Batman (TV series)
Batman is a 1960s American live action television series, based on the DC comic book character of the same name. It stars Adam West as Bruce Wayne / Batman and Burt Ward as Dick Grayson / Robin – two crime-fighting heroes who defend Gotham City from a variety of arch villains, it is known for its camp style, upbeat theme music, its intentionally humorous, simplistic morality. This included championing the importance of using seat belts, doing homework, eating vegetables, drinking milk, it was described by executive producer William Dozier as the only situation comedy on the air without a laugh track. The 120 episodes aired on the ABC network for three seasons from January 12, 1966 to March 14, 1968, twice weekly for the first two and weekly for the third. In 2016, television critics Alan Sepinwall and Matt Zoller Seitz ranked Batman as the 82nd greatest American television show of all time; the series focused on the adventures of Robin. Although the lives of their alter-egos, millionaire Bruce Wayne and his ward Dick Grayson were shown, it was only in the context of their being called away on superhero business, or in circumstances where they needed to employ their public identities to assist in their crime-fighting.
The "Dynamic Duo" come to the aid of the Gotham City Police upon the latter being stumped by a supervillain. Throughout each episode and Robin have to follow a series of wildly improbable clues to discover the supervillain's plan figure out how to thwart that plan and capture the criminal. For the first two seasons, Batman aired twice a week on consecutive nights; every story is a two-parter, except for two three-parters featuring villainous team ups in the second season. The titles of each multi-part story rhymed. For the third season, which aired one episode a week, most episodes were self-contained stories. However, each episode would end with a teaser featuring the next episode's guest villain; the cliffhangers between multiple-parters consisted of the supervillain holding someone captive the Dynamic Duo, with the captives being threatened with some elaborate and gruesome – if unlikely – death. This would be resolved early in the follow-up episode. Ostensibly a crime series, the style of the show was in fact tongue-in-cheek.
It was a true situation comedy, in that situations were exaggerated and were played for laughs. This increased as the seasons progressed, with the addition of greater absurdity; the characters, always took the absurd situations seriously – which added to the comedy. Adam West as Bruce Wayne / Batman: A millionaire whose parents were murdered by criminals, he now secretly uses his vast fortune to fight crime as Batman. Producer William Dozier cast Adam West in the role after seeing him perform as the James Bond-like spy Captain Q in a Nestlé Quik television ad. Lyle Waggoner had screen-tested for the role, though West won out because, it was said, he was the only person who could deliver the hilarious lines with a straight face. West voiced an animated version of the title character on The New Adventures of Batman and well as Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show and The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. Burt Ward as Dick Grayson / Robin: Batman's faithful partner and "Boy Wonder", a high school student noted for his recurring interjections in the form of "Holy ________, Batman!"
Ward voiced an animated version of this character on The New Adventures of Batman. Alan Napier as Alfred Pennyworth: Batman's loyal butler and Batgirl's discreet confidant, he is the only person who knows the true identities of Bruce Wayne, Dick Grayson, Barbara Gordon. Neil Hamilton as Commissioner James Gordon: The Commissioner of the Gotham City Police Department and one of Batman's two major police contacts, he summons the Dynamic Duo via the Bat Signal. Stafford Repp as Chief Miles Clancy O'Hara: Gotham City's Chief of Police, Batman's other major police contact; the character was created by Semple for the series, as someone for Gordon to talk to, briefly added to the comics. Madge Blake as Aunt Harriet Cooper: Dick Grayson's maternal aunt, she first appeared in the comics, two years before the series premiered, to give Bruce and Dick a reason to be secretive about their dual identities. Yvonne Craig as Barbara Gordon / Batgirl: Commissioner Gordon's daughter, Gotham City librarian and crime fighting partner for Batman and Robin for the third season.
