click links in text for more info

Bartın Province

Bartın Province, a small province in northern Turkey on the Black Sea, surrounds the city of Bartın. It lies to the east of Zonguldak Province; the town of Bartın contains a number of old wooden houses in a style no longer extant in other places. Bartın province includes the ancient port town of Amasra; this town stands on two small fortified islands and contains many interesting old buildings and restaurants. Bartın Province subdivides into four districts: Amasra Bartın Kurucaşile Ulus Bartın Naval Base Kuşkayası Monument List of populated places in Bartın Province Bartın governor's official website Bartın municipality's official website Bartın weather forecast information Bartin - Amasra Bartin - Amasra

The Society for the Relief of the Homeless Poor

The Society for the Relief of the Homeless Poor is one of the oldest homeless shelters in London, dating back to 1820 when it was set up to respond to individuals left destitute after the Napoleonic War. One of the founders and the first Chairman was an Alderman of London at the time. Additionally, The Society was seen as essential to providing nightly shelter and sustenance to the homeless found wandering about London during inclement winter seasons. One of the founders and the first Chairman was the Rt. Hon. George Bridges, M. P. Lord Mayor of London and an Alderman of London at the time; the origin dates back to a public meeting held on 30 January 1820 at London Wall at which it was resolved to open at once a "subscription" in order to aid homeless people. At its peak, The Society housed and fed 550 people, during a slump in 1856 Charles Dickens wrote in'Household Words' of his visit to the asylum in Whitecross Street and the residents he observed there. In 1912 it was deemed necessary to register trusteeship and it was decided that there should be representatives from: The Corporation of the City of London, The Westminster City Council, The Bishop of London and Southwark, The Commissioners of the City of London and Metropolitan Police, The Church Army These organisations provided the necessary management and support, with the Church Army taking a pro-active role in day-to-day affairs and there founder Revd Wilson Carlile sitting on the board of trustees for The Society for the Relief of the Homeless Poor from 1912 onwards.

The current location and working name of the charity is Western Lodge on Clapham Common. Western Lodge was built in about 1800 and since its donation to The Society for the Relief of the Homeless Poor; the property has undergone many refurbishments. At its peak it was able to house 27 men in large dormitories which have since been sectioned into individual rooms; the first to live in Western Lodge was Thomas Whitaker, but in the year of Waterloo it was leased by "that genial buccaneer" Richard Thornton a prominent figure on the Baltic Exchange at Lloyd's. A bachelor and a shrewd business man, he made a large fortune and when he died in 1865 he was said to be worth nearly three million pounds; the next resident, in 1828, was Sir James Mackintosh, philosopher and Whig parliamentarian who will always be remembered for his work for the repeal of many of the savage penal laws of his day. In November 1829 his niece Emma Wedgwood, who married Charles Darwin, paid him a visit which his mother describes in a letter: "I have just heard of her arrival at Clapham, seeing the dining room all lighted up as she drove into the court, the Historian himself in full discourse with a party of gentlemen.

Emma, desired to be shown up to Mrs Rich's room, where she had a comfortable cup of tea and a chat with her. Fanny came up to ask Emma whether she would come down and see Mr William Wilberforce but she declined, I dare say Mackintosh thought her a great fool for doing so." In 1843 the house was taken by Charles Trevelyan Assistant Secretary to the Treasury, brother-in-law of Lord Macaulay whose favourite sister Hannah he had married in 1834. The Trevelayans lived at Western Lodge for eight years with their three children, Macaulay was a frequent and much loved visitor; the most notorious of Western Lodge's previous owners was Adam Worth, who purchased Western Lodge in 1875. On 26 May 1876 he stole Thomas Gainsborough's celebrated portrait of Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire; the rolled up painting remained in the Coach House on the grounds of Western Lodge for a decade. It is proposed that the charity moves to another Victorian property in Tooting Bec

Giovanni Tadolini

Giovanni Tadolini was an Italian composer and singing instructor, who enjoyed a career that alternated between Bologna and Paris. Tadolini is best known for completing six sections of Rossini's 1833 version of the Stabat mater after the latter fell sick. However, he composed eight operas as well as sinfonias, chamber music, numerous pieces of religious music and art songs. Born in Bologna, he studied with Matteo Rubini and Stanislao Mattei at the Liceo Musicale of his native city, before going to work at the Théâtre-Italien in Paris as a répétiteur and chorus master from 1811 to 1814. Following the occupation of Paris by the Russian and Austrian armies in 1814, he returned to Italy where over the next 15 years he wrote a series of operas and served as a conductor and chorus master for the Teatro Comunale di Bologna, he became a member of Bologna's Accademia Filarmonica and maestro di cappella of St. Peter's Cathedral in the city. In 1827, he married the soprano Eugenia Tadolini, his student in Bologna.

