The Chicago Pythons were a professional indoor football team based in Homer Glen, Illinois. The team was a member of the Continental Indoor Football League; the Pythons joined the CIFL in 2012 as an expansion team under the name "Chicago Vipers". They changed their name to the "Chicago Pythons" four weeks into the season; the Pythons were the third indoor football team based in the Chicago area. The Chicago Rush of the Arena Football League were based in Rosemont, the Chicago Slaughter of the Indoor Football League are based in Hoffman Estates; the Pythons replaced the Chicago Knights the Chicago Cardinals, as the Illinois-based CIFL team, which replaced the Slaughter after they left for the Indoor Football League after a dispute with CIFL management. The Owner of the Pythons was Michael Duran; the Pythons were supposed to play their home games at The Megaplex in Homer Glen, but the team never hosted a home game. On December 9, 2011 it was announced that the Vipers and the Evansville Rage would become the 5th and 6th expansion teams for the 2012 CIFL season.
The Vipers will host only three games for the 2012 season and have availability to host for the playoffs should they qualify. Michael Duran are looking to bring back a positive image for Chicago CIFL teams as last two have left a bad taste in the fans mouths; the team was scheduled to play their home games at the Odeum Expo Center in Villa Park, but decided to play at the Sports Zone in Melrose Park. In their first game, the Vipers lost 52-49 to the Port Huron Patriots, who were playing their first game. Chicago would have one last chance to tie the game, but Julie Harshbarger's kick was no-good as time expired. Before their week 5 game against the Saginaw Sting, the Vipers changed their nickname to the "Pythons" when the Mike Duran became the sole owner of the team. There was a release by the Ultimate Indoor Football League that the Pythons had joined their league for 2013, but the league late removed the story from their website and did not comment on its removal; when trying to think of a nickname to call the team, Former Co-Owner Richard Petroski Jr. was texting back and forth with some family members and friends, when his cousin sent him back the name "Vipers" and it stuck.
The team picked their colors. The team's original logo was introduced in December 2011 when the team announced that they would be playing in 2012; that logo featured a viper's head. To the right of the logo there is the words "Chicago Vipers"; the team introduced a new logo in late January, 2012. The new logo removed the football, changed the text of "Chicago Vipers" to look like that of snake skin. Before their week 5 game against the Saginaw Sting, the Vipers changed their nickname to the "Pythons."
Marion Blue Racers
The Marion Blue Racers were a professional indoor football team based in Marion, Ohio. The Blue Racers began play as an expansion team in the Continental Indoor Football League in 2011, before moving to the United Indoor Football League for the 2012 season; the Blue Racers returned to the CIFL in 2013. The team had announced that it would be joining the Xtreme Indoor Football League for the 2014, but re-signed with the CIFL. During the 2015 season, the Blue Racers played as members of X-League Indoor Football; the Blue Racers were the second indoor football team to be based in Marion, the first being CIFL charter members the Marion Mayhem from 2006 to 2010. The owners of the Blue Racers are Shavonne Coleman; the Blue Racers played their home games at the Veterans Memorial Coliseum. The franchise couldn't have asked for a more exciting start than their first game on March 5, 2011. Marion entered the 4th quarter trailing 37-23 to the Port Huron Predators, they started their comeback by scoring a touchdown with 10:31 left in the game.
Mike Tatum caught a nine-yard touchdown pass from Josh Harris and Tyler Lorenz added the extra point, cutting Port Huron's lead was cut to 37-30. With 3:27 left in the game, Harris ran in from three yards out to tie the game; the game winning score came on an eight-yard run by Harris with 27 seconds to play. Port Huron quarterback Jim Roth was intercepted by Bryan Williams as time expired to secure the victory. On April 2, 2011, the Blue Racers set a CIFL record with 8 rushing touchdowns in a single game, against the Indianapolis Enforcers. After the Blue Racers got off to a 3-1 start, Demetrius Ross stepped down from his head coaching position, citing personal reasons, his Defensive Coordinator, Ryan Terry took over as head coach, just 2 days before the Blue Racers played their first road game at the Dayton Silverbacks. The Blue Racers went on to an 8-2 regular season record; the team defeated the Dayton Silverbacks 53-18 in the league Semi-Finals, before being defeated by the Commandos again in the 2011 CIFL Championship Game 44-29.
