Shahapur is a census town in Thane district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Shahapur is the largest Taluka in Thane District. Shahapur is surrounded by the Western Ghats. Places like Mahuli fort and Aaja Parvat are popular spots for trekking; the Maharashtra Government has declared Shahapur a centre for tourism. Local temples include Manas Gurudawara. Shahapur is located at 19.45°N 73.33°E / 19.45. It has an average elevation of 46 metres. Shahapur is a major supplier of water to Mumbai; the four dams at Tansa, Bhatsa and Modak Sagar, together supply 2900 megalitres per day. The two lakes near Borivali, Vihar supply about 100 megatlires per day. Since Shahapur supplies all the drinking water to Mumbai, the government of Maharashtra has declared this town to be a No Chemical Zone; the Shahapur Census Town has a population of 11,623 of which 5,930 are males while 5,693 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 1224, 10.53 % of total population of Shahapur.
In Shahapur Census Town, Female Sex Ratio is of 960 against state average of 929. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Shahapur is around 918 compared to Maharashtra state average of 894. Literacy rate of Shahapur city is 90.27 % higher than state average of 82.34 %. In Shahapur, Male literacy is around 93.18 % while female literacy rate is 87.25 %. The nearest airport is Chattarpati Shivaji international airport in Mumbai; the nearest railway station is Asangaon, 85 km from Mumbai CST on the Central railway line. Shahapur is situated around 25 km from Kalyan railway station, 45 km from Thane, 55 km from Mulund. Shahapur is 90 km from Mumbai. Shahapur is an industrial town. Jindal Steel has a plant here, as does Liberty Oil and Industries,Evan enterprises in and around the Oswal Industrial Estates, on Mumbai Nashik Highway, Vill Asangaon, Dist Thane Government Secondary and Higher Secondary Girls' Ashramschool Shenave, Tal- Shahapur, Dist- Thane. Shivajirao S Jondhle Knowledge City is major education hub in Shahapur, with programs in engineering, pharmacy and science and commerce.
Jeevandeep shaikshanik shanstha sanchalit poi arts and science college, Khardi tal- shahapur Dist thane and junior college Khardi Sonubhau Baswant Arts, Commerce/ Banking and Science College. Shivajirao S Jondhle college of Engineering and Technology Shivajirao S Jondhle Polytechnic Shivajirao S jondhle Institute of management Science and Research Shivajirao S Jondhle College of Pharmacy Shivgita Institute of Diploma in Pharmacy Shivajirao S Jondhle Institute of Law and Research Shivajirao S Jondhle Institute of Science and Commerce KVCT's Alamuri Ratnamala Institute of Engineering and Technology,Sapgoan M. B.daroda English school,DABHOLKAR WADI VASIND G. V. Khade Vidyalaya Shaha Chandulal Sarupchand Vidhyalaya Kinhavali P. S. Deshmukh English Medium School and CBSE "Bring a Smile" English School, Tal. Shahapur, District: Thane Samata Vidyalaya Mugaon Mahila mandala school Jindal Vidyamandir Vasind, Vasind Saraswati Vidyalaya Vasind Archana Trust English Medium School and CBSE M. N Barora Vidhyalaya S.
G Kabadi Com./Art CollegeColleges: Acharya Bhise College of Arts and Science. Powered by Shahapur Taluka Education Society Utkarsha College of arts and science, Vasind. Bhimrao T. Pradhan College Of Arts and Commerce Government Industrial Training Institute Shahapur Shetye College of Engineering. Amdar Kashinath Mengal Polytechnic. Mahuli fort – Historical place, known for trekking, waterfall. Distance between Shahapur – Mahuli 7 km. Aajoba Parvat – Known for birthplace of Lav and Kush, son of Sita and Ram. One can look for "Sitecha Palana". Located near Gunde village, distance between Shahapur - Gunde 40 km. Manas Mandir – It is famous for its beauty. Temple is a replica of Shatrunjay Tirth at Palitana. Primary Deity of this temple is first tirthankar of jainism; the brass statue of Lord Mahavira is main attraction in this temple. Gurudwara - Holy place, Near Asangaon railway station, Beside National Highway – 03 Ardhnari Nateshwar Mandir – Holy place. Bhatsa Dam - Water reservoir. Tansa lake/ Sanctuary - Water reservoir and Sanctuary.