This threesome was nicknamed the "Terrific Trio". William Dozier – Executive producer and narrator. According to Adam West's memoir, Back to the Batcave, his first exposure to the series concept was through reading a sample script in which Batman enters a nightclub in his complete costume and requests a booth near the wall, as he "shouldn't wish to attract attention", it was the scrupulously formal dialogue, the way that Batman earnestly believed he could avoid standing out while wearing a skintight blue-and-grey costume, that convinced West of the character's comic potential. With the death of Adam West on June 9, 2017, Burt Ward is now the only surviving main Batman cast member. Today, John Julie Newmar are the only surviving cast villains. In the early 1960s, Ed Graham Productions optioned the television rights to the comic strip Batman and planned a straightforward juvenile adventure show, much like Adventures of Superman and The Lone Ranger, to air on CBS on Sat
Robert Kane was an American comic book writer and artist who co-created, with Bill Finger, the DC Comics character Batman. He was inducted into the comic book industry's Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1994 and into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1996. Robert Kahn was born in New York, his parents and Herman Kahn, an engraver, were of Eastern European Jewish descent. A high school friend of fellow cartoonist and future Spirit creator Will Eisner, Robert Kahn graduated from DeWitt Clinton High School and legally changed his name to Robert Kane, he studied art at Cooper Union before "joining the Max Fleischer Studio as a trainee animator in the year of 1934". He entered the comics field two years in 1936, freelancing original material to editor Jerry Iger's comic book Wow, What A Magazine!, including his first pencil and ink work on the serial Hiram Hick. The following year, Kane began to work at Iger's subsequent studio, Eisner & Iger, one of the first comic book "packagers" that produced comics on demand for publishers entering the new medium during its late-1930s and 1940s Golden Age.
Among his work there was the funny animal feature "Peter Pupp" — which belied its look with overtones of "mystery and menace" — published in the U. K. comic magazine reprinted in Fiction House's Jumbo Comics. Kane produced work through Eisner & Iger for two of the companies that would merge to form DC Comics, including the humor features "Ginger Snap" in More Fun Comics, "Oscar the Gumshoe" for Detective Comics, "Professor Doolittle" for Adventure Comics. For that last title he went on to do his first adventure strip, "Rusty and his Pals". In early 1939, DC's success with the seminal superhero Superman in Action Comics prompted editors to scramble for more such heroes. In response, Bob Kane conceived "the Bat-Man." Kane said his influences for the character included actor Douglas Fairbanks' film portrayal of the swashbuckler Zorro. Bill Finger joined Bob Kane's nascent studio in 1938. An aspiring writer and part-time shoe salesperson, he had met Kane at a party, Kane offered him a job ghost writing the strips Rusty and Clip Carson.
He recalled that Kane...had an idea for a character called'Batman', he'd like me to see the drawings. I went over to Kane's, he had drawn a character who looked much like Superman with kind of... reddish tights, I believe, with boots... no gloves, no gauntlets... with a small domino mask, swinging on a rope. He had two stiff wings, and under it was a big sign... BATMAN. Finger said he offered such suggestions as giving the character a cowl and scalloped cape instead of wings. Finger additionally said his suggestions were influenced by Lee Falk's The Phantom, a syndicated newspaper comic strip character with which Kane was familiar as well. Finger, who said he devised the character's civilian name, Bruce Wayne, wrote the first Batman story, while Kane provided art. Kane, who had submitted the proposal for Batman at DC and held a contract, is the only person given an official company credit for Batman's creation. Comics historian Ron Goulart, in Comic Book Encyclopedia, refers to Batman as the "creation of artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger".
According to Kane, "Bill Finger was a contributing force on Batman right from the beginning. He wrote most of the great stories and was influential in setting the style and genre other writers would emulate... I made Batman a superhero-vigilante. Bill turned him into a scientific detective; the character proved a breakout hit. Within a year, Kane hired art assistants George Roussos. Though Robinson and Roussos worked out of Kane's art studio in The New York Times building, Kane himself did all his drawing at home. Shortly afterward, when DC wanted more Batman stories than Kane's studio could deliver, the company assigned Dick Sprang and other in-house pencilers as "ghost artists", drawing uncredited under Kane's supervision. Future Justice League writer Gardner Fox wrote some early scripts, including the two-part story "The Monk" that introduced some of The Batman's first "Bat-" equipment. In 1943, Kane left the Batman comic books to focus on penciling the daily Batman newspaper comic strip. DC Comics artists ghosting the comic-book stories now included Jack Burnley and Win Mortimer, with Robinson moving up as penciler and Fred Ray contributing some covers.
