Mathews County, Virginia
Mathews County is a county located in the U. S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,978, its county seat is Mathews. Located on the Middle Peninsula, Mathews County is included in the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Metropolitan Statistical Area. During Virginia's colonial era, the area that became Mathews County was part of Gloucester County. In 1691, the Virginia General Assembly had directed that each county designate an official port-of-entry. Established around 1700, the community of Westville was located along Put-in Creek, a tidal tributary of Virginia's East River feeding into Mobjack Bay, a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay. In 1776 during the American Revolutionary War, Virginia's last Royal Governor, Lord Dunmore, left Virginia after pushed to the southeast to Gwynn's Island by General Andrew Lewis and the Continental Army. General Lewis' forces bombarded Gwynn's Island from Fort Cricket Hill. In 1791, after Virginia gained its independence from Great Britain, the Virginia General Assembly split Gloucester county and created Mathews County.
The county was named for Brigadier General Thomas Mathews speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates. Westville was designated at the county seat. Seaborne commerce and oyster farming had always been important in the area and Old Point Comfort Lighthouse was built in 1802 to guide vessels into the Hampton Roads seaport. Two additional lighthouses were built later: New Point Comfort Light and Smith Point Light. During the War of 1812, British vessels raided adjacent areas. Farming using enslaved labor was important to the 19th century economy, early in the century Edmund Ruffin introduced the use of limestone marl as fertilizer on fields worn out from tobacco crops. Two Mathews County men implicated in Gabriel's Rebellion in 1802 were sentenced to transportation out of the Commonwealth. In a lawsuit begun in 1806, Jackey Wright of Mathews County was granted her freedom from prominent landowner Holder Hudgins due to her grandmother's Native American ancestry in one of the last cases decided by Judge George Wythe, with a Virginia Supreme Court opinion by St. George Tucker.
During the American Civil War, many white men from Mathews County enlisted in the Confederate Army. Some Union sympathizers petitioned President Abraham Lincoln for help, alleging that Confederate sympathizers had harassed them. Union forces by 1862 controlled the Hampton Roads area and in July 1862 a detachment of Pennsylvania cavalry arrived at Gloucester Court House went to Mathews to arrest Carter B. Hudgins, but were unsuccessful. Several other Union raids occurred beginning in September 1863 designed to disrupt Confederate salt works. However, in the October 1863 raid, Union General Wistar reported some of his troops behaved badly, Sands Smith was executed after he shot a Union soldier attempting to confiscate his cow, his son and grandson would become prominent Mathews County officials by century's end. Miss Sally Louisa Tompkins, of a prominent Mathews family, went to Richmond and established a private hospital for Confederate wounded, which achieved significant success, such that she was granted an officer's commission on September 9, 1861 by Confederate President Jefferson Davis and continued to nurse the wounded until 1865.
In 1882-1886, complaints about out-of-state watermen dredging local oyster beds produced an "oyster war" during the administration of Virginia Governor William E. Cameron. Several offending boats were captured, but all but one of their watermen were from Virginia's Eastern shore rather than from outside the Commonwealth. During World War I, Mathews County exceeded its quota of volunteers. In addition to fatalities, several men were disabled by gas attacks at the battlefront, relayed their stories. Many Mathews county seamen served in the Merchant Marine; the war changed economic relations within the county, for farm laborers could get better paying jobs in Hampton Roads or nearby cities. As the Great Depression began, voters elected Emma Lee Smith White, wife of local physician Dr. Carl Clifford White, to represent them in the Virginia General Assembly; as a local insurance agent, among other jobs, she had other priorities after a hurricane and 100-year level flooding devastated Mathews County in August 1933.
No woman again sat in the Virginia General Assembly for 21 years. In October 2012, Hurricane Sandy devastated Mathews County, while rebuilding, officials decided to petition to have the town center declared a historic district, it received nomination from the Virginia Department of Historic Resources in 2016. The Mathews County Courthouse Square has been recognized as a National Historic District since 1977, the Sibley's and James Store Historic District has been recognized as a National Historic District since 2011. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 252 square miles, of which 86 square miles is land and 166 square miles is water, it is the second-smallest county in Virginia by land area. Mathews County is best known for its miles of waterfront sites, as well as its prominent location on the Chesapeake Bay. Surrounded completely by water, it is bordered by Middlesex County to the north, separated by the Piankatank River and Gloucester County to the west; the southern side of the county borders Mobjack Bay.
