Professor Charles Xavier is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character is depicted as sometimes leader of the X-Men. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in The X-Men #1. Xavier is a member of a subspecies of humans known as mutants, who are born with superhuman abilities; the founder of the X-Men, Xavier is an exceptionally powerful telepath who can read and control the minds of others. To both shelter and train mutants from around the world, he runs a private school in the X-Mansion in Salem Center, located in Westchester County, New York. Xavier strives to serve a greater good by promoting peaceful coexistence and equality between humans and mutants in a world where zealous anti-mutant bigotry is widespread. Throughout much of the character's history in comics, Xavier is a paraplegic variously using either a wheelchair or a modified version of one. One of the world's most powerful mutant telepaths, Xavier is a scientific genius and a leading authority in genetics.
Furthermore, he has shown noteworthy talents in devising equipment to enhance psionic powers. Xavier is best known in this regard for the creation of a device called Cerebro, a technology that serves to detect and track those individuals possessing the mutant gene, at the same time expanding the gifts of those with existing psionic abilities. From a social policy and philosophical perspective, Xavier resents the violent methods of those like his former close friend and occasional enemy, the supervillain Magneto. Instead, he has presented his platform of uncompromising pacifism to see his dream to fruition - one that seeks to live harmoniously alongside humanity, just the same as it desires full-fledged civil rights and equality for all mutants. Xavier's actions and goals in life have therefore been compared to those of Martin Luther King Jr. for his involvement with the American civil rights struggle, whereas Magneto is compared with the more militant civil rights activist Malcolm X. The character's creation and development occurred with the civil rights struggle, taking place in the 1960s, while Xavier's first appearance dates to 1963.
The fictionalized plight in the comics of mutantkind faced with exceptional intolerance and prejudice was done in large part to better illustrate to audiences of the day what was transpiring across the United States, just the same as it served to further promote ideals of tolerance and equality for all. Patrick Stewart portrayed the character in seven films in the X-Men film series and in various video games, while James McAvoy portrayed a younger version of the character in the 2011 prequel X-Men: First Class. Both actors reprised the role in the film X-Men: Days of Future Past. McAvoy reprised the role in X-Men: Apocalypse, Stewart in Logan. McAvoy will reprise his role in Dark Phoenix. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist/co-writer Jack Kirby, Professor X first appeared in X-Men #1. Stan Lee has stated that the physical inspiration of Professor Xavier was from Academy Award–winning actor Yul Brynner. Professor Xavier's character development has been inspired by Jr.. Writer Scott Lobdell established Xavier's middle name to be Francis in Uncanny X-Men #328.
Xavier's goals are to promote the peaceful affirmation of mutant rights, to mediate the co-existence of mutants and humans, to protect mutants from violent humans, to protect society from antagonistic mutants, including his old friend, Magneto. To achieve these aims, he founded Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters to teach mutants to explore and control their powers, its first group of students was the original X-Men. Xavier's students consider him a visionary and refer to their mission as "Xavier's dream", he is regarded by others in the Marvel Universe, respected by various governments, trusted by several other superhero teams, including the Avengers and the Fantastic Four. However, he has a manipulative streak which has resulted in several significant fallings-out with allies and students, he acts as a public advocate for mutant rights and is the authority most of the Marvel superhero community turns to for advice on mutants. Despite this, his status as a mutant himself and originator of the X-Men only became public during the 2001 story "E Is for Extinction".
He appears in all of the X-Men animated series and in many video games, although as a non-playable character because of his disability. Patrick Stewart plays him in the 2000s film series, as well as providing his voice in some of the X-Men video games. According to BusinessWeek, Charles Xavier is listed as one of the top ten most intelligent fictional characters in American comics. In a number of comics, Xavier is shown to have a dark side, a part of himself that he struggles to suppress; the most notable appearance of this character element is in the Onslaught storyline, in which the crossover event's antagonist is a physical manifestation of that dark side. Onslaught is created in the most violent act Xavier claims to have done: erasing the mind of Magneto. In X-Men #106, the new X-Men fight images of the original team, which have been created by what Xavier says is his "evil self... who would use his powers for personal gain and conquest", which he says he is able to keep in check. In the 1984 four-part series titled The X-Men and the Micronauts, Xavier's dark desires manifest themselves as the Entity and threaten to destroy the Micronauts' universe.
