Ambrose Moses McConnell was an American baseball second baseman who played four seasons in Major League Baseball. Nicknamed "Midget" due to his 5 feet 5 inches stature, he played for the Boston Red Sox and Chicago White Sox from 1908 to 1911, he threw right-handed. McConnell played minor league baseball for three different teams until August 1907, when he signed for the Boston Red Sox. After making his debut the following season and spending three seasons with the Red Sox, McConnell was traded in the middle of the 1910 season to the Chicago White Sox, where he spent the next two years of his career before playing his last game on October 8, 1911, he died on May 1942 in Utica, New York. McConnell is most famous for hitting into the first unassisted triple play in Major League Baseball history on July 19, 1909. McConnell was born on April 29, 1883, he grew up in North Pownal and began his baseball career there. McConnell attended Beloit College and made a living by working at the town mill for fifty hours a week.
During his spare time, he would play baseball at a nearby field and soon became well-known around the region for his stellar defense. As a result of his newfound fame, a team based in Dalton, Massachusetts offered McConnell $7.50 a week to play for them. McConnell accepted though some of his new teammates were earning twice as much as he was. After the 1908 season, McConnell got married and had two children. Throughout his career, McConnell was known to have the odd hobby of collecting pins; when he was in the middle of a batting slump, he would scavenge the streets and pick up any pin he found, believing this was a sign he would break out of the slump. McConnell departed the Dalton team in 1902 and began to play organized baseball for semi-pro teams in Rutland and Beloit, Wisconsin, in the following season. In 1904, he joined the Troy Trojans of the New York State League and posted a batting average of.318 in 121 games. Over the next two years, he spent a season each at the Eastern League's Rochester Broncos and the Utica Pent-Ups, where his performance dipped.
However, he rebounded in the 1907 season, where he batted.320 and stole 50 bases for the Providence Grays. This prompted the Boston Red Sox to purchase McConnell's contract from the Grays at the end of the season in August, he made his major league debut for the Red Sox on April 17, 1908, at the age of 24, in a 2–1 loss against the Washington Senators. During his 1908 rookie season, McConnell had a successful year, he had number of hits. He set the Red Sox record for most stolen bases in a single-season by a rookie with 31, which stood until being broken by Jacoby Ellsbury on June 15, 2008. Defensively, he committed the most errors among all second basemen in the American League with 38; this was cited as one of the reasons why the Red Sox were erratic and inconsistent in their performance that season. McConnell was voted the most popular Red Sox player of the season by the fans, beating out Cy Young and Tris Speaker in the process. McConnell achieved baseball history when he lined into the first unassisted triple play in Major League Baseball history on July 19, 1909, doing so against the Cleveland Indians at League Park.
In the second inning of the game, Heinie Wagner led off with an infield single and outfielder Jake Stahl reached base with a bunt. McConnell unsuccessfully attempted to sacrifice bunt twice and was able to reach a full count before Red Sox manager Fred Lake ordered the two baserunners to hit and run. McConnell hit a line drive past Cy Young, the game's starting pitcher, to Indians' shortstop Neal Ball. Ball caught the liner, stepped on second base to retire Wagner, tagged Stahl as he was advancing towards second. McConnell finished the 1909 season with a dismal.238 batting average and had the most errors among all AL second basemen for the second consecutive year. Nonetheless, he had 26 stolen bases and was an integral part of the team's offense centered around base-stealing, nicknamed the "Speed Boys". McConnell began the 1910 season poorly, he batted only.171 in the eleven games he played for the team, before succumbing to an arm injury and appendicitis. He was replaced by Larry Gardner and this change became permanent.