After the strip finished in 1946, Kane returned to the comic books but, unknown to DC, had hired his own personal ghosts, including Lew Schwartz and Sheldon Moldoff from 1953-1967. Bill Finger recalled; as I said, Batman was a combination of Sherlock Holmes. Holmes had his Watson; the thing that bothered me was that Batman didn't have anyone to talk to, it got a little tiresome always having him thinking. I found. That's. Bob said he was going to put a boy in the strip to identify with Batman. I thought. Kane, who had created a sidekick for Peter Pupp, proposed adding a boy named Mercury who would have worn a "super-costume". Robinson sugges
Burt Ward is an American actor and activist best known for his portrayal of Robin, the sidekick of Batman, in the television series Batman, its theatrical feature film, the 1977 Saturday Morning animated series The New Adventures of Batman, Legends of the Superheroes, two animated feature films, Batman: Return of the Caped Crusaders and Batman vs. Two-Face. Ward was born Bert John Gervis Jr. on July 6, 1945, in California. His father, Bert Sr. was the owner of a traveling ice show called "Rhapsody On Ice". At age two, Ward was listed in the magazine Strange as It Seems as the world's youngest professional ice skater. Growing up, he was an avid reader of comic books such as Superman and Superboy, enjoyed the action-adventure show Adventures of Superman, he acquired the nickname "Sparky" in his youth from the sparks his skates kicked up during his routines or his energetic nature. He excelled in high school sport activities such as football and wrestling. After graduation, he enrolled in college, while working part-time for his father's real estate company.
At the age of 19, Ward auditioned for the role of Robin. West and Ward were up against Lyle Waggoner and Peter Deyell for the roles of Batman and Robin, respectively. Selected for the role of Robin, Ward thought people would find Gervis hard to pronounce and adopted his mother's maiden name, Ward, he changed the spelling of Bert to "Burt" to add "punch". Unlike the series' lead, Adam West, Ward was required to perform some dangerous stunt work, he was told this was because his costume revealed more of his face, making it impractical for all of his stunt scenes to be performed by a stunt double. He discovered that he was being paid the minimum wage allowed by the Screen Actors Guild, his stunt double was paid per stunt, so having Ward perform his own stunts was a cost-saving strategy, he would see the emergency room dozens of times during his time as Robin. At the height of the series' popularity, Ward recorded several musical tracks under the production of Frank Zappa; the first two, "Boy Wonder, I Love You" and "Orange Colored Sky", were released as a single on November 14, 1966.
Two other tracks from these sessions, "Teenage Bill of Rights" and "Autumn Love", remain unreleased. During the first months of shooting, Ward was paid $350 per week. By the series' end, he was earning up to $600 a week; the series only lasted three seasons, for a total of 120 episodes. It was still high in the ratings. NBC offered to pick it up for a fourth season, but the offer was withdrawn after learning that the sets had been destroyed. Adam West and Burt Ward reprised their TV roles of Batman and Robin in the 20th Century Fox film Batman: The Movie released on July 30, 1966. In 1969, a year after Batman's cancellation, West's mother died, bringing the two men closer together, they were reunited many times at TV reunion specials. In turn, Ward made three guest appearances with West on separate cartoons: one was a 2002 episode of The Simpsons in 2010 on an episode of SpongeBob SquarePants, in 2013 for one of the final episodes of Futurama. Ward remained friends with West, until his death on June 9, 2017, at age 88.
