Walton County, Georgia
Walton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 83,768, it is located about 30 miles east of the city of Atlanta. Monroe is the county seat. Walton County is part of GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Walton County was created on December 15, 1818, it is named for George Walton, one of the three men from Georgia who signed the United States Declaration of Independence. The other two were Lyman Hall. Developed by planters for cotton plantations in the antebellum era, the county depended on the labor of enslaved African Americans. During and after Reconstruction, whites used lynchings of blacks and other attacks to re-establish white supremacy and maintain social control; the county had a total of nine documented lynchings of African Americans in this period, including the first half of the 20th century. While the peak period in the South was from 1880 to 1930, nearly half the number of lynchings in Walton County took place in a mass murder in 1946, after World War II.
This postwar period was a time of social unrest in many areas. A Supreme Court ruling in April 1946 ruled that white primaries were unconstitutional, enabling some black citizens in Georgia to cast ballots for the first time during the primary race that summer; this increased social tensions in many areas, as most blacks had been disenfranchised since the turn of the 20th century. Walton County has been home to, the birthplace of, or claimed residence of seven Georgia governors: Wilson Lumpkin, Howell Cobb, Alfred Colquitt, James Boynton, Henry McDaniel, Clifford Walker, Richard Russell, Jr.. In July 1946, the county was the location to one of the last mass lynchings of the pre-Civil Rights Era. A committee placed a highway marker near the site; the inscription reads: 2.4 miles east, at Moore’s Ford Bridge on the Apalachee River, four African-Americans - George and Mae Murray Dorsey and Roger and Dorothy Dorsey Malcom - were brutally beaten and shot by an unmasked mob on the afternoon of July 25, 1946.
The lynching followed an argument between a local white farmer. These unsolved murders played a crucial role in both President Truman’s commitment to civil rights legislation and the ensuing modern civil rights movement; the sign is at 33 ° 51.417 ′ N, 83 ° 36.733 ′ W. Marker is near Georgia, in Walton County. Marker is at the intersection of U. S. 78 and Locklin Road, on the right when traveling east on U. S. 78. In 1998, a biracial memorial service honoring the victims was held at Moore's Ford Bridge. On-site reenactments and media publications, the most seminal being, Fire in a Canebrake: The Last Mass Lynching in America, by author Laura Wexler, have been staged or written about the subject. Although the case has been re-opened and closed on a federal level sentiment persists that it be reviewed yet again to a more conclusive state in the suiting to the multi-ethnic committee. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 330 square miles, of which 326 square miles is land and 4.3 square miles is water.
The western half of Walton County, in a half circle from Social Circle through Monroe to northeast of Loganville, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The eastern part of the county, east of that curve, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. Barrow County – north Oconee County – northeast Morgan County – southeast Newton County – south Rockdale County – southwest Gwinnett County – northwest Walton County doesn't have any pedestrian trails. However, there are trails in neighboring Gwinnett and Rockdale county such as the Arabia Mountain Path, Conyers Trail and Cedar Creek Trail Loop. There was a noted decline in population from 1900 to 1960, as farm workers left the rural area for opportunities in cities that had industrial jobs; this was the period of the Great Migration, when many African Americans moved to the North and West Coast for jobs and opportunities. As of the census of 2000, there were 60,687 people, 21,307 households, 17,002 families residing in the county.
The population density was 184 people per square mile. There were 22,500 housing units at an average density of 68 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 83.03% White, 14.42% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, 0.95% from two or more races. 1.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 21,307 households out of which 39.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 12.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.20% were non-families. 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.16. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, 9.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years.
For every 100 females, there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,479 and the median income for a family was $52,386. Males had a median income of $37,482 versus $25,840 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,470. About 8.00% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United
Clarke County, Georgia
Clarke County is a county in the northeastern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 116,714, its county seat is Athens. Clarke County is included in the Athens-Clarke County, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area. Clarke County was created in 1801 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on December 5, it was named for Revolutionary War hero Elijah Clarke and included 250 square miles, part of Jackson County. Colonel Clarke played a leading role the 1779 victory at the Battle of Kettle Creek in Wilkes County; the Elijah Clarke Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution erected a monument to him in Broad Street in Athens. As the population of the county grew in the early 19th century, its agricultural and cotton industries prospered; the adjacent plantation harvests flowed through city mills. Manufacturing and textile production operations were the major industries in Clarke County after the railroad reached Athens in 1841.
