Pakistan Naval Air Arm
The Pakistan Naval Air Arm is the naval aviation branch within the Pakistan Navy, responsible for aerial operations from the seaborne platform. The naval aviation branch is responsible for conducting the land-based strike capability, fleet air defence and extraction, search and rescue, maritime reconnaissance, anti-submarine warfare. Early in its inception the Naval Air Arm was dependent upon the Air Force and the Army to meet its training requirement of air and ground crew; the Commander Naval Aviation at rank of rear admiral, is a senior commander who directs the field operations of the naval aviation. After the second war with India in 1965, the concept of establishing the navy-based aviation service was conceived by the Pakistan Navy who forwarded the idea to the Government of Pakistan as part of the war strategy to sustain the purely defence of nation's maritime interests.. The Navy had been long aware of the usefulness and tactical advantages of the air-wing after witnessing the United States Naval Aviators' actions in the Vietnam War, the V-Adm.
Muzaffar Hassan, the Navy Commander, had been made attempts to establish the naval aviation but this was impossible to achieve in the absence of generous support from the outside sources. Furthermore, the strong objectives came from the Air Marshal Abdur Rahim Khan, the Air Commander, hostile towards any idea of modernizing the navy and loath to risk its precious aircraft in over-the-water operations; the lack of funds and donations from the United States Navy, the concept was never materialized though the Navy entered in talks with the United States Government of transferring the three to four Lockheed P-3 Orion aircraft before the third war with India in 1971. After the first missile attack in Karachi in 1971, the Navy hastily established the naval air arm by leasing a civilian aircraft, the Fokker F27, from the Pakistan International Airlines whose pilots volunteered to carry the naval observers on a maritime reconnaissance on 6 December 1971. Cdre. A. W. Bhomba, the senior forward observer, mistakenly identified his own ship, PNS Zulfiqar forming defences at that time, gave clearance to the Pakistan Air Force to carry out the bombing mission to target the ship– a friendly fire incident that further hampered Navy's operational scope.
After the third war with India in 1971, the Air Arm continued to exists and was able to induct the Sea King helicopters from the United Kingdom through the transfers from the Royal Navy on 28 September 1974– this led to the establishment of the 111 ASW Squadron in the Naval Aviation. The first naval air station, PNS Mehran, was inaugurated in Karachi, in the vicinity of the Faisal Air Force Base, on 26 September 1975; the squadrons and aircraft of the naval aviation are designed for their capabilities and actions in anti-submarine and anti-ship naval warfare, including with the air force managed Mirage 5, equipped with the Exocet missiles. The 111 ASW Squadron, which consists of the Sea King, is programmed for missile launch capability targeting dived submarines and releasing depth charges. In 1977, the 333 ASW squadron was established with the induction of the Aérospatiale Alouette II and the Alouette III rotary aircraft, in which the first group of naval aviators were trained in France. With the acquiring of the Tariq-class destroyers from the Royal Navy, the Navy was additionally able to acquire three Westland Lynx utility helicopters which were inducted into the 222 ASW Squadron.
In 2006, the Navy established the 222 ASW squadron with the introduction of the Harbin Z-9, equipped with sensors and radars to support its ESM measures. All Pakistan naval air arm's rotary-wing aircraft are designed for anti-submarine warfare and electronic warfare support measures. In 1973, the Navy entered into talks with France to acquire the Breguet Atlantic aircraft for its patrolling missions, acquired the aircraft on 14 August 1976, that established the 29 ASW Atlantic Squadron and is tasked with maritime reconnaissance missions. In 1982, the 27 ASW Squadron was established with the induction of the Fokker F-27 aircraft, followed by the acquiring of the P-3C Orion aircraft in 1996 after a long delay due to the imposition of the Pressler Amendment in 1990; the P-3C Orion gave the Navy strike capability but one of these planes was lost due to an accident while carrying out routine exercises in local coastal waters on 29 October 1999. Owing to the opposition in the past to the Navy acquiring fighter jets, the Navy does not have an owned fighter jet instead a single naval variant squadron exists in the Pakistan Air Force.