Tadolini returned to the Théâtre-Italien in 1829 with his wife, he as the director, she as a singer in the company. The marriage ended in divorce in 1834. Following the divorce, Tadolini remained in his post at the Théâtre-Italien until 1839 when he returned definitively to Bologna. In his life, he ran a singing school in Bologna, where he died in 1872. OperasLe bestie in uomini La fata Alcina La principessa di Navarra, ossia Il Gianni di Parigi Il credulo deluso Tamerlano Moctar, gran visir di Adrianopoli Mitridate Almanzor Art songsLa farfalla – voice and piano, text by Carlo Pepoli, dedicated to Marie Lutyens La potenza d'amore – tenor voice and French horn, text by Carlo Pepoli La fuga di Bianca Capello – bass voice and piano, text by Carlo Pepoli Se la vita vuoi godere – tenor voice and piano Ambìveri, Operisti minori dell'800 italiano, Gremese Editore, 1998. ISBN 88-7742-263-7 Ashbrook, William and His Operas, Cambridge University Press, 1983. ISBN 0-521-27663-2 Biblioteca Nazionale Braidense, Giovanni, Catalogo nazionale dei manoscritti musicali redatti fino al 1900.

Accessed 23 October 2009. Casaglia, Gherardo. "Giovanni Tadolini". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia. Fétis, François-Joseph, "Tadolini, Giovanni", Biographie universelle des musiciens et bibliographie génèrale de la musique, Volume 8, Firmin-Didot, 1865 Forbes, Elizabeth, "Tadolini, Giovanni" in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, ed. Stanley Sadie ISBN 0-333-73432-7 Hubbard, W. L. "Tadolini, Giuseppe", The American History And Encyclopedia of Music: Musical Biographies, Part II published in 1910, published in facsimile by Kessinger Publishing, 2005. ISBN 1-4179-0713-4 Osborne, Rossini: his life and works, Oxford University Press US, 2007. ISBN 0-19-518129-8 Sanvitale, Francesco, La romanza italiana da salotto, EDT srl, 2002. ISBN 88-7063-615-1 New York Times, Obituary: Giuseppe Tadolini, 6 January 1873, p. 5 Score of La farfalla at the IMSLP

Round Hill Village, Nevada

Round Hill Village is a census-designated place in Douglas County, United States. The population was 759 at the 2010 census. Prior to 2010, the community was part of the Zephyr Cove–Round Hill Village CDP. Round Hill Village is located on the east shore of Lake Tahoe in far western Nevada. U. S. Route 50 is the main road through the CDP, leading south 2 miles to the California state line and northeast 23 miles to Carson City. Zephyr Cove is to the north, Stateline is to the south. Kingsbury occupies the ridge to the east. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Round Hill Village CDP has a total area of 5.9 square miles, of which 5.8 square miles is land and 0.12 square miles, or 2.19%, is water

Rail transport in Greece

Rail transport in Greece has a history which began in 1869, with the completion of the Athens & Piraeus Railway, with parts of it becoming the second-oldest underground metro system in the world. The running of the Greek railways is split between the Hellenic Railways Organisation, which owns and maintains the infrastructure, TrainOSE, Proastiakos Railways, TrainHellas, companies that run the trains on the network. TrainOse and Proastiakos are private, TrainHellas is a public company that only runs slow trains Greece is a member of the International Union of Railways; the UIC Country Code for Greece is 73. The Diolkos was a paved trackway near Corinth in Ancient Greece which enabled boats to be moved overland across the Isthmus of Corinth; the shortcut allowed ancient vessels to avoid the dangerous circumnavigation of the Peloponnese peninsula. It is regarded by the British historian of science M. J. T. Lewis as the first railway to be constructed. Greek independence in 1832 coincided with the start of the railway era.