Middlesex County - north Gloucester County - south & west York County - south As of the census of 2010, there were 8,978 people, 3,932 househo
Rockbridge County, Virginia
Rockbridge County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,307, its county seat is Lexington. The independent cities of Buena Vista and Lexington are both enclaved within the county's geographical borders. Rockbridge County was established in October, 1777 from parts of now neighboring Augusta and Botetourt counties, the first county elections were held in May 1778. Rockbridge County was named for Natural Bridge, a notable landmark in the southern portion of the county. Rockbridge County was formed during an act of assembly intended to reduce the amount of travel to the nearest courthouse, to ensure trials were held and among friends rather than strangers; the first court session in Rockbridge County was held at the home of Samuel Wallace on April 7, 1778. Slaves were far fewer in Rockbridge County than in many parts of Virginia, thus, the anti-slavery movement was stronger in Rockbridge than in many other counties of Virginia. For instance, several faculty members at Washington College vigorously opposed slavery.
However, many of the wealthiest residents of Rockbridge County owned slaves and passed down those slaves to their widows and children. Cyrus McCormick invented the reaper near Steele's Tavern at the northern end of the county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 601 square miles, of which 598 square miles is land and 3.4 square miles is water. Lexington, Virginia Buena Vista, Virginia Blue Ridge Parkway George Washington National Forest Jefferson National Forest United States National Radio Quiet Zone As of the census of 2000, there were 20,808 people, 8,486 households, 6,075 families residing in the county; the population density was 35 people per square mile. There were 9,550 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.42% White, 2.97% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.12% from other races, 0.78% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,486 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.40% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.84. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,035, the median income for a family was $41,324. Males had a median income of $28,217 versus $19,946 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,356. About 6.60% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.40% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.
The Rockbridge Advocate Rockbridge Forum The News-Gazette The Rockbridge Report EyeOnVirginia.com The independent cities of Buena Vista and Lexington are separate political jurisdictions located within Rockbridge County. Lexington is the county seat, it shares three constitutional officers with Rockbridge County: Sheriff, Clerk of the Circuit Court and Commonwealth's Attorney. Buena Vista does not share constitutional officers with either Lexington. Glasgow Goshen East Lexington Brownsburg Fairfield Natural Bridge Station Raphine Robert H. Adams, born in Rockbridge County, United States Senator from Mississippi John Allen, born in Rockbridge County, a Kentucky political figure and colonel of militia, killed in the War of 1812 Adam Rankin Alexander, born in Rockbridge County, United States Congressman from Tennessee Archibald Alexander, born in Rockbridge County, noted Presbyterian clergyman, president of Hampden–Sydney College and one of the founders of and the first professor of Princeton Theological Seminary Samuel Dale, born in Rockbridge County, American frontiersman, known as the ""Daniel Boone of Alabama" and a veteran of the Creek War of 1813–1814 William C.
Friday, American educator, public servant and President of University of North Carolina, born in Raphine, Rockbridge County. Sam Houston, born in Rockbridge County, the only man to be Governor of two U. S. states. Victor at the Battle of San Jacinto, President of the Republic of Texas, U. S. Senator. Stonewall Jackson, General in the C. S. A. Army, lived in Lexington, the county seat. Robert E. Lee, former commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the U. S. Civil War, after the war, accepted the presidency of Washington and Lee University Cyrus McCormick, inventor of the reaper Sally Mann, celebrated American photographer Charlie Manuel and Japanese baseball player and World Series champion manager of the Philadelphia Phillies Rick Mast, Fan favorite Winston Cup and Busch Series driver Samuel B. Pryor, First mayor of Dallas, TX, he was in the first class of the Virginia Military Institute. Archi
United States National Radio Quiet Zone
The National Radio Quiet Zone is a large area of land in the United States designated as a radio quiet zone, in which radio transmissions are restricted by law to facilitate scientific research and military intelligence. Half of the zone is located in the Blue Ridge Mountains of west-central Virginia while the other half is the Allegheny Mountains of east-central West Virginia; the Quiet Zone is an approximate rectangle of land, 107.0 miles on the north edge, 109.6 miles on the south edge and 120.9 miles on the east and west edges, comprising 13,000 square miles. It straddles the borders of Virginia and West Virginia, includes a sliver of Maryland; the NRQZ is centered between the Green Bank Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia, Sugar Grove Station in Sugar Grove, West Virginia. It includes all land with latitudes between 37° 30′ 0.4″ N and 39° 15′ 0.4″ N, longitudes between 78° 29′ 59.0″ W and 80° 29′ 59.2″ W. Most broadcast transmitters in the core of the Quiet Zone are forced to operate at reduced power and use directional antennas.
