Maylands, Western Australia
Maylands is a riverside suburb 4.5 kilometres northeast of Perth centred on the Midland railway line on the northern bank of the Swan River. The suburb was developed during the 1890s and is an administrative locality within the City of Bayswater, bordered by the suburbs of Mount Lawley, East Perth and Bayswater. Maylands railway station provides easy access beyond; the railway line was built in the 1880s, the railway station was extensively refurbished in 2000. A shared bicycle / pedestrian path was built to link Maylands with neighbouring suburbs via the shoreline of the Swan River. There is a small yacht club and a golf course. Maylands was once a source of clay for brick and tile making, the pits from these activities are now part of a golf course and residential area, it was home to Perth's main airport which serviced all kinds of aircraft and flying boats until the early 1960s, when the airport moved to Perth Airport. The facilities were converted to a training area for the Western Australian Police Service.
In December 2009, the City of Bayswater endorsed the Maylands Activity Centre Urban Design Framework following widespread community consultation. The Urban Design Framework provides the strategic direction for the future of the Maylands town centre; this document has been instrumental in guiding the ongoing revitalisation of the Maylands town centre. Over recent years, Maylands' revitalisation has gathered significant momentum, with a variety of new developments and businesses bringing new residents and vibrancy to the town centre. New bars, cafés and restaurants, along with gourmet food and retail outlets have all contributed to an ongoing transformation of the Maylands town centre into a lively and inclusive destination. Maylands continues to evolve as a cultural and creative hub, with the relocation of the Western Australian Ballet to the former Western Australian Institute for the Blind building on Whatley Crescent in 2012. Estudio Nuevo, Studio 281, Swallow Bar and the Maylands Hawkers Markets each provide a variety of music, dance, artistic and culinary experiences that exemplify Maylands' unique creative and community flavour.
The West Australian Ballet Centre is situated on the historical site of the former Blind Institute in Maylands. The history of the building site dates back to 1897 when the Victoria Institute and the Industrial School for the Blind was developed as a part of the celebrations for the 60th year of Queen Victoria’s reign; this magnificent building has become a symbol. With its high ceilings, rustic wooded floors, classical charm and character, the building sets a perfect tone for the West Australian Ballet; the building’s disposition provides the artistic team with a creative and innovative backdrop to aid in the creation of world class productions. The recent Council approval of the Lyric Lane Bar and Café will see the establishment of a purpose built venue consisting of a bar, cafe and a live music basement, which will provide for new cultural pursuits in the town center; the project is now in the construction phase and due to open mid 2018. It has been announced that the Western Australian Youth Jazz Orchestra will soon take up residence in the old Maylands Hall at the corner of Eighth Avenue and Guildford Road.
A variety of community groups including Creative Maylands, Local Arts and Community Events Inc, Maylands Residents and Ratepayers Association, Maylands Historical and Peninsula Association and Maylands Business Association provide a supportive backbone of active and passionate community members who seek to ensure that the values of the Maylands people are reflected both in its present and future. LACE is the not-for-profit organiser of the Maylands Hawker Markets, new organiser of the Maylands Street Festival. LACE is about creating free to attend. Since October 2010, Creative Maylands has been managing and supporting activities that creatively enrich the Maylands neighbourhood, they aim to connect people and ideas to help make Maylands a great place to live and visit. The association has a strong group of local businesses working together to improve Maylands and make it a destination venue for the community and the promotion of business interests, The group is active with Council and State Government to help form policies consistent to their vision for Maylands.
Maylands Historical and Peninsula Association was formed in October 1992 at a public meeting held in the Maylands Library. They were promoted by the Maylands Ratepayers and Residents Association and declared the Maylands Historical Society by the Mayor of the City of Stirling; the Association was registered on 1 December 1992, as the Maylands Historical Society Incorporated. On 5 June 2003, they were renamed the Maylands Historical and Peninsula Association Inc. to reflect their caretaker work at the Old Peninsula Hotel in Maylands, in addition to other historical work. The City of Bayswater's RISE was opened in July 2011 and replaced the former Alma Venville Centre with a larger, more contemporary facility; the RISE is a multi purpose community centre that includes a library, cafe, dry courts, function rooms, meeting rooms and a community hall. The Maylands Yacht Club is located on the Swan River on the Maylands foreshore; the MYC is a family oriented club, with a strong emphasis on enjoyment and helping those who want to learn to sail.
