wales, preferred to keep George at home where she could imbue him with her moral values
Edward Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke
Edward Charles Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke, was a British banker. A member of the Baring banking family, Ned Baring was the son of Henry Baring from his second marriage. Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet, was his grandfather and Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer, educated at Rugby, Baring in 1882 became senior partner of the family banking firm of Baring Brothers and Co until forced to step down following the Panic of 1890. He was a Director of the Bank of England, chairman of Lloyds, in 1885 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Revelstoke, of Membland in the County of Devon. The town of Revelstoke in British Columbia, Canada was renamed in his honour, lord Revelstoke married Louisa Emily Charlotte Bulteel, daughter of John Crocker Bulteel, MP, and his wife Lady Elizabeth Grey, in 1861. They had seven sons and three daughters and their fifth was the man of letters Maurice Baring. Lord Revelstoke survived her by five years and died in July 1897 and he was succeeded in the barony by his second but eldest surviving son John.
Edwards younger brother Thomas became a partner in the bank and he was the great-great-grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales, through his daughter the Honourable Margaret Baring, who married Charles Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer. Appears as a character in the historical-mystery novel Stones Fall. New York, St Martins Press,1990, Leigh Rayments Peerage Pages The Baring Archive Risks and Rewards
Baron Ashburton, of Ashburton in the County of Devon, is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of Great Britain and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Since 1835, the title has held by members of the Baring family. The first creation came in the Peerage of Great Britain 1782 in favour of the barrister and Whig politician and this creation became extinct in 1823 on the death of his son, the second Baron. The title was revived in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1835 for the financier and he was the first cousin of the last holder of the 1782 creation. Lord Ashburton was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Baron and he held office in the second Tory administration of Sir Robert Peel. His younger brother, the third Baron, represented Thetford in the House of Commons, the town of Ashburton, New Zealand is named after him. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the fourth Baron and he sat as Member of Parliament for Thetford. His son, Francis Baring, succeeded as the fifth Baron in 1889, the fifth Baron was married twice, his second wife, Frances Donnelley, having been one of Broadways celebrated Florodora sextet in New York.
His only son, Alexander Baring, the sixth Baron, was a member of the Hampshire County Council, as of 2009 the title is held by the latters son, the seventh Baron. As a descendant of Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet, he is in remainder to this title, both the 6th and the 7th Barons were appointed Knights of the Garter. The Hon. Guy Baring, younger son of the fourth Baron, was a soldier and his son Giles Baring was a successful cricketer. The family seat is The Grange, near Northington, Arms, Bendy sinister of eight or and vert, overall a lion rampant sable. Crest, On a wreath, an antelopes head couped proper, supporters, Two antelopes proper, attired and charged on the breast with an acorn slipped proper, and gorged with collars, bendy of eight, or and vert. Motto, Studiis et rebus honestis Arms, Azure, on a fess or a cross pattée fitchée of the first in chief a bears head couped proper muzzled and gorged of the second, crest, A five rays star Erminois between two wings Argent. The heir apparents heir apparent is his son Frederick Charles Francis Baring, Baron Northbrook Baron Revelstoke Earl of Cromer Baron Howick of Glendale Kidd, Williamson, David.
New York, St Martins Press,1990, Leigh Rayments Peerage Pages Baring
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, with a population of more than four million people located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. British Columbia is a component of the Pacific Northwest and the Cascadia bioregion, along with the U. S. states of Idaho, Oregon and Alaska. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Port Moody is named after him, in 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, and Victoria became the united colonys capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the province of Canada. Its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu, the capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for the Queen who created the original European colonies. The largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, in October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371.
British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871, First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties and the question of Aboriginal Title, the Tsilhqotin Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the recent Supreme Court of Canada decision. BCs economy is diverse, with service producing industries accounting for the largest portion of the provinces GDP and it is the endpoint of transcontinental railways, and the site of major Pacific ports that enable international trade. Though less than 5% of its vast 944,735 km2 land is arable and its climate encourages outdoor recreation and tourism, though its economic mainstay has long been resource extraction, principally logging and mining. Vancouver, the provinces largest city and metropolitan area, serves as the headquarters of many western-based natural resource companies and it benefits from a strong housing market and a per capita income well above the national average.
The Northern Interior region has a climate with very cold winters. The climate of Vancouver is by far the mildest winter climate of the major Canadian cities, the provinces name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i. e. the Mainland, became a British colony in 1858. The current southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, British Columbias land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbias rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres and it is the only province in Canada that borders the Pacific Ocean. British Columbias capital is Victoria, located at the tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of the Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is significantly populated, much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by thick and sometimes impenetrable temperate rainforest