This makes satellite all but essential for acceptable television in much of the region. Restrictions on transmissions are tightest within ten miles of the Green Bank and Sugar Grove facilities, where most omnidirectional and high-power transmissions are prohibited. Not all radio transmissions are prohibited in the core of the Quiet Zone. For example, emergency service radios and CB radios are permitted. However, large transmitter owners must coordinate their operations with the Green Bank Observatory; the only broadcast radio stations are part of the Allegheny Mountain Radio network, with just one station in the AM band, several low-power FM broadcast translator stations. Exceptions to restrictions are determined on a case-by-case basis, with preference given to public safety concerns, such as remote alarm systems, repeaters for emergency services, NOAA Weather Radio; the most severe restrictions imposed on the general public are only in place within the 20-mile radius of the Green Bank Observatory.
The Observatory police the area for devices emitting noticeably high amounts of electromagnetic radiation such as microwave ovens, Wi-Fi routers and faulty electrical equipment and request citizens discontinue their usage. They will work with residents to find solutions. Cellular telephone use in the core of the zone is highly restricted; the Green Bank Interference Protection Group maintains policies to manage radio-frequency interference by dividing into five zones based on available legal instruments. Zone 1 and zone 2 are located within the property of the Green Bank Observatory; the entire property is designed as zone 1 except small portions that are designed as zone 2. Zone 1 called Radio Astronomy Instrument Zone, restricts intentional radiators to only those are deemed essential. All unintentional radiators must be operated within the ITU-R RA.769 recommendations on protection criteria used for radio astronomical measurements. Gasoline-powered motor vehicles are forbidden within zone 1 as the ignition system on spark-ignited engines generates noticeable radio interference, resulting in all vehicles and equipment needing to be diesel-powered.
Zone 2 called Observatory Building Zone, allows intentional radiators licensed by National Radio Quiet Zone, but not other radiators such as Wi-Fi, cordless phones, other wireless equipment. Certain types of unintentional radiators are allowed, however digital cameras are prohibited, although film photography is allowed. Zone 3 and zone 4 are governed by the Radio Astronomy Zoning Act, the Chapter 37A of the West Virginia Code, it regulates radio transmitters within 2 miles and within 10 miles of the Green Bank Observatory, respectively. Within these zones, interference to observations will be documented; the owners of the offending equipment will be visited to request cooperation in eliminating the interference. Enforcement is used as a last resort. Enforcement in zone 4 may be more lenient than the limit set in the Chapter 37A. Zone 5 is the boundary of National Radio Quiet Zone; the Federal Communications Commission created the Quiet Zone in 1958 to protect the radio telescopes at Green Bank and Sugar Grove from harmful interference.
Today, the Green Bank Observatory oversees the Quiet Zone. The Quiet Zone protects the antennas and receivers of the U. S. Navy's Information Operations Command at Sugar Grove; the NIOC is the location of electronic intelligence-gathering systems, is today said to be a key station in the ECHELON system operated by the National Security Agency. The area has attracted people who believe they suffer from electromagnetic hypersensitivity. Extreme southern Garrett See List of radio stations in Virginia, which includes several AM and FM stations within the zone. Western Albemarle Alleghany Amherst, except for the southern quarter Extreme northern Appomattox Augusta Bath Extreme northern Bedford Northern Botetourt Northwestern Buckingham Northern Craig Western Greene Highland Nelson Western Page Rockbridge Rockingham, except for a small area in the extreme eastern part Western Shenandoah See List of radio stations in West Virginia, which includes several AM and FM stations within the zone. Barbour, except for a small area
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Greenbrier County, West Virginia
Greenbrier County is a county in the U. S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 35,480, its county seat is Lewisburg. The county was formed in 1778 from Montgomery counties in Virginia. Prior to the arrival of European-American settlers around 1740, Greenbrier County, like most of West Virginia, was used as a hunting ground by the Shawnee and Cherokee nations, they called this land Can-tuc-kee. Shawnee leaders, including Pucksinwah and his son Tecumseh, were alarmed by the arrival of the European settlers, who by 1771 had set up extensive trade in the area; the day books of early merchants Sampson and George Mathews recorded sales to the Shawnee that included such luxury items as silk, hats and tailor-made suits. Shawnee leaders feared the loss of their hunting lands, they believed the white settlers would continue to encroach on their territory downriver on the Ohio. Confrontations, sometimes violent, settlers. In 1774, the Earl of Dunmore governor of the colonies of New York and Virginia, decided to raise an army of 3,000 men to attack the Shawnees in their homeland in present-day Ohio.
