Doudleby nad Orlicí
Doudleby nad Orlicí is a market town and municipality in Rychnov nad Kněžnou District in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. Petra Bryant and writer, grew up in the town
Dobruška is a small town in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. It is situated in the Orlické hory valley, about 140 km east of Prague, it has about 7,100 inhabitants. The Golden Brook flows through the town. Known as a Market Community Lešno, the first written mention of the place comes from a 1320 document; the town obtained the right of beer-brewing prior to this 1320 document. In the 14th century it became known as a seat of Church administration. In 1495, with arrival of Noble Family of Trčka of Lípa, the town started to develop; the centre of the town gained its present appearance in Neo-Gothic style after a large fire broke out on October 7, 1866, painted by Alois Beer. The town of Dobruška is known because of the Czech patriotic writer František Ladislav Hek, whose career was described in Alois Jirásek's novel entitled F. L. Věk, thanks to the beautiful Renaissance castle in nearby Opočno. Renaissance Town Hall; the Jewish synagogue. Mikve, the Jewish ritual purgatory bath in the town museum.
Parental house of F. L. Věk. House nr. 17, at the square in Dobruška. The holy Spirit Church built in Renaissance style. Old Czech Brewery Dobruška. Alois Beer - notable Czech painter František Ladislav Hek - patriotic writer František Kupka - painter and artist Municipal website Dobruska town square webcam The International Music Festival of F. L. Věk in Dobruška virtual show
Lípa nad Orlicí
Lípa nad Orlicí is a village and municipality in Rychnov nad Kněžnou District in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. It is located 20 kilometres southeast of 120 kilometres east of Prague; the municipality covers an area of 10.57 square kilometres and as of 2014 it had a population of 519. First written notice about the village is from year 1396; the village of Dlouhá Louka is an administrative part of Lípa nad Orlicí
Kostelecké Horky is a village and municipality in Rychnov nad Kněžnou District in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic
The Sudetenland is the historical German name for the northern and western areas of former Czechoslovakia which were inhabited by Sudeten Germans. These German speakers had predominated in the border districts of Bohemia and Czech Silesia from the time of the Austrian Empire; the word "Sudetenland" did not come into being until the early part of the 20th century and did not come to prominence until over a decade into the century, after the First World War, when the German-dominated Austria-Hungary was dismembered and the Sudeten Germans found themselves living in the new country of Czechoslovakia. The Sudeten crisis of 1938 was provoked by the Pan-Germanist demands of Germany that the Sudetenland be annexed to Germany, which happened after the Munich Agreement. Part of the borderland was annexed by Poland; when Czechoslovakia was reconstituted after the Second World War, the Sudeten Germans were expelled and the region today is inhabited exclusively by Czech speakers. The word Sudetenland is a German compound of Land, meaning "country", Sudeten, the name of the Sudeten Mountains, which run along the northern Czech border and Lower Silesia.
The Sudetenland encompassed areas well beyond those mountains, however. Parts of the now Czech regions of Karlovy Vary, Olomouc, Moravia-Silesia, Ústí nad Labem are within the area called Sudetenland; the areas known as the Sudetenland never formed a single historical region, which makes it difficult to distinguish the history of the Sudetenland apart from that of Bohemia, until the advent of nationalism in the 19th century. The Celtic and Boii tribes settled there and the region was first mentioned on the map of Ptolemaios in the 2nd century AD; the Germanic tribe of the Marcomanni dominated the entire core of the region in centuries. Those tribes built cities like Brno, but moved west during the Migration Period. In the 7th century AD Slavic people were united under Samo's realm. In the High Middle Ages Germans settled into the less populated border region. In the Middle Ages the regions situated on the mountainous border of the Duchy and the Kingdom of Bohemia had since the Migration Period been settled by western Slavic Czechs.
Along the Bohemian Forest in the west, the Czech lands bordered on the German Slavic tribes stem duchies of Bavaria and Franconia. In the course of the Ostsiedlung German settlement from the 13th century onwards continued to move into the Upper Lusatia region and the duchies of Silesia north of the Sudetes mountain range. From as early as the second half of the 13th century onwards these Bohemian border regions were settled by ethnic Germans, who were invited by the Přemyslid Bohemian kings — by Ottokar II and Wenceslaus II. After the extinction of the Přemyslid dynasty in 1306, the Bohemian nobility backed John of Luxembourg as king against his rival Duke Henry of Carinthia. In 1322 King John of Bohemia acquired the Imperial Egerland region in the west and was able to vassalize most of the Piast Silesian duchies, acknowledged by King Casimir III of Poland by the 1335 Treaty of Trentschin, his son, Bohemian King Charles IV, was elected King of the Romans in 1346 and crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1355.
He added the Lusatias to the Lands of the Bohemian Crown, which comprised large territories with a significant German population. In the hilly border regions German settlers established major manufactures of forest glass; the situation of the German population was aggravated by the Hussite Wars, though there were some Germans among the Hussite insurgents. By Germans settled the hilly Bohemian border regions as well as the cities of the lowlands; the city of Prague had a German-speaking majority from the last third of the 17th century until 1860, but after 1910 the proportion of German speakers had decreased to 6.7% of the population. From the Luxembourgs, the rule over Bohemia passed through George of Podiebrad to the Jagiellon dynasty and to the House of Habsburg in 1526. Both Czech and German Bohemians suffered in the Thirty Years War. Bohemia lost 70% of its population. From the defeat of the Bohemian Revolt that collapsed at the 1620 Battle of White Mountain, the Habsburgs integrated the Kingdom of Bohemia into their monarchy.
During the subsequent Counter-Reformation, less populated areas were resettled with Catholic Germans from the Austrian lands. From 1627 the Habsburgs enforced the so-called Verneuerte Landesordnung and one of its consequences was that German according to mother tongue became the primary and official language while Czech declined to a secondary role in the Empire. In 1749 Austrian Empire enforced German as the official language again. Emperor Joseph II in 1780 renounced the coronation ceremony as Bohemian king and unsuccessfully tried to push German through as sole official language in all Habsburg lands. German cultural in
Bačetín is a village and municipality in Rychnov nad Kněžnou District in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic
Častolovice is a market town in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. It has around 1,600 inhabitants; the village lies 20 kilometers from Hradec Králové and was purportedly settled by Častolov of the Hronovec family in 1342. The main attraction of Častolovice is a renaissance-era castle, owned by the Sternbergs, a family of Czech nobles, for over 300 years. Market town website Media related to Častolovice at Wikimedia Commons