click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Baseband

Baseband is a signal that has a near-zero frequency range, i.e. a spectral magnitude, nonzero only for frequencies in the vicinity of the origin and negligible elsewhere. In telecommunications and signal processing, baseband signals are transmitted without modulation, that is, without any shift in the range of frequencies of the signal. Baseband has a low-frequency—contained within the bandwidth frequency close to 0 hertz up to a higher cut-off frequency. Baseband can be synonymous with lowpass or non-modulated, is differentiated from passband, carrier-modulated, intermediate frequency, or radio frequency. A baseband signal or lowpass signal is a signal that can include frequencies that are near zero, by comparison with its highest frequency. A baseband bandwidth is equal to the highest frequency of a signal or system, or an upper bound on such frequencies, for example the upper cut-off frequency of a low-pass filter. By contrast, passband bandwidth is the difference between a highest frequency and a nonzero lowest frequency.

A baseband channel or lowpass channel is a communication channel that can transfer frequencies that are near zero. Examples are serial cables and local area networks, as opposed to passband channels such as radio frequency channels and passband filtered wires of the analog telephone network. Frequency division multiplexing allows an analog telephone wire to carry a baseband telephone call, concurrently as one or several carrier-modulated telephone calls. Digital baseband transmission known as line coding, aims at transferring a digital bit stream over baseband channel an unfiltered wire, contrary to passband transmission known as carrier-modulated transmission. Passband transmission makes communication possible over a bandpass filtered channel, such as the telephone network local-loop or a band-limited wireless channel; the word "BASE" in Ethernet physical layer standards, for example 10BASE5, 100BASE-TX and 1000BASE-SX, implies baseband digital transmission. A baseband processor known as BP or BBP is used to process the down-converted digital signal to retrieve essential data for the wireless digital system.

The baseband processing block in GNSS receivers is responsible for providing observable data: code pseudo-ranges and carrier phase measurements, as well as navigation data. An equivalent baseband signal or equivalent lowpass signal is—in analog and digital modulation methods for signals with constant or varying carrier frequency —a complex valued representation of the modulated physical signal; the equivalent baseband signal is Z = I + j Q where I is the inphase signal, Q the quadrature phase signal, j the imaginary unit. In a digital modulation method, the I and Q signals of each modulation symbol are evident from the constellation diagram; the frequency spectrum of this signal includes negative as well as positive frequencies. The physical passband signal corresponds to I cos ⁡ − Q sin ⁡ = R e where ω is the carrier angular frequency in rad/s. A signal at baseband is used to modulate a higher frequency carrier signal in order that it may be transmitted via radio. Modulation results in shifting the signal up to much higher frequencies than it spanned.

A key consequence of the usual double-sideband amplitude modulation is that the range of frequencies the signal spans is doubled. Thus, the RF bandwidth of a signal is twice its baseband bandwidth. Steps may be taken to reduce this effect, such as single-sideband modulation; some transmission schemes such as frequency modulation use more bandwidth. The figure shows what happens with AM modulation: Complex envelope Broadband In-phase and quadrature components Narrowband Wideband

Van der Capellen Scholengemeenschap

The Van der Capellen Scholengemeenschap is a Dutch high school, named after the famous Dutch nobleman Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol. It has locations in the Dutch cities and towns of Zwolle, Elburg and Wijhe: Location Lassuslaan in Zwolle is the school's main location, it offers VMBO, HAVO and VWO. It was the third school in the Netherlands to offer bilingual VWO and since a few years offers bilingual HAVO. Students who have completed their education receive an IB Diploma in English at A2 level. Pupils can choose extra subjects such as information technology and musicology. Location Russenweg in Zwolle used to be a location of the school, but is now a joint VMBO school for pupils from all public schools in Zwolle. Location Van Kinsbergen in Elburg burnt down on New Year's night of 2008, it offered VMBO, the first two years of HAVO and VWO. Location de Zeven Linden in Dedemsvaart offers VMBO, HAVO and VWO, allows pupils to choose dramaturgy as extra subjects. Locatie Capellenborg in Wijhe offers VMBO, HAVO and VWO.

Pupils can choose extra subjects such as musicology and musical theatre. This school is small, with only 275 pupils. Education in the Netherlands List of schools in the Netherlands Bilingual Education IB Diploma Programme School website

Joost van Aken

Joost Maurits van Aken is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as a central defender for 2. Bundesliga team VfL Osnabrück, on loan from Sheffield Wednesday, he started his senior career at SC Heerenveen. Internationally, he has played for the Netherlands U21s team. Van Aken made his first appearance for SC Heerenveen on 16 February 2014 against the champions AFC Ajax. Around two months van Aken scored his first goal for the club against Go Ahead Eagles. In June 2015, van Aken signed a new three year contract running until 2018, he went on to make 92 appearances for the club in scoring three goals. On 30 August 2017, Sheffield Wednesday announced that they had signed van Aken from Eredevisie side SC Heerenveen for an undisclosed fee on a four year contract, he was assigned the number 4 shirt. Van Aken made his Football League debut on 9 September, playing the entire ninety minutes in a 3–1 victory over Nottingham Forest. On 14 August 2019, van Aken joined VfL Osnabrück on a loan deal until the end of 2019–20 season.