Modak Sagar - Water reservoir. Shivmandir Dahigaon""" Shri 1008 Mallinath Digamber Jain Atishaya Kshetra: Shri 1008 Mallinath Digamber Jain Atishaya Kshetra was built in 19th century; this temple houses a 300 year old statue of Lord Mallinath, kept at Ardhapur. This temple is dedicated to Mallinatha, the 19th tirthankara and is the only Atishaya Kshetra dedicated to Mallinatha. St. John Church -Situated at Kambare village,Shahapur Murbad Road Opposite Yellow Tree Society Refer this site for more information http://www.shahapurconnect.com Shahapur http://www.shahapurconnect.com/ Bring a Smiles English School, Tal. Shahapur, District: Thane for more details Visit http://www.shahapurconnect.com/
The Chitravathi is an inter-state river in southern India, a tributary of the Pennar River. Rising in Karnataka, it flows into Andhra Pradesh and its basin covers an area of over 5,900 km2; the pilgrim town of Puttaparthi is located on its banks. Chitravathi river originates at Chikkaballapur and flows through the Chikkaballapur district of Karnataka before entering Andhra Pradesh where it drains the districts of Anantapur and Cuddapah before joining the Pennar; the Chitravati river basin covers an area of 5,908 km2. Among the mandals that it drains in the two states are Bagepalli, Bukkapatnam, Dharmavaram and Kadiri; the river joins the Pennar at Gandikota in Kadapa district where the Gandikota irrigation project is being undertaken by the Government of Andhra Pradesh as part of its Jalayagnam project. Chitravathi is a seasonal river. Along with the Papagni, it forms a part of the middle Pennar sub-basin and is a right bank tributary of the Pennar; the proposal to build a barrage at Paragodu by the Government of Karnataka has been opposed by politicians from Andhra Pradesh who argue that the move is to affect the availability of water for the various tank irrigation projects that exist in the Andhra districts.
Sand mining, much of it illegal, is rampant in the Chitravathi basin and this has resulted in severe depletion of groundwater resources in the region. Chitravathi is known as the Deva Kanya and it flows through the pilgrim town of Puttaparthi, the abode of Satya Sai Baba, it is considered sacred by many people on account of its association with Satya Sai Baba
The Kumaradhara River is an Indian river, in the southwestern India state of Karnataka. One of the two major rivers of Sullia, it merges with the Netravati River at Uppinangadi before flowing to the Arabian Sea; the merging of the rivers is a major event for the local villagers, as they crowd the river banks to watch what they call the "Sangam", a Sanskrit word for confluence. It is believed that pilgrims visiting the Kukke Subrahmanya Temple in Subrahmanya, must cross the Kumaradhara River, taking a holy bath in it before they go on to the temple to have darshan, a glance from a holy person
Kali River (Karnataka)
The Kali River or Kali nadi is a river flowing through Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka state in India. The river rises near a small village in Uttar Kannada district; the river is the lifeline to some 4 lakh people in the Uttara Kannada district and supports the livelihoods of tens of thousands of people including fishermen on the coast of Karwar. There are many dams built across this river for the generation of electricity. One of the important dams build across Kali river is the Supa Dam at Ganeshgudi; the river runs 184 kilometers before joining Arabian Sea. Significant and picturesque, the Sadashivgad fort is now a popular tourist destination located by the coastal highway Kali river bridge, built above the confluence of the river and the Arabian Sea; the National Highway NH-17 continues on the Kali Bridge built over Kali River and the road continues to split the Sadashivgad granite rock hill to connect Karnataka to Goa. The Kali River has its origin near the village of Kushavali of Joida Taluka, 15°14′56″N 074°17′58″E, 2011 Census Village code = 602664, in the Western Ghats and flows eastwards into the Supa Dam Reservoir, where it is joined by the Pandri River from the left.