Half of these men were inducted at Fort Pitt, while the other half assembled at Fort Union under the command of General Andrew Lewis. The town of present-day Lewisburg was named for that commander. By early October of that year, Lewis' force had marched downstream to the mouth of the Kanawha River, they fought the Battle of Point Pleasant against a Shawnee force led by Hokoleskwa known as Cornstalk. This site developed as the town of Point Pleasant, West Virginia. European settlers were subjected to a number of raids by Native Americans during the colonial period, including a raid on Fort Randolph and on Fort Donnally inhabited by 25 men and 60 women and children. One of the heroic defenders of Fort Donnally was an African American slave named Dick Pointer. Pointer, said to have been nearly 7 feet tall, defended the log door with Philip Hamman, giving the settlers enough time to awaken and defend themselves. Pointer addressed the Virginia General Assembly and gave a moving appeal that "in the decline of life" he requested to be freed for his defense of Fort Donnally.
Historic accounts differ as to. His grave is marked beside Carnegie Hall in the county seat of Lewisburg, a historical marker stands prominently in the midst of the Lewisburg Cemetery. Pointer’s gun is on permanent display at The Greenbrier Historical Society and John A. North House Museum in Lewisburg. During the secession crisis of 1861 Greenbrier citizens chose Samuel Price as their delegate to the Richmond convention. On April 17, 1861, the day Virginia's secession ordinance was passed he voted against it, but changed his mind and signed the official document; when the public vote on the secession ordinance was held on May 23, 1861, Greenbrier county voted 1,000 to 100 in favor of secession. The Civil War came to the county in mid 1861, several battles were fought in the area, including Lewisburg in May 1862 and White Sulphur Springs in August 1863. Both battles were Union victories. Greenbrier County became part of the new state of West Virginia, although it never participated in any of the votes held by the Restored Government in Wheeling.
Though most West Virginians fought for the Union during the war 2,000 men from Greenbrier county joined the Confederate army. What is claimed to be the oldest golf course in the United States was founded in 1884 just north of White Sulphur Springs by the Montague family. Sam Black Church is the location of the trial of the famous "Greenbrier Ghost" of Elva Zona Heaster-Shue, a local woman, found dead on January 23, 1897; the coroner listed the cause of her death as "everlasting faint" and as "childbirth." Shue's mother, Mary Jane Heaster, testified in court that her daughter's ghost visited her on 4 different occasions telling her that her neck had been broken by her husband Edward Shue, who had strangled her in a fit of rage. The local prosecutor exhumed Elva's body and tried and convicted Edward Shue on the evidence from the autopsy, it is claimed to be the only known time. The state erected a highway marker on US Highway 60 in commemoration of the event. During the decade prior to World War II, several Civilian Conservation Corps camps were located along the Greenbrier River.
For most of the 20th century, the Meadow River Lumber Company operated the world's largest hardwood sawmill in Rainelle. During World War II The Greenbrier hotel was used as a military hospital. Sections were used as an internment center for Axis diplomats who were stranded in the United States during the war; when the war ended, the military returned the hotel to private control, it re-opened as a hotel. During the years of the Cold War, a large underground bunker was built beneath a section of new construction at the hotel, to serve as a secret Congressional refuge in case of nuclear attack, it was one of the sites to be used as part of the United States Continuity of Operations Plan. After it was reported in a 1992 article, following the fall of the Soviet Union, the US government decommissioned it as a government site. In the June 2016 floods that affected the state of West Virginia, Greenbrier County suffered 16 casualties, the most of any county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,025 square miles, of which 1,020 square miles is land and 4.9 square miles is water.