On July 5, 2011, the Blue Racers announced they were leaving the CIFL to join the Ultimate Indoor Football League. The Blue Racers were added as a member of the Northern Conference, re-uniting with, their arch-rivals, the Cincinnati Commandos. On August 17, 2011, Lorenzo Styles was named the 3rd head coach in franchise history. In February, team CEO and General Manager, LaMonte Coleman, took a coaching position with the Pittsburgh Power of the Arena Football League; the following day, Ryan Sawyer was named the team's interim general manager while Coleman was coaching in Pittsburgh. On March 30, 2012, Styles resigned as the head coach of the Blue Racers after compiling a 3-1 record, citing personal reason as the reason for his resignation. Offensive Coordinator Marc Huddleston, took over as the team's head coach; the team remained a strong pipeline for the Pittsburgh Power, as both the team's kickers, Trey Kramer and Seth Burkholder, signed with the team. The Blue Racers finished the season with a 7-4 record, earning the 3rd seed in the UIFL North playoff.
The team traveled to play the second seeded Erie Explosion, where the game was played at a high school field, where the team had built walls for the playing field. It is the first time; the Explosion went on to defeat the Blue Racers 56-47, after the Blue Racers had led 22-0 early in the game. The Blue Racers announced they would be leaving the UIFL following the conclusion of the 2012 season. A few days the franchise returned to the CIFL. On September 18, 2012, the Blue Racers name, CEO and General Manager, LaMonte Coleman, as the team's 5th head coach in franchise history. Three weeks before the start of the season, the Blue Racers announced that offensive coordinator, Martino Theus, had been promoted to head coach for the 2013 season. Theus was removed as the head coach in Marion after a 1-4 start. Marc Huddleston finish the season as the Blue Racers head coach, as the team finish the season 2-8; every home game of the 2013 season was shown on WMNO Marion TV 22, available via broadcast on UHF channel 22 and on Time Warner Cable channel 3.
In May 2013, the Blue Racers announced that they were leaving the CIFL again, this time to join the Xtreme Indoor Football League. The league was supposed to be run by LaMonte Coleman. However, in August 2013, the Blue Racers re-signed with the CIFL to a multi-year contract. Coleman has hired Marc Huddleston as the 2014 Head Director of Football Operations. After a 2-1 start, the Blue Racers announced that owner LaMonte Coleman would be taking over as the team's head coach; the Blue Racers recovered from a down season in 2013, by winning the CIFL's new South Division title, clinching them homefield advantage in the South Division playoffs. The Blue Racers faced off against the Northern Kentucky River Monsters in the South Division title game and won 56-40. With the win over Northern Kentucky, the Blue Racers clinched their 2nd berth in the CIFL Championship Game. After 3 quarters of play, the Blue Racers were tied at 26 with the Erie Explosion in the 2014 CIFL Championship Game when Aaron Smentanka found Evan Twombly for a score.
After Marion turned over the ball on downs, Richard Stokes scored again for the Explosion, which turned out to be the final score of the game, making the game 38-26. In October 2014, as the CIFL disbanded, Marion announced they would be joining the X-League Indoor Football. After a sluggish 2-2 start, Coleman fired Rick Kranz as head coach, once again named himself as the interim head coach of the Blue Racers. On August 23, 2015, the Blue Racers announced that they would rejoin the revived CIFL, which became a member of the I
Tony the Tiger
Tony the Tiger is the advertising cartoon mascot for Kellogg's Frosted Flakes breakfast cereal, appearing on its packaging and advertising. Tony has been the mascot for related cereals such as Tony's Cinnamon Krunchers and Tiger Power. Since his debut in 1952, the character has spanned several generations and become a breakfast cereal icon. In 1951, Eugene Kolkey, an accomplished graphic artist and Art Director, Edward Kern, for Leo Burnett, sketched a character for a contest to become the official mascot of a Kellogg's brand-new breakfast cereal. Kolkey designed a tiger selected Martin Provensen for the finished artwork. Tony competed against three other potential mascots for the public's affection: Katy the Kangaroo, Elmo the Elephant, Newt the Gnu. Within the year, the other mascots were dropped, Tony was given a son, Tony Jr. Tony the Tiger would become a cereal icon; the final Tony the Tiger design came from a group of former Disney animators known as Quartet Films, which designed The Jolly Green Giant, Snap Crackle Pop, the Hamms Beer Bear, the Baltimore Orioles mascot, among others.