Cable is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics in association with X-Force and the X-Men. The character first appeared as a newborn infant in Uncanny X-Men #201 created by writer Chris Claremont, while Cable's adult identity was created by writer Louise Simonson and artist/co-writer Rob Liefeld, first appeared in The New Mutants #87. Nathan Summers is the biological son of the X-Men member Cyclops and Madelyne Pryor though other versions saw him as Jean's son, the half brother of Rachel Summers and Nate Grey, the genetic template for Stryfe, he is from a possible future timeline, having been transported as an infant to the future, where he grew into a warrior, before returning to the present. Josh Brolin portrays Cable in the X-Men film series, beginning with Deadpool 2. Nathan Christopher Charles Summers is the son of Scott Summers, Madelyne Pryor. Writer Chris Claremont, who had written the series since issue #94, revealed Madelyne to be pregnant in X-Men/Alpha Flight #1.
The next depiction of her pregnancy was in The Uncanny X-Men #200, when she goes into premature labor. In the following issue, #201, Nathan first appears as a newborn infant; the character's first appearance as the adult warrior Cable was at the end of The New Mutants #86. He does not appear anywhere in the issue's story; this was followed by a full appearance in The New Mutants #87. At first, Cable was not intended to be the adult version of Nathan Summers, but was created as a result of unrelated editorial concerns. Editor Bob Harras wanted to "shake things up" for the book, felt a new leader was needed, one distinct from the perennial X-Men leader and the New Mutants' first mentor, Professor X; the book's writer, Louise Simonson, thought a military leader would be a good idea, Harras tasked the book's artist, Rob Liefeld, to conceptualize the character. Harras may have suggested the character's bionic eye. Both Simonson and Liefeld each separately conceived of the leader being a time traveler from the future.
Liefeld chose the name Cable for the character. Liefeld explains the creation of the character: I was given a directive to create a new leader for the New Mutants. There was no description besides a ` man of action', the opposite of Xavier. I created the name, much of the history of the character. After I named him Cable, Bob suggested Quinn and Louise had Commander X. Harras and writer/artists Jim Lee and Whilce Portacio, who were writing the X-Men spinoff X-Factor that starred Cyclops and the other four original X-Men, decided that Nathan would be sent into the future and grow up to become Cable. Liefeld, who conceived that Cable and his archenemy Stryfe were one and the same, disliked this idea. In the 1991 X-Factor storyline, Nathan is infected by the villain Apocalypse with a techno-organic virus; because he can only be saved by the technology of the far-future, Scott reluctantly allows Sister Askani, a member of a clan of warriors dedicated to opposing Apocalypse, to take Nathan into the future so that he can be cured, a one-way trip from which she tells him she and Nathan will be unable to return.
In his first adult appearance, Cable is seen in conflict with Stryfe's Mutant Liberation Front, the United States government, Freedom Force. The New Mutants intervene and he asks for their help against the Mutant Liberation Front. Cable sees them as potential soldiers in his war against Stryfe, becomes their new teacher and leader, he comes into conflict with Wolverine, revealed to harbor feud with Cable. Despite this, the two warriors and the New Mutants team up with and Sunfire against the MLF. Cable leads the New Mutants against Cameron Hodge and the Genoshans in the 1990 "X-Tinction Agenda" storyline. With the aid of Domino, Cable reorganizes the New Mutants into X-Force; the New Mutants ended with issue #100, with Cable and other characters appearing the following month in X-Force #1. The X-Force series provided further detail for the character's back story revealing that he was from the future and that he had traveled to the past with the aim of stopping Stryfe's plans as well as preventing Apocalypse's rise to power.
