click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Basic Role-Playing

Basic Role-Playing is a role-playing game system which originated in the RuneQuest fantasy role-playing game. The BRP standalone booklet was first released in 1980 in the boxed set release of the second edition of RuneQuest. Greg Stafford and Lynn Willis are credited as the authors. A percentile skill-based system, BRP was used as the basis for most of the games published by Chaosium, including Call of Cthulhu and Elfquest; the core rules were written by Steve Perrin as part of his game RuneQuest. It was Greg Stafford's idea to simplify the rules and issue them in a 16-page booklet called Basic Role-Playing. Over the years several others, including Sandy Petersen, Lynn Willis, Steve Henderson, contributed to the system; the BRP was notable for being the first role-playing game system to introduce a full skill system to characters regardless of their profession. This was developed in RuneQuest but was later adopted by the more skill-oriented Call of Cthulhu. BRP was conceived of as a generic system for playing any sort of RPG.

Specific rule systems to support differing genres can be added to the core rules in a modular design. In order to underscore this, in 1982 Chaosium released the Worlds of Wonder box set, which contained a revised main booklet and several booklets providing the additional rules for playing in specific genres. Superworld, a superhero-themed game, began as a portion of the Worlds of Wonder set. A third edition of the core booklet, now titled Basic Roleplaying: The Chaosium System, was released in 2002. In 2004, Chaosium published a series of paperback booklets; the first four monographs were RuneQuest 3rd Edition, but with the RuneQuest name and other trademarks removed, as Chaosium had lost the rights to the name but retained copyright of the rules text. Additional monographs allowing for new mechanics, thereby extending the system to other genres, were released in the following years. Many of these monographs reproduced rules from other Chaosium-published BRP games that had gone out of print. In 2008 most monographs were collected and updated as a single, comprehensive book, nicknamed the "Big Gold Book", allowing game masters to build their own game from the various subsystems included.

A quickstart booklet for new players accompanied it. Other games published over the years by Chaosium using the BRP ruleset include Ringworld and Nephilim. BRP is similar to other generic systems such as GURPS, Hero System or Savage Worlds in that it uses a simple resolution method which can be broadly applied. BRP uses a core set of seven characteristics: Size, Dexterity, Intelligence and Appearance or Charisma. From those, a character derives scores in various skills, expressed as percentages; these skill scores are the basis of play. When attempting an action, the player rolls percentile dice trying to get a result equal to or lower than the character's current skill score; each incarnation of the BRP rules has changed or added to the core ideas and mechanics, so that games are not identical. For example, in Call of Cthulhu, skills may never be over 100%, while in Stormbringer skills in excess of 100% are within reach for all characters. Scores can increase through the mechanics of which vary in an individual game.

BRP treats armor and defense as separate functions: the act of parrying is a defensive skill that reduced an opponent's chance to land an attack, the purpose of armor is to absorb damage. The last major element of many BRP games is that there is no difference between the player character race systems and that of the monster or opponents. By varying ability scores, the same system is used for a human hero as a troll villain; this approach allows for players to play a wide variety of non-human species. Chaosium was an early adopter of licensing out its BRP system to other companies, something, unique at the time they began but rather commonplace now thanks to the d20 licenses; this places the BRP in the notable position of being one of the first products to allow other game companies to develop games or game aids for their work. Companies such as Green Knight and Pagan Publishing built their earliest works to support Chaosium's games. Other, non-Chaosium games have used BRP for its core rules. For example, Other Suns, published by Fantasy Games Unlimited, used them under license.

BRP was used as the base for the successful Swedish game Drakar och Demoner from Target Games. In the July 1981 edition of The Space Gamer, Ronald Pehr commented that "Basic Role-Playing is too little too late. RuneQuest is long established, does an adequate job of teaching role-playing, there are now more games to choose from. If you want to teach role-playing to a young, but literate, Basic Role-Playing is excellent. Otherwise, for all its charm, it's not much use.". In the August 1981 edition of Dragon, John Sapienza noted that Basic Roleplaying was "not a fantasy role-playing game as such, but a handbook on how to role-play and a simple combat system to help the beginner get into the act." Despite this, Sapienza called it "one of the best introductions to the practical social interactions in gaming that I have read, will give beginning gamers the kind of guidance they do not get in the full-scale games they will graduate to, since game writers spend their time on mechanics instead of on the proper relationships between player and player and referee, or player and character."