Stan Walsh, Art Babbitt, Arnold Gillesspie, Michael Lah were the artists/filmmakers that formed the Quartet Films of Hollywood. A recognizable and distinct voice was needed for the Tony the Tiger character, he was voiced by Dallas McKennon, but shortly after the initial Sugar Frosted Flakes advertisements aired, McKennon was replaced by Thurl Ravenscroft, who spent the next five decades providing the characteristic deep bass voice associated with the character, notably the familiar "They're grrrrreat!" catchphrase. John E. Matthews came up with this phrase. Ravenscroft spoke to an interviewer of injecting his personality into Tony: "I made Tony a person. For me, Tony was real. I made him become a human being and that affected the animation and everything."In 1958, Tony appeared on Kellogg cereal boxes with Hanna-Barbera characters such as Huckleberry Hound and Snagglepuss. Tony began to be humanized in the 1970s. Tony was a popular figure among the young Italian-American population and it showed in 1974, where he was deemed "Tiger of the Year" in an advertising theme taken from the Chinese Lunar Calendar.
The advertising theme declared, "This is the Year of the Tiger and Tony is the Tiger of the Year." That year, Tony graced the covers of Italian GQ and Panorama. In addition to Tony's success, during this decade, son Tony Jr. was given his own short-lived cereal in 1975, Frosted Rice. Provensen's original art design for the tiger has changed over the years, as Tony the whimsical, cereal-box-sized tiger with a teardrop-shaped head was replaced by his fully-grown son Jr., now a sleek, muscular sports enthusiast—he was a coach for the Monster Wrestlers in My Pocket and a referee for the Monster Sports Stars in My Pocket. Tony the Tiger was never limited to American cereal boxes, appearing on Kellogg's European brand cereal boxes. Tony appears in American commercials as an animated character in a live-action world with his drawn image rotoscoped over a live character, such as an extreme sports athlete, allowing Tony to not just appear in live action, but interact as well; the longtime voice of Tony, Thurl Ravenscroft, died in 2005.
In North America, he was replaced from 2005 onwards by announcer Lee Marshall, who maintained the role until his death from cancer in 2014. However, advertisements for Frosties in the United Kingdom are re-voiced locally. For some time in the UK, the rock song "Eye of the Tiger" by Survivor was used in conjunction with Tony's viewings. In Canada, Tony is voiced by animation and promo voice artist Tony Daniels."Put a Tiger on Your Team" was featured in ads all across the nation in 1958 as Kellogg's cereal campaign reached out all children sports organizations and teams to build more consumers. In the same year of 1958, Tony the Tiger was joined by other popular mascots to promote the newest cereal release "pre-sweetened cereals." Mass media and marketing during this time was on the rise in the food product industry. In the wake of Kellogg's Frosted Flakes the cereal company's goal was to produce a flavor, "delicious and distinctive flavor." In 1974, after Kellogg launched a Chinese Year of the Tiger, for marketing and advertising techniques Tony was selected as Tiger of the Year.
Following a few months was the release of an innovative Tony the Tiger commercial. This commercial was significant in the humanizing factor of Tony with the birth of his first daughter, Antoinette; this advertising technique targeted the millions of infants as Antoinette the baby tigress was shown tasting Kellogg's Sugar Frosted Flakes for the first time, followed by the Tony the Tiger slogan. The shape of the featured tiger was beginning to shape the cereal marketing and advertising sector by promoting new product lines; the company used Tony Jr. as its mascot to introduce nearly six new products that are high in nutrition in the mid 1970s. Throughout all of the 1970s Tony the Tiger had a complete family of three; the evolution of this brand icon continued to rise as Tony the Tiger was featured in a Hot Air Balloon Championship in 1981. Over past generations Tony has demonstrated a figure of human characteristics; when observed on a Frosted Flak
The Chesapeake Tide were a former professional Indoor Football team based in Upper Marlboro, Maryland. The team began play in 2007 as an expansion team in the Continental Indoor Football League; the founding owner of the Tide was Martin Johnson. The Tide played its home games at The Show Place Arena. Midway through the 2008 season the team was acquired by Messay Hailermariam. Hailermariam founded the Maryland Maniacs. Despite playing in the same arena with the same head coach, the Maniacs were not a continuation of the Tide; the Tide's inaugural game drew in a crowd of 3,176 fans. The Tide won the final game of their existence, against the NJ Revolution; the team was led by 7 touchdown passes from Quarterback Joe Urso, RB/WR Darryl Overton's 4 total scores WR's Daryl Disbrow Jr. and Ray McCarter were recipients of Urso's TD passes. Official Maryland Maniacs website Official Chesapeake Tide website Tide's 2007 Stats
The Rochester Raiders were a professional indoor football team based in the Rochester, New York area. They played their home games at Bill