Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso
Várzea Grande is a municipality in the state of Mato Grosso in the Central-West Region of Brazil. The "City of the Great Lowlands" arose from a donation of land grants given to the Guana Indians, considered civilized by the Portuguese and known for their skills as boatmen and fishermen, in 1832 by the imperial government; the city, whose name translates into English as "Great Lowlands of the Guana", was a mandatory stop along the way for the herds of cattle that came from Upper Rio Rosario that were en route to Cuiabá. However, according to traditional history, its foundation is linked to the military camp built during the war with Paraguay near the current center of town - Camp Couto Magalhães. However, this military camp, which gave support to the state capital during the war, established May 15, 1867, by general and diamond mining town founder, José Vieira Couto de Magalhães, was located on the left shore of the Cuiabá River, or on the other side of the river from the city of Cuiabá, near the mouth of the Rio Coxipó, the northern capital.
Grande floodplain bordering the municipalities of Cuiabá, Santo Antônio de Leverger, Our Lady of Deliverance and Raft. The territory was part of the city of Cuiabá, before being dismembered. Between the two cities is only the Cuiabá River as the boundary; the savanna dominates the region with the densest forest on riversides and wetlands are seeing a trend of transition to the Pantanal. Varzea Grande is located more than 180m sea level, this causes the city to be more higher than the Equals. Grande floodplain is predominantly commercial and industrial, subsistence agriculture. Through tax incentives and land grants, industries settled in the region, together with the capital, the main industrial center of the state. Varzea Grande was named in 2010 to industrial and commercial city in the state of Mato Grosso surpassing the famous Rondonópolis and ranking 26th place in question their nation Terminal Integration André Maggi moves more than 60,000 people per dia. Previsto For 2012 the launch of the first Shopping Center in Lowland Great Guano Shopping Center located near the Marechal Rondon International Airport, which should make the city's economy grow and move further trade city, located in the Shopping Formula Avenue FEB.
Lowland Grande and Cuiabá have a tropical humid climate. The temperature range varies from 17 °C to 32 °C in winter, in recent times has been strict temperature lowered to 10 °C in July with windchill 4.9 °C because atypical for residents who are accustomed to high temperatures, but it is dry this time of year in Mato Grosso, there are many fires that are harmful to health and this causes the relative humidity to drop to 13%. The summer is hot with temperatures ranging from 23 C to 40 °C. Lowland Grande and Cuiabá have hot nights with temperatures that can reach 32 °C, drop to around 24 °C. According to data from demographic census carried out by IBGE in 2010, the population of Greater Lowland is concentrated entirely in the urban area. Nothing more than 248,829 people - 98.46% of the total population - live in urban areas, with only 3880 inhabitants in rural areas. Most of the population of 252,709 inhabitants are women, 127,351 are women against 125,358 men; as its population recorded in 2000 was 215,298 inhabitants, Greater Lowland grew 17.37% in ten years - or 1.73% per year - with an absolute growth of 37,411 people in that period.
Public transportation is done by buses, collective taxis and motorcycle taxi, integrated with Cuiabá. According to the Traffic Department of the MT, the fleet of Cuiabá and Várzea Grande consists of a total of 292,219 vehicles, while 152,366 are cars are 77,024 motorcycles / scooters. Marechal Rondon International Airport, which serves Cuiabá is located at Várzea Grande. Education Centro Universitário de Várzea Grande List of municipalities in Mato Grosso Várzea Grande travel guide from Wikivoyage
Serra Azul State Park
The Serra Azul State Park is a state park in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. It contains slopes that are used for paragliding; the park contains the geodetic center of Brazil. The Serra Azul State Park is, it has an area of 11,002.4 hectares. The park contains a landmark for the geodetic center of Brazil; the park is in the Guimarães plateau, bounded to the north by the Paranatinga depression, to the east by the Araguaia depression and to the northeast by the Parecis plateau. Altitudes range from 350 metres at the park entrance to 730 metres at the highest points; the terrain is rugged, including flatter areas and steep escarpments with slopes of more than 45º. The park is on the bank of the Araguaia River, is in the Araguaia-Tocantins basin; the mountains give rise to many streams that feed the Rio das Mortes. The Serra Azul State Park was created by state law 6.539 of 31 May 1994. It is administered by the Secretary of State for the Environment. On 10 August 2015 governor Pedro Taques signed an agreement with the municipality of Barra do Garças for investment in the park's infrastructure and improved staffing.