The Kali exits at Supa Dam near Kurandi flows east towards Dandeli. Passing south of Dandeli, the Kali River flows southeast into the Bommanalli Reservoir, exiting at the dam and flowing east between the villages of Kegdal on the right and Bommanalli on the left. After the village of Bommanalli the Kali turns south and at 15°05′21″N 074°43′57″E is joined by the Tattihalla River from the left. Controller and Tunnel is there in Bhagavathi. At that point the Kali turns west and flows through a gorge which ends at Sathodi Falls below Sykes Point; the Kali is joined by the Kaneri River from the right at 15°03′52″N 074°36′17″E, flows south-southwest into Kodasalli Reservoir. Leaving that reservoir, the Kali River is joined by the Vuki Halla from the right. Whence it flows southwest into the Kadra Reservoir, is joined by the Thana Halla just below the dam at Kadra. From Kadra, the Kali flows west through marshland to join the Arabian Sea near the town of Karwar; the river flows through the district of Uttara Kannada.
Untreated effluents released directly into the river by industrial units and illegal sand mining in the Supa Dam area resulted in serious disturbances to the river's ecology. The government strategy for controlling the pollution from illegal sand mining has produced a cleaner river; the releases from a papermill have drawn crocodiles to the Anshi Dandeli Tiger Reserve. Chemical and petroleum companies near its estuary have been leaking toxic wastes, including mercury, into the Kali River for decades. Real TV's reality show, Sarkaar Ki Duniya was shot at Ambe Joog, an island surrounded by the Kali river in Siddar near Karwar. List of dams and reservoirs in India List of rivers of India Karwar Sadashivgad A documentary on the river by Amoghavarsha JS Kali Nadi Kali river
Sharavati is a river which originates and flows within the state of Karnataka in India. It is one of the few westward flowing rivers of India and a major part of the river basin lies in the Western Ghats; the famous Jog Falls, located about 24 km from Sagara, are formed by this river. The river itself and the region around it are rich in biodiversity and are home to many rare species of flora and fauna; the river Sharavati originates at a place called Ambutheertha in the Thirthahalli taluk. According to ancient legend, the god Rama shot at the ground with his Ambu because his wife, was thirsty; when his arrow hit the ground, water quenched her thirst. Because the river, according to the legend, originated with this event, the river is called "Sharavathi" as "Shara" translates to arrow; the total length of the river is around 128 km and it joins the Arabian Sea at Honnavar in Uttara Kannada district. On its way, the Sharavati forms the Jog Falls; the river is dammed at Linganamakki. The major tributaries of the river are Nandihole, Mavinahole, Yennehole and Nagodihole.
Sharavati river basin falls into two districts of Shimoga. The upstream river basin is extended to Sagar; the entire basin has an area of 2,985.66 km2. With upstream being 1,988.99 km2. and the downstream being 996.67 km2. The river basin consists of Pre-Cambrian rocks; the two major groups of rocks found in the Sharavati river basin are the Dharwar system and the peninsular gneiss. The Dharwar system: This system contains metamorphic rocks that are considered to be among the oldest in India; these rocks are derived from ancient sediments like conglomerates, ferruginous quartzites, greywackes and limestones. They are rich in manganese. Peninsular gneiss: These are crystalline rocks and are made up of granite, granito-gneiss, migmatite etc. Soils in the Sharavati basin are lateritic in origin and tend to be acidic and reddish to brownish in colour; the various type of soil found here are clay loamy, clayey-skeletal, loamy. Four soil orders are found in the upstream river basin: ultisols, alfisols and entisols.
