Barry Holstun Lopez is an American author and fiction writer whose work is known for its humanitarian and environmental concerns. He won the National Book Award for Nonfiction for Arctic Dreams and his Of Wolves and Men was a National Book Award finalist. Lopez was raised in Southern California and New York City, he attended grade school at Our Lady of Grace. He attended the University of Notre Dame, earning undergraduate and graduate degrees there in 1966 and 1968, he attended New York University and the University of Oregon. His essays, short stories and opinion pieces began appearing in 1966; until 1981, he was a landscape photographer. He collaborates with other artists and writers and is active in national and international efforts toward reconciliation, he has traveled in 2002 was elected a Fellow of the Explorers Club. Lopez has been described as "the nation's premier nature writer" by the San Francisco Chronicle. In his non-fiction, he examines the relationship between human culture and the physical landscape, while in his fiction he addresses issues of intimacy and identity.
He has written introductions for and guest edited a number of books and anthologies, including Home Ground: Language for an American Landscape, with Debra Gwartney, The Best American Spiritual Writing 2005, The Future of Nature. In 2008, he guest edited two volumes of the journal Manoa with Frank Stewart, Maps of Reconciliation and Gates of Reconciliation. Lopez along with Peter Matthiessen, Terry Tempest Williams, James Galvin, was hailed in Mark Tredinnick's The Land's Wild Music in which Tredinnick analyzed how the landscape nourished and informed Lopez's writing. An archive of Lopez's manuscripts and other work has been established at Texas Tech University, where he is the university's Visiting Distinguished Scholar. Lopez lives near Finn Rock on the McKenzie River in western Oregon. Desert Notes: Reflections in the Eye of a Raven Giving Birth to Thunder, Sleeping with His Daughter River Notes: The Dance of Herons Winter Count, Distinguished Recognition Award, Friends of American Writers Crow and Weasel, Parents' Choice Award Field Notes: The Grace Note of the Canyon Wren, Pacific Northwest Booksellers Association Award, Critics' Choice Award Lessons from the Wolverine Light Action in the Caribbean Resistance, Oregon Book Award Outside Of Wolves and Men, National Book Award finalist, John Burroughs Medal, Christopher Medal, Pacific Northwest Booksellers Association Award Arctic Dreams: Imagination and Desire in a Northern Landscape, National Book Award, Christopher Medal, Pacific Northwest Booksellers Association Award, Oregon Book Award, National Book Critics Circle Award finalist Crossing Open Ground The Rediscovery of North America About This Life: Journeys on the Threshold of Memory Apologia Horizon Vintage Lopez.
Collected essays and short stories. Home Ground: Language for an American Landscape, edited by Barry Lopez and Debra Gwartney. San Antonio: Trinity University Press, 2010; the Future of Nature: Writing on a Human Ecology from Orion and introduced by Barry Lopez. Milkweed Editions, 2007, his writing has appeared in Harper's, The New York Times Magazine, The Sun, Manoa, in Best American Essays, Best American Spiritual Writing, Best American Nonrequired Reading, the "best of" collections from Outside, National Geographic, The Paris Review and The Georgia Review. National Book Award Award in Literature, American Academy of Arts and Letters Lannan Literary Award Guggenheim Fellowship John Burroughs Medal John Hay Medal Three Pacific Northwest Booksellers Association Awards Two Oregon Book Awards Two Pushcart Prizes Two Christopher Medals PEN Syndicated Fiction Award Five National Science Foundation Antarctica Fellowships New York Public Library Literary Lion Award Lannan Residency Fellowship MacDowell Colony Residency Fellowship Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Award Oregon Governor's Award Lifetime Achievement Award, Literary Arts Elected Fellow of the Explorers Club Doctor of Humane Letters from Whittier College O'Connell, Nicholas.