A fire burned 80% of the vegetation in August–September 2014 and the park was closed. It reopened for paragliding by members of the Free Flying Association in December 2015. Schools and universities were allowed monitored access to the park subject to advanced authorization. SEMA said in 2015 they planned to open new areas for visitors, who average 2,500 per month, to allow better security and conservation of local biodiversity. Soils are litholic, from sandstone formations, but flat areas have yellow latosol; the Köppen climate classification is Aw, with two well-defined seasons. The dry season is from April to September, the rainy season from October to March. Fires sometimes break out in the dry season. There were fires in 2002, 2005, 2007, 2012; the fire in 2007 affected 80% of the park. There are small roads around some areas, remains of old farm roads from before the land was expropriated, which serve as firebreaks; the park is in the cerrado biome. Vegetation includes semi-deciduous forests, typical cerrado and rocky cerrado.
About 800 species of vascular plants have been identified, 180 species of birds, but the flora and fauna had not been subject to thorough inventories as of 2015. The Astyanax xavante is a fish, endemic to the Córrego Avoadeira, the largest stream in the park; the Bororó people, who used to live in the area, called the park Kieguereiral due to the great diversity of birds. The park is an excellent location for paragliding. Other attractions include Christ's staircase, the gazebo and trails that lead to 15 waterfalls with an average height of 15 to 25 metres; the Pezinhos Cave contains prehistoric paintings of great anthropological value. The cave was deteriorating due to people writing on the walls; as of 2015 the cave was closed to visitors until a method of sustainable visitation could be arranged
Municipalities of Brazil
The municipalities of Brazil are administrative divisions of the Brazilian states. At present, Brazil has 5,570 municipalities, making the average municipality population 34,361; the average state in Brazil has 214 municipalities. Roraima is the least subdivided state, with 15 municipalities, while Minas Gerais is the most subdivided state, with 853; the Federal District cannot be divided into municipalities, according to the Brazilian Constitution, the Federal District assumes the same constitutional and legal powers and obligations of the states and municipalities, instead, it is divided by administrative regions. The 1988 Brazilian Constitution treats the municipalities as parts of the Federation and not dependent subdivisions of the states; each municipality has an autonomous local government, comprising a mayor and a legislative body called municipal chamber. Both the local government and the legislative body are directly elected by the population every four years; these elections take place at the same time all over the country.
Each municipality has the constitutional power to approve its own laws, as well as collecting taxes and receiving funds from the state and federal governments. However, municipal governments have no judicial power, courts are only organised at the state or federal level. A subdivision of the state judiciary, or comarca, can either correspond to an individual municipality or encompass several municipalities; the seat of the municipal administration is a nominated city, with no specification in the law about the minimum population, area or facilities. The city always has the same name as the municipality. Municipalities can be subdivided, only for administrative purposes, into districts. Other populated sites with no legal effect or regulation. All municipalities are subdivided into neighbourhoods, although most municipalities do not define their neighbourhood limits. Municipalities can be split or merged to form new municipalities within the borders of the state, if the population of the involved municipalities expresses a desire to do so in a plebiscite.
However, these must abide by the Brazilian Constitution, forming exclaves or seceding from the state or union is expressly forbidden. Municipalities of Acre Municipalities of Alagoas Municipalities of Amapá Municipalities of Amazonas Municipalities of Bahia Municipalities of Ceará Municipalities of Espírito Santo Municipalities of Goiás Municipalities of Maranhão Municipalities of Mato Grosso Municipalities of Mato Grosso do Sul Municipalities of Minas Gerais Municipalities of Pará Municipalities of Paraíba Municipalities of Paraná Municipalities of Pernambuco Municipalities of Piauí Municipalities of Rio de Janeiro Municipalities of Rio Grande do Norte Municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul Municipalities of Rondônia Municipalities of Roraima Municipalities of Santa Catarina Municipalities of São Paulo Municipalities of Sergipe Municipalities of Tocantins Lists of cities List of largest cities in Brazil List of municipalities of Brazil Administrative region Map on the World Gazetteer at Archive.today Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics
Cuiabá is the capital city of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. It serves as the Geographical Centre of South America and forms the metropolitan area of the state, along with the neighbouring town of Várzea Grande; the city was founded in 1719, during the gold rush, it has been the state capital since 1818. The city is a trading centre for agricultural area; the capital is among the fastest-growing cities in Brazil, followed by the growth of agribusiness in Mato Grosso, despite the recession, affecting Brazilian industries. Cuiaba is the heart of an urban area that includes the state's second largest city, Várzea Grande. Thermal electric and hydroelectric plants located in the area have been expanded since the completion of a natural gas pipeline from Bolivia in 2000; the city is the seat of the Federal University of Mato Grosso and the largest soccer stadium of the state, Arena Pantanal. The city is a rich mix of European and Native American influences and numerous museums reflect this. Cuiabá is notable for its cuisine, dance and craftwork.