The Club sails a variety of classes from the single handed Laser and Spiral, to a number of two-handed dinghies including Mirrors and 125s, an
Sir David Brand KCMG was an Australian politician. A member of the Liberal Party, he was a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1945 to 1975, the 19th and longest-serving Premier of Western Australia, serving four terms from the 1959 to the 1971 elections, he resigned as leader of the Liberal Party in 1973, retired from politics in 1975, dying from heart disease in 1979. Brand was born in Dongara, Western Australia, the eldest of four children of Albert John Brand, a farmer, his wife Hilda, née Mitchell, his maternal grandfather was Samuel Mitchell, a Cornish immigrant, a pioneer of the mining industry in Western Australia and served in both houses of state parliament. Brand's parents farmed at Northampton and moved to a farm near Mullewa in 1924, he left school at 14 to work on the farm, at Mullewa became secretary of the local branch of the Primary Producers' Association, a forerunner of the Farmers Federation. In 1935, Brand moved to Kalgoorlie and worked at the Golden Horseshoe Mine, as a truck driver, treatment hand, filter specialist and shift boss.
In his spare time, he was active as a scoutmaster. Brand was of Cornish descent, like both his predecessor, Albert Hawke, successor, John Tonkin, as premier. Following the outbreak of World War II, Brand enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on 23 November 1939; as a Private, he was assigned to the 2/11th Battalion, part of the 6th Division, which embarked for the Middle East on 20 April 1940. Brand fought in the North African campaign, including the advance on Benghazi, was promoted to Corporal before the 2/11th was sent to the Greek campaign, in which he was wounded on 24 April 1941. Brand was sent back to Australia for further treatment, arriving in August, was discharged as medically unfit in April 1942, he was re-mobilised in September, as an instructor with the 7th Battalion, Volunteer Defence Corps, in Geraldton and was promoted to Warrant Officer in January 1943. With the war effort beginning to wind down, Brand was discharged from the army in January 1945. Brand married Doris Elspeth McNeill at Mingenew Methodist Church on 20 March 1944, with whom he had three children.
After his army discharge, Brand took over the general store at Dongara. The incumbent Labor member for the State seat of Greenough, John Newton, was killed in action with the RAAF in 1945. Brand won the seat for the Liberal Party in a by-election that year, defeating Newton's brother by a narrow margin. Brand was the first person in Australia to win election to an Australian parliament as a candidate of the newly formed Liberal Party. In October 1949, Ross McLarty became Premier and Brand entered the Ministry as Minister for Housing and Local Government. From April 1950 he was Minister for Works, Water Supply and Housing, working to establish the Kwinana Oil Refinery. Brand would describe this as one of his greatest achievements, he was involved in the creation of other major industrial projects. After the Coalition's defeat in 1953, Brand became deputy leader of the Opposition. After McLarty's retirement, Brand was elected party leader on 1 March 1957; the Coalition was returned to power in 1959, Brand was sworn in as Premier on 2 April.
His administration retained office at the elections of 1962, 1965, 1968. This was achieved with the assistance of the West Australian branch of the Democratic Labor Party which split the Labor vote in some metropolitan electorates; the DLP was active in Western Australia between 1959 and 1974. In 1960, the Federal government lifted its embargo on iron exports, in place since 1938, enabling exploitation of large iron deposits in the Pilbara; the mining of large bauxite deposits in the Darling Scarp commenced, along with expansion of mineral processing at Kwinana and the South West. Federal finance for the Ord River Scheme was secured by Brand's government. Substantial oil and gas deposits were discovered in the Pilbara. In 1968, Western Australia ceased to be a net recipient of federal financial assistance. Brand was knighted in June of the following year; the mining-pastoral boom of the 1960s played a big part in ensuring for Brand's government four successive electoral victories over the ALP opposition.