As a result, McConnell was deemed redundant and in August, while he was still recovering from injury, he was traded to the Chicago White Sox with Harry Lord in exchange for Billy Purtell and Frank Smith. The trade was controversial at the time and Red Sox fans protested against owner John I. Taylor for carrying out the move. Upon McConnell's arrival in Chicago, White Sox manager Hugh Duffy declared that trading for McConnell and Lord "was just about all that we needed to give the White Sox a team." McConnell performed better after the trade, posting a batting average of.275 during his half-season with the White Sox. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference
Curse of Muldoon
The Curse of Muldoon was an alleged curse that prevented the Chicago Black Hawks of the National Hockey League from finishing in first place, either in their division or, from 1938 to 1967, in the single-division NHL. It may have been the first public example of the mainstream media publicizing a "curse" on a major-league sports franchise; the Hawks' first season, 1926–27, was a moderate success, with the forward line of Mickey MacKay, Babe Dye, Dick Irvin each finishing near the top of the league's scoring race. The Hawks lost their 1927 first-round playoff series to the Boston Bruins. Following this series, team owner Frederic McLaughlin fired head coach Pete Muldoon. Jim Coleman, a sportswriter for The Globe and Mail wrote in 1943 that the reason for Muldoon's firing boiled down to a heated end-of-season argument with McLaughlin; as the story goes, McLaughlin felt that the Black Hawks were good enough to finish first in the American Division. Muldoon disagreed, McLaughlin fired him. Muldoon responded, "Fire me, you'll never finish first.
I'll put a curse on this team that will hoodoo it until the end of time." At the time, finishing in first place was considered to be as much of an achievement as winning the Stanley Cup. While the team would win the Stanley Cup in 1934, 1938 and 1961, they would do so without having finished in first place either in a multi-division or a single-league format. In 1967, the last season of the six-team NHL, the Hawks finished first, breaking the supposed Curse of Muldoon, 23 years after the death of McLaughlin. However, they lost the Stanley Cup Semifinals to the Maple Leafs. Afterward, sportswriter Jim Coleman, who first printed the story of the curse in 1943, admitted that he made the story up to break a writer's block he had as a column deadline approached; the Blackhawks were not shut out during the post-1961 period. Since their 1961 Stanley Cup, the Blackhawks finished first in their Division 14 times: 1967, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1993, 2010 and 2013.
The team played in the Stanley Cup Finals eight times, in 1962, 1965, 1971, 1973, 1992, 2010, 2013 and 2015. The team did not win the Cup from 1961 until 2010 — when they defeated the Philadelphia Flyers —, the second longest drought of any current NHL team; the longest is 54 years by the New York Rangers. The 2009 Stanley Cup Playoffs was the first time since 1996 that the Blackhawks had advanced beyond the first round in the Stanley Cup Playoffs, when they defeated the Calgary Flames in the opening round and the Vancouver Canucks in the Conference Semi-Finals before falling to the Detroit Red Wings, in the Conference Finals. Moreover, until the 2010 Stanley Cup Playoffs, the Blackhawks had not appeared in the Stanley Cup Finals since 1992, where they lost to the Pittsburgh Penguins. Mention of the Curse on the Blackhawks' website Holzman, Morey. "Blackhawks: Cursed, or Concoction?" The New York Times, May 30, 2010
In baseball, batting is the act of facing the opposing pitcher and trying to produce offense for one's team. A batter or hitter is a person; the three main goals of batters are to become a baserunner, to drive runners home, or to advance runners along the bases for others to drive home, but the techniques and strategies they use to do so vary. Hitting uses a motion, unique to baseball, one, used in other sports. Hitting is unique because unlike most sports movements in the vertical plane of movement hitting involves rotating in the horizontal plane. In general, batters try to get hits. However, their primary objective is to avoid making an out, helping their team to score runs. There are several ways, they may draw a walk if they receive and do not swing the bat at four pitches located outside the strike zone. In cases when there is a runner on third and fewer than two outs, they can attempt to hit a sacrifice fly to drive the runner in by allowing the runner on third to tag up and score; when there are fewer than two outs and runners on base, they can try to sacrifice bunt to advance the runner or, with a runner on first or with runners on first and third, they can try a hit and run play designed to advance the runner.