Cable traveled between the 1990s and his future with his ship Graymalkin, which contained a sentient computer program called Professor, the future version of the program built into X-Factor's Ship. In 1992, the character starred in a two issue miniseries, Cable: Blood and Metal, written by Fabian Nicieza, pencilled by John Romita, Jr. and inked by Dan Green, published in October and November of that year. The series explored Cable and the villain Stryfe's ongoing battle with one another, its effect on Cable's supporting cast. Shortly after Blood and Metal, Cable was given his own ongoing series titled Cable. Issue #6 confirmed the character to be Nathan Christopher Summers, the son of Cyclops and Madelyne Pryor, taken to the future in X-Factor #68, introduced by writer Chris Claremont, appeared in Uncanny X-Men #201; the series ran for 107 issues from May 1993 until September 2002 before being relaunched as Soldier X, which lasted 12 more issues until Aug. 2003. The 1994 miniseries The Adventures of Cyclops and Phoenix provided further information on the character's back story.
In the future, Mother Askani, a time-displaced Rachel Summers, pulled the minds of Scott and Jean into the future where, as "Slym" and "Redd", they raised Cable for twelve years. During their time together, the "
Master Mold is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Since his primary purpose was to act as a portable Sentinel-creating factory, the Sentinel robots were used to hunt mutants, Master Mold has exclusively appeared in the X-Men and related, mutant-themed, comic books; the Master Mold first appeared in X-Men #15–16, was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. The character subsequently appears in The Incredible Hulk Annual #7, X-Factor #13–14, Power Pack #36, Marvel Comics Presents #18–24, The Uncanny X-Men #246–247, The Sensational She-Hulk #30, Cyclops: Retribution #1; the Master Mold received an entry in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update'89 #5. Master Mold was created by Dr. Bolivar Trask during the original run of X-Men comics. In the 1960s, out of fear of a race of superhuman mutants that could dominate the whole world and enslave normal human beings, Trask makes Master Mold, a super-computer, in the shape of a giant Sentinel robot, that will control and facilitate the construction of the Sentinels, mechanical warriors that are programmed to hunt and capture all superhuman mutants.
Unbeknownst to all, the original Master Mold is programmed by the time-traveling Tanya Trask, part of the Askani Sisterhood, with the mission to find and destroy The Twelve: a group of mutants that are linked to the rise of Apocalypse, which the ruthless Sanctity considered an event that must be stopped at all costs. For unknown reasons, some of the mutants that are cataloged as the Twelve are not part of the group; the Master Mold has Trask captured, decides to take over humanity to keep it safe. The original Master Mold is destroyed when Trask sacrifices himself by causing an explosion to prevent the Sentinels taking over humanity, but several others are built by other people who want to manufacture Sentinels. In the late 1980s, the remains of Master Mold merges with the advanced Sentinel from the future, thanks to the Siege Perilous to form the being called Bastion, which acts like an almost-human Master Mold during the late 1990s and early 2000s. Another Master Mold appeared in Incredible Hulk Annual #7.
It claimed to be Steven Lang, thought to be dead after Project Armageddon. It said that he did not die from the crash of his flying gunship, it was nearly destroyed by the Hulk, with Angel and Iceman in Master Mold's meteor space base. It was destroyed when the asteroid exploded, right after Hulk and Iceman managed to escape. Master Mold claimed the name and identity of Stephen Lang during a story arc running from issues 17 through 24 of Marvel Comics Presents. In this story reprinted in the graphic novel, Cyclops: Retribution, Master Mold creates a virus designed to wipe out mutantkind called the Retribution Virus. During this arc, it is revealed that he blames Cyclops for his death as Stephen Lang, he hypnotizes Moira MacTaggart and uses her to unleash the virus, infecting Cyclops and Banshee, incapacitated. However, MacTaggart breaks free of his grasp. While she attempts to cure the virus and Callisto team up with Conscience, another artificial construct developed from Lang's brain engrams, to stop Master Mold and save not only mutantkind, but humanity, which had become threatened by the virus.