However, the rapid growth of the Perth metropolitan area, the strain this put on essential services, eroded the government's popularity after 1969. In addition, Brand's relations with the federal Liberal Party worsened after the retirement of Sir Robert Menzies in 1966. While Brand's administration suffered from a series of controversies relating to environmental, heritage and housing issues, the impact of production quotas for wheat, imposed by Prime Minister Sir John Gorton led to open conflict with the federal Liberal Party. In the midst of this conflict the Brand government's attempt to demolish the remains of the Colonial Barracks opposite the parliament building led to a parliamentary revolt within the Liberal Party. Brand prevented this by dropping the proposal, agreeing to allow the National Trust to restore the Arch. However, the strains this had caused within the government became evident when Brand collapsed while speaking publicly in 1971, he recovered, but the Coalition lost the election to Labor by one seat, Tonkin became Premier.
Brand led the Liberals in opposition until his resignation in 1973. He died of heart disease in Carnamah, Western Australia in 1979; the federal electoral Division of Brand in Western Australia, created in 1984, is named after him, as is the Brand Highway and the Sir David Brand School in Coolbini
Russell Square, Perth
Russell Square in Perth, Western Australia is a large public space between Aberdeen Street and James Street in Northbridge. It was named after Lord John Russell; the eastern boundary is on Parker Street, the location of the Saints Constantine and Helene Greek Orthodox Cathedral, the Hellenic Community Centre. Shenton Street is the western boundary of the square. Russell Square was created some time between 1838 and 1845, it has been known as Parco dei Sospire as it was the favoured meeting place of the Italian community of "Little Italy". In the early 1990s it was reviewed in planning studies. In October 1994 Russell Square was upgraded, thirty sculptures were designed and created by local artists Greg James and Drago Dadich, it has been a venue for the Festival of Perth
Hyde Park, Perth
Hyde Park is an inner-city park in Perth, the state capital of Western Australia. It is located in the north-east corner of the suburb of Perth – 2 km north of the central business district – surrounded by Vincent, William and Throssell Streets. Facilities include: public toilets, playground equipment, drinking fountains, stage area, fitness equipment and a sealed walking path of around 800m in length ringing the lake. Electricity is available, used, for example, to power temporary fairground rides. Hyde Park is in the Town of Vincent, it has a lake feature in the middle, separated into two basins. The park is popular with people walking around, weddings and barbeques; the park has 17 zones. The Hyde Park Fair is held annually in the park, is one of Perth's longest running free community events; the event was known as the Hyde Park Festival, was first held in 1968. The Festival ended in 1985, but was resurrected in 1989 as the Hyde Park Fair, run by the Rotary Club of North Perth; the area was approximately midway along a series of wetlands which stretched from Claisebrook Cove through to Herdsman Lake and included Lake Monger.
The lakes and the area in which they resided were collectively known as the Great Lakes District. Today, only a small proportion of those wetlands remain. Prior to European settlement, the area was known to the local Noongar people as Boodjamooling. After the establishment of the Swan River Colony in 1829, the European settlers gave it the name Third Swamp. In 1897, 15.5 hectares of Third Swamp was gazetted as a public park by Lyall Hall and two years renamed Hyde Park. Sloping grass areas run down to two central groundwater lakes. Shade is provided by mature introduced trees: Plane Trees - around the lakes Moreton Bay Figs - lawn area Port Jackson Fig - lawn area Pines - around the boundary Jacarandas - south-east corner Unusual tree species: Swamp Cypress, Red Cedar, Bunya Pine Remnant indigenous tree species: Eucalyptus and Melaleuca. Media related to Hyde Park, Perth at Wikimedia Commons
Swan River (Western Australia)
The Swan River is a river in the south west of Western Australia. Its Aboriginal Noongar name is the Derbarl Yerrigan; the river runs through Western Australia's capital and largest city. The Swan River estuary flows through the city of Perth, its lower reaches are wide and deep, with few constrictions, while the upper reaches are quite narrow and shallow. The Swan River drains the Avon and coastal plain catchments, which have a total area of about 121,000 square kilometres, it has the Avon River, Canning River and Helena River. The latter two have dams which provide a sizeable part of the potable water requirements for Perth and the regions surrounding; the Avon River contributes the majority of the freshwater flow. The climate of the catchment is Mediterranean, with mild wet winters, hot dry summers, the associated seasonal rainfall and flow regime; the Avon rises near Yealering, 221 kilometres southeast of Perth: it meanders north-northwest to Toodyay about 90 kilometres northeast of Perth turns southwest in Walyunga National Park – at the confluence of the Wooroloo Brook, it becomes the Swan River.