He concluded, "Basic Role-Playing is a universal introduction to the hobby — recommended." The BRP itself h

Dra─Ź County

Drač County was one of the counties of the Kingdom of Serbia established on 29 November 1912 on the part of the territory of Albania taken from the Ottoman Empire during the First Balkan War. Drač County had four districts: Lješ, Elbasan and Tirana; the army of the Kingdom of Serbia retreated from Durrës in April 1913. The Royal Serbian Army captured city of Durazzo on 29 November 1912 without facing opposition. Orthodox Christian metropolitan of Durrës Jakob gave a warm welcome to the new authorities, he secured friendly relations with the Serbian authorities in the region. As such he intervened to them and several Albanian guerrilla units were saved and avoided execution; the Kingdom of Serbia established district offices and appointed the governor of the county, mayor of the city, commander of the military garrison. The first military governor of the city of Durrës, captain Branislav Milosavljević, appointed the first city council which included Petar Djurasković, Hristo Spiro, Mehmed Efendi and others.

The first governor of Drač County was a Serbian diplomat. His wife Delfa, one of the founders of the Circle of Serbian Sisters, chaired the city hospital; the first mayor of Durrës was Petar Đurašković, a member of a family from this city, while members of the city council were Hristos Spiro, Imam Husein Efendi and Filip Serić. When the army of Kingdom of Serbia occupied Albania in 1912, Dragutin Anastasijević was engaged as a translator for the Greek language and, after a while, he was appointed as governor of Drač County instead of Ivan Ivanić. Serbia's most important goal of the Balkan Wars was access to the open sea; the army of the Kingdom of Serbia retreated from Durrës in April 1913 under pressure of the naval fleet of Great Powers, but it remained in other parts of Albania for the next two months

Abi Gamin

Abi Gamin is a Himalayan mountain peak situated in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand state in India, 2 km northeast of Kamet. Its summit is on the border with Tibet and its northern slope is in the Ngari Prefecture of Tibet. Abi Gamin is located at the culminating point of the Zaskar Range, it is situated on the watershed of the upper Alaknanda and Dhauli rivers between the famous Manna and Niti passes on the Indo-Tibetan border. Abi Gamin is the second highest peak in the immediate region, after Kamet, it is one of the fifteen seven thousand metre peaks of Uttarakhand, as such it is a significant peak. However it is not independent, lying as it does close to the higher peak of Kamet, separated from it by the high saddle known as Meade's Col, 7,138 m. Abi Gamin was surveyed by Richard Strachey in 1848. In 1855, the Schlagintweit brothers named this range as Western and Eastern Abi Gamin; these correspond to Mukut Parbat and Abi Gamin. The first attempt to climb Kamet was launched by Adolf and Robert Schlagintweit from the Tibetan side up the NE ridge: they estimated that in August 1855 they reached an altitude of 22,239 or 22,259 ft on Kamet, though they were in fact attempting to climb Abi Gamin.

Their attempt resulted in an at the time acknowledged altitude record. During the 1874-77 survey by the Survey of India under E. C. Ryall, I. S. Pocock set up a plane table at c.22050' on the West flank of Abi Gamin. Between 1907 and 1913 a number of expeditions attempting Kamet reached high altitudes on the flanks of this mountain. Tom George Longstaff in 1907 recced the Purbi Kamet approaches, C. F. Meade's team followed the same route in 1913 to reach Meade's Col up the East flank of the massif; the attempts by A. M. Slingsby in 1911 and 1913 and C. F. Meade in 1912 were up the West flank from the Pachhmi Kamet glacier; these reached Slingsby's Col between Mukut Parbat and Abi Gamin, but failed to go beyond c.23000'. Abi Gamin was climbed for the first time in 1950 by a small Anglo-Swiss Expedition comprising Alfred Tissierès, R. Dittert, G. Chevalley, Englishman Kenneth Berrill, they approached from the north side through Tibet, reached over the Mana Pass. Their NE ridge route was the same route the Schlagintweit's had tried nearly a century earlier!