After West's death and Julie Newmar became the last surviving main cast members of Batman. After the end of Batman, Ward found, he re-emerged to act in more than 40 made-for-television films such as Virgin High. In 1985, DC Comics named Ward as one of the honorees in the company's 50th-anniversary publication Fifty Who Made DC Great for his work on the Batman series. In June 1995, Ward wrote a tell-all autobiography called Boy Wonder: My Life in Tights, which described his time playing Robin. Ward appeared in numerous reunions with co-star Adam West; the most memorable included reprising their roles as the Dynamic Duo on a short-lived animated series called The New Adventures of Batman, as well as The Batman/Tarzan Adventure Hour and Tarzan and the Super 7. In addition, they reappeared as the Dynamic Duo for Legends of the Superheroes. West and Ward reunited in the 2003 television movie, Return to the Batcave: The Misadventures of Adam and Burt. During a Pro Wrestling Unplugged angle with wrestler Johnny Kashmere, Ward "knighted" Kashmere as the "New Batman".
Ward has appeared on the show several times. In 2001, Ward established the now-closed Boy Inc.. In 2012, Bluewater comics was going to do a four-issue comic miniseries in homage to Burt Ward playing Robin, called Burt Ward, Boy Wonder, but it was cancelled, it starred his crimefighting rescue dogs Gentle and Giant fighting crime. Part of the first issue was released on Free Comic Book Day 2012. Beginning in late 2017, Ward is seen promoting the Batman television series and other classic television series on the MeTV television network. In 1994, Ward and his wife, Tracy Posner Ward, founded a charitable organization called Gentle Giants Rescue and Adoptions, Inc. which rescues giant-breed dogs such as Great Danes and some smaller-breed dogs. Their work with the organization has been featured in such outlets as People magazine, ASPCA Animal Watch, Hard Copy, Inside Edition, Entertainment Tonight. Ward was seen in an episode of Animal Planet's Adoption Tales. Ward's first wife was daughter of conductor Mort Lindsey.
Ward and Lindsey married on July 19, 1965 and
Bette Kane is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character first appeared in the 1960s as the Bat-Girl, her name was modified to "Bette Kane", she assumed the role of Flamebird. The original Bat-Girl first appeared in Batman #139 as Betty Kane, the niece of Kathy Kane known as Batwoman. After discovering her aunt's dual identity, Betty convinced Batwoman to train her as her sidekick. Batwoman and Bat-Girl were created to be romantic interests for Batman and Robin as well as wannabe crime-fighting associates. Bat-Girl appeared six times between 1961 and 1964, but disappeared in 1964 when new Batman editor, Julius Schwartz, decided she and other characters were too silly, it has been suggested by scholars that the characters of Batwoman and Bat-Girl were introduced in part to refute allegations of homosexuality in Batman comics. In the 1970s Batwoman and Bat-Girl were revived and were regarded to have been inactive for several years. Bat-Girl became a member of the Teen Titans West.
However, she only appeared four times in this era, at the end of the original run of the Teen Titans magazine. In the post-Crisis DC Universe, the character known as Batwoman was erased from existence. Batwoman's niece, Betty Kane, disappeared as well. Unlike her aunt, Betty's removal from history would not last long. For a brief time in the 1970s, Betty had joined the west coast version of the Teen Titans under her Bat-Girl moniker. Though "Bat-Girl" does not exist in the post-Crisis universe, her team did. In Secret Origins Annual #3, the official post-Crisis history of Titans West was revealed. Instead of Betty Kane's Bat-Girl, fans were introduced to a similar character called Mary Elizabeth "Bette" Kane known as Flamebird; this was an in-joke, as the team of "Nightwing and Flamebird" had a history in the Silver Age continuity as a pair of supporting characters in the Superman books. Bette was now a driven and somewhat spoiled Los Angeles debutante and tennis prodigy. After seeing Robin on the news, Bette vowed that she would gain his attention and favor by becoming a masked adventurer herself.