Known as the "Southern gate to the Amazon", Cuiabá experiences a hot humid tropical climate. Cuiabá was one of the host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Cuiabá was founded on January 1, 1727 by Rodrigo César de Menezes the "captain" of the captaincy of São Paulo in the aftermath of the discovery of gold mines; the Rosário Church built at the time in the centre of the little town marked the location of a rich seam of gold. However, in 1746 much of the town was destroyed by an earthquake, it was given township status in 1818 and became the state capital in 1835. From the late eighteenth century, until the time of the Paraguayan War, the town remained small and was in decline; the war, brought some infrastructure and a brief period of economic boom, with Cuiabá supplying sugar and timber to the Brazilian troops. After the war, the town was once again forgotten by the rest of the country, to such an extent that the Imperial and the Republican governments of Brazil used to use it as a site of exile for troublesome politicians.
Isolation allowed it to preserve many of the oldest Brazilian ways of life until well into the twentieth century. Starting in 1930, the isolation was diminished, with the construction of roads and with the advent of aviation; the town became a city and would grow quite from 1960 onwards, after the establishment of the newly built Brazilian capital in Brasília. In the 1970s and 1980s, the pace of growth would continue to increase as agriculture became commercialized, using the roads to transport soybeans and rice produced in the state in order to be sold abroad; the growth was such that from 1960 to 1980 the small town of 50,000 inhabitants grew into a giant, with more than a quarter of a million inhabitants. Since 1990, the rate of population growth has decreased, as other towns in the state have begun to attract more immigration than the capital. Tourism has emerged as a source of income and environmental issues have become a concern for the first time. Cuiabá borders the towns of Chapada dos Guimarães, Campo Verde, Santo Antônio do Leverger, Várzea Grande and Acorizal.
The city is an intersection of waterways. However, on account of sand banks along the river, these waterways no longer support medium or large ships; the third most important airport of the Brazilian Mid-West region is located in Cuiabá, the city is the centre of an important and productive agricultural region. It is famous throughout Brazil as one of the country's hottest cities, where temperatures are above 40 °C. In central Cuiabá, an obelisk marks the exact center of the South American continent, as calculated in 1909. However, more accurate measurements in the 1990s located the exact center about 45 kilometres northeast of Cuiabá, near the town of Chapada dos Guimarães; the town sits in a transition zone between three of the most characteristic Brazilian ecosystems: Amazon and Pantanal. It is close to the mountain range known as Chapada dos Guimarães. Cuiabá is known as the Southern gate to the Amazon; the municipality contains 11% of the 3,534 hectares Rio da Casca Ecological Station, a protected conservation unit created in 1994.
Under the Köppen climate classification, Cuiabá has a tropical dry climate. Cuiabá is famous for its searing heat, although temperatures in winter can sometimes reach 10 °C or 50 °F; this is atypical, caused by cold fronts coming in from the south, may only last one or two consecutive days returning to the usual heat. The climate is humid. Rainfall is concentrated from September to May, the mass of dry air over the center of Brazil inhibiting the rain formation from June to August; the cold fronts dissipates the heat associated with the smoke produced by fires lit on during the dry season. The relative humidity drops to low levels, sometimes below 15%, increasing cases of respiratory diseases; the average annual rainfall is 1,351.1 millimetres or 53.19 inches, with maximum intensity from December to March. The mean maximum temperature reaches 34 °C or 93.2 °F, but the absolute maximum can reach 40 °C or 104 °F in hotter months but is muffled on rainy days, when the maximum temperature is only 28 °C or 82.4 °F.