The summit was reached by the three Swiss members: they may have been accompanied by Sherpa Dawa Thondup. Indian expeditions under Nandu Jayal climbed the peak in 1953 and 1955 by the SW ridge from Meade's Col, reached up the East flank of the massif from the Purbi Kamet glacier. Ascents have been up this route. First Youngest- Indian Expedition On 8 June 1988 Abi Gamin was climbed by Govind Joshi, a 17 years old climber. Became the first youngest to scale difficult Mt. Abi Gamin who being raw in mountaineering field and climbed the peak without using any oxygen aid; this expedition of Ramjas Old Student Adventure Association, New Delhi led by C. S. Pandey, went on expedition to Mt. Kamet and Abi Gamin without a trained doctor and tried the bold experiment to eat only vegetarian food throughout the expedition and came back successfully. Mukut Parbat and Mana. All three peaks are linked by a ridge. Joshimath --Markari-Nitti-Sapukaharak-Nand-Kharak-BC-CI-CII-CIII and CIV summit. NE Ridge. Purbi Kamet glacier, Meade's col, South SW ridge.

North West Ridge. List of Himalayan peaks of Uttarakhand Harish Kapadia, Across Peaks and Passes in Garhwal Himalaya, Indus Publishing, 1999, ISBN 81-7387-097-7

Montrose, Minnesota

Montrose is a city in Wright County, United States. The population was 2,847 at the 2010 census. Montrose was platted in 1878, named after Montrose, in Scotland. Montrose was incorporated in 1881; the Dr. E. P. Hawkins Clinic and House, an early-20th-century medical complex, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.21 square miles. U. S. Highway 12 and Minnesota State Highway 25 are two of the main routes in the community. Nearby places include Delano, Hanover, Rockford and Watertown; as of the census of 2010, there were 2,847 people, 1,043 households, 734 families living in the city. The population density was 889.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,116 housing units at an average density of 348.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.2% White, 0.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 1.2% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 1,043 households of which 46.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.6% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.23. The median age in the city was 29.5 years. 31.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 50.2% male and 49.8% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,143 people, 454 households, 281 families living in the city; the population density was 1,190.4 people per square mile. There were 467 housing units at an average density of 486.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.20% White, 0.70% African American, 0.17% Asian, 1.31% from other races, 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.31% of the population.

There were 454 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.9% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.18. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $39,583, the median income for a family was $52,833. Males had a median income of $31,434 versus $26,481 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,281. About 4.6% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Home Of Hero 5X War Vet Retired SFC John Daniel Morrison City Website

Ambrogio Brambilla

Ambrogio Brambilla was an Italian engraver and cartographer active in Rome. Ambrogio was born in Milan, but by 1579 he is listed as a member of the Congregazione dei Virtuosi al Pantheon, a guild of artists, he remained there at least until 1599. In 1582 Brambilla produced a series of 135 small engravings of the emperors from Julius Caesar to Rudolf II and in 1585, another series, of the popes up to Sixtus V, his most successful works, were prints of scenographic reconstructions of antiquity such as the Sepulchre of Lucius Septimius known as the Septizodium and contemporary Vedute of ancient and modern Rome, for example the Belvedere of the Vatican, the Tomb of Julius II by Michelangelo, the Girandola di fuochi artificiali a Castel Sant'angelo. Many of his prints depicting ancient monuments, produced after 1577, were included in the volume titled Speculum Romanae magnificentiae produced a la carte for buyers interested in views of the monuments of Rome, published by establishment of Antonio Salamanca and Antonio Lafreri.