In 1982 the Navy formally established its Dassault Mirage 5 program when ACM Anwar Shamim, the air chief, went to France to acquire the Dassault Mirage 5 and inducted it into the Navy to provide an effective support to the Navy. The Atlantique Incident was a major international incident that occurred on 10 August 1999 when a Pakistan Naval Air Arm patrol aircraft—a Breguet Atlantique with 16 personnel on board—was shot down in the border area of the Kutch region by Indian Air Force jets. Pakistan and India both claimed the aircraft to be in their respective airspace; some experts stated that the Atlantique was conducting a "probe" on India's air defence system the radar equipment in the border area. Foreign diplomats who visited the crash site noted that the plane "may have strayed into restricted space", that Islamabad was unable to explain why it was flying so close to the border. Many countries, the G8, the permanent members of the UN Security Council, as well as the
Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
The Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee is, in principle, the highest-ranking and senior most military officer at four-star rank, in the Pakistan Armed Forces who serves as a principal military adviser to the civilian government led by elected Prime minister of Pakistan and his/her National Security Council. The role of advisement is extended to the elected members in the bicameral Parliament and the Ministry of Defence; the Chairman leads the meetings and coordinates the combined efforts of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, comprising the Chairman, the Chief of Army Staff and Chief of Air Staff and the Chief of Naval Staff, Commandant of Marines, DG Strategic Plans Division, commanders of the service branches in the paramilitary command. As the Principal Staff Officer, the Chairman does not have any authority over the command of the combatant forces; the individual service chiefs are responsible for the coordination and logistics of the armed and combatant forces. Due to this constraint, the chiefs of army, air force and marines are much in command and control of their respected commands.
The Chairman's mandate is to transmit strategic communications to the combatant commanders from the Prime minister and President as well as allocate additional funding to the combatant commanders if necessary. The Chairman is appointed by the Prime Minister. Unlike United States's Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the appointment of Chairman does not need confirmation via majority vote by the Parliament. Although, the appointment needs confirmation from the Prime minister. By statute, the Chairman is appointed as a four-star general, four-star air chief marshal and/or four star admiral. By law required, all four-star officers are required to have vast experience in joint uniformed services of Pakistan during their 40-year-long military careers; the post of CJCSC was created by former Prime minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in March 1976, the first Chairman was four star rank officer, General Muhammad Shariff. The current holder of the office is General Zubair Mahmood Hayat appointed in 2016.
Graduated from Cantt Public School Malir Cantt Karachi in 1976. Despite the post of the chairmanship is bound constitutionally for the rotation, the army generals are preferred for such post, despite coming short of their qualifications, by the civilian prime ministers in a view of stabilizing the civil military relations. Unlike the American system where the balance is made between the branches of the U. S. military, the majority of the chairmen are appointed from the department of the army, superseding the officers in the navy and the air force. In 1999, Prime Minister Sharif notably refused to appoint the senior most officer, Admiral Fasih Bokhari, to such post in favor of appointing junior-most officer, Gen. Pervez Musharraf; this action of Prime Minister Sharif led towards Adm. Bokhar revolting against this decision in public in 1999, creating strain in the relation between the civilian government and the military; the four-star admirals in the Pakistan Navy have been notably superseded by the junior army officers, in instances took place in 2005 when Adm. Karim was superseded by junior-most Lt-Gen.
Ehsan ul Haq and, in 2011. Wynne. In 2014, the practice continued by the civil government when Adm. Asif Sandila was bypassed and overlooked when the junior most officer, Lt-Gen. Rashad Mahmood was appointed as Chairman joint chiefs. Due to such preferential treatments given to army department, the retired admirals have given a strong criticism of such criterion, expressing their dissatisfaction towards the appointment processes. Army - 13 Navy - 2 Air Force - 1 Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Chief of Army Staff Grade 22 Chief of Air Staff Chief of Naval Staff Chief of General Staff Pakistan Army Pakistan Air Force Pakistan Navy Inter-Services Public Relations
PAF Museum, Karachi
PAF Museum, Karachi is an Air Force museum and park situated near Karsaz Flyover on Shahrah-e-Faisal in Karachi, Pakistan. A majority of the aircraft and radar are displayed outside in the park but the main museum features all major fighter aircraft that have been used by the Pakistan Air Force; the museum houses the Vickers VC.1 Viking aircraft used by Mohammed Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan, a Folland Gnat of the Indian Air Force, that landed in Pasrur town, Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965. On display are the scale models of some World War I, World War II and some more modern aircraft and photo galleries of all the squadrons of Pakistan Air Force; the museum was established in 1990 in two unused hangars in a remote part of the Base. The museum was expanded from its humble beginnings in the period 1999–2004. Additions include children playing areas and eateries; the museum is managed by a committee headed by the Air Officer Commanding Southern Air Command. The museum has been renamed as Historical Archives Section and given additional responsibilities for maintaining some documented history of the PAF.