They might be hit by a pitch, reach on an error or—if first is empty or there are two outs—on a dropped third strike. The defense attempts to get the batter out; the pitcher's main role in this is to throw the ball in such a way that the batter either strikes out or cannot hit it cleanly so that the defense can get him or her out. Batting is cited as one of the most difficult feats in sports because it consists of hitting a small round ball moving at high velocity, with a thin round bat. In fact, if a batter can get a hit in three out of ten at bats, giving him a batting average of.300, he or she is considered a good hitter. In Major League Baseball, no batter has had over a.400 average at the end of the season since Ted Williams'.406 in 1941, no batter has hit over.367 in a lifetime—Ty Cobb hit.3664. In modern times, the statistic on-base plus slugging is seen as a more accurate measure of a player's ability as a batter. An OPS at or near 1.000 is considered to be the mark of an exceptional hitter.
A sustained OPS at or above 1.000 over a career is a feat only a few hitters have been able to reach. Batters vary in their approach at the plate; some are aggressive hitters swinging at the first pitch. Others are patient, attempting to work the pitch count in order to observe all the types of pitches a pitcher will use, as well as tire out the pitcher by forcing him to throw many pitches early. Contact hitters are more aggressive, swinging at pitches within the strike zone, whereas power hitters will lay off borderline strikes in order to get a pitch they can drive for extra bases. In preparation of hitting, every baseball player has their own particular warm-up routine. Warming up before the game is done as a team, at the amateur level, focuses on helping the hitter get in the correct mindset to hit the ball; the most notable drill used is the "Tee Drill", where you hit a ball off a baseball tee and correct any issues you found during previous games or practices. There are various hitting devices used during warm up in the "on deck circle" to try and increase the batter's bat velocity.
The over weighted supplemental devices include swinging multiple bats, Schutt Dirx, Pitcher's Nightmare, Power Fin, Standard 23 oz softball bat, heavier 26 oz softball bat, lighter 18 oz softball bat and Doughnut ring. Weighted warm-up devices are used because players feel that warming-up with heavier bats will help them increase bat velocity because after the warm-up with a heavier bat, the normal bat feels lighter and they feel they could swing it faster; the effect of these devices is not only mental, but it may be physical. Heavy warm up loads stimulate the neural system, allowing for increased muscle activation during lighter bat swings; the use of weighted bats is based on the theory of complex training where sets of heavier and lighter resistances are alternated to increase muscle performance. This theory revolves around the idea that muscle contractions are stronger after reaching near maximal contractions; the postactivation potentiation improves motor neuron pool excitability and increases the number of recruited motor units, both leading to greater power output.
The additional weight may help strengthen the muscles of the forearms and wrist thus increasing bat velocity, though some evidence suggests that the effect is psychological rather than biomechanical. The lineup or batting order is a list of the nine baseball players for a team in the order they will bat during the game. During the game the only way to change the lineup is via substitution, as batting out of turn is not allowed. Once the ninth person in the lineup finishes batting, the first person bats again. Lineups are designed to facilitate manufacturing runs. Depending on batters' skills, they might be placed in different parts of the lineup. Of course, when it comes down to it, all batters are attempting to create runs for the team; the player batting in a game is said to be at the plate, at bat, or up to bat. To keep the game moving at an orderly pace, the next batter due up waits to take his turn in a circle (actuall
In baseball, a no-hitter is a game in which a team was not able to record a single hit. Major League Baseball defines a no-hitter as a completed game in which a team that batted in at least nine innings recorded no hits. A pitcher who prevents the opposing team from achieving a hit is said to have "thrown a no-hitter"; this is a rare accomplishment for a pitcher or pitching staff: only 299 have been thrown in Major League Baseball history since 1876, an average of about two per year. In most cases in MLB, no-hitters are recorded by a single pitcher; the most recent no-hitter by a single pitcher was thrown on May 8, 2018 by James Paxton of the Seattle Mariners against the Toronto Blue Jays at Rogers Centre. The most recent combined no-hitter was thrown on May 4, 2018 by Walker Buehler, Tony Cingrani, Yimi Garcia, Adam Liberatore of the Los Angeles Dodgers against the San Diego Padres at Estadio de Béisbol Monterrey, it is possible to reach base without a hit, most by a walk, error, or being hit by a pitch.
