Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Cedar Rapids is the second-largest city in Iowa and is the county seat of Linn County. The city lies on both banks of the Cedar River, 20 miles north of Iowa City and 100 miles northeast of Des Moines, the state's capital and largest city, it is a part of the Cedar Rapids/Iowa City Corridor of Linn, Cedar, Jones and Washington counties. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city population was 126,326; the estimated population of the three-county Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes the nearby cities of Marion and Hiawatha, was 255,452 in 2008. Cedar Rapids is an economic hub of the state, located in the core of the Interstate 380; the Cedar Rapids Metropolitan Statistical Area is a part of a Combined Statistical Area with the Iowa City MSA. This CSA plus two additional counties are known as the Iowa City-Cedar Rapids Corridor and collectively have a population of over 450,000. A flourishing center for arts and culture in Eastern Iowa, the city is home to the Cedar Rapids Museum of Art, the National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library, the Paramount Theatre, Orchestra Iowa, Theatre Cedar Rapids, the African-American Historical Museum and Cultural Center of Iowa, the Iowa Cultural Corridor Alliance.
In the 1990s and 2000s, several Cedar Rapidians became well-known actors, including Bobby Driscoll, Ashton Kutcher, Elijah Wood, Ron Livingston. The city is the comedy film Cedar Rapids. Cedar Rapids is nicknamed the "City of Five Seasons", for the "fifth season", time to enjoy the other four; the symbol of the five seasons is the Tree of Five Seasons sculpture in downtown along the north river bank. The name "Five Seasons" and representations of the sculpture appear throughout the city in many forms; the location of present-day Cedar Rapids was in the territory of the Sac tribes. The first permanent settler, Osgood Shepherd, arrived in 1838; when Cedar Rapids was first established in 1838, William Stone named the town Columbus. In 1841 it was resurveyed and renamed by N. B. Brown and his associates, they named the town Cedar Rapids for the rapids in the Cedar River at the site, the river itself was named for the large number of red cedar trees that grew along its banks. Cedar Rapids was incorporated on January 15, 1849.
Cedar Rapids annexed the community of Kingston in 1870. The economic growth of Cedar Rapids increased in 1871 upon the founding of the Sinclair meatpacking company. In 2010, the Census Bureau reported Cedar Rapids' population as 87.98% white, 5.58% black. During the Iowa flood of 2008, the Cedar River reached a record high of 31.12 feet on June 13, surpassing the 500-year flood plain. 1,126 city blocks were flooded, or more than 10 square miles, 561 city blocks were damaged, on both banks of the Cedar River, comprising 14% of the city's total area. A total of 7,749 flooded properties had to be evacuated, including 5,900 homes and 310 city facilities, among them the City Hall, Central Fire Station, Main Public Library, Ground Transportation Center, Public Works building, the Animal Control building, it is estimated that at least 1,300 properties had to be demolished in the Cedar Rapids area because of the flood, which caused several billions of dollars in damages. More than 4,000 members of the Iowa National Guard were activated to assist the city.
The temporary levees became saturated not only with the flood waters but with additional rainfall, causing them to fail. Until the flood, the city's government was headquartered in the Veterans Memorial Building, near the Linn County Courthouse and jail on Mays Island in the Cedar River, making Cedar Rapids one of a few cities in the world, along with Paris, with governmental offices on a municipal island. During the flood of 2016, remnants of Hurricane Paine from the eastern Pacific Ocean via the Gulf of California caused the second highest recorded crest of the Cedar River in Cedar Rapids, reaching 22 feet on September 27; the inundation of southern Minnesota and western Wisconsin, northeastern Iowa by Hurricane Paine's remnants began on September 21 and 22 and continued until the end of the month. The cresting in Cedar Rapids was below the initial estimate of 25 feet and the revised estimate of 23 feet, but more than 10 feet above the flood stage of 12 feet; the flood was above levels considered to have about a 1% chance of occurring in a given year.