At the Field's End: Interviews with 22 Pacific Northwest Writers. University of Washington Press, Seattle. 1998 O'Connell, Nicholas. On Sacred Ground: The Spirit of Place in Pacific Northwest Literature. University of Washington Press, Seattle. 2003 Newell, Mike. No Bottom: In Conversation with Barry Lopez. XOXOX Press: Ohio. 2008. Tydeman, William E. Conversations with Barry Lopez: Walking the Path of Imagination. University of Oklahoma Press: Norman, OK. 2013. Warren, James Perrin.. Other Country: Barry Lopez and the Community of Artists University of Arizona Press Wild, Peter. Barry Lopez. Boise, Idaho: Boise State University "Western Writers Series". Pp. 49. ISBN 978-0884300380.
Eduard Ovčáček is a Czech graphic artist, lettrist and professor at the University of Ostrava. His main artistic focus is put on classical graphic art and concrete poetry, serigraphic art, lettrist photography and installations, structural and digital graphic art. Paintings and geometrical objects fall within his interest as well. Ovčáček was born in Třinec, Czechoslovakia on 5 March 1933. Between 1957 and 1963 he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts and Design in Bratislava under professor Peter Matejka, he studied at Academy of Arts and Design in Prague under professor Antonín Kybal. At that time he was involved in graphic art and started to use it in order to express his own artistic potential. Together with Miloš Urbásek and fellow artist, Ovčáček founded, in 1960, an independent group of artists called "Konfrontace"; this artistic group explored and dealt with informel, one of the attractive form of abstract art. From the beginning of the 1960s, Ovčáček kept close contacts with Polish artists, those contacts continued after the occupation of the Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw pact forces in 1968.
He established friendly relations with Marian Bogusz, the principal protagonist of Polish art scene of that period, as well as with his friends. He kept contacts with oriented artists from other countries. In 1967 Ovčáček co-founded the Club of Concretists. After that, he commenced to devote himself intensively to the serigraphic art, that being popular in United States, his serigraphic works contain and mix classical scripture, once-and-future signs and human very erotic and suggestive, figures. Ovčáček criticised the occupation of the Czechoslovakia in 1968, he took part in a lot of illegal activities. His series Lesson by Great A was created after the invasion of Warsaw Pact armed forces to Prague, in the moment when the censorship has not yet been re-established; this series of artworks thus had the chance to be published in Czechoslovak magazine "Literární listy" and in some other periodicals in the Czechoslovakia and abroad. To e.g. the former Czechoslovak and Czech president Václav Havel, Eduard Ovčáček is one of the signatories of Charter 77.
At the end of 20th century Ovčáček organised evenements with burning ropes. He is focused on, examines and improves the possibilities of use of digital technology in serigraphy. Sometimes he exploits his own older themes that he had applied under another technique earlier. First author's summary exhibition of lettrist photographs took place in 2009 in Ostrava. Eduard Ovčáček participated in lot of international exhibitions and symposia, he is the founder of the serigraphic workshops. His favourite number is "3", i.e. the number prevailing in his date of birth. Ovčáček uses this number often and in various formats and shapes in his artworks, e.g.: serigraphs 333 B or Trojky or oil on canvas 333. Eduard Ovčáček works as professor at the College of Arts of Ostrawa University and keeps contacts with academic fellows namely in Slovakia and Poland, he continues intensively in his artistic activities. His artworks are in numerous public and private collections in the Czech Republic, Europe and America.
1965 International exhibition "Złote grono", Zielona Góra, Award for graphic art. Biennale "Výzkumy grafiky", Czech Republic, Certificate of merit for graphic art. International triennale of graphic art INTER-KONTAKT-GRAFIK 1995, Czech Republic, Grand Prix of the capital city of Prague, Praha – Kraków. Award for graphic art. 1995 Lesson by Great A, anthology of concrete and visual poetry. Trigon, Praha, 1995. Gema Art, Praha, 1995. Gallery, Praha, 2007. 1963–1968 Department of art theory and education at College of Arts of Palacký University of Olomouc. Kroky. 1966 Galerie Lidová demokracie at Charles square, Czech Republic.
