United States Postmaster General
The Postmaster General of the United States is the chief executive officer of the United States Postal Service. Appointed members of the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service select the Postmaster General and Deputy Postmaster General, who join the Board; the office, in one form or another, is older than both the United States Constitution and the United States Declaration of Independence. Benjamin Franklin was appointed by the Continental Congress as the first Postmaster General in 1775, serving just over 15 months; until 1971, the postmaster general was the head of the Post Office Department. During that era, the postmaster general was appointed by the President of the United States, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate. From 1829 to 1971, the postmaster general was a member of the President's Cabinet; the Cabinet post of Postmaster General was given to a new President's campaign manager or other key political supporter, was considered something of a sinecure.
The Postmaster General was in charge of the governing party's patronage, was a powerful position which held much influence within the party. In 1971, the Post Office Department was re-organized into the United States Postal Service, an independent agency of the executive branch. Therefore, the Postmaster General is no longer a member of the Cabinet and is no longer in the line of presidential succession; the postmaster general is now appointed by nine "governors," appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. The governors, along with the postmaster general and the deputy postmaster general, constitute the full Postal Service Board of Governors; the Postmaster General is the second-highest paid U. S. government official, based on publicly available salary information, after the President of the United States. Parties No party Federalist Democratic-Republican Democratic Whig Republican Note that, while the above table indicates the President under which each postmaster general served, these postmasters general were appointed by the governors of the Postal Service and not by the President.
As of November 2017, there are four living former Postmasters General, the oldest being Anthony M. Frank; the most recent Postmaster General to die was Paul N. Carlin, on April 25, 2018; the most serving Postmaster General to die was Marvin Travis Runyon, on May 3, 2004. Postmaster General John Henninger Reagan, the only Postmaster General of the Confederate States of America Official site Papers of Arthur E. Summerfield, Postmaster General, 1953–1961, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Stone County, Missouri
Stone County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,202, its county seat is Galena. Stone County is part of MO Micropolitan Statistical Area; the county was organized on February 10, 1851, is named after William Stone, an English pioneer and an early settler in Maryland who served as Taney County Judge. In 1904, the White River Railway was extended through the rugged terrain of Stone and Taney counties. By both counties had had a sundown town policy for years, forbidding African Americans from living there. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 511 square miles, of which 464 square miles is land and 47 square miles is water. Christian County Taney County Carroll County, Arkansas Barry County Lawrence County Mark Twain National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 28,658 people, 11,822 households, 8,842 families residing in the county; the population density was 62 people per square mile.
There were 16,241 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.64% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Stone County were 24.3% American, 20.4% German, 11.3% English, 10.8% Irish ancestry. There were 11,822 households out of which 25.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.70% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.20% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.76. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 29.70% from 45 to 64, 18.90% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,487, the median income for a family was $46,675. Males had a median income of $26,224 versus $19,190 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,813. About 8.50% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.00% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over. Of adults 25 years of age and older in Stone County, 80.4% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 14.2% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment. Blue Eye R-V School District - Blue Eye Blue Eye Elementary School Blue Eye Middle School Blue Eye High School Crane R-III School District - Crane Crane Elementary School Crane High School Galena R-II School District - Galena Galena-Abesville Elementary School Galena High School Hurley R-I School District - Hurley Hurley Elementary School Hurley High School Reeds Spring R-IV School District - Reeds Spring Reeds Spring Primary School Reeds Spring Elementary School Reeds Spring Intermediate School Reeds Spring Middle School Reeds Spring High School Apostolic Christian School - Reeds Spring - - Non-denominational Christian Tri-Lakes Special Education Cooperative - Blue Eye - - Special Education Gibson Technical Center - Reeds Spring - - Vocational/Technical New Horizons Alternative School - Reeds Spring - - Alternative/Other Blue Eye Public Library Crane Public Library Galena Public Library Kimberling Area Library Stone County is a third-class county located in Southwest Missouri.
The county's government includes a 3-person County Commission, several elected officials, a Road Commission consisting of the 3 County Commissioners as well as a Northern Road Commissioner and a Southern Road Commissioner. The County Commission oversees the Planning and Zoning Department, Senior Citizens' Services Board, a Law Enforcement Restitution Board, neighborhood improvement districts. All elected Officials in Stone County serve 4 year terms; the county employed 170 full-time employees and 10 part-time employees on December 31, 2014. The Government operates out of the County Seat of Galena, Missouri; the offices of the County Commission, County Clerk, Collector of Revenue, Recorder of Deeds, Treasurer as well as the University of Missouri Extension Office all operate out of the Historic Courthouse in the center of the square. The Stone County Sheriff's office, Circuit Clerk, Jail are all in the Stone County Judicial Center on the east side of the square; the Assessor and Planning and Zoning offices are located in buildings on the south side of the square.