Training to Olympic-levels in gymnastics and martial arts, she created the identity of Flamebird and joined Titans West in hopes of catching Robin's eye. While flattered, the driven young hero was not sure how to deal with her obsession and avoided her, much to her dismay. After giving up her heroic persona, Bette found that neither winning tennis tournaments nor achieving perfect grades in school matched the rooftop thrills of the hero biz, she attempted several times to reunite the Titans West team, most notably after a journey into the afterlife with Hawk and Dove, but was unsuccessful. Dove noted that Bette was a lonely person desperate for company and contact with others. Bette again gave up her obsession with the Titans until malfunctioning former Titan Victor Stone collected her, along with all former Titans everywhere, in an attempt to protect his soul from the Justice League. Hoping this would lead to a formal invitation to rejoin the team, Bette was crushed to learn they did not need her assistance.
A short time Gar "Beast Boy" Logan found himself alone in Los Angeles after the team neglected to ask him back. Landing himself in a bit of trouble by an impostor framing him for various crimes, Gar asked former teammate Bette for help. Having been chastised for her dedication to crime-fighting by Robin, Flamebird seized the opportunity to better herself and her reputation, becoming more level-headed and boosting her crime-fighting arsenal. However, the design of her outfit as an adult has similarities to that of Dick Grayson's Nightwing outfit, with a red tunic and gold V running across the chest. After Bette helped Gar clear his name, his cousin Matt attempted one last recruitment drive for Titans West. None of the recruits took the event except for insane and uninvited former Titan Duela Dent, who crashed the party and was subdued by Bette. Around the same time and Beast Boy both served on an ad hoc Young Justice team, which she hoped would raise their public profiles. Content to remain a hero on her own, Bette was unheard from until she was captured by a Brainiac-worshipping cult leader in Oregon and rescued by Oracle's covert team of female operatives in Birds of Prey.
She fought Doctor Light alongside the majority of heroes who had once been members of the Teen Titans. Flamebird appeared in Infinite Crisis #4 to fight Superboy-Prime. In this storyline, it was indicated that Flamebird had been the Earth-Two counterpart to Bat-Girl, that after the Crisis on Infinite Earths, Flamebird had replaced Bat-Girl on the sole remaining Earth. Flamebird, along with most of the Justice Society, disappeared. In the Villains United special, Flamebird had made it back to "New Earth" at some point after Infinite Crisis #6, she was among the many heroes gathered to fight off the invasion of Metropolis by the Society. Teen Titans #38 reveals that Flamebird served on the Titans during the year-long gap. Following the events of Infinite Crisis, it is revealed that Bette is the cousin of current Batwom
DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher. It is the publishing unit of DC Entertainment, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. since 1967. DC Comics is one of the largest and oldest American comic book companies, produces material featuring numerous culturally iconic heroic characters including: Superman, Wonder Woman, The Flash, Green Lantern,Aquaman,Martian Manhunter, Green Arrow, Hawkman and Supergirl. Most of their material takes place in the fictional DC Universe, which features teams such as the Justice League, the Justice Society of America, the Suicide Squad, the Teen Titans, well-known villains such as The Joker, Lex Luthor, Darkseid, Brainiac, Black Adam, Ra's al Ghul and Deathstroke; the company has published non-DC Universe-related material, including Watchmen, V for Vendetta, many titles under their alternative imprint Vertigo. The initials "DC" came from the company's popular series Detective Comics, which featured Batman's debut and subsequently became part of the company's name.
In Manhattan at 432 Fourth Avenue, the DC Comics offices have been located at 480 and 575 Lexington Avenue. DC had its headquarters at 1700 Broadway, Midtown Manhattan, New York City, but it was announced in October 2013 that DC Entertainment would relocate its headquarters from New York to Burbank, California in April 2015. Random House distributes DC Comics' books to the bookstore market, while Diamond Comic Distributors supplies the comics shop specialty market. DC Comics and its longtime major competitor Marvel Comics together shared 70% of the American comic book market in 2017. Entrepreneur Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in autumn 1934; the company debuted with the tabloid-sized New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine #1 with a cover date of February 1935. The company's second title, New Comics #1, appeared in a size close to what would become comic books' standard during the period fans and historians call the Golden Age of Comic Books, with larger dimensions than today's.