Athens and Clarke County were second only to Savannah and Chatham County in the amount of capital invested in manufacturing in the 1840s. Two skirmishes were fought in Clarke County in 1864, during the American Civil War, one near Barber's Creek and the other near Mitchell's Road. Athens was occupied by the Union Army on May 29 and a provost-marshal took charge. Formal military occupation of the ended by December 1864, though Union troops remained in the county until early 1866. In 1801 the Clarke County Commission had selected Watkinsville as the county seat. All county offices, including the courts and jail, moved to Athens when the seat was moved on November 24, 1871. County meetings took place in the old Athens town hall, until a new courthouse was constructed in 1876; the present courthouse was built in 1914. On February 12, 1875, in response to complaints over the relocation of the county seat to Athens, the state legislature created Oconee County from the southwest portion of Clarke County, making Watkinsville its seat.
Clarke County thus lost one-third of its population and three-fifths of its land area. The position of "commissioner of roads and revenue" was created by the legislature for what are today known as county commissioners; as an extension of the state, the county would conduct welfare and health programs and maintain roads, hold courts of law. On March 29, 1973, the Georgia legislature increased the number of county commissioners from 3 to 5 adding a county administrator. In 1990, the residents voted to unify the city and county governments creating Athens-Clarke County, the second unified city-county government in the state of Georgia. Clarke County is located at 33°57′20″N 83°23′00″W; the vast majority of Clarke County is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin, with a small portion of the county's eastern edge, north of Winterville, located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 121 square miles, of which 119 square miles is land and 1.8 square miles is water.
It is the smallest county by area in Georgia. Madison County, Georgia - northeast Oglethorpe County, Georgia - southeast Oconee County, Georgia - southwest Barrow County, Georgia - west Jackson County, Georgia - northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 101,489 people, 39,706 households, 19,694 families residing in the county; the population density was 840 people per square mile. There were 42,126 housing units at an average density of 349 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 64.89% White, 27.25% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 3.13% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.08% from other races, 1.41% from two or more races. 6.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 39,706 households out of which 22.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.60% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 50.40% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95. In the county, the population was spread out with 17.80% under the age of 18, 31.30% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 15.40% from 45 to 64, 8.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males. The per capita income in the county was $20,948 in 2008, the median income for a family was $36,039. Males had a median income of $30,482 versus $23,069 for females. In 2008, 32.2% of the county's population were living below the poverty line. As a result, Clarke ranked #4 on City Data's list of "Top 101 cities with the highest percentage of residents living in poverty in 2007"; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 116,714 people, 45,414 households, 22,044 families residing in the county. The population density was 979.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 51,068 housing units at an average density of 428.4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 61.9% white, 26.6% black or African American, 4.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 4.9% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 10.9% were English, 9.9% were German, 9.0% were Irish, 6.6% were American. Of the 45,414 households
Georgia's 10th congressional district
Georgia's 10th congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Georgia. The district is represented by Republican Jody Hice, includes a large swath of urban and rural territory between Atlanta and Augusta; the district's boundaries have been redrawn following the 2010 census, which granted an additional congressional seat to Georgia. The first election using the new district boundaries were the 2012 congressional elections. Located in the eastern part of the state, the new district boundaries include the cities of Athens, Jackson, Monroe and Winder. Baldwin Barrow Butts Butts Clarke Columbia Glascock Greene Gwinnett Hancock Henry Jasper Jefferson Johnson Lincoln McDuffie Morgan Newton Oconee Oglethorpe Putnam Taliaferro Walton Warren Washington Wilkes As of January 2018, there are three former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Georgia's 10th congressional district who are living at this time. Georgia's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C..
The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present PDF map of Georgia's 10th district at nationalatlas.gov Georgia's 10th district at GovTrack.us
Georgia State Route 81
State Route 81 is a 69.0-mile-long diagonal state highway that runs southwest-to-northeast in the northwestern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. Its route exists within portions of Henry, Newton and Barrow counties. SR 81 begins at an intersection with US 19/US 41/SR 3, just north of Hampton, in Henry County, it heads east to McDonough. There, it intersects SR 20, they run concurrent to the northeast, into the main part of town. They have an interchange with Interstate 75 at exit 218. Afterward, the two highways intersect US 23/SR 42. A little farther to the east is an intersection with SR 155. At this intersection, SR 20 splits off to the north. SR 81 heads to the southeast before curving to the northeast and crosses over the South River, into Newton County. In Henry County, SR 81 is signed as a west–east route; the highway has an intersection with SR 212. It head north before curving to the northeast again, it meets SR 162. In town is an intersection with the northern terminus of SR 162 Connector.
SR 81 passes through the main part of town. After leaving Porterdale, it enters Covington, where it turn north and intersects US 278/SR 12, before passing under, but not interchanging I-20, it passes through Oxford. On the northern end of Oxford, the road curves to the north-northeast and meet the northern terminus of SR 142, before turning to the north and entering Walton County. Northward is Walnut Grove, where it intersects SR 138; the route heads north-northwest to Loganville. In town is a brief concurrency with US 78/SR 10 and splits off to the northwest. In the main part of town is a brief concurrency with SR 20, it heads northeast, passing through rural areas of the county, before it crosses the Apalachee River into Barrow County. Southwest of Winder is an intersection with US 29/SR 316. Just before entering Winder, the highway passes Fort Yargo State Park on its western end. In Winder, it reaches its northern terminus, an intersection with US 29 Business/SR 8/SR 11/SR 53. Georgia portal U.