Thomas Ludwell Lee, Sr. was an editor of the Virginia Declaration of Rights. He was the older brother of Richard Henry Lee, Francis Lightfoot Lee, William Lee, Arthur Lee. Lee was born at Stratford Hall Plantation, Westmoreland County, Virginia to Thomas Lee and his wife Hannah Harrison Ludwell, he was the second one to survive into adulthood. Much about Lee's early life is unknown, but it is assumed that he studied in England along with his brothers. Thomas resided at Belleview, Stafford County, the site of the first annual meeting of the Mississippi Company, at which George Washington and his brother, John Augustine Washington, attended in September 1763, he refused to enter into US politics. John Adams, quoting George Wythe, once said that Lee was "the delight of the eyes of every Virginian, but would not engage in public life."On October 14, 1776, he was appointed to a committee headed by Thomas Jefferson and including Wythe, Edmund Pendleton, George Mason to revise, amend, or repeal any Virginia law, subject to the approval of the Virginia House of Delegates.
Thomas married Mary Aylett. Mary was the daughter of Elizabeth Eskridge. Elizabeth married secondly, Dr. James Steptoe, Col.. 1. Thomas Ludwell Lee, Jr. who married Frances "Fanny" Carter, daughter of Robert Wormley Carter of Sabine Hall and Winifred Tavener Beale. 2. William Aylett Lee, who died young). 3. George Lee, Sr. who married Evelyn Byrd Beverley. Evelyn married secondly. Evelyn was the daughter of Maria Carter. 4. Anne Fenton Lee, who married Daniel Carroll Brent, son of William Brent III and Eleanor Carroll. 5. Lucinda Lee, who married John Dalrymple Orr, son of John Orr and Susan Monroe Grayson. 6. Rebecca Lee. Thomas was the son of Hon. of Stratford Hall, Westmoreland Co.. Virginia. Thomas married Hannah Harrison Ludwell. Hannah was the daughter of Col. Philip Ludwell II of "Greenspring", Hannah Harrison. Thomas was the son of Col. Richard Lee Esq. "the scholar" and Laetitia Corbin. Laetitia was the daughter of Richard's neighbor and, Hon. Henry Corbin, Sr. and Alice Burnham. Richard II, was the son of Col. Richard Lee I, Esq. "the immigrant" and Anne Constable.
Savage Dam is a dam across the Otay River in the San Ysidro Mountains of southwestern San Diego County, California. It is a concrete arch gravity structure 149 feet high, serves to store water from the San Diego Aqueduct's third pipeline for backup municipal uses in the San Diego metropolitan area, it is just over 6 miles southeast of Chula Vista and 4 miles north of the United States-Mexico border. The dam is named in honor of H. N. Savage; the dam was completed in 1897 as an earthfill and steel structure called the Otay Dam by the Southern California Mountain Water Company to provide water storage. However, in 1916, heavy rains brought on by Charles Hatfield, a "rainmaker", hired by the city of San Diego to put an end to a drought, caused the dam to burst; the failure sent a wall of water 40 feet high downstream, destroying buildings and bridges, washing thousands of tons of sediment and wreckage into San Diego Bay. Eleven Japanese American farmers were killed; the dam was rebuilt as Savage Dam in 1918, has functioned properly since.
Finn's weaver or Finn's baya known as yellow weaver is a species of weaver bird found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra valleys in India and Nepal. Two races are known; the species was named by Hume based on a specimen obtained at Kaladhungi near Nainital. The species was rediscovered in the Terai near Calcutta by Frank Finn. Oates called it "The Eastern Baya" in 1889 and Stuart Baker called it Finn's baya in the second edition of the Fauna of British India, they breed from May to September. The nest is built in reeds; the nest is different in structure from the other weaver species found in India, but as in other weavers, woven from thin strips of leaves and reeds. This species lines the entire inside of the nest, unlike the other weavers, which line only the floor of the nest. Males strip the leaves of the nest tree, making the globular nests visible. Abdulali, H. Finn's Baya Ploceus megarhynchus. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 51: 200–204. Abdulali, H. More notes on Finn's Baya. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 52: 599–601.