With a major part of the river lying in the Western Ghats, the Sharavati river basin receives a large amount of rainfall. Mean annual rainfall ranges from 6000 mm in the western side to 1700 mm in the eastern side of the basin. About 95% of the rainfall is received during the month of June to September when the southwest monsoon is at its peak. There is some rainfall in the post monsoon season in the form of thundershowers during October and some rainfall occurs during the summer months of April and May. April is the hottest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at 35.8oC and the mean daily minimum at 22.2oC. During the morning, the relative humidity exceeds 75% for most times of the year. During the months of monsoon, the relative humidity during the afternoons is 60%. During the driest months, the relative humidity in the afternoon is less than 35%; the Linganamakki dam located in the Sagar taluk has a length of 2.4 km and was constructed across the Sharavati river in 1964. It was designed to impound 4368 million cubic meter of water in an area of around 300 km2, submerging 50.62 km2 of wetland and 7 km2 of dry land, the remaining being forest land and wasteland.
The dam's height is 1,819 feet above sea level. The total capacity of the reservoir is 152 TMC, it has a catchment area of nearly 1,991.71 km2. It receives water from rainfall and from the Chakra and Savahaklu reservoirs, which are linked through Linganamakki through a canal; the water from Linganamakki dam flows to Talakalale Balancing Reservoir through a trapezoidal canal with a discharge capacity of 175.56 cubic metres per second. The length of this channel is about 4318.40 m with a submersion of 7.77 km2. It has a catchment area of about 46.60 km2. The gross capacity of the reservoir is 129.60 cu meters. The Gerusoppa dam project was completed in 2002 with the main purpose of generation of electricity, it was constructed near the Gerusoppa village in the Uttara Kannada district. It has a length of 545 metres; the Power House on the right bank of the Gerusoppa dam consists of four Francis-type turbines coupled to the generating units of 60 MW each. The units are configured to operate at a design head of 47.5 m.
An outdoor switchyard is located between the toe of the power house. Power from the outdoor yard is evacuated through a 220 kV double circuit transmission line connected to the state grid at Talaguppa The Gerusoppa Project is a KPC project and the Civil Chief Engineer at the time of completion of the project was K L Krishnamurthy; this is one of the projects constructed by R. N. Shetty under the name Naveen Mechanised Construction Company Private Limited; the Present Chief Engineer is Shivaji. The main power house was constructed by Mr. Chinna Nachimuthu; the Sharavati Hydroelectric project was started to tap the electricity generating potential of the river. There are three power generating stations in this project: Sharavati Generating Station with 10 units and an installed capacity of 1035 MW Linganamakki Dam Powerhouse with 2 units and an installed capacity of 55 MW Gerusoppa Dam Project with 4 units totalling to 240 MW Jog Falls is the highest waterfall in India if th
The South Pennar River is known as Dakshina Pinakini in Kannada and Thenpennai or Ponnaiyar in Tamil. The river originates in the Nandi Hills in the Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka and flows through Tamil Nadu before emptying into the Bay of Bengal, it has a catchment area of 1,424 square miles located in Tamil Nadu states. Small dams of Kelavarapalli and Krishnagiri dams are built across this river near Hosur and Krishnagiri; the largest dam on this river, Sathanur Dam with 7.3 Tmcft Gross Capacity is built near Tiruvannamalai. Moongilthuraipattu Sugar Factory is situated on the bank of river; the river is dry for the most part of the year. Water flows during the monsoon season when it is fed by the south-west monsoon in catchment area and the northeast monsoon in Tamil Nadu; however this water flow raises the water table throughout the river basin and feeds numerous reservoirs/tanks. The old river Dakshina Pinakini does not exist anymore. Substantial part of Bangalore's sewage enters this river via Bellandur and Varthur Lakes and other channels.
The sand build of the river is quite impressive, suggesting that it may have been a perennial river with much larger water flow in the past. Mention of the river is found in Sangam and medieval literature, where it is depicted as rich with lush vegetation on its banks. There are various temples on its banks, it irrigates Krishnagiri, Tiruvannamalai and Cuddalore districts and empties into the Bay of Bengal. This river is now looted for its rich availability of sand; as the water flow will be only in monsoon seasons, the river is dry in remaining parts of the year. Sand mafia is biggest and most dangerous elements behind killing of large rivers in south India. Arkavathy River Palar River