A no-hitter in which no batters reach base at all is a much rarer feat. Because batters can reach base by means other than a hit, a pitcher can throw a no-hitter and still give up runs, lose the game, although this is uncommon and most no-hitters are shutouts. One or more runs were given up in 25 recorded no-hitters in MLB history, most by Ervin Santana of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in a 3–1 win against the Cleveland Indians on July 27, 2011. On two occasions, a team still lost the game. On a further four occasions, a team has thrown a no-hitter for eight innings in a losing effort, but those four games are not recognized as no-hitters by Major League Baseball because the outing lasted fewer than nine innings, it is theoretically possible for opposing pitchers to throw no-hitters in the same game, although this has never happened in the majors. Two pitchers, Fred Toney and Hippo Vaughn, completed nine innings of a game on May 2, 1917 without either giving up a hit or a run. A no-hitter is defined by Major League Baseball as follows: "An official no-hit game occurs when a pitcher allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings."
This definition was specified by MLB's Committee for Statistical Accuracy in 1991, causing recognized no-hitters of fewer than nine innings or where the first hit had been allowed in extra innings to be stricken from the official record books. Games lost by the visiting team in 8½ innings but without allowing any hits do not qualify as no-hitters, as the visiting team has only pitched eight innings. Major League Baseball has recognized 299 no-hitters thrown since 1876. Two no-hitters have been thrown on the same day twice: Ted Breitenstein and Jim Hughes on April 22, 1898. Eight no-hitters were thrown by major league pitchers in the 1884 season. In the modern era, seven no-hitters were thrown in 1990, 1991, 2012, 2015; the longest period between any two no-hitters in the modern era is 3 years, 44 days between Bobby Burke on August 8, 1931, Paul "Daffy" Dean on September 21, 1934. There was a drought of 3 years, 11 months, without a no-hitter after the first National League no-hitter on July 15, 1876, pitched by George Bradley.
The most recent year without any no-hitters is 2005. The greatest span of games without a no-hitter anywhere in the Major Leagues is 6,364, between Randy Johnson's perfect game on May 18, 2004, for the Arizona Diamondbacks, Aníbal Sánchez's no-hitter on September 6, 2006, for the Florida Marlins; the previous record was a 4,015-game streak without a no-hitter from September 30, 1984, to September 19, 1986. The pitcher who holds the record for the most no-hitters is Nolan Ryan, who threw seven in his long career, his first two came two months apart, while he was with the California Angels: the first on May 15, 1973, the second on July 15. He had two more with the Angels on September 28, 1974, June 1, 1975. Ryan's fifth no-hitter with the Houston Astros on September 26, 1981, broke Sandy Koufax's previous record, his sixth and seventh no-hitters came with the Texas Rangers on June 1, 1990, May 1, 1991. When he tossed number seven at age 44, he became the oldest pitcher to throw a no-hitter. Only Ryan, Sandy Koufax, Cy Young, Bob Feller, Larry Corcoran have pitched more than two no-hitters.
Corcoran was the first pitcher to throw a second no-hitter in a career, as well as the first to throw a third. Thirty-six pitchers have thrown more than one combined no-hitters not counting. Randy Johnson has the longest gap between no-hitters: he threw a no-hitter as a member of the Seattle Mariners on June 2, 1990, a perfect game as an Arizona Diamondback on May 18, 2004; the pitcher who holds the record for the shortest time between no-hitters is Johnny Vander Meer, the only pitcher in history to throw no-hitters in consecutive starts, while playing for the Cincinnati Reds in 1938. Besides Vander Meer, Allie Reynolds, Virgil Trucks and Max Scherzer are the only other major leaguers to throw two no-hitters in the same regular season. Jim Maloney had two no-hitters under the previous rules in the 1965 season
Curse of 1940
The Curse of 1940 called Dutton's Curse, was a superstitious explanation for why the National Hockey League's New York Rangers did not win the league's championship trophy, the Stanley Cup, from 1940 through 1994. The Rangers began play in the 1926–27 season and won a division title in their first season of existence and a Stanley Cup against the Montreal Maroons in their second, they would win two more Cups in 1939 -- 40, defeating the Toronto Maple Leafs both times. During the 1939–40 season, the mortgage on the Rangers' home arena, the third Madison Square Garden, was paid off. Hence, the management of the Madison Square Garden Corporation symbolically burned the mortgage in the bowl of the Cup; this led some hockey fans to believe that the Cup, regarded as a sacred object, had been "desecrated", leading the "hockey gods" to place a curse on the Rangers. Another theory is that the supposed curse came from Red Dutton, the coach and general manager of the New York Americans, for whom he had once played.