S. Roads portal Media related to Georgia State Route 81 at Wikimedia Commons Georgia Roads
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Interstate 85 in Georgia
Interstate 85 is a major Interstate Highway that travels northeast-to-southwest in the U. S. state of Georgia. It enters the state at the Alabama state line near West Point, Lanett, traveling through the Atlanta metropolitan area and to the South Carolina state line, where it crosses the Savannah River near Lake Hartwell. I-85 connects northern Georgia with Montgomery, Alabama, to the southwest, with South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia to the northeast. Within Georgia, I-85 is designated as the unsigned State Route 403. I-85 in Georgia travels parallel with the route of U. S. Route 29. However, from Atlanta northeast to South Carolina, I-85 ventures away from that route, traveling about halfway between US 29 and the combination of US 23 and US 123. Within the City of Atlanta, I-85 has a concurrency with I-75 known as the "Downtown Connector". After splitting from Downtown Connector, it is known as Northeast Expressway until its junction with I-285. I-85 enters the state of Georgia from Alabama via twin bridges over the Chattahoochee River, it skirts the town of West Point, with Kia's multibillion-dollar plant located adjacent to the freeway just east of West Point.
After leaving West Point, I-85 enters the LaGrange area, the first large town in Georgia on its route to the northeast. Northeast of LaGrange, I-85 has an interchange with the long spur freeway, I-185, to the Columbus, Georgia Metropolitan Area; this is the only connection between the Interstate Highway System. From LaGrange, I-85 heads northeastward towards Atlanta. Before reaching Atlanta, the highway runs through a widened stretch that includes six to eight lanes between exits 35 and 77, passing near the suburbs of Moreland, Fairburn, Union City, College Park and East Point as well as intersecting I-285 at its southwest end in of the most complex interchanges in the country, meanwhile providing access to Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. I-85 runs along the northwestern boundary of the airport, providing access to the domestic terminal. I-75 services the International Terminals of the airport, which are located on the east side of the airport. At the southwestern edge of Atlanta's city limits, I-85 merges with I-75 to form the Downtown Connector, 12 to 14 lanes wide.
At the southern edge of downtown Atlanta, this freeway has an interchange with the major east-west Interstate Highway, I-20. The two freeways skirt the eastern edge of downtown, running due north, passing through the Georgia Tech campus and the Atlantic Station section of Atlanta before the two highways split, with I-75 exits via the right three lanes and heads northwest while I-85 uses the left three lanes and heads northeast. Heading northbound after the Brookwood Interchange with I-75, I-85 is routed along a ten lane wide viaduct from the Buford Highway Connector to State Route 400. Continuing northeast of Atlanta, I-85 continues through the northeastern suburbs, bypassing Chamblee and Doraville, where there is another intersection with I-285; the Interstate travels through the northeastern suburbs of Atlanta, including Lilburn, Lawrenceville. The Interstate has freeway interchanges with SR 316 in Duluth and I-985 in Suwanee, which provides a link to Gainesville. I-85 leaves the Atlanta area, continuing to travel through rural northeast Georgia.
At Lake Hartwell—which was formed by the damming of the Savannah River—I-85 crosses into South Carolina. I-85 has the first express lanes in Georgia, located in DeKalb counties. From Chamblee–Tucker Road to Old Peachtree Road, travelers that utilize the converted 15.5-mile lanes will be charged a toll varying from 10 to 90 cents per mile, depending on traffic conditions and usage. Though not signed on the freeway, they are HOT lanes, which means registered transport vehicles, carpools with three or more occupants and buses are exempt from toll charges as long as they are registered as such. Tolls are collected using an electronic toll collection system. All travelers that use the lane must have a Peach Pass sticker to avoid fines. Starting in November 2014, SunPass and NC Quick Pass are interoperable with Peach Pass, allowing motorists with those transponders to use the express lanes. Funds generated from the express lanes will be used to defray the costs of construction and maintenance of the lanes.
Long term revenue allocation is being studied and a decision about future excess revenues will be made in the project process. Proponents for the express lanes say it is to provide commuters with a more reliable, free-flow commute option. Detractors point out that existing infrastructure was reused for the express lanes and that commute times on the non-paying travel lanes have doubled since implementation. Constructed as a four- to six-lane expressway in the 1950s, the stretch of I-85 between the southern merge with I-75 and North Druid Hills Road was reconstructed as part of the Georgia Department of Transportation's Freeing the Freeways program; this project included rebuilding all overpasses, new HOV-ready ramps, a widen
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census