The current director / deputy chairman of the museum is Gp Capt Usman Ghani. However, the museum was developed by Wing Commander Syed Salman Ahmed; some of the aircraft that are preserved in the museum are: Martin B-57 Canberra De Havilland Tiger Moth North American Harvard Lockheed F-104 Starfighter North American F-86 Sabre Dassault Mirage 5 Shenyang F-6 Lockheed T-33 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 Auster Autocar Antonov An-26 Antonov An-12 A-26 Invader U-9 Aero Commander Vickers Viking Folland Gnat Kaman HH-43 HuskieBesides those from PAF inventory, visitors can see the captured Folland Gnat of Indian Air Force and Afghan Air Force Mig 21 and Iraq Air Force, Antonov An-12. List of museums in Pakistan Homepage PAF Museum, Karachi PAF Museum in Karachi on YouTube PAF Falcons Enthusiast
Pakistan the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, China in the far northeast, it is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, shares a maritime border with Oman. The territory that now constitutes Pakistan was the site of several ancient cultures and intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent; the ancient history involves the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation, was home to kingdoms ruled by people of different faiths and cultures, including Hindus, Indo-Greeks, Turco-Mongols and Sikhs. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander III of Macedon, the Seleucid Empire, the Indian Maurya Empire, the Gupta Empire, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Afghan Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire and, most the British Empire.
Pakistan is the only country to have been created in the name of Islam. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country, with a diverse geography and wildlife. A dominion, Pakistan adopted a constitution in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic. An ethnic civil war and Indian military intervention in 1971 resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh. In 1973, Pakistan adopted a new constitution which stipulated that all laws are to conform to the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Quran and Sunnah. A regional and middle power, Pakistan has the sixth-largest standing armed forces in the world and is a nuclear power as well as a declared nuclear-weapons state, the second in South Asia and the only nation in the Muslim world to have that status. Pakistan has a semi-industrialised economy with a well-integrated agriculture sector and a growing services sector, it is ranked among the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world, is backed by one of the world's largest and fastest-growing middle class.
Pakistan's political history since independence has been characterized by periods of military rule, political instability and conflicts with India. The country continues to face challenging problems, including overpopulation, poverty and corruption. Pakistan is a member of the UN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the OIC, the Commonwealth of Nations, the SAARC and the Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition; the name Pakistan means "land of the pure" in Urdu and Persian. It alludes to the word pāk meaning pure in Pashto; the suffix ـستان is a Persian word meaning the place of, recalls the synonymous Sanskrit word sthāna स्थान. The name of the country was coined in 1933 as Pakstan by Choudhry Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his pamphlet Now or Never, using it as an acronym referring to the names of the five northern regions of British India: Punjab, Kashmir and Baluchistan; the letter i was incorporated to ease pronunciation. Some of the earliest ancient human civilisations in South Asia originated from areas encompassing present-day Pakistan.
The earliest known inhabitants in the region were Soanian during the Lower Paleolithic, of whom stone tools have been found in the Soan Valley of Punjab. The Indus region, which covers most of present day Pakistan, was the site of several successive ancient cultures including the Neolithic Mehrgarh and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro; the Vedic period was characterised by an Indo-Aryan culture. Multan was an important Hindu pilgrimage centre; the Vedic civilisation flourished in the ancient Gandhāran city of Takṣaśilā, now Taxila in the Punjab, founded around 1000 BCE. Successive ancient empires and kingdoms ruled the region: the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander the Great's empire in 326 BCE and the Maurya Empire, founded by Chandragupta Maurya and extended by Ashoka the Great, until 185 BCE; the Indo-Greek Kingdom founded by Demetrius of Bactria included Gandhara and Punjab and reached its greatest extent under Menander, prospering the Greco-Buddhist culture in the region.