Cyclops, though weakened from the effects of the disease, nearly single-handedly destroys the Master Mold before succumbing to his illness and falling unconscious. As Master Mold prepares to kill Cyclops and finish unleashing the virus, he is attacked by a cured Banshee who uses his sonic scream to "finish the job that Cyclops started" and destroys Master Mold; the virus is cured before it has a chance to spread. Another Master Mold is built in secret in the jungles of Ecuador; this particular Master Mold builds a new breed of Sentinels, known as Wild Sentinels, which are capable of assimilating non-organic materials to assume different shapes, most of them insectoid, as well as a breed of Nano-Sentinels. This Master Mold is taken over by Cassandra Nova who uses the Wild Sentinels to destroy Genosha and in her subsequent plan to destroy the X-Men. Following their defeat at the hands of Rogue's X-Men team, the Children of the Vault escaped and regrouped in the Ecuadorian Master Mold. In Second Coming, X-Force travels to the Days of Future Past timeline where there are two Master Molds, one of them producing Nimrods and another one protecting the first Master Mold.
After the latest Tri-Sentinel was destroyed by an Isotope Genome Accelerator duplicate of Spider-Man, a saddened Mendel Stromm was approached by a mysterious benefactor who began to give him a Master Mold that specializes in creating Tri-Sentinels. After the two Spider-Men reunite into one body, Spider-Man was able to take remote control of the Tri-Sentinels and send them back to the Master Mold base to destroy it. Dr. Bolivar Trask equipped Master Mold with the ability to speak; the Steven Lang Master Molds were capable of self-repair. In Ultimate Fantastic Four/X-Men it is revealed that in a possible future a severed Wolverine is used as an original template to create an army of Sentinels which share his personality traits. Toward the end of the issue present day Rogue and Wolverine discover the mutilated b
Graydon Creed is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was created by writer Scott Lobdell and artist Brandon Peterson and first appeared in The Uncanny X-Men #299, he is the son of Mystique. Posing as German spy Leni Zauber, Mystique seduced freelance supervillain Victor Creed while he was in Germany on a mission. Mystique gave birth to a normal human child—Graydon—whom she gave up for adoption, although she kept an eye on him; when Graydon learned that he was the son of two mutants who had abandoned him as an inconvenience, he grew resentful of all mutants, that resentment colored his outlook for the rest of his life. In his adult years, Graydon formed a group called the Friends of Humanity, dedicated to opposing mutant civil rights by committing acts of terrorism against peaceful mutants and mutant sympathizers, using the acts of violent mutants such as Magneto to rally support for their cause. Creed came to join the Upstarts, a group of wealthy and powerful individuals, brought together by Selene and the enigmatic telepathic Gamesmaster with the sole purpose of killing mutants for points in a twisted game.
After learning of his parents' identities, Creed sought to kill them as part of the Upstarts' game. Disguised as the armored Tribune, Creed hired assassins to kill his mother and had his father implanted with a bomb, his father managed to remove the device and confronted his son, who callously shot Sabretooth's assistant Birdy, a mutant telepath whom Sabretooth employed to keep his homicidal rages in check. During the Upstarts' self-professed "Younghunt", Creed was blackmailed into revealing the location of the Upstarts' prisoners by the New Warriors, who threatened to expose Creed as a mutant collaborator and the son of mutants. Using the resources he had gained through the Friends of Humanity, with the support of the government-sponsored anti-mutant taskforce Operation: Zero Tolerance, Creed nominated himself as a presidential candidate and ran on an anti-mutant platform. Capitalizing on a near-hysterical fear of mutants in the general public, Creed's popularity swelled, which led to the Daily Bugle newspaper launching an investigation into Creed's activities.
When a reporter from the Bugle obtained information regarding Creed's parentage, Zero Tolerance's leader Bastion killed the journalist to prevent the news from leaking out. Although they stopped the reporter, Creed did not manage to catch that the X-Men had infiltrated his presidential campaign, by planting Bobby Drake and Sam Guthrie as Creed's assistants. On the eve of the election, Creed was assassinated during a campaign speech when a plasma beam disintegrated him. Several years the miniseries X-Men Forever revealed that a future version of Mystique had fired the shot, having sworn to kill Graydon for his part in the Friends of Humanity's brutal attack on Trevor Chase, the grandson of her lover Destiny; the pages of X-Force show a group of Purifiers digging up the corpse of Graydon Creed, his body is taken back to their base. It is re-animated by Bastion using the techno-organic virus taken from an "offspring" of Magus. Creed went public with his return, claiming that his death was faked all along to allow him to go underground and avoid persecution from mutants.