More than 5,000 homes were affected. The Cedar Rapids Schools were closed for a week. In 2015, Cedar Rapids approved a $625 million flood protection plan over 20 years for levee improvements. Although the improvement to the levee system in Cedar Rapids had not been completed due to over $80 million in funding not appropriated by the United States Congresses of 2014 and 2016 and the voting down by local residents of a temporary increase in the local sales tax to pay for the levee improvements, out of school students along with hundreds of thousands of volunteers and 412 Iowa National Guard troops filled more than a quarter of a million sandbags in a successful effort to prevent any major flooding of the city outside the evacuation zone. A 9.8-mile system of Hesco barriers, earthen berms, over 400,000 sandbags were used to plug the gaps in the levee system. The city of Cedar Rapids purchased additional Hesco barriers from Iowa City for $1.4 million. Numerous upstream cities, earlier affected by the September flooding and mandatory evacuations, including Charles City, Manchester, Shell Rock, Janesville, Cedar Falls and Waterloo, sent hundreds of thousands of unused sandbags to support efforts in Cedar Rapids and near
Overture Center for the Arts
Overture Center for the Arts is a state of the art performing arts center and art gallery in Madison, United States. The center opened on September 2004, replacing the former Civic Center. In addition to several theaters, the center houses the Madison Museum of Contemporary Art; the center was commissioned by Pleasant Rowland, designed by Cesar Pelli. His most famous works are the Petronas Twin Towers, which were for a time the world's tallest buildings, he designed the World Financial Center complex (since renamed Brookfield Place, in downtown Manhattan. Frautschi/Rowland paid $205 million to construct the building, making it the largest private gift to the arts of its kind, it replaced the Madison Civic Center, located on the same block on State Street. Its first President/CEO was Robert B. D'Angelo, followed by Michael Goldberg, Tom Carto, Ted DeDee and Sandra Gajic; the building has seven venues, in addition to art galleries: The 2251-seat Overture Hall is the facility's largest theater. Consisting of four levels of seats, it has a striking architectural style and was designed for acoustics.
The balconies have "continental-style" seating arrangements, where aisles other than those on the sides of seat rows are omitted in order to provide greater seat size and acoustics. It houses a permanent organ by the German organ builder Klais; the Madison Symphony Orchestra, Madison Opera, Madison Ballet call this theater home. In addition to local Madison performing groups, touring performances have played in Overture Hall. During Overture construction, the Oscar Mayer Theater was restored, re-christened the Capitol Theater; the theater's inaugural performance, Wisconsin Chamber Orchestra, upon reopening took place in November, 2005. Done in muted teal and fuchsia, it seats 1098 in balcony. Original to the theater is an organ built by Oshkosh's Barton Organ Company. Resident companies include the Wisconsin Chamber Orchestra and CTM Madison Family Theatre, although some traveling shows perform there; this smaller, intimate performance space replaced the former Isthmus Playhouse. It was renovated with the Madison Repertory Theatre in mind as its resident company, was occupied by Madison Rep until its closure in March 2009.
This is a smaller room featuring bleachers in the walls that can convert it to a performance space seating up to 300. Kanopy Dance is its resident company; this room, located in the lower level, is used for the center's Kids in the Rotunda performances. The only venue accessible to the public during regular hours, it features a color scheme of fuchsia walls and floors, as well as permanent audience riser seats, it is a venue for banquets and other performances. These two venues are used for rehearsals and meetings, they are fully equipped black box theater spaces seating 100-200 depending on seating configuration. The center contains four visual art galleries; the Overture Galleries present exhibits by organizations. The center houses the James Watrous Gallery, operated by the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences and Letters; this gallery displays larger installations from regional artists. Both galleries are open to the public. Following is a partial list of notable performers that have staged concerts at the Overture Center: Bryan Adams Alabama Shakes Criss Angel Joan Baez The Beach Boys Belle and Sebastian Mike Birbiglia Andrew Bird Blue Man Group Anthony Bourdain Jim Brickman Jackson Browne Mary Chapin Carpenter Chicago John Cleese Harry Connick Jr. Bill Cosby Elvis Costello Bo Diddley Ani DiFranco Bob Dylan Earth, Wind & Fire Susan Egan Michael Feinstein Fitz & the Tantrums The Goo Goo Dolls Buddy Guy Hall & Oates Corey Hart Indigo Girls Robert Irvine Jethro Tull Norah Jones Garrison Keillor B.