The average low in July, the coldest month is 16.6 °C with wind chill of 10 °C. The Massairo Okamura State Park provides a green space with typical cerrado vegetation in the centre of a urbanized area, it helps preserve the headwaters of the Moinho streams. The 66 hectares (
Querência is a municipality located in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The area is 17.850,249 km² and the population is 10.682
Central-West Region, Brazil
The Central-West or Center-West Region of Brazil is composed of the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul. This Region is right in the heart of Brazil, representing 18.86% of the national territory. With the move of the country's federal capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasília in the 1960s, the construction of roads and railways to the interior of the country made access to the region easier, speeding up population growth and contributing to the region's development. Mato Grosso do Sul was created in 1979, materializing the decision of the government to divide the called state of Mato Grosso in two states to facilitate to the administration and the development of the region. Today, Center-West is attracting much investment for agriculture and industries, people from Southeast and Southern Brazil. Brasília International Airport, Marechal Rondon International Airport, Campo Grande International Airport and Santa Genoveva Airport connects the Center-West region with many Brazilian cities and operates some international flights.
The Center-West is home to the University of Brasília, University Center of Brasília, Federal University of Goiás, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul and Federal University of Mato Grosso. The Center-West region is the least populated from Brazil. Mato GrossoA state with a flat landscape, alternating great chapadas and plain areas, Mato Grosso presents three different ecosystems: Cerrado and the Amazon Rainforest; the vegetation of the open pasture covers 40% of the state and the National Park Chapada dos Guimarães, with its caves, grottos and waterfalls. In the north is the Amazonian Rainforest, with a huge biodiversity covering half of the state and the Xingu National Park and the river Araguaia. Further south, the Pantanal, the world largest plain covered with water, is the habitat for a thousand species of animals, with many aquatic birds. Mato Grosso do SulThe Pantanal covers 12 municipalities and presents an enormous variety of flora and fauna, with forests, natural sand banks, open pasture and bushes.
The city Bonito, in the mountain of Bodoquena, has prehistoric caverns, natural rivers, swimming pools and the Blue Lake cavern. Mato Grosso do Sul has tropical climate; the annual rainfall is 1,500 mm. January is the warmest month, with minima of 24 °C and more rain; the "cerrado" landscape is characterized by extensive savanna formations crossed by gallery forests and stream valleys. Cerrado includes various types of vegetation. GoiásThe most populous state of the region, Goiás presents a landscape of chapadões. In the height of the drought, from June to September, the lack of rain makes the level of the River Araguaia go down and brings up 2 km of beaches. At the Emas National Park in the municipality of Chapadão do Céu, it is possible to observe the typical fauna and the flora from the region. At the Chapada dos Veadeiros the attractions are the canyons, valleys and waterfalls. Other attractions are the historical city of Goiás, at 132 km from Goiânia, established in the beginning of the 18th century, Caldas Novas, known for its hot springs.
Federal DistrictLocated in the State of Goiás in a region called Planalto Central, the Federal District is divided in 31 administrative regions. Brasília - a place where the three branches of the Federal Government are located - is the main attraction of this dry area and climate with only two seasons; the rainy season is from October to March. During the dry season, the humidity can reach critical levels in the peak hours of the hottest days; the artificial lake of Paranoá, with 40 km² and 500 million m³ of water, was built to minimize the severe climatic conditions of the winter. The region attracts mystics and in its surroundings you find many temples of different religions and sectarian groups; the Central-West Region has 237 cities. The most populated are the following: The economy in the Central-West Region is based on cattle breeding, which took the place of gold and precious stone prospecting, which were local activities in the past. Brazil's largest manganese reserve is found in the Central-West Region in Urucum Woods and'political business' and tourism are very important to the region.
Vehicles: 3,944,768. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. University of Brasília Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso Universidade Federal de Goiás Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul Tourism has grown at impressive speed in the last decades there, attracting visitors from several parts of Brazil and the world. Located in the middle of the vast Central Upland, the Central-West Region reveals how attractive the tours in the interior of the country can be. Starting in the west part of Mato Grosso do Sul State and the southeast part of Mato Grosso State, we have Pantanal Mato-grossense, its fauna and flora riches draw the attention of the world. In the same state, it's possible to take tours through pleasant places, such as Alta Floresta, where ecotourism is the greatest attraction.
Ribeirão Cascalheira is a municipality in the state of Mato Grosso in the Central-West Region of Brazil. List of municipalities in Mato Grosso