During the Second Coming storyline, Graydon Creed, alongside Steven Lang, is killed by Hope Summers. During the "Hunt for Wolverine" storyline, Lady Deathstrike, Daken fight their way past the zombies and soldiers from Soteira Killteam Nine in order to get to the power station where the glowing green box suspected of causing the zombie outbreak is located. Sabretooth discovers. After Lady Deathstrike and Daken are stabbed by a zombie version of Lord Dark Wind, Sabretooth fights his zombified son who states that there is 10 minutes left before Maybelle is burned to the ground; as Sabretooth continues his fight with Graydon, he tries to get answers on how Graydon came back from the dead. He doesn't get an answer. After slaying the zombie Lord Dark Wind, Lady Deathstrike stabs the zombie Graydon in the neck. Graydon Creed goes by the name'Horror Show' in the Age of Apocalypse reality. He's a part of the X-Terminated team with a handful of other humans, he appears to have a flamethrower and other firearms.
He mentions that his father, was a brutal, abusive father. During the X-Termination crossover, AoA Nightcrawler's trip home resulted in the release of three evil beings that destroy anyone they touch. Several casualties resulted, including the AoA's Sabretooth, Horror Show, Fiend, as well as the X-Treme X-Men's Xavier and Hercules. In the Age of X reality, Graydon Creed had led a strike force that put the mutant race on the verge of extinction. After Magneto's takeover of Genosha, Graydon Creed rose to prominence as an anti-mutant activist, becoming friends with vice-president Bolivar Trask, his prominence was short-lived. Magneto sent. Graydon Creed's massacred body was found by government agents, Trask ordered his death ruled an accident to prevent panic. In this reality, Graydon Greed is still the son of Mystique and Sabretooth and the founder of the Friends of Humanity, he became President of the United States. Graydon reinstated S. H. I. E. L. D. and promoted Nick Fury to General. Graydon Creed appeared in the X-Men animated series voiced by John Stocker.
As in the comics, Creed hates mutants because he is
Jean Grey-Summers is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character has been known under the aliases Marvel Girl and Dark Phoenix. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in The X-Men #1. Jean is a member of a subspecies of humans known as mutants, she was born with telekinetic powers. Her powers first manifested, she is a caring, nurturing figure, but she has to deal with being an Omega-level mutant and the physical manifestation of the cosmic Phoenix Force. Jean experienced a transformation into the Phoenix in the X-Men storyline "The Dark Phoenix Saga", she has faced death numerous times in the history of the series. Her first death was under her guise as Marvel Girl, when she died and was "reborn" as Phoenix in "The Dark Phoenix Saga"; this transformation led to her second death, suicide, though not her last. She is an important figure in the lives of other Marvel Universe characters the X-Men, including her husband Cyclops, her mentor and father figure Charles Xavier, her unrequited love interest Wolverine, her best friend and sister-like figure Storm, her genetic children Rachel Summers, Stryfe and X-Man.
The character was present for much of the X-Men's history, she was featured in all three X-Men animated series and several video games. She is a playable character in X-Men Legends, X-Men Legends II: Rise of Apocalypse, Marvel Ultimate Alliance 2, Marvel vs Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds, Marvel Heroes, Lego Marvel Super Heroes, appeared as a non-playable in the first Marvel: Ultimate Alliance. Famke Janssen portrayed the character in five installments of the X-Men films. Sophie Turner portrays a younger version in the 2016 film X-Men: Apocalypse. Turner will return to portray the character as well as her alternate personality the Phoenix in the 2019 film Dark Phoenix. In 2006, IGN rated Jean Grey 6th on their list of top 25 X-Men from the past forty years, in 2011, IGN ranked her 13th in the "Top 100 Comic Book Heroes", her Dark Phoenix persona was ranked 9th in IGN's "Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time" list, the highest rank for a female character. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist/co-writer Jack Kirby, Jean Grey first appeared as Marvel Girl in The X-Men #1.