B. King Gladys Knight Diana Krall Patti LaBelle Ladysmith Black Mambazo k.d. lang Jonny Lang Gordon Lightfoot Little Big Town Lyle Lovett Patti LuPone Yo-Yo Ma Bill Maher Mannheim Steamroller Branford Marsalis Wynton Marsalis Steve Martin Matisyahu Kathy Mattea Idina Menzel Ingrid Michaelson Liza Minnelli Colin Mochrie and Brad Sherwood Mormon Tabernacle Choir Graham Nash Willie Nelson Bob Newhart Karen Olivo Ken Page Itzhak Perlman Bernadette Peters Portugal. The Man John Prine Bonnie Raitt The Righteous Brothers Molly Ringwald Joan Rivers Diana Ross David Sanborn David Sedaris Jerry Seinfeld Martin Short Yakov Smirnoff Mavis Staples Straight No Chaser John Tartaglia Lily Tomlin Tower of Power Brandon Uranowitz Anna Vogelzang Weird Al Yankovic Yanni Peter Yarrow and Noel Paul Stookey Ron White Wilco ZZ Top The Overture Center has been the subject of several controversies. After Frautschi's/Rowland's initial gift of a $100 million, they donated another $100 million, to make this a state of the art venue.
Some citizens complained. Others said. Still others believed it would be accessible only to the wealthy while limiting access to local and smaller acts and artists. After initial construction of the center, concerns were raised over additional funding. Citizens became concerned; as this happened, the potential was raised for the City of Madison to step in to maintain funding levels. Some were worried that a project, supposed to be private would become an unnecessary burden to taxpayers; these fears were exacerbated by the liquidation of the trust fund, set up to pay the construction d
John Compton (organ builder)
John Compton, born in Newton Burgoland, Leicestershire was a pipe organ builder. His business based in Nottingham and London flourished between 1902 and 1965. John Compton was educated at King Edward's School and studied as an apprentice with Halmshaw & Sons in Birmingham. In 1898 he joined Foster in Sheffield, he joined Charles Lloyd in Nottingham. He set up the business Compton in 1902 in Nottingham with James Frederick Musson; the partnership dissolved in 1904. In 1919, the business moved to workshops at Turnham Green Terrace, London, vacated by August Gern, he occupied a new factory at Chase Road, Park Royal, North Acton, London in 1930. Compton worked on electric-action pipe organs and electronic organs. Compton's first electronic instrument was the Melotone; the Electrone, an electrostatic tonewheel instrument introduced in 1938, evolved out of research by Leslie Bourn, an association begun in the 1920s. Throughout his organ-building career, John Compton was assisted by the capable and inventive James Isaac Taylor, who spent his entire working life with the Compton firm prior to his death in 1958.
John Compton befriended a wealthy industrialist by the name of Albery Henry Midgley. Midgley was one of the most prolific inventors of his age, with over 900 inventions to his name and following a rift with C A V-Lucas,he was appointed Technical Director of the Compton firm soon after. Midgley's genius in electrical engineering and mass-production techniques, helped the Compton firm to achieve an extraordinary level of productivity; the company were awarded many original patents in things ranging from simple organ mechanisms to the most complex, state of the art electronic and electrical inventions. Many of those patents show. On 13 June 1940, during World War II, Compton was arrested while holidaying on the island of Capri, in Italy, he was interned as an enemy alien but spent much of his time restoring pipe organs, before being permitted to return to England. Compton died in 1957, the business continued under the direction of his right-hand man, James I Taylor. Taylor died the year after in 1958, the business was wound up around 1965.
The pipe organ department was sold to Dreaper. Compton cinema organs, built by the John Compton Organ Company of Acton, were the most prevalent of theatre organs in the UK. Comptons made many fine concert organs as well, their cinema organs employed the latest technology and engineering and many are still in existence today. One of the most notable is the large 5 manual example at the Odeon Cinema Leicester Square in central London. Southern Grammar School for Boys, Portsmouth c. 1957 Portsmouth Guildhall 1959 St. Alban's Holborn 1961 Holy Trinity Church, Hull 1938 Holy Trinity Church, Exmouth 1953 St Catherine, Wokingham, Berkshire. 1952 Ivor Buckingham, The Compton List: dedicated to the John Compton Organ Company and its products - includes details on Theatrones and Electrones Penistone Cinema Organ Trust: Compton Organ Electrokinetica, Introducing the Compton Electrone Includes a thorough technical description. Accessed 29 Oct 2009. Video: Electrone at BBC's Maida Vale Studios being restored after 40 years on YouTube.