The Canning River rises not far from North Bannister, 100 kilometres southeast of Perth and joins the Swan at Applecross, opening into Melville Water. The river narrows into Blackwall Reach, a narrow and deep stretch leading the river through Fremantle Harbour to the sea; the Noongar people believe that the Darling Scarp represents the body of a Wagyl – a snakelike being from Dreamtime that meandered over the land creating rivers and lakes. It is thought; the estuary is subject to a microtidal regime, with a maximum tidal amplitude of about 1 metre, although water levels are subject to barometric pressure fluctuations. Before the Tertiary, when the sea level was much lower than at present, the Swan River curved around to the north of Rottnest Island, disgorged itself into the Indian Ocean to the north and west of Rottnest. In doing so, it carved a gorge about the size of the Grand Canyon. Now known as Perth Canyon, this feature still exists as a submarine canyon near the edge of the continental shelf.
The Swan River drains the Swan Coastal Plain, a total catchment area of over 100,000 square kilometres in area. The river is located in a Mediterranean climate, with hot dry summers and cool wet winters, although this balance appears to be changing due to climate change; the Swan is located on the edge of the Darling Scarp, flowing downhill across the coastal plain to its mouth at Fremantle. The Swan begins as the Avon River, rising near Yealering in the Darling Range 175 kilometres from its mouth at Fremantle; the Avon flows north, passing through the towns of Brookton, York and Toodyay. It is joined by tributaries including the Mortlock River and the Brockman River; the Avon becomes the Swan. More tributaries including Ellen Brook, Jane Brook, Henley Brook, Wandoo Creek, Bennett Brook, Blackadder Creek, Limestone Creek, Susannah Brook, the Helena River enter the river between Wooroloo Brook and Guildford. Between Perth and Guildford the river goes through several loops. Areas including the Maylands Peninsula and Burswood, through Claise Brook and north of the city to Herdsman Lake were swampy wetlands.
Most of the wetlands have since been reclaimed for land development. Heirisson Island, upon which The Causeway passes over, was once a collection of small islets known as the Hierrison Islands. Perth Water, between the city and South Perth, is separated from the main estuary by the Narrows, over which the Narrows Bridge was built in 1959; the river opens up into the large expanse of the river known as Melville Water. The Canning River enters the river at Canning Bridge in Applecross from its source 50 kilometres south-east of Armadale; the river is at its widest here. Point Walter has a protruding spit that extends up to 800 metres into the river, forcing river traffic to detour around it; the river narrows between Chidley Point and Blackwall Reach, curving around Point Roe and Preston Point before narrowing into the harbour. Stirling Bridge and the Fremantle Traffic Bridge cross the river north of the rivermouth; the Swan River empties into the Indian Ocean at Fremantle Harbour. Plant and animal life found in or near the Swan-Canning Estuary include: Over 130 species of fish including bull sharks, cobblers, pilchard, flatheads and blowfish Jellyfish including Phyllorhiza punctata and Aurelia aurita Bottlenose dolphins Crustaceans including prawns and blue manna crabs Amphipod Melita zeylanica kauerti described based on specimen, collected from under middle swan bridge.