That title evolved into Adventure Comics, which continued through issue #503 in 1983, becoming one of the longest-running comic-book series. In 2009 DC revived Adventure Comics with its original numbering. In 1935, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, the future creators of Superman, created Doctor Occult, the earliest DC Comics character to still be in the DC Universe. Wheeler-Nicholson's third and final title, Detective Comics, advertised with a cover illustration dated December 1936 premiered three months late with a March 1937 cover date; the themed anthology series would become a sensation with the introduction of Batman in issue #27. By however, Wheeler-Nicholson had gone. In 1937, in debt to printing-plant owner and magazine distributor Harry Donenfeld—who published pulp magazines and operated as a principal in the magazine distributorship Independent News—Wheeler-Nicholson had to take Donenfeld on as a partner in order to publish Detective Comics #1. Detective Comics, Inc. was formed, with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, Donenfeld's accountant, listed as owners.
Major Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year, but cash-flow problems continued, he was forced out. Shortly afterwards, Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied known as Nicholson Publishing, at a bankruptcy auction. Detective Comics, Inc. soon launched a fourth title, Action Comics, the premiere of which introduced Superman. Action Comics #1, the first comic book to feature the new character archetype—soon known as "superheroes"—proved a sales hit; the company introduced such other popular characters as the Sandman and Batman. On February 22, 2010, a copy of Action Comics #1 sold at an auction from an anonymous seller to an anonymous buyer for $1 million, besting the $317,000 record for a comic book set by a different copy, in lesser condition, the previous year. National Allied Publications soon merged with Detective Comics, Inc. forming National Comics Publications on September 30, 1946. National Comics Publications absorbed an affiliated concern, Max Gaines' and Liebowitz' All-American Publications.
In the same year Gaines let Liebowitz buy him out, kept only Picture Stories from the Bible as the foundation of his own new company, EC Comics. At that point, "Liebowitz promptly orchestrated the merger of All-American and Detective Comics into National Comics... Next he took charge of organizing National Comics, Independent News, their affiliated firms into a single corporate entity, National Periodical Publications". National Periodical Publications became publicly traded on the stock market in 1961. Despite the official names "National Comics" and "National Periodical Publications", the company began branding itself as "Superman-DC" as early as 1940, the company became known colloquially as DC Comics for years before the official adoption of that name in 1977; the company began to move aggressively against what it saw as copyright-violating imitations from other companies, such as Fox Comics' Wonder Man, which Fox started as a copy of Superman. This extended to DC suing Fawcett Comics over Captain Marvel, at the time comics' top-selling character.
Faced with declining sales and the prospect of bankruptcy if it lost, Fawcett capitulated in 1953 and ceased publishing comics. Years Fawcett sold the rights for Captain Marvel to DC—which in 1972 revived Captain Marvel in the new title Shazam
Batwoman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. She is a wealthy heiress who becomes inspired by the superhero Batman and chooses, like him, to put her wealth and resources towards a campaign to fight crime as a masked vigilante in her home of Gotham City. Batwoman was introduced in 2006 in the seventh week of the publisher's year-long 52 weekly comic book. Introduced as Kate Kane, the modern Batwoman began operating in Gotham City in Batman's absence following the events of the company-wide crossover Infinite Crisis; the modern Batwoman is written as being of Jewish descent and as a lesbian in an effort by DC editorial staff to diversify its publications and better connect to modern-day readership. Described as the highest-profile gay superhero to appear in stories published by DC, Batwoman's sexual orientation drew wide media attention following her reintroduction, as well as both praise and criticism from the general public; the modern character as depicted in comics works independently of Batman, but has gained considerable profile in recent years, both within the DC Comics publishing schedule and the publisher's fictional universe.