By 1835 plans were being put to the Greek state to construct a railway line from Athens to the port of Piraeus. Twenty-two years in 1857, a contract for its construction was signed and the work commenced, it took four different companies a further twelve years to lay the 8.8 kilometres of track, the work being completed in 1869. Greece towards the end of the 19th century was a collection of small agricultural towns acting as marketplaces and economic centres for the villages that surrounded them. Greece had little industry and few roads, which made the government think about the development of a railway system that would go towards addressing the lack of internal and external communication that existed. In 1881 the Prime Minister, Alexandros Koumoundouros signed four contracts for the laying of 1,435 mm standard gauge lines, with the intention of making Greece a pivotal point on the journey between Europe and Asia. In the following year, 1882, Koumoundouros was replaced by Charilaos Trikoupis as Prime Minister, who cancelled the contracts, replacing them with four of his own.

He had a different political vision for the railways, seeing them as a way of stimulating the internal growth of Greece and proposed a 417 kilometres narrow-gauge system encircling the northern Peloponnese, with a separate system in Thessaly. There was a line of 76 kilometres to be laid from Athens to Lavrio, on the peninsula of Eastern Attica. Trikoupis preferred narrow gauge over standard gauge due to cheaper initial construction costs, although the line linking Athens to Larissa, planned to join with the European system, was constructed to 1,435 mm standard gauge; the network took 25 years to complete, 20 years longer than the 5 anticipated by Trikoupis. By 1909, 1,606 kilometres of track had been laid, including the main standard-gauge line to the Greek-Turkish border at Papapouli, past the Tempi valley; the first trains to run the full 506 kilometres from Athens to Thessaloniki on standard-gauge track marked the completion of the line in 1918, which by was running on Greek territory. The Hellenic Railways Organisation was founded in 1971, taking over from the Hellenic State Railways.

Since the network of Greece's railways has been extensively modernised and most of them have been electrified, notably between the cities of Athens and Thessaloniki. TrainOSE has 16\22 railway sections electrified, 3 are highspeed rail eligible. TrainHellas only is part of the OSE group. Proastiakos is a different company owned by the FSI Group. Piraeus–Monastiraki–Iraklio–Lavrio–Kifissia The first railway line that operated in Greece was the one connecting Athens and Piraeus, which opened in 1869, it ran for a distance of 8 km from the port of Piraeus to Thissio in Athens. It was extended to Omonoia Square in 1895 and electrified in 1904, with the 600 V DC third rail system. From 1911 it was possible to run through freight trains on the Piraeus Harbour Tramway using dual system electric locomotives. Another company, Attica Railways in 1885, ran a metre-gauge suburban line from Lavrio Square to the north of Omonoia Square and to Iraklio, it involved a section of street running, along the present 3 September Street, from Lavrio Square to Attiki Square, beyond which it ran on a dedicated trackbed.

At Iraklio, the line forked to form two suburban branches. One went further north via Maroussi to Kifissia and Strofyli, with a freight only extension to Dionyssos marble quarries; the other branch ran eastwards to Vrilissia and southwards to the villages Peania, Marcopoulo, Keratea and its terminus at the mining town of Lavrio. In 1926, the Hellenic Electric Railways S. A. a new company, created by the co-operation of Attica Railways S. A. and the English "Power Group", took over operation of the two lines Piraeus-Athens and Omonia and Attiki-Kifissia-Strofyli. In 1929 SPAP took over the Iraklio - Lavrio branch line; the Athens terminal for Lavrio was moved from Lavrio Square to Athens Peloponne

The Orchard of Lost Souls

The Orchard of Lost Souls is a 2013 novel by the Somali-British author Nadifa Mohamed. It is set in Somalia on the eve of the civil war, her second book, coming four years after her award-winning debut work Black Mamba Boy, it was published by Simon & Schuster. Reviewing The Orchard of Lost Souls in The Independent, Arifa Akbar said: "If Mohamed's first novel was about fathers and sons... this one is about mothers and daughters." Aminatta Forna wrote in The New York Times: "In both'Black Mamba Boy' and'The Orchard of Lost Souls,' Nadifa Mohamed — generationally at a remove from the events she describes — shows how the echo of war reverberates down the generations, why every nation needs its storytellers: someone to, if not make sense of events order them so that sense may be drawn." In 2014 The Orchard of Lost Souls won the Somerset Maugham Award and was longlisted for the Dylan Thomas Prize. Simon and Schuster - The Orchard of Losts Souls