Taxila had one of the earliest universities and centres of higher education in the world, established during the late Vedic period in 6th century BCE. The school consisted of several monasteries without large dormitories or lecture halls where the religious instruction was provided on an individualistic basis; the ancient university was documented by the invading forces of Alexander the Great, "the like of which had not been seen in Greece," and was recorded by Chinese pilgrims in the 4th or 5th century CE. At its zenith, the Rai Dynasty of Sindh ruled the surrounding territories; the Pala Dynasty was the last Buddhist empire, under Dharmapala and Devapala, stretched across South Asia from what is now Bangladesh through Northern India to Pakistan. The Arab conqueror Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh in 711 CE; the Pakistan government's official chronol
A laser-guided bomb is a guided bomb that uses semi-active laser guidance to strike a designated target with greater accuracy than an unguided bomb. First developed by the United States during the Vietnam War, laser-guided bombs proved their value in precision strikes of difficult point targets; these weapons use on-board electronics to track targets that are designated by laser in the infrared spectrum, adjust their glide path to strike the target. Since the weapon is tracking a light signature, not the object itself, the target must be illuminated from a separate source, either by ground forces, by a pod on the attacking aircraft, or by a separate support aircraft. Data from Vietnam showed that laser-guided bombs achieved direct hits nearly 50% of the time, versus just 5.5% for unguided bombs. Because of this higher precision, laser-guided munitions can carry less explosive and cause less collateral damage than unguided munitions. Today, laser-guided bombs are one of the most common and widespread guided bombs, used by a large number of the world's air forces.
Laser-guided weapons were first developed in the United Kingdom and United States in the early 1960s. The United States Air Force issued the first development contracts in 1964, leading to the development of the Paveway series, used operationally in Vietnam starting in 1968. Although there were a variety of technical and operational problems, the results were positive. LGBs proved to offer a much higher degree of accuracy than unguided weapons, but without the expense and limitations of guided air-to-ground missiles like the AGM-12 Bullpup; the LGB proved effective against difficult fixed targets like bridges, which had required huge loads of "dumb" ordnance to destroy. It was determined that 48% of Paveways dropped during 1972–73 around Hanoi and Haiphong achieved direct hits, compared with only 5.5% of unguided bombs dropped on the same area a few years earlier. The average Paveway landed as opposed to 447 feet for gravity bombs; the leap in accuracy brought about by laser guidance made it possible to take out defended, point objectives that had eluded earlier air raids.
The most dramatic example was the Thanh Hoa Bridge, 70 miles south of Hanoi, a critical crossing point over the Red River. Starting in 1965, U. S. pilots had flown 871 sorties against it, losing 11 planes without managing to put it out of commission. In 1972 the “Dragon’s Jaw” bridge was attacked with Paveway bombs, 14 jets managed to do what the previous 871 had not: drop the span, cut a critical North Vietnamese supply artery. In the wake of this success, other nations the Soviet Union and Great Britain, began developing similar weapons in the late 1960s and early 1970s, while US weapons were refined based on combat experience. In October 2010, India developed its first Sudarshan laser-guided bomb with the help of IRDE, a lab of DRDO; the United States Air Force and other air forces are now seeking to upgrade their LGBs with GPS guidance as a back-up. These weapons, such as the USAF Enhanced Guided Bomb Unit, use laser designation for precision attacks, but contain an inertial navigation system with GPS receiver for back-up, so that if the target illumination is lost or broken, the weapon will continue to home in on the GPS coordinates of the original target.