She since had several runs in her own eponymous Batwoman monthly comic book and has had stints in the lead role in Detective Comics, the flagship Batman comic book for which DC Comics is named. The Kate Kane version of Batwoman was adapted for the 2016 direct-to-video animated film Batman: Bad Blood. Ruby Rose portrays the character in her live-action debut during The CW's 2018 Arrowverse crossover "Elseworlds". Rose is set to star in her own television series set in the Arrowverse; the limited series Infinite Crisis, written as a sequel to the 1985 maxi-series Crisis on Infinite Earths, altered DC Comics continuity. Subsequently, all comic book titles published by DC Comics skip forward one year and a new maxi-series entitled 52 retroactively chronicles the 52 weeks which directly followed Infinite Crisis; when DC editors called for a redesign of Batwoman, comic book artist Alex Ross drew inspiration from the modified Batgirl costume he designed for Barbara Gordon, seven years prior to Kate Kane's debut in the limited comic book series 52.
Ross and comic book author Paul Dini planned to revive the former Batgirl Barbara Gordon using an updated version of the character's original costume, with red accents in place of the traditional yellow. However, since Gordon served as one of a small number of disabled superheroes of DC Comics as Oracle, DC's editorial staff decided to revitalize the original Batwoman instead. In an interview with Newsarama, Ross states "They had me change the mask and hair to make it a bit more Batwoman, rather than Batgirl... I pointed out to them that the mask makes her look like the Huntress a little overall—but there weren't many options; the original mask that I had in there when it was to be a Batgirl design was the complete head cover that we've seen, so they did need something different from that."Unlike the Silver Age Kathy Kane, romantically attracted to Batman, the new version of Kane is a lesbian, as well as Bruce Wayne's maternal cousin. Her sexual orientation was announced at the same time the character was revealed in the spring of 2006.
Stories appeared on television news outlets such as CNN, general news magazines such as USA Today, gay culture magazines such as Out. The modern Katherine "Kate" Kane made her first comic book appearance in issue #7 of the maxi-series 52, where Kane is revealed to have been romantically involved with Renee Montoya, a former Gotham City Police detective; when questioned about the editorial decision to make Batwoman a gay character in an interview with Wizard Entertainment, DC Comics Senior Vice President and Executive Editor Dan DiDio stated "It was from conversations we’ve had for expanding the DC Universe, for looking at levels of diversity. We wanted to have a cast, much more reflective of today's society and today's fanbase. One of the reasons we made her gay is that, again when you have the Batman Family—a series of characters that aren’t super-powered and inhabit the same circle and the same city—you want to have a point of difference, it was important to me to make sure every character felt unique."Batwoman's sexual orientation gathered mixed reviews, ranging from praise to outrage.
A reviewer at Out asserts "Batwoman will be the highest profile gay superhero to grace the pages of DC Comics." Although several LGBT organizations such as GLAAD have praised DC Comics for attempting to diversify their characters, some have observed that Batwoman is not the first gay or lesbian character to appear in comic books, nor is she the only lesbian to be associated with the Batman series. In the character's civilian identity as a socialite, Katherine Kane is acquainted with Bruce Wayne and is friends with a doctor named Mallory, she is presented as having porcelain white skin, several tattoos, a clothing style defined as punk-psychobilly-goth in her civilian persona. The character is Jewish, celebrates Hanukkah with Renee Montoya during the events of 52, her father is an ex-colonel and in Detective Comics #854, it is stated she is the cousin of Bette "Flamebird" Kane. The younger Kate has a stepmother named Catherine Kane, making Catherine the aunt of Bette. At the 2008 New York Comic Con, it was announced that Batwoman would be among the characters appearing in a new Justice League comic book written by James Robinson.
That year, Batwoman took over as the lead character in Detective Comics, starting with #854. With DC saying at the 2009 New York Comic Con tha
Julius "Julie" Schwartz was a comic book editor, a science fiction agent and prominent fan. He was born in The New York, he is best known as a longtime editor at DC Comics, where at various times he was primary editor over the company's flagship superheroes and Batman. He was inducted into the comics industry's Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1996 and the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1997. Born on June 19, 1915 to Romanian Jewish parents Joseph and Bertha who emigrated from a small town outside Bucharest, Romania. Julius and his parents resided at 817 Caldwell Avenue in The Bronx, he graduated at age seventeen from Theodore Roosevelt High School in The Bronx. In 1932, Schwartz co-published Time Traveller, one of the first science fiction fanzines. Schwartz and Weisinger founded the Solar Sales Service literary agency where Schwartz represented such writers as Alfred Bester, Stanley G. Weinbaum, Robert Bloch, Ray Bradbury, H. P. Lovecraft, including some of Bradbury's first published work and Lovecraft's last.