The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Stone County. All current office holders are members of the Republican Party. Elected Officials in Stone County on average have a long tenure once elected to office. Stone County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are held by Republicans. District 138 — Don Phillips. Consists of all of the county. District 158 — Scott Fitzpatrick. Consists of a small, unincorporated region in the northwest part of the county, located just south of Crane. All of Stone County is a part
Carroll County, Arkansas
Carroll County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,446; the county has two county seats and Eureka Springs. Carroll County is Arkansas's 26th county, formed on November 1, 1833, named after Charles Carroll of Carrollton, the last surviving signer of the United States Declaration of Independence. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 639 square miles, of which 630 square miles is land and 8.7 square miles is water. Stone County, Missouri Taney County, Missouri Boone County Newton County Madison County Benton County Barry County, Missouri As of the 2000 census, there were 25,357 people, 10,189 households, 7,111 families residing in the county; the population density was 40 people per square mile. There were 11,828 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.63% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 3.34% from other races, 1.55% from two or more races.
9.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 10.03% reported speaking Spanish at home. There were 10,189 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.20% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,924, the median income for a family was $33,218. Males had a median income of $21,896 versus $18,159 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $16,003. About 11.00% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.70% of those under age 18 and 13.60% of those age 65 or over. Politically, Carroll County is a Republican stronghold in a Democratic but now powerfully Republican state, it is included in the Arkansas Third Congressional District, which has had Republican representation since 1967. The Eastern District is Republican; the Western District tilts Democratic despite the fact that Holiday Island, a community with a large percentage of relocated snowbirds in the Western District, is overwhelmingly Republican. In presidential elections, Carroll County has voted for the Democratic candidate only twice since 1952, it voted for Jimmy Carter in 1976 and for Bill Clinton in 1992. Berryville Eureka Springs Green Forest Alpena Beaver Blue Eye Oak Grove Holiday Island CarrolltonRudd Osage Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas.
Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Carroll County are listed below. List of lakes in Carroll County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Carroll County, Arkansas Carroll County Government site Map of Carroll County by the U. S. Census Bureau Map of Carroll County at the Encyclopedia of Arkansas Carroll County entry at the Encyclopedia of Arkansas Carroll County Historical and Genealogical Society
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union; the largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia; the state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber and recreation; the Missouri River, after which the state is named, flows through the center of the state into the Mississippi River, which makes up Missouri's eastern border. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years; the Mississippian culture built mounds, before declining in the 14th century. When European explorers arrived in the 17th century they encountered the Osage and Missouria nations; the French established Louisiana, a part of New France, founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764. After a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory.
Missouri was admitted as a slave state as part of the Missouri Compromise. Many from Virginia and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland. Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch; the Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, California Trail all began in Missouri. As a border state, Missouri's role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business. Today, the state is divided into the independent city of St. Louis. Missouri's culture blends elements from Southern United States; the musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, St. Louis Blues developed in Missouri; the well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, lesser-known St. Louis-style barbecue, can be found across the state and beyond. Missouri is a major center of beer brewing.
Missouri wine is produced in Ozarks. Missouri's alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the state's major cities, popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, Table Rock Lake, Branson. Well-known Missourians include U. S. President Harry S. Truman, Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, Nelly; some of the largest companies based in the state include Cerner, Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, H&R Block, Wells Fargo Advisors, O'Reilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the "Mother of the West" and the "Cave State"; the state is named for the Missouri River, named after the indigenous Missouri Indians, a Siouan-language tribe. It is said that they were called the ouemessourita, meaning "those who have dugout canoes", by the Miami-Illinois language speakers; this appears to be folk etymology—the Illinois spoke an Algonquian language and the closest approximation that can be made in that of their close neighbors, the Ojibwe, is "You Ought to Go Downriver & Visit Those People."
This would be an odd occurrence, as the French who first explored and attempted to settle the Mississippi River got their translations during that time accurate giving things French names that were exact translations of the native tongue. Assuming Missouri were deriving from the Siouan language, it would translate as "It connects to the side of it," in reference to the river itself; this is not likely either, as this would be coming out as "Maya Sunni" Most though, the name Missouri comes from Chiwere, a Siouan language spoken by people who resided in the modern day states of Wisconsin, South Dakota, Missouri & Nebraska. The name "Missouri" has several different pronunciations among its present-day natives, the two most common being and. Further pronunciations exist in Missouri or elsewhere in the United States, involving the realization of the first syllable as either or. Any combination of these phonetic realizations may be observed coming from speakers of American English; the linguistic history was treated definitively by Donald M. Lance, who acknowledged that the question is sociologically complex, but that no pronunciation could be declared "correct", nor could any be defined as native or outsider, rural or urban, southern or northern, educated or otherwise.