Sudarshan laser-guided bomb Bombe Guidée Laser Joint Direct Attack Munition KAB-500L Laser guidance List of laser articles Missile guidance Citations Bibliography Laser-guided bombs page – FAS
The Pakistan Navy is the naval warfare uniform service branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces. It came into its modern existence from the Royal Indian Navy that ceased to exist following the partition of British India through a parliamentary act that established the independence of Pakistan from the United Kingdom on 14 August 1947, its primary objective and mission statement is to ensure the defense of sealines of communications of Pakistan and safeguarding the maritime interests by executing national policies through the exercise of military effect and humanitarian activities in support of these objectives. In addition to its war service, the Navy has mobilized its war assets to oversee to conduct the humanitarian rescue operations at home as well as taking participation in multinational task forces mandated by the United Nations to prevent seaborne terrorism and privacy off the coasts; the Pakistan Navy is a volunteer force, in in conflict with neighboring India twice on its sea borders, has been deployed in Indian Ocean to act as a military advisory in the Arab states and other friendly nations during the events of multinational conflict as part of its commitment to the United Nations.
Overall manpower strength in the Navy is supported by the various branches within the Navy, including the Aviation and the Maritime Security Agency– the coast guard branch within the Navy. Since its commencement on 14 August 1947, the defensive role of the Navy has expanded from securing the sealines and becoming the custodian of Pakistan's second strike capability with an ability to launch underwater missile system to target enemy positions; the Constitution of Pakistan establishes the role of the President of Pakistan as an elected civilian Commander-in-Chief, the Navy is commanded by the appointed Chief of Naval Staff, by statue a four-star rank admiral, a senior member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee is appointed by the Prime Minister and confirmed by the President of Pakistan. The Pakistan Navy is in command under Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi, in this command position on appointed on 7 October 2017. Existence and its constitutional role is protected by the Constitution of Pakistan, where its role to serves as naval-based uniform service branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces.
In the Chapter 2: Armed Forces in the PartXII: Miscellaneous codified the mission and purpose of the army as alongside with the other parts of the Armed Forces as such: The Constitution of Pakistan establishes the principal land warfare uniform branch in the Pakistan Armed Forces as its states: The Armed Forces shall, under the directions of the Federal Government, defend Pakistan against external aggression or threat of war, subject to law, act in aid of civil power when called upon to do so Today is a historic day for Pakistan, doubly so for those of us in the Navy. The Dominion of Pakistan has come into being and with it a new Navy – the Royal Pakistan Navy – has been born. I am proud to have been appointed to serve with you at this time. In the coming months, it will be my duty and yours to build up our Navy into a happy and efficient force The Pakistan Navy came into its modern existence on the Fourteenth of August in 1947 from the Royal Indian Navy with the establishment of Pakistan as an independent state from the United Kingdom.
The Armed Forces Reconstitution Committee under British Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck divided the shares and assets of the Royal Indian Navy between the India and Pakistan with ratio of 2:1, as Pakistan receiving the assets of two sloops, two frigates, four minesweepers, two naval trawlers, four harbour launches. The Armed Forces Reconstitution Committee allocated about the two-thirds of the assets of the Royal Indian Navy to the India while one third was given to Pakistan despite Pakistan having inherited the high percentage of delta areas on its coast and the large maritime area covering the Arabian sea on West and the Bay of Bengal on East. In addition, India objected to transfer any machinery at the Bombay Dockyard to Pakistan and further refused to part the machinery that happened to be on its soil. Due to the absence of the Constitution, the Ministry of Defense ran under the government act of 1935 with British monarchy overseeing the armed forces development, leading the Pakistan Navy to fall under the Royal patronage until the Constitution was promulgated that established the Navy as a federal institution in 1956.
The Navy endured a difficult history— with only 200 officers and 3,000 sailors were inherited to the Navy– the most senior being Captain HMS Choudri who had little experience in the military staffing. Of the ~200 officers, twenty of these had come from the Executive Branch of the Royal Indian Navy, only six officers were the mechanical engineers while there were none electrical engineers or specialists to care for the electrical systems needed to be look after in the weapons systems or the powering up the machinery in the vessels as whole; the Navy suffered perennial problems with inadequate staff, lack of operational bases, lack of financial support, poor technological and personnel resources. Secondly, it grew out as the smallest military uniform branch that contributed in its lack of importance in federal budgets as well as the problems relating to its institutional infrastructure; the Army and the Air Force were the dominant forces where the defense planning were based wholly on army and air force point of view.