The original team's sole female member, Marvel Girl was a regular part of the team through the series' publication. Possessing the ability of telekinesis, the character was granted the power of telepathy, which would be retconned years as a suppressed mutant ability. Under the authorship of Chris Claremont and the artwork of first Dave Cockrum and John Byrne in the late 1970s, Jean Grey underwent a significant transformation from the X-Men's weakest member to its most powerful; the storyline in which Jean Grey died as Marvel Girl and was reborn as Phoenix has been retroactively dubbed by fans "The Phoenix Saga", the storyline of her eventual corruption and death as Dark Phoenix has been termed "The Dark Phoenix Saga". This storyline is one of the most well-known and referenced in mainstream American superhero comics, is considered a classic, including Jean Grey's suicidal sacrifice; when the first trade paperback of "The Dark Phoenix Saga" was published in 1984, Marvel published a 48-page special issue titled Phoenix: The Untold Story.
It contained the original version of Uncanny X-Men #137, the original splash page for Uncanny X-Men #138, transcripts of a roundtable discussion between Shooter, Byrne, editors Jim Salicrup and Louise Jones, inker Terry Austin about the creation of the new Phoenix persona, the development of the story, what led to its eventual change, Claremont and Byrne's plans for Jean Grey had she survived. Claremont revealed that his and Cockrum's motivation for Jean Grey's transformation into Phoenix was to create "the first female cosmic hero"; the two hoped that, like Thor had been integrated into The Avengers lineup, Phoenix would become an effective and immensely powerful member of the X-Men. However, both Salicrup and Byrne had strong feelings against how powerful Phoenix had become, feeling that she drew too much focus in the book. Byrne worked with Claremont to remove Phoenix from the storyline by removing her powers. However, Byrne's decision to have Dark Phoenix destroy an inhabited planetary system in Uncanny X-Men #135, coupled with the planned ending to the story arc, worried then-Editor-in-Chief Jim Shooter, who felt that allowing Jean to live at the conclusion of the story was both morally unacceptable and an unsatisfying ending from a storytelling point of view.
Shooter publicly laid out his reasoning in the 1984 roundtable: I think, I've said this many times, that having a character destroy an inhabited world with billions of people, wipe out a starship and then—well, you know, having the powers removed and being let go on Earth. It seems to me that that's the same as capturing Hitler alive and letting him go live on Long Island. Now, I don't think. I think a lot of people would come to his door with machine guns... One of the creative team's questions that affected the story's conclusion was whether the Phoenix's personality and descent into madness and evil were inherent to Jean Grey or if the Phoenix was itself an entity possessing her; the relationship between Jean Grey and the Phoenix would continue to be subject to different interpretations and explanations by writers and edi
S. H. I. E. L. D. is a fictional espionage, special law enforcement, counter-terrorism agency appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby in Strange Tales #135, it deals with paranormal and superhuman threats; the acronym stood for Supreme Headquarters, International Espionage and Law-Enforcement Division. It was changed in 1991 to Strategic Hazard Intervention Espionage Logistics Directorate. Within the various films set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, as well as multiple animated and live-action television series, the backronym stands for Strategic Homeland Intervention and Logistics Division; the organization has appeared in media adaptations as well as films and shows that take place in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. S. H. I. E. L. D.'s introduction in the Strange Tales feature "Nick Fury, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D." Occurred during a trend for action series about secret international intelligence agencies with catchy acronyms, such as television's The Man from U.