The Amerks were the first NHL team to play in New York City, beginning play as soon as the Garden opened for the 1925–26 season. However, their original owner, bootlegger Bill Dwyer, found the going difficult with the end of Prohibition, the NHL took over ownership of the team in 1937, they made five playoff appearances, including a quarterfinal loss to the Rangers in 1928–29 and a quarterfinal win over the Rangers in 1937–38. However, after beating the Rangers, the Americans fell to the eventual Stanley Cup champion Chicago Black Hawks in the 1938 semifinals, the closest they came to winning the Cup. Following the 1941–42 season, many NHL players entered the armed forces to fight in World War II; this hurt the Americans more than the other teams, so Dutton announced his team would suspend operations for the duration of the war. He was named NHL President upon the death of Frank Calder in 1943, a post he held until 1946, when he resigned and was replaced by Clarence Campbell. Dutton had resigned the league presidency with the intention of reviving the Americans.
However, the league, with the encouragement of Garden management, reneged on a longstanding promise to allow the Americans to return. A bitter Dutton declared, he died in 1987 at 88. At that time, the Rangers were in their 47th season without having won the Cup; the Curse of 1940 "worked" in several ways, some of them odd. The Madison Square Garden Corporation found it could make more money when Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Circus came to town in the spring; this forced the Rangers, the National Basketball Association's New York Knicks, to use different arenas at the worst possible time—during their respective leagues' playoffs. At the time, it was impossible to configure arenas in a way that would allow a circus and a hockey or basketball game to take place on the same day. Hence, the Rangers used Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto as their "home ice" in the 1950 Stanley Cup Finals, a move that cost the Rangers that year's Stanley Cup. After the Blueshirts took a 3–2 series lead on the Detroit Red Wings, the NHL cited an obscure rule stating that the deciding game in a Stanley Cup Final could not be played on neutral ice.
Maple Leaf Gardens was labelled "neutral" because its tenants proper were the Leafs, Madison Square Garden was still occupied by the circus at the time. The Detroit Olympia was thus the venue for the sixth and seventh games, both of which were won by Detroit. While Dutton was the league president, he oversaw a 1943–44 Rangers team that inherited the title the Americans left behind upon their folding of hardest-hit NHL team by World War II; the Rangers asked the NHL for permission to fold until the end of the war because of their best players' service in the armed forces overseas, but the league refused the Rangers' request, so they finished well back of the other five teams that year. Notably, career minor-league goaltender Ken McAuley gave up 310 goals in the team's 50 games, a league record for worst goals-against-average that has stood since.. League corruption and favoritism through the entire Original Six era was a factor in the Rangers' futility. James E. Norris, the owner of the Detroit Red Wings, at one point owned controlling stakes in both the Rangers and the Chicago Blackhawks, allowing him to stack the best players onto the Red Wings.
This continued after the elder Norris' death, as his two sons, James D. and Bruce Norris, continued to control the three teams. During this time, the NHL still held territorial drafts, in which teams would get first rights to players who played junior hockey within a 50-mile radius of the home stadium; the Rangers struggled for several years after World War II. In 1972, they reached the Stanley Cup Finals for the first time in 22 years, but lost to the Boston Bruins, who were led by Bobby Orr and Phil Esposito; the next season began with the founding of an expansion team playing on Long Island, the New York Islanders. In 1975, the Islanders defeated the Rangers; the two teams squared off again in 1979, a series the Rangers won. They went on to lose the Cup Fin