As of match played 5 February 2020 Voetbal International profile Joost van Aken at Soccerway Netherlands profile at OnsOranje

Goh Hock Guan

Goh Hock Guan was a Malaysian politician from Democratic Action Party and Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia. He was the founder of Associates, he was one of the founder of the Democratic Action Party as well the party flag designer. He was elected as Secretary-General of Democratic Action Party after the resignation of Secretary-General Devan Nair, he led the Democratic Action Party in Malaysian General Election, 1969 and won 13 parliamentary seats. He won in Bungsar, he quit Democratic Action Party in 1974 to join Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia a component parties in the Barisan Nasional coalition. Goh, chairman and founder of Akitek Jururancang Sdn Bhd, was responsible for building the iconic revolving restaurant at the Federal Hotel, which he designed to celebrate the country's independence in 1957, his other designs include Mid Valley Megamall and Sunway Pyramid, he did the town planning for major projects such as Subang Jaya and the Kuala Lumpur International Airport. He has friendships with political heavyweights such as Singapore's late founding father Lee Kuan Yew.

Goh had the ear of former prime minister Tun Abdul Razak Hussein and was once courted to join Barisan Nasional, as they both believed in a multi-racial approach to politics. Goh died on 29 March 2018 at the age of 82, he was cremated at Xiao En Crematorium in Nilai, Negri Sembilan

Hornbæk Line

The Hornbæk Line is a 24.5 km long standard gauge single track local passenger railway line north of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs along the coast of Øresund between Helsingør and Gilleleje, through an area with many holiday homes; the name Hornbækbanen refers to the town Hornbæk about halfway between Gilleleje. The section from Helsingør to Hornbæk opened in 1906, the section from Hornbæk to Gilleleje in 1916; the railway is owned by Hovedstadens Lokalbaner and operated by the railway company Lokaltog. Lokaltog runs frequent local train services from Helsingør station to Gilleleje station with most trains continuing from Gilleleje along the Gribskov Line to Hillerød station; the first 12.9 km long section of the railway line from Helsingør to Hornbæk opened on 22 May 1906 as the Helsingør-Hornbæk Banen. Trains on the Hornbæk Line terminated at Grønnehave station in the northern part of Helsingør, but from 1908 all trains were continued via a connecting track along the harbour to Helsingør station and departing from a special railway halt in the street next to the station building.

The next 12 km long section from Hornbæk onwards to Gilleleje opened on 11 July 1916 and the railway changed its name to Helsingør-Hornbæk-Gilleleje Banen. In 2002, train operation on the Hornbæk Line was transferred from the operating company Helsingør-Hornbæk-Gilleleje Banen A/S to the newly formed railway company Lokalbanen A/S responsible for train operation on five local railways north of Copenhagen. Lokalbanen A/S merged with Regionstog A/S on 1 July 2015 to form the railway company Lokaltog A/S, responsible for train operation and related passenger services on the Hornbæk Line; the Hornbæk Line originates from Helsingør station, running north via a connecting track along the harbour to Grønnehave station in the northern part of the city. From Grønnehave station the line continues to the northwest, following the coast line of the Øresund and serving the seaside towns of Ålsgårde, Hornbæk and Dronningmølle. From Dronningmølle the line continues due west, before curving north to reach its terminus at Gilleleje where the line connects with the tracks of the Gribskov Line at Gilleleje station.

Trains on the Hornbæk Line are operated by the railway company Lokaltog. Lokaltog operates a intensive timetable on the Hornbæk Line with light DMUs working a fixed 30-minute frequency most of the day. Most passengers connect from Kystbanen regional trains at Helsingør; until late 2007, transfers to and from Gribskovbanen were possible at Gilleleje, but after major changes to Gilleleje station, trains now operate through Gilleleje to Hillerød along Gribskovbanen. This has eliminated the need to change at Gilleleje, but at the cost of going from 20-minute to 30-minute intervals. During the summer months of July and August, Nordsjællands Veterantog operates weekend steam trains on the Hornbæk Line between Grønnehave and Gilleleje; this has been a tradition since 1971. Helsingør Grønnehave Marienlyst Højstrup Hellebæk Ålsgårde Skibstrup Saunte Karinebæk Hornbæk Horneby Sand Kildekrog Dronningmølle Firhøj Søborg Stæremosen Gilleleje Øst Gilleleje Both Hornbæk and Saunte stations and the section of the railway between them are used as a locations in the first Olsen Gang film.