Molluscs including Mytilidae, Galeommatidae Birds including the eponymous black swan, silver gull, twenty-eight parrots, rainbow lorikeet, red-tailed black cockatoo, Australian pelican, Australian magpie and ducks. The river was named Swarte Swaene-Revier by Dutch explorer, Willem de Vlamingh in 1697, after the famous black swans of the area. Vlamingh sailed with a small party up the river to around Heirisson
Perth Cultural Centre
The Perth Cultural Centre is an area of central Perth, Western Australia, centred on the James Street Mall. It is home to a number of cultural institutions including the Art Gallery of Western Australia, Western Australian Museum, State Library of Western Australia, State Records Office, State Theatre Centre of Western Australia, Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts; the Perth Cultural Centre Precinct is bound by Roe Street, Aberdeen Street, Beaufort Street and William Street in the suburb of Perth. A walkway connects the Cultural Centre to Perth railway station
An architect is a person who plans and reviews the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to provide services in connection with the design of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings that have human occupancy or use as their principal purpose. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, which derives from the Greek, i.e. chief builder. Professionally, an architect's decisions affect public safety, thus an architect must undergo specialized training consisting of advanced education and a practicum for practical experience to earn a license to practice architecture. Practical and academic requirements for becoming an architect vary by jurisdiction. Throughout ancient and medieval history, most of the architectural design and construction was carried out by artisans—such as stone masons and carpenters, rising to the role of master builder; until modern times, there was no clear distinction between engineer. In Europe, the titles architect and engineer were geographical variations that referred to the same person used interchangeably.
It is suggested that various developments in technology and mathematics allowed the development of the professional'gentleman' architect, separate from the hands-on craftsman. Paper was not used in Europe for drawing until the 15th century but became available after 1500. Pencils were used more for drawing by 1600; the availability of both allowed pre-construction drawings to be made by professionals. Concurrently, the introduction of linear perspective and innovations such as the use of different projections to describe a three-dimensional building in two dimensions, together with an increased understanding of dimensional accuracy, helped building designers communicate their ideas. However, the development was gradual; until the 18th-century, buildings continued to be designed and set out by craftsmen with the exception of high-status projects. In most developed countries, only those qualified with an appropriate license, certification or registration with a relevant body may practice architecture.
Such licensure requires a university degree, successful completion of exams, as well as a training period. Representation of oneself as an architect through the use of terms and titles is restricted to licensed individuals by law, although in general, derivatives such as architectural designer are not protected. To practice architecture implies the ability to practice independently of supervision; the term building design professional, by contrast, is a much broader term that includes professionals who practice independently under an alternate profession, such as engineering professionals, or those who assist in the practice architecture under the supervision of a licensed architect such as intern architects. In many places, non-licensed individuals may perform design services outside the professional restrictions, such design houses and other smaller structures. In the architectural profession and environmental knowledge and construction management, an understanding of business are as important as design.
However, the design is the driving force throughout the project and beyond. An architect accepts a commission from a client; the commission might involve preparing feasibility reports, building audits, the design of a building or of several buildings and the spaces among them. The architect participates in developing the requirements. Throughout the project, the architect co-ordinates a design team. Structural and electrical engineers and other specialists, are hired by the client or the architect, who must ensure that the work is co-ordinated to construct the design; the architect, once hired by a client, is responsible for creating a design concept that both meets the requirements of that client and provides a facility suitable to the required use. The architect must meet with, question, the client in order to ascertain all the requirements of the planned project; the full brief is not clear at the beginning: entailing a degree of risk in the design undertaking. The architect may make early proposals to the client, which may rework the terms of the brief.
The "program" is essential to producing a project. This is a guide for the architect in creating the design concept. Design proposal are expected to be both imaginative and pragmatic. Depending on the place, finance and available crafts and technology in which the design takes place, the precise extent and nature of these expectations will vary. F oresight is a prerequisite as designing buildings is a complex and demanding undertaking. Any design concept must at a early stage in its generation take into account a great number of issues and variables which include qualities of space, the end-use and life-cycle of these proposed spaces, connections and aspects between spaces including how they are put together as well as the impact of proposals on the immediate and wider locality. Selection of appropriate materials and technology must be considered and reviewed at an early stage in the design to ensure there are no setbacks which may occur later; the site and its environs, as well as the culture and history of the place, will influence the design.
The design must countenance increasing concerns with environmental sustainability. The architect may introduce, to greater or lesser degrees, aspects of mathematics and a