N. C. L. E. Which Stan Lee stated in a 2014 interview, was the basis for him to create the organization. Colonel Fury was reimagined as a older character with an eyepatch and appointed head of the organization; some characters from the Sgt. Fury series reappeared as agents of S. H. I. E. L. D. Most notably Timothy "Dum-Dum" Dugan, Fury's bowler hat–wearing aide-de-camp, its most persistent enemy is a criminal organization founded by Baron Wolfgang von Strucker. S. H. I. E. L. D. was presented as an extant, full-blown entity in its first appearance, with Tony Stark in charge of the Special Weaponry section and Fury seeing "some of the most famous joes from every nation" at a meeting of the Supreme International Council. Much was revealed over the years to fill in its labyrinthine organizational history. Stan Lee wrote each story, abetted by artist Kirby's co-plotting or full plotting, through Strange Tales #152, except for two issues, one scripted by Kirby himself and one by Dennis O'Neil. Following an issue scripted by Roy Thomas, one co-written by Thomas and new series artist Jim Steranko, came the sole-writer debut of soon-to-become industry legend Steranko—who had begun on the feature as a penciller-inker of Kirby layouts in #151, taken over the every-other-issue "Nick Fury" cover art with #153 two months and full writing with #155.
Steranko established the feature as one of comics history's most groundbreaking and acclaimed. Ron Goulart wrote, ven the dullest of readers could sense that something new was happening. … Which each passing issue Steranko's efforts became more and more innovative. Entire pages would be devoted to photocollages of drawings ignored panel boundaries and instead worked together on planes of depth; the first pages … became incredible production numbers similar in design to the San Francisco rock concert poster of the period. Larry Hama said Steranko "combined the figurative dynamism of Jack Kirby with modern design concepts; the graphic influences of Peter Max, Op Art and Andy Warhol were embedded into the design of the pages — and the pages were designed as a whole, not just as a series of panels. All this, executed in a crisp, hard-edged style, seething with drama and anatomical tension"; the series won 1967 and 1968 Alley Awards, was inducted in the latter year to the awards' Hall of Fame. Steranko himself was inducted into the Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2006.
The 12-page feature ran through Strange Tales #168, after which it was spun off onto its own series of the same title, running 15 issues, followed by three all-reprint issues beginning a year later. Steranko wrote and drew issues #1–3 and #5, drew the covers of #1–7. New S. H. I. E. L. D. Stories would not appear for nearly two decades after the first solo title. A six-issue miniseries, Nick Fury vs. S. H. I. E. L. D. was followed by Nick Fury, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D.. This second series lasted 47 issues. H. I. E. L. D. Agents were replaced with Life Model Decoy androids in a takeover attempt. A year after that series ended, the one-shot Fury retconned the events of those previous two series, recasting them as a series of staged events designed to distract Fury from the resurrection plans of Hydra head von Strucker; the following year, writer Howard Chaykin and penciler Corky Lehmkuhl produced the four-issue miniseries Fury of S. H. I. E. L. D.. Various publications have additionally focused on Nick Fury's solo adventures, such as the graphic novels and one-shots Wolverine/Nick Fury: The Scorpio Connection, Wolverine/Nick Fury: Scorpio Rising, Fury/Black Widow: Death Duty and Captain America and Nick Fury: Blood Truce, Captain America and Nick Fury: The Otherworld War.
Nick Fury, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D. is a comic book series published by Marvel Comics, that first premiered in Strange Tales and became several ongoing series. Nick Fury vs. S. H. I. E. L. D. is a comic book miniseries published by Marvel Comics, that first premiered in 1988. Fury of S. H. I. E. L. D. is a comic book miniseries published by Marvel Comics, that first premiered in 1995. Kitty Pryde, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D. is a comic book series published by Marvel Comics, that first premiered in 1997. S. H. I. E. L. D. is a comic book title published by Marvel Comics. The fir
Apocalypse is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by Marvel Comics. He is one of the world's first mutants, was a principal villain for the original X-Factor team and now for the X-Men and related spinoff teams. Created by writer Louise Simonson and artist Jackson Guice, Apocalypse first appeared in X-Factor #5. Since his introduction, the character has appeared in a number of X-Men titles, including spin-offs and several limited series. Apocalypse has been featured in various forms of media. In 2016, Oscar Isaac portrayed the villain in the film X-Men: Apocalypse. In 2009, Apocalypse was ranked as IGN's 24th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. While writing the first five issues of X-Factor, Bob Layton dropped hints of a villain operating behind the scenes and leading the Alliance of Evil. Layton intended to reveal this character to be the Daredevil villain the Owl on the final page of X-Factor #5. However, Layton was replaced by writer Louise Simonson. Editor Bob Harras said that the character arose because of storytelling needs: "All I had communicated to Louise was my desire that an A-level, first class character be introduced.