Additional problems relating to the Navy were the lack of facilities and maintenance machinery, as the only naval dockyard on the subcontinent was located in Bombay in India. To overcome these difficulties, the Navy had to launch a recruitment program for the young nation, starting in
Chief of Army Staff (Pakistan)
The Chief of Army Staff, is a military appointment and statutory office held by the four-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army, appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and final confirmation by the President of Pakistan. The Chief of Army Staff is a senior most appointment in the Pakistani military, a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee in a separate capacity consulting with the Chairman joint chiefs to act as a military adviser to the Prime Minister and its civilian government in the line of defending the land borders of the country; the Chief of Army Staff exercise its responsibility of command and control of the operational, combatant and training commands within the army, in contrast to the Chief of Staff of the U. S. Army. Due to its stature, the Chief of Army Staff have been instrumental in enforcing martial laws against the civilian government due to the meltdown of a civil-military relations in the past decades; the appointment, in principle, is constitutionally subjected to be for three years but extension may be granted from the approval and recommendations of the Prime Minister by the President.
The Chief of Army Staff is based in the Army GHQ, the current Chief of Army Staff is General Qamar Javed Bajwa, serving in this capacity since 29 November 2016 The designation of the Chief of the Army Staff was created from the previous title Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army in 1972. Since 1972, there has been 10 four-star rank army generals to be appointed as chief of army staff by statue; the Prime Minister approved the nomination and appointment of the Chief of Army Staff, with President confirming the Prime Minister's appointed choosing and nomination. The army leadership is based in the Army GHQ whose functions are supervised by the Chief of Army Staff, assisted by the civilians from the Army Secretariat of the Ministry of Defence; the Chief of Army Staff exercise its responsibility of complete operational and logistics commands. There are several principle staff officers that assists in running the operations of the Army GHQ: Engineer-in-Chief Chief of General Staff Chief of Logistics Staff Inspector-General of Training and Evaluation Inspector-General Communications and IT Inspector-General Arms Military Secretary Adjutant-General Quartermaster General Master-General of Ordnance Judge Advocate General Corps Director-General EME Director-General Frontier Works Organisation DG Combat Development Directorate Due to the powers granted by the Constitution of Pakistan to assist the civilian government led by popularly-elected Prime Minister to control and command the law and order, the chief of army staff has been instrumental in instigating and enforcing the coups d'état against the civilian government and the Prime Minister.
In 1977, General Zia-ul-Haq was the first army chief who planned a coup against Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto when the right wing opposition instigated popular demonstration after the general elections held in 1977. After the Pakistan Army's performance in Kargil sector, Prime Minister Sharif terminated the commission of General Musharraf, as an army chief and chairman joint chiefs, but Musharraf refused to follow the orders by instigating and leading the military coup by turning over the government under his control on 12 October 1999; the army chiefs, including the previous army's commanders-in-chiefs, had justified their course of actions by noting to attempt to control the worsening of the law and order situation in the country, as in the case of Yahya Khan and General Zia-ul-Haq, or by attempting to revive the economic prosperity in a threat of financial crises, as seen in the case of General Ayub Khan and General Pervez Musharraf. The Vice Chief of Army Staff, is the post, principle deputy and second-in-command of the Pakistan Army, reporting under the Chief of Army Staff.
The position was created in the existence of army chief is the President of Pakistan, having taking over by imposing the martial law against the elected civilian government. The post is now nonexistence and no longer in commission with the army— the Chief of General Staff now serves as the second-in-command in the army leadership; the function and scope of the vice army chief was to "exercise and perform all the powers and functions vested in the chief of army staff under the law. Rules, regulations and instructions for the time being in the force."The vice army chiefs are considered to be the principle commander of the army but not altogether, as the vice army chief has to report to the army chief in taking decisions regarding the promotions. The post of the vice army chief is a senior position and its officer is a four-star rank army general. All persons mentioned below have served as the Vice Chief of the Army Staff with distinction of General Abdul Hamid Khan who acted as the'Chief of Staff' of the army under General Yahya Khan, the President of Pakistan and the holder of the title'C-in-C of the Army'.
Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Chief of Air Staff Chief of Naval Staff Chief of General Staff Official Pakistan Army website Inter-Services Public Relations PAF s' Chief of the Air Staffs