Schwartz helped organize the first World Science Fiction Convention in 1939. In 1944, while looking for work, he was encouraged by his client, Alfred Bester, writing "Green Lantern" at the time, to apply as an editor at All-American Publications, a subsidiary of DC Comics. In 1956, Schwartz worked along with writer Robert Kanigher and artists Carmine Infantino and Joe Kubert on the company's first attempt at reviving superheroes: an updated version of the Flash that would appear in Showcase #4; the eventual success of the new, science-fiction oriented Flash heralded the wholesale return of superheroes, the beginning of what fans and historians call the Silver Age of Comic Books. Schwartz worked with writers John Broome and Gardner Fox and revived other superheroes such as Green Lantern in Showcase #22. A character Schwartz created himself, Adam Strange, debuted in Showcase #17, was unusual in that he used his wits and scientific knowledge, rather than superpowers, to solve problems. Schwartz first thought the concept of the Justice League of America as an updating of the Justice Society and the idea was developed by Gardner Fox and artist Mike Sekowsky.
The new team debuted in The Brave and the Bold #28, received its own title in October 1960. It became one of the most successful series of the Silver Age. Schwartz oversaw the introduction of the Elongated Man in The Flash #112 by writer John Broome and artist Carmine Infantino. In 1964, Schwartz was made responsible for reviving the faded Batman titles. Under his editorial instructions and Infantino jettisoned the sillier aspects that had crept into the series such as Ace the Bathound and Bat-Mite and gave the character a "New Look" that premiered in Detective Comics #327. During the rise in popularity of the Batman comics thanks to the Batman TV Series, William Dozier, pitched an initial concept for a female hero and Schwartz, Gardner Fox, Carmine Infantino introduced Barbara Gordon as a new version of Batgirl in a story titled "The Million Dollar Debut of Batgirl!" in Detective Comics #359. He helped artist Neal Adams come to prominence at DC Comics; the duo, under the direction of Schwartz, would revitalize the Batman with a series of stories reestablishing the character's dark, brooding nature.
Schwartz edited Detective Comics until issue #481 and Batman until issue #309. From 1971 to 1986 Schwartz was the editor of the Superman titles, helping to modernize the settings of the books and move them away from "gimmick" stories to stories with more of a character-driven nature; this included an attempt to scale back Superman's powers while removing kryptonite as an overused plot device. This proved short-lived, with Schwartz bowing to pressure to restore both elements in the titles. Schwartz edited it throughout its 97 issue run; as an editor, Schwartz was involved in the writing of the stories published in his magazines. He worked out the plot with the writer in story conferences; the writer would break down the plot into a panel-by-panel continuity, write the dialogue and captions. Schwartz would in turn polish the script. Schwartz retired from DC in 1986 after 42 years at the company, but continued to be active in comics and science fiction fandom until shortly before his death; as a coda to his career as a comic book editor, Schwartz edited seven releases in the DC Graphic Novel line adapted from classic science fiction works by Harlan Ellison, Robert Silverberg and others.
In 2000 he published his autobiography, Man of Two Worlds: My Life in Science Fiction and Comics, co-authored with Brian Thomsen. He was a popular guest at comics and science fiction conventions attending 10–12 conventions a year. In 1952, Schwartz married Jean Ordwein, his secretary, she died in 1986 from emphysema. Schwartz's relationship with Jean had been close, he never remarried or dated following her death. Not many years Schwartz's stepdaughter Jeanne died from the same illness under similar circumstances. Schwartz died after being hospitalized for pneumonia, he was survived by his son-in-law and great-grandchildren. He remained a "goodwill ambassador" for an Editor Emeritus up until his death. Following his death, a number of women came forward allegin