It is the second-largest county in West Virginia by area. Much of the area of the northern and western parts of the county i
Robert Creigh Deeds is an American politician serving as a member of the Senate of Virginia representing the 25th district since 2001. He was the Democratic nominee for Attorney General of Virginia in 2005 and Governor of Virginia in 2009, he was defeated in both of those races by Republican Bob McDonnell. Deeds lost by just 323 votes in 2005, but was defeated by a wide margin of 18 percentage points in 2009, he was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1992 to 2001. On November 19, 2013, Deeds was critically wounded during an incident at his home in Millboro, in Bath County, where he was stabbed multiple times by his son Austin "Gus" Deeds. Gus was found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in the home. Deeds was discharged three days later. Deeds was born on January 1958, in Richmond, Virginia; the name "Creigh" is a family surname, originating from Confederate war hero, David Creigh, a distant relative. His family moved early in his life to Bath County. After graduating from Bath County High School, Deeds enrolled in Concord College.
He entered the Wake Forest University School of Law, from which he received his Juris Doctor in 1984. A Washington Post article published April 12, 2010, revealed that Deeds and his wife Pam had divorced as of February 4, "a casualty of a nearly 20-year pursuit of a lifelong ambition that kept him away from home". Deeds married Siobhan Gilbride Lomax of Lexington, Virginia, in June 2012. On November 19, 2013, Deeds was stabbed multiple times at his home in Bath County, Virginia by his 24-year-old son, who committed suicide. Deeds was reported to be in critical condition at University of Virginia Medical Center. Although a judge had issued an involuntary commitment order for Gus, despite an intensive search, no available hospital bed could be found to provide him mental health treatment in the days before the attempted murder and he was released home without the ordered treatment; as a consequence, several changes were made in the screening and admission process for people undergoing an emergency psychiatric examination in Virginia.
Deeds won election to the Virginia House of Delegates 1991 by defeating incumbent Emmett Hanger in a 57%–41% victory. This started a nine-year career in the Virginia House of Delegates. In the House of Delegates, Deeds introduced several legislative proposals, including introducing Megan's Law to the Virginia General Assembly, passed in 1998. Other legislation promoted by Deeds include anti-drug laws. In 1994 Deeds supported and was a major co-sponsor of George Allen's initiative to abolish parole for those convicted of a felony. Deeds won a special state senate election in 2001 to succeed Emily Couric, who had died of pancreatic cancer. During Deeds' Senate tenure, legislation that Deeds proposed includes: SB150 – Requires that direct recording electronic devices be equipped to produce a contemporaneous paper record of each vote that can be verified by the voter and used in recounts. SB891 – Requires the board of visitors of each public two-year and four-year institution of higher education to provide reduced in-state tuition rates for the children of faculty and staff members employed by the institution, effective for the 2008–2009 academic year.
Not enacted, rolled into SB982 and left in the Senate Finance Committee. SB34 – Increases the mandatory retirement age for judges from age 70 to age 75. SB669 – Permits ABC agents to check the national criminal database when conducting background checks on prospective licensees. Deeds was a proponent of a Senate resolution to close Virginia's gun show loophole, made public appearances to generate support for the measure. In 2005, Deeds and John Edwards—a Virginia state senator from Roanoke—each announced that they planned to run for Attorney General of Virginia in the Democratic primary. Edwards decided not to run, leaving Deeds as the sole candidate for the Democratic nomination for the office. In the general election campaign, running against Republican nominee Bob McDonnell, Deeds ran on his record as a moderate Democrat who supported gun rights, strong punishment for criminals, the death penalty. Deeds' stance on gun control included supporting a ban on semi-automatic firearms, but that did not prevent him from earning the endorsement of the NRA, which cited his patronage of a state constitutional amendment that guaranteed the right to hunt.