Includes sound of organ. Accessed 29 Oct 2009. Video: Compton Church Electrone Organ on YouTube. Accessed 29 March 2010. Video: Compton Church Pipe Organ on YouTube. Accessed 29 March 2010. Video: Compton Theatre Pipe Organ with melotone on YouTube. Accessed 29 March 2010
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. The first known public exhibition of projected sound films took place in Paris in 1900, but decades passed before sound motion pictures were made commercially practical. Reliable synchronization was difficult to achieve with the early sound-on-disc systems, amplification and recording quality were inadequate. Innovations in sound-on-film led to the first commercial screening of short motion pictures using the technology, which took place in 1923; the primary steps in the commercialization of sound cinema were taken in the mid- to late 1920s. At first, the sound films which included synchronized dialogue, known as "talking pictures", or "talkies", were shorts; the earliest feature-length movies with recorded sound included effects. The first feature film presented as a talkie was The Jazz Singer, released in October 1927. A major hit, it was made with Vitaphone, at the time the leading brand of sound-on-disc technology.
Sound-on-film, would soon become the standard for talking pictures. By the early 1930s, the talkies were a global phenomenon. In the United States, they helped secure Hollywood's position as one of the world's most powerful cultural/commercial centers of influence. In Europe, the new development was treated with suspicion by many filmmakers and critics, who worried that a focus on dialogue would subvert the unique aesthetic virtues of soundless cinema. In Japan, where the popular film tradition integrated silent movie and live vocal performance, talking pictures were slow to take root. Conversely, in India, sound was the transformative element that led to the rapid expansion of the nation's film industry; the idea of combining motion pictures with recorded sound is nearly as old as the concept of cinema itself. On February 27, 1888, a couple of days after photographic pioneer Eadweard Muybridge gave a lecture not far from the laboratory of Thomas Edison, the two inventors met. Muybridge claimed that on this occasion, six years before the first commercial motion picture exhibition, he proposed a scheme for sound cinema that would combine his image-casting zoopraxiscope with Edison's recorded-sound technology.
No agreement was reached, but within a year Edison commissioned the development of the Kinetoscope a "peep-show" system, as a visual complement to his cylinder phonograph. The two devices were brought together as the Kinetophone in 1895, but individual, cabinet viewing of motion pictures was soon to be outmoded by successes in film projection. In 1899, a projected sound-film system known as Cinemacrophonograph or Phonorama, based on the work of Swiss-born inventor François Dussaud, was exhibited in Paris. An improved cylinder-based system, Phono-Cinéma-Théâtre, was developed by Clément-Maurice Gratioulet and Henri Lioret of France, allowing short films of theater and ballet excerpts to be presented at the Paris Exposition in 1900; these appear to be the first publicly exhibited films with projection of both image and recorded sound. Phonorama and yet another sound-film system—Théâtroscope—were presented at the Exposition. Three major problems persisted, leading to motion pictures and sound recording taking separate paths for a generation.
The primary issue was synchronization: pictures and sound were recorded and played back by separate devices, which were difficult to start and maintain in tandem. Sufficient playback volume was hard to achieve. While motion picture projectors soon allowed film to be shown to large theater audiences, audio technology before the development of electric amplification could not project satisfactorily to fill large spaces. There was the challenge of recording fidelity; the primitive systems of the era produced sound of low quality unless the performers were stationed directly in front of the cumbersome recording devices, imposing severe limits on the sort of films that could be created with live-recorded sound. Cinematic innovators attempted to cope with the fundamental synchronization problem in a variety of ways. An increasing number of motion picture systems relied on gramophone records—known as sound-on-disc technology. In 1902, Léon Gaumont demonstrated his sound-on-disc Chronophone, involving an electrical connection he had patented, to the French Photographic Society.