He produced prints depicting popular games and street scenes. In 1589 he engraved the Last Judgement after a relief sculpture in wax on slate by Giacomo Vivio based on Michelangelo's painting in the Sistine Chapel, Rome. Two unpublished engravings depict a Perspective Map of Ancona and a View of the Catafalque for the Funeral of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. Sources record Brambilla's activity as a poet, sculptor in bronze and architect

Kindle Entertainment

Kindle Entertainment is an independent television production company based in London, England. Kindle Entertainment was formed after ITV Kids was closed, current personnel includes Anne Brogan, the former controller of ITV Kids, former Head of Development at ITV Kids, Melanie Stokes. Recent productions include teen supernatural thriller The A List for BBC iPlayer, Hit Channel 4 drama Kiss Me First, comedy, Hank Zipzer starring Henry Winkler. Kindle Entertainment's previous productions include: Dixi, an interactive mystery set in the world of social networking, Minibeast Adventure with Jess, fact-ent for preschoolers. Kindle Entertainment is an independent company, formed upon the closure of the Kids department of ITV Productions. Kindle's director, Anne Brogan, controller of ITV Kids, formed the company with her colleague Melanie Stokes, Head of Development at ITV Kids. Kindle's first productions were Harry Potter: Behind the Magic and Harry Potter: The Costume Drama, shown in July 2009 on ITV1.

Harry Potter: Behind the Magic was a one-off one hour documentary presented by Ben Shephard. The documentary looked behind the scenes of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince and featured interviews with the cast. Kindle's second project was My Spy Family, a live action children's television series following the Bannons; the Bannon parents are former spies. The show, which spanned multiple series, was a co-production between Kindle and Turner Broadcasting, was shown on Boomerang. Kindle Entertainment's third production, Big & Small was shown on BBC1, BBC2 and CBeebies in the UK, it is shown on Cyw in Wales, with a total of over 40 channels worldwide airing the show. To produce the show, Kindle Entertainment worked with 3J's Entertainment and Sixteen South for the BBC, Treehouse TV and Studio 100. Big & Small is a puppet comedy aimed at pre-school children following the characters Big and Small which, every episode, features a song. Both Big and Small are voiced by Lenny Henry, Imelda Staunton voices the other main characters.

Kindle and Start Licensing have made deals to merchandise the programme with indoor- and outdoor-clothing and underwear lines. In 2009, Big & Small Online was awarded the Children's BAFTA for interactive content. Kindle Entertainment went on to win the BAFTA for Best Independent Production Company of the Year in 2010, 2011 and 2014. Kindle Entertainment's first single drama was the television film Dustbin Baby, shown on BBC1 on 21 December 2008. An adaptation of Jacqueline Wilson's novel of the same name, the screenplay was written by Helen Blakeman, for which she won a British Academy Children's Award for best writer, the film starred Dakota Blue Richards as April, a 14-year-old girl abandoned as a baby, Juliet Stevenson as Marion, her adoptive mother; the film starred David Haig. Dustbin Baby was received positively by both Wilson, who said it was the best film adaption of her work, critics. In an article in The Times David Chater awarded the programme the TV choice of the day, describing it as "tremendous", "the wonderful surprise of Christmas".

The Telegraph described the film as a "rare treat", as it is "something that teenagers and parents can watch together". The film was released on DVD in January 2009. In 2009, Dustbin Baby won an International Emmy Award in the children and young people category at the 37th International Emmy Awards, was nominated for a British Academy Children's Award in the drama category, as well as being shortlisted for the BAFTA Kid's vote. On 31 October 2009, Kindle Entertainment's show Jinx aired for the first time on CBBC; the first series consisted of 13 episodes of 30 minutes. Jinx follows the story of Lulu Baker, a teenage girl, able to cast spells thanks to her magical cookbook, stars Amber Beattie, Michael Nardone, Lucy Chalkley and Chizzy Akudolu, featured a large number of special effects; the show is based on the Lulu Baker trilogy by author Fiona Dunbar. Anne Brogan – Co-Director Melanie Stokes – Co-Director Natasha Smurthwaite – PA and Development Researcher Georgia Dussaud - Head of Production Pia Ashberry – Executive Producer Suzi McIntosh - Executive Producer Emma Stuart - Executive Producer Colin Dungey – Accountant Maureen Walker – Business Affairs Consultant Deniz Husnu - Production Assistant Emi Green - Junior Development Assistant 2009 International Emmy Award Winner- Children's and Young People,'Dustbin Baby' BAFTA Winner Children's – Best Writer,'Dustbin Baby' BAFTA Winner in Children's – Best Interactive Content,'Big & Small' International Academy of Television Arts & Sciences – Winner for Children and Young People’s,'Dustbin Baby'2010 BAFTA Winner Children