Abdulali, H. The nesting habits of the eastern race of Finn's Baya Ploceus megarhynchus salimalii. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 269–270. Ali, S. In quest of Finn's Baya. Indian Forester 41: 365–374. Ali, S. Crook, J. H. Observations on Finn's Baya rediscovered in the Kumaon terai, 1959. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 56: 457–483. Ambedkar, V. C. Observations on the breeding biology of Finn's Baya in the Kumaon Terai. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 65: 596–607. Hart, W. C. Finn's Baya Ploceus megarhyncheus Hume). Indian Forester 43: 45–46. O'Donell, H. V; the Eastern Baya Ploceus megarynchus nesting in the same tree as the Jungle Bee Apis indicus. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 821. Rai, Y. M. Observations on Finn's Baya breeding near Meerut. Newsletter for Birdwatchers. 19: 11. Rai, Y. M. Finn's Baya breeding at Meerut. Newsletter for Birdwatchers. 19: 11. Rai, Y. M. Hastinapur birds: Finn's Baya. Newsletter for Birdwatchers. 23: 14–15. Saha, S. S; the Finn's Baya Ploceus megarhynchus its breeding colony near Calcutta. Proc. Zool. Soc. Calcutta 20: 181–185.
Saha, S. S. Occurrence of Finn's Baya in Assam. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 73: 527–529. Finn's weaver - Species text in Weaver Watch
The United Revolutionary Front of Bhutan is a Maoist guerrilla terrorist group operating in Bhutan founded on April 12, 2007. The URFB's first attacks were meant to cause chaos leading up to the country's first parliamentary elections in March 2009; the group's stated goals are to fight for the rights of ethnic Nepalis exiles and to build a "true democracy" in Bhutan. In the 1980s, Bhutan's ethnic Nepalese minority population had boomed and made up around one third of the country's total population. In response, King Jigme Singye Wangchuck launched the Citizenship Act of 1985; this policy stripped thousands of ethnic Nepalese of their Bhutanese citizenship. Some 105,000 ethnic Nepalese were forced from their homes while others were beaten and murdered. Many of these exiles ended up in refugee camps along the country's border; the URFB is one of several militant groups. In 2005, King Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated the throne to this son Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck and announced that the country's first popular elections for a new bicameral legislative body would take place in 2008.
However 12 percent of the population ethnic Nepalese, were excluded from voting. To protest the elections, the URFB formed and began using attacks to send a message to the Bhutanese government; the URFB's commander-in-chief goes by the alias "Karma." Karma has released statements on behalf of the URFB outlining the group's motives and goals along with claiming responsibility for many attacks around the country. Confirmed Attacks March 17, 2008: Members of the URFB planted an improvised explosive device near a Bhutan Oil Distributor's petrol pump, killing one person. December 30, 2008: The group detonated an IED on a tractor carrying six Bhutan forest rangers. Four of the foresters were killed in the incident, the other two were injured. Claimed Attacks January 20, 2008: The URFB claimed responsibility for a series of bombings in four districts of Bhutan, including the capital Thimphu. No one was killed; the explosion in Thimphu shattered windows throughout the city's center. March 15, 2008: Nine days before the country's first parliamentary election, two bombs destroyed a foundation stub at the base of a tower that transports energy from the Tala Project to India.
February 17, 2013: Several Royal Bhutan Police officers in Kharbandi were injured in a blast outside a police post. Shortly after, Karma issued a press release taking responsibility for the attack. Terrorist Incidents attributed to the United Revolutionary Front of Bhutan in the Global Terrorism Database