Politicians employ multiple pronunciations during a single speech, to appeal to a greater number of listeners. Informal respellings of the state's name, such as "Missour-ee" or "Missour-uh", are used informally to phonetically distinguish pronunciations. There is no official state nickname. However, Missouri's unofficial nickname is the "Show Me State"; this phrase has several origins. One is popularly ascribed to a speech by Congressman Willard Vandiver in 1899, who declared that "I come from a state that raises corn and cotton and Democrats, frothy eloquence neither convinces nor satisfies me. I'm from Missouri, you have got to show me." This is in keeping with the saying "I'm from Missouri" which means "I'm skeptical of the matter and not convinced." However, according to researchers, the phrase "show me" was in use
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
U.S. Route 60
U. S. Route 60 is an east–west United States highway, traveling 2,670 mi from southwestern Arizona to the Atlantic coast in Virginia. Despite the final "0" in its number, indicating a transcontinental designation, the 1926 route ended in Springfield, Missouri, at its intersection with the major US 66. In fact, US 66 was given the US 60 number; the highway's eastern terminus is in Virginia Beach, where it is known as Pacific Avenue, in the city's Oceanfront resort district at the intersection of 5th Street and Winston-Salem Avenue. Its original western terminus was in Los Angeles, but, moved to southwest of Brenda, Arizona to an interchange with Interstate 10 after the highway designation was removed from California in 1964; some US 60 signs can be seen at this interchange about 5 mi southwest of Brenda. I-10 replaced US 60 from Beaumont, California to Arizona, California State Route 60 replaced US 60 from Los Angeles to Beaumont. U. S. Route 60 has been decommissioned in California since 1972, when Interstate 10 was completed in California.
It was so signed. Between downtown Los Angeles it had an existence separate from U. S. Routes 70 and 99, lying to its south. US 60 passed through Pomona and Riverside, meeting US 70 and US 99 near Beaumont, east of which it coincided with US 70 and US 99 as far to the east as Indio. East of Indio, US 99 separated from US 60 and US 70, both continuing through the Mojave Desert to the Arizona state line at the Colorado River near Blythe entirely as a two-lane highway. After the Great Renumbering of 1964, US 60 remained intact east of Beaumont, but for only eight years. Meanwhile, US 70 and US 99 had disappeared in Southern California. West of Beaumont, the route, US 60 was re-signed as State Route 60. East of Beaumont, US 60 remained in existence while Interstate 10 supplanted it, with the course of US 60 being moved to Interstate 10 and some sections of the old highway being demolished. In 1972, California decommissioned whatever remained of US 60 within the state as the last segments of Interstate 10 were opened.
Parts of old US 60 remain as business loops of Interstate 10 in Blythe. The westernmost stretch of US 60 to the California border has been replaced by Interstate 10; the western terminus of US 60 is near Brenda, where it travels northeast to Wickenburg, Arizona. Once US 60 hits Surprise, it carries the name Grand Avenue through the Phoenix metropolitan area until the highway joins I-17 and I-10 in Phoenix for 14 miles before it exits I-10 onto the Superstition Freeway. Here, US 60 is a significant part of the local commuter freeway system, serving cities such as Mesa and Apache Junction. East of the Phoenix area, US 60 bears east-northeast through mountainous areas, passing through Globe, Show Low, Springerville before exiting the state at the border with New Mexico. US 60 enters New Mexico in Catron County east of Arizona; the road makes an arc through Catron County, with the apex at Quemado, avoiding Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest and Escondido Mountain. East of Pie Town, the road crosses the Continental Divide.
Between the Divide and Datil, US 60 cuts through Cibola National Forest. In Datil, US 60 serves as the eastern terminus of NM-12. East of Datil, US 60 traverses the northern end of the Plains of San Augustin crosses the county line into Socorro County; the road bisects the Very Large Array complex, a track used in rearranging the antennas that make up the Array crosses the highway. 36 mi into the county, the highway passes through Magdalena. It enters the county seat of Socorro, where it meets Interstate 25. US 60 heads north. US 60 splits off from I-25 near Bernardo, about 25 mi north of Socorro, it turns back eastward, rising through Abo Pass at the southern end of the Manzano Mountains before crossing into Torrance County and passing through Mountainair, where it intersects NM-55. After passing through Willard, it sets out across the Pedernal Hills. In Encino, it begins a concurrency with US-285. Just after crossing into Guadalupe County, US-54 joins the concurrency; the three highways pass through Vaughn and go their separate ways, with US 285 heading southeast towards the direction of Roswell, US 54 heading northeast towards both Santa Rosa and Interstate 40, US 60 heading east towards Clovis.
US 60 angles southeast toward Yeso. Curving back towards the east, the road enters the county seat, 21 mi later. Just west of town, it serves as the northern terminus of NM-20, in Fort Sumner proper, it begins a concurrency with US-84, which will persist for the remainder of the routes' miles in New Mexico. East of town the two highways encounter NM-212, a spur to Fort Sumner State Monument, NM 252 in Taiban. US 60/84 passes through Tolar near the De Baca–Roosevelt County line; the two routes do not stay in Roosevelt County for long, proceeding into Curry County west of Melrose. The highways pass through Melrose, St. Vrain, Grier before widening out to a four-lane highway as they approach Clovis, the Curry County seat. In Clovis, the home of Cannon Air Force Base, the highways meet up with US-70, which joins the concurrency; the three highways proceed through Texico, cross the state line near Farwell, Texas. For the distance of more than 300 miles between Abo Pass and Amarill