McDonnell outspent Deeds by three million dollars. The initial result of the vote was 49.96%–49.95%, with Deeds behind by fewer than 350 votes. Due to the closeness of the race's outcome, Deeds asked for a recount. Judge Theodore Markow of Richmond set the recount for December 20, 2005, a date so close to the inauguration that invitations to the event were mailed without a name for the attorney general to be inaugurated; the recount reaffirmed the earlier outcome, McDonnell became attorney general. Deeds announced his intention to seek the Democratic nomination for governor on December 13, 2007. At the end of a close three-way race against former DNC chair Terry McAuliffe and former State Delegate Brian Moran, Deeds won by a large margin, taking about 50 percent of the vote in the June 9, 2009, Democratic Primary, he again faced the Republican nominee, in the November 2009 general election. McDonnell was selected at his party's nominating convention. Deeds lost the gubernatorial race by a wide margin to McDonnell, 41.25% to 58.61%
Charlotte County, Virginia
Charlotte County is a United States county located in the south central part of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Its county seat is the town of Charlotte Court House; as of the 2010 census, the county population was 12,586. Charlotte County is predominately rural with a population density of only 26.5 persons per square mile. The county was formed in 1764 from Lunenburg County, it is named for Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III of Great Britain; the county residents became staunch supporters of independence and the American Revolution, Founding Father Patrick Henry was one of its most famous residents. His grave and the national memorial dedicated to him are located in Charlotte County. European settlement of the future county began in the early 18th century, early settlers included English people, with some French Hugenots and Scotch-Irish. After fifty years of European settlement, the House of Burgesses established and incorporated Charlotte County in 1764 from part of Lunenburg County; the new county was named in honor of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the Queen and wife of King George III of England.
Residents of Charlotte County were involved in the American Revolution. County delegates supported resolutions against the Stamp Act of 1765, the county government was the second governing body to declare independence from English rule. In addition, Charlotte militia units fought under General Robert Lawson during the Yorktown campaign, which led to the end of the American War of Independence; the final resting place and national memorial to revolutionary hero Patrick Henry is at Red Hill Plantation. Charlotte County has played a role in other wars on American soil. An artillery company from Charlotte played a key role in the Battle of Craney Island during the War of 1812. A significant battle in the American Civil War occurred in Charlotte and Halifax counties during the Battle of Staunton River Bridge, which resulted in a victory for the Confederacy. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 478 square miles, of which 475 square miles is land and 2.2 square miles is water.
The county is bounded on the southwest by the Roanoke River, locally known as the "Staunton River". The terrain is hilly. Prince Edward County – north Lunenburg County – east Mecklenburg County – southeast Halifax County – southwest Campbell County – west Appomattox County – northwest US 15 US 360 SR 40 SR 47 SR 59 SR 92 As of the census of 2000, there were 12,472 people, 4,951 households, 3,435 families residing in the county; the population density was 26 people per square mile. There were 5,734 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 65.51% White, 32.89% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.70% from other races, 0.59% from two or more races. 1.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,951 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.60% were non-families.
27.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the age distribution of the population shows 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,929, the median income for a family was $34,830. Males had a median income of $26,918 versus $20,307 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,717. About 12.70% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 20.80% of those age 65 or over. Royal S. Freeman, District G – Bacon/Saxe, Chairman — Term expires 12-31-19 Gary D. Walker, District A – Charlotte Court House — Term expires 12-31-19 Warren E. Weston, District B – Wylliesburg/Red Oak — Term expires 12-31-17 Garland H. "Butch" Hamlett, Jr. District C – Drakes Branch, Vice-Chairman — Term expires 12-31-19 Robert L. "Butch" Shook, Jr. District D – Keysville — Term expires 12-31-17 Nancy R. Carwile, District E – Cullen/Red House, Vice-Chairman — Term expires 12-31-19 Haywood J. Hamlett, District F – Aspen/Phenix — Term expires 12-31-17The Board of Supervisors is the legislative policy making body for the County.
It considers and adopts policies regarding administration, finance, economic development, planning, public safety, recreation and waste removal. The Board appropriates funds for all functions, including the schools, Social Services, Law Enforcement and operation of courts; the Board's scheduled meetings are held on the second Tuesday of each month at 1:30 pm in the Board of Supervisors Room of the County Administration Building, 250 LeGrande Avenue, Suite A, Charlotte Court House, Virginia, 23923. Thomas Jones is the sheriff; the Sheriff is responsible for overseeing criminal investigations, calls for service, court room security, service of civil process and the operation of the Charlotte County jail. The clerk is Nan R. Colley; the Charlotte County Clerk of the Circuit Court manages the records for the Judicial Circuit. In addition, Colley manages the records for the Judicial Circuit and serves as general record keeper for the County, recording all documents relating to land transfer