List of railway lines in Denmark Lokaltog

Dill Mill Gayye

Dill Mill Gayye is an Indian medical drama television series that aired on Star One from 20 August 2007 to 29 October 2010. It was a sequel to the Star Plus series Sanjivani - A Medical Boon; the show focused on a new generation of medical interns with the crux being the love story between Dr. Armaan Malik, portrayed by Karan Singh Grover and Dr. Riddhima Gupta, portrayed by Shilpa Anand, replaced by Sukirti Kandpal and Jennifer Winget; the show follows resident doctors of Sanjeevani hospital. It deals with the pressures, romance, inter personal relationships and humour in their lives. At the start of the show the interns are Dr. Anjali Gupta, Dr. Armaan Malik, Dr. Riddhima Gupta, Dr. Atul Joshi, Dr. Sapna Shah. Dr. Shashank Gupta is head of the hospital, the father of Anjali and Riddhima. Armaan and Riddhima were at loggerheads. Anjali and Armaan becomes good friends and Riddhima and Sapna becomes good friend. A medical camp is arranged in a village where Riddhima comes closer towards each other.

They become friends. Riddhima comes to know. Anjali makes a bet with Armaan. Riddhima comes to know about this, she is heartbroken. After few instances, they resolve their differences and Riddhima confesses her love to Armaan, they are enjoying their togetherness. Two new interns enter: Dr Rahul Garewal and Dr Muskaan Chadda. Rahul and Armaan have a tashan between them. Muskaan likes Armaan. Meanwhile, Atul started liking Sapna gets married with a patient. Rahul and Muskaan's family wants them to get married but they don't want to. To get away from this situation, Muskaan takes help from Armaan without telling Riddhima about this; this leads to separation between Riddhima. Rahul now knows about them. Nurse Padma and Dr Shashank gets married. Dr Shubhanker likes Dr Keerti. Riddhima and Armaan becomes friends again and they confess again marking their togetherness. On the other side and Rahul develops feelings for each other. Dr Nikita Malhotra joins Sanjeevani. Nikita turns out to be Rahul's college friend.

Dr Abhimanyu Modi enters Sanjeevani to save it from financial crisis. He makes some decisions, they arrange a special show to collect funding. Dr Abhimanyu develops feelings for Dr Riddhima first. All the friends thinks Riddhima to be together. For this reason, they take help of Nikita so they all think Armaan and Nikita have a scene instead of Riddhima. Armaan thinks of impressing Dr Shashank so he disguises himself and changes his looks into a soft, simple person. Riddhima is pissed off because of this. Armaan arranges a special date for her. Police catches them and everyone comes to know about them. No one allows them to meet each other. Armaan takes help from all the friends to persuade Dr Shashank, he started living outside their house in a tent. Media started to publicize this matter. On valentines day "Dr. Love" gets his love and Armaan Riddhima comes together, their roka is planned. Armaan's family comes. Billy is frank which Dr Shashank doesn't like. Billy and Annie were separated and Dr Shashank wants to dig out this matter.

Armaan Riddhima started to have differences on this. Dr keerti and Shubhanker gets married. Here comes Bubbly, Sister of Dr Shubhanker who gets frank with Armaan, not liked by Riddhima. Due to Dr Abhimanyu and Bubbly, Armaan Riddhima have constant fights. One day, Armaan had an accident and he lost his recent memory including Riddhima. Riddhima is heart broken. Armaan makes fun of her unknowingly that she is Riddhima. Armaan have to re write medical exam, she helps him. Both comes closer. Friends try to tell Armaan, they both are together again. They are about to get engaged. On the day of engagement, a pregnant couple tries to hide in the hospital. Big politicians were involved in the case. Armaan and Riddhima are stuck in the situation. In the last scene of the first season, Riddhima is shot and she falls over Armaan who hits a glass table. Atul is shot. Dr Abhimanyu estranged wife Jiah returns; the show takes a leap of some time introducing 5 new interns: Dr. Siddhant Modi, Dr. Yuvraj Oberoi, Dr. Naina Mehta, Dr. Tamanna Patil, Dr. Jitendra Prasad.

Dr. Siddhant Modi falls in love with Riddhima and they shared some romantic moments until the return of Dr. Armaan. Dr. Shilpa falls in love with Dr. Armaan, but decided to sacrifice her love after knowing that Dr. Riddhima is her step sister. Now Riddhima is in dilemma between Siddhant, but when she came to know that that Armaan left her because of his disease and that she shouldn't suffer because of him she chooses Armaan and the show ends with Riddhima singing a song for Armaan. Sanaya Irani Arjun Bijlani Mohit Sehgal Dill Mill Gayye- Title Track Sung by Sonu Nigam and Prajakta Shukre Dill Mill Gayye- Sad Track Sung by Sonu Nigam Asmaani Rang Ho Composed by Pranit - Sung by Aishwarya Majumdar Asmaani Rang Ho Composed by Pranit - Sung by Ali Haider Asmaani Rang Ho Lyrics by Pranit Ishq Leta Hain Kaise Imtehaan Kaisa Hain Yeh Khumar Saajnaa 2008 - Best Promising Star - Karan Singh Grover - Kalakar Awards 2009 - Best Singer - Sonu Nigam - Indian Television Academy Awards 2010 - Best Youth Show -Indian Telly Awards Dill Mill Gayye on hotstar Dill Mill Gayye on IMDb