Four years Gaumont introduced the Elgéphone, a compressed-air amplification system based on the Auxetophone, developed by British inventors Horace Short and Charles Parsons. Despite high expectations, Gaumont's sound innovations had only limited commercial success—though improvements, they still did not satisfactorily address the three basic issues with sound film and were expensive as well. For some years, American inventor E. E. Norton's Cameraphone was the primary competitor to the Gaumont system. In 1913, Edison introduced a new cylinder-based synch-sound apparatus known, just like his 1895 system, as the Kinetophone; the phonograph was connected by an intricate arrangement of pulleys to the film projector, allowing—under ideal conditions—for synchronization. However, conditions were ra
Page Organ Company
The Page Organ Company was a producer of theater pipe organs, located in Lima, Ohio. The Page Company started small, with a home-built organ in 1922. However, the company experienced much growth over the following decade, with a steady demand for theatre organs; the company experienced a decline in the early 1930s with the introduction of sound films, coupled with the onset of the Depression. The company was sold to an employee named Ellsworth Beilharz in 1930, who assembled instruments from components purchased from the defunct Page Company. In 1984, Beilharz sold the company to two employees, who remain in business under the name Lima Pipe Organ Company, Inc; this list is incomplete. You can help by expanding it. Catalina Casino, California Embassy Theatre, Fort Wayne, Indiana The Hedback Community Theatre in Indianapolis has a Page/Wurlitzer organ. Paramount Theatre, Indiana Stephenson High School, DeKalb County, Georgia American Theatre Organ Society
Midwestern United States
The Midwestern United States referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau. It occupies the northern central part of the United States, it was named the North Central Region by the Census Bureau until 1984. It is located between the Northeastern United States and the Western United States, with Canada to its north and the Southern United States to its south; the Census Bureau's definition consists of 12 states in the north central United States: Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin. The region lies on the broad Interior Plain between the states occupying the Appalachian Mountain range and the states occupying the Rocky Mountain range. Major rivers in the region include, from east to west, the Ohio River, the Upper Mississippi River, the Missouri River. A 2012 report from the United States Census put the population of the Midwest at 65,377,684; the Midwest is divided by the Census Bureau into two divisions.
The East North Central Division includes Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin, all of which are part of the Great Lakes region. The West North Central Division includes Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota, several of which are located, at least within the Great Plains region. Chicago is the most populous city in the American Midwest and the third most populous in the entire country. Other large Midwestern cities include: Columbus, Detroit, Kansas City, Minneapolis, Cleveland, St. Louis, St. Paul, Cincinnati and Des Moines. Chicago and its suburbs form the largest metropolitan statistical area with 9.9 million people, followed by Metro Detroit, Minneapolis–St. Paul, Greater St. Louis, Greater Cleveland, Greater Cincinnati, the Kansas City metro area, the Columbus metro area; the term Midwestern has been in use since the 1880s to refer to portions of the central United States. A variant term, Middle West, has been used since the 19th century and remains common. Another term sometimes applied to the same general region is the heartland.
Other designations for the region have fallen out of use, such as the Northwest or Old Northwest and Mid-America. The Northwest Territory was one of the earliest territories of the United States, stretching northwest from the Ohio River to northern Minnesota and the upper-Mississippi; the upper-Mississippi watershed including the Missouri and Illinois Rivers was the setting for the earlier French settlements of the Illinois Country and the Ohio Country. Economically the region is balanced between heavy industry and agriculture, with finance and services such as medicine and education becoming important, its central location makes it a transportation crossroads for river boats, autos and airplanes. Politically, the region swings back and forth between the parties, thus is contested and decisive in elections. After the sociological study Middletown, based on Muncie, commentators used Midwestern cities as "typical" of the nation. Earlier, the rhetorical question, "Will it play in Peoria?", had become a stock phrase using Peoria, Illinois to signal whether something would appeal to mainstream America.
The region has a higher employment-to-population ratio than the Northeast, the West, the South, or the Sun Belt states as of 2011. Traditional definitions of the Midwest include the Northwest Ordinance Old Northwest states and many states that were part of the Louisiana Purchase; the states of the Old Northwest are known as Great Lakes states and are east-north central in the United States. The Ohio River runs along the southeastern section while the Mississippi River runs north to south near the center. Many of the Louisiana Purchase states in the west-north central United States, are known as Great Plains states, where the Missouri River is a major waterway joining with the Mississippi; the Midwest lies north of the 36°30′ parallel that the 1820 Missouri Compromise established as the dividing line between future slave and non-slave states. The Midwest Region is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as these 12 states: Illinois: Old Northwest, Mississippi River, Ohio River, Great Lakes state Indiana: Old Northwest, Ohio River, Great Lakes state Iowa: Louisiana Purchase, Mississippi River, Missouri River state Kansas: Louisiana Purchase, Great Plains, Missouri River state Michigan: Old Northwest and Great Lakes state Minnesota: Old Northwest, Louisiana Purchase, Mississippi River, part of Red River Colony before 1818, Great Lakes state Missouri: Louisiana Purchase, Mississippi River, Missouri River, border state Nebraska: Louisiana Purchase, Great Plains, Missouri River state North Dakota: Louisiana Purchase, part of Red River Colony before 1818, Great Plains, Missouri River state Ohio: Old Northwest, Ohio River, Great Lakes state.