I wanted a Magneto-level villain who would up the stakes and give the X-Factor team reason to exist."In a 2011 interview with The Philadelphia Inquirer, explained that when the X-Factor series was created, the original five X-Men were pulled out of the purview of Chris Claremont, writing The Uncanny X-Men. However, Simonson felt that the series need an archenemy, or what Simonson called "a big, bad villain", conceived of Apocalypse. Simonson described the character thus: "When X-Factor was created, it caused a split in the "Mutant World" several seminal characters were pulled out of Chris Claremont's X-Men." "Apocalypse is the first mutant – a brilliant shape-shifter, immortal – and sees himself as the father of mutantkind…In his early years, which I covered in the X-Factor Forever miniseries... Apocalypse encountered the Celestials and realized there was a time when humanity might be judged unworthy and destroyed. He's been using Darwinian principles - survival of the fittest - to kill off the weak and force the survivors to grow stronger, to push humanity to get better and more powerful.
He considers himself the Apocalypse of modern man and the father of what humanity will come next - Mutantkind. Where Magneto sees mutants as the next step of evolution and strives to protect all mutants, Apocalypse believes in absolute survival of the fittest - so if the Hulk, for example, is stronger than Colossus...well, in Apocalypse's world he would say,'Bye, comrade.'" Harras commented, "As soon as I saw the sketch by Walter and heard Louise's take on him, I knew we had the character I wanted. Jackson redrew the page, but the genesis was Walt and Weezie's." Guice admitted to difficulty recalling the details behind redrawing the last page of issue #5: "The best I can remember now is putting his look together pretty much right on the pencil page—just adding bits of costuming business which hinted toward his true appearance when we'd see him in full reveal. I don't believe there was a character sketch done for him at that point—I planned on making sense of it all on, but by I was gone and others had that concern."
Apocalypse's silhouette in issue #5 does not match up with his full appearance in issue #6, suggesting the possibility that Guice was using Simonson's sketch as a reference for issue #6 but did not have access to it earlier, necessitating that he come up with his own design for issue #5. Walter Simonson himself has downplayed his role in the character's creation, saying that Guice was responsible for creating the design and that he, Simonson modified it later: "I did not co-create Apocalypse. However, I wish. Louise Simonson and Jackson Guice created him, he appeared in a few panels at the end of one of Jackson’s last X-FACTORs, so I am the first artist to use him extensively in stories. And I kind of juiced up his physique a bit."Bob Harras said on the character of Apocalypse: He looked fantastic. The name is dynamic, it tells. And he came with a clear-cut agenda:'survival of the fittest.' He didn't care if you were a mutant—if you were weak, you would be destroyed. He was merciless, but his philosophy was easy to grasp and it fit in with the harder edge of evolution, part and parcel of the mutant story.
Isn't that what humans fear about mutants? That they are the next step? Now, we had given mutants something new to fear: a character who would judge them on their genetic worthiness. To his own mind he wasn't evil, he was ensuring evolution. To me, he was the perfect next step in the mutant story. Although the character first appeared in 1986, he was retroactively said to have been present during published stories; the unnamed benefactor of the Living Monolith in Marvel Graphic Novel #17 was identified as Apocalypse in disguise. Classic X-Men #25 revealed that years earlier, Apocalypse encountered the terrorist Moses Magnum and granted him superhuman power. During his run on Cable, Robert Weinberg planned a story to reveal that Apocalypse was the third Summers brother, a mysterious sibling to the mutants Cyclops and Havok, but Weinberg left the book before he could go along with his plan and the third Summers brother was revealed to be the mutant Gabriel Sum