The southeastern part of the state is part of northern Appalachia South Dakota: Louisiana Purchase, Great Plains, Missouri River state Wisconsin: Old Northwest, Mississippi River, Great Lakes stateVarious organizations define the Midwest with different groups of states. For example, the Council of State Governments, an organization for communication and coordination among state governments, includes in its Midwe
The Redford Theatre in Detroit, Michigan has served as an entertainment venue since it opened on January 27, 1928. It is operated by the Motor City Theatre Organ Society, a 501 organization. Architects Ralph F. Shreive along with Verner and Molby designed the 1,581-seat Redford in Exotic Revival style with Japanese motifs. On January 31, 1985, the Redford Theatre was accepted into the National Register of Historic Places. In January 2006, the Redford was proclaimed to be one of the city's ten best interiors by the Detroit Chapter of the American Institute of Architects. At its opening, the theatre was hailed as "America's Most Unusual Suburban Playhouse"; the Redford Theatre, with its three-story grand foyer, Japanese-inspired decor and full-size stage, has been in continuous operation since. This was fortunate, since it enabled the Redford Theatre and its 3 manual, 10 rank original Barton theatre organ, built by the Barton Organ Company, to escape the ravages of neglect that resulted in the destruction of many movie palaces throughout the Detroit area.
In 1931, The Redford Theatre's facility became more famous when its four furnaces were converted to oil fuel by Mobil Oil. Redford Theatre and Mobile Oil used this on their promotional brochures which proclaimed, "Largest structure in area converts to oil fuel." Ramon C. Bolf, known as Ray Redford contributed the heating machinery and oil from his locally owned MobilOil fueling stations; the Redford Theatre opened as part of the Kunsky chain of movie theatres. It became part of the Goldberg Community Theatre chain. In 1977, the owners felt that the theatre was no longer viable as a commercial operation and offered to sell the building to the nonprofit Motor City Theatre Organ Society, leasing time at the theatre to present concerts and silent movies with organ accompaniment. MCTOS purchased the theatre and continues to own and operate the theatre while restoring the interior designs, obliterated during World War II. Out of over a hundred theatres in the Detroit area that contained pipe organs when they were built, the Redford Theatre is the only neighborhood theatre with its original theatre organ.
Because of its location on the outskirts of Detroit, the spacious Redford has not been a first-run movie theatre. However, like many current second-run theatres, it has shown films that were market-tested at other movie houses. For example, on May 16, 1956, the Redford presented two prominent 1955 films - The Rose Tattoo and The Trouble with Harry; when most of the movie theaters in the Detroit area were in the city of Detroit, the Redford Theatre screened many films that were first shown at one of the large theaters in the Grand Circus Park area of downtown Detroit. Cimarron opened at the Redford on April 19, 1931, after its Detroit premiere at the Fox Theatre on February 5, 1931. In 1956, The Searchers opened at the Palms on May 18 and arrived at the Redford on August 15. In the early 1930s, the Redford showed three movies in one week. During one week in 1931, patrons enjoyed Joan Crawford and Clark Gable in Laughing Sinners, Lew Ayres in Iron Man and Spencer Tracy in Six Cylinder Love. Accompanying Redford films of the 1930s were comedy shorts, golf instructional films with Bobby Jones and vaudeville acts.
In the mid-1950s, the Redford showed double features, along with "Kiddie Matinees" on Saturday afternoons that included cartoons and special movies. The Redford hosted Detroit area premieres, such as the December 25, 1956 opening of Friendly Persuasion, crowded out of the larger theaters by blockbusters like The Ten Commandments. In the 1960s and 1970s, when socioeconomic forces closed down many Detroit theaters and opened many others in the Detroit suburbs, the Redford went into decline and was reborn with a still-running series of classic Hollywood movies; the Redford is one of the few remaining theaters mentioned in a September 11, 1981 Detroit News article about film repertory houses in the Detroit area. Current film programming at the Redford Theatre consists of a bi-weekly movie series that ranges from silent films through the musicals of the 40s, 50s and 60s to films from the 90s. Spring and Fall festivals featuring films of the Three Stooges have grown in popularity. In addition to the classic film series and organ concerts produced by MCTOS, the theatre is available for rental by community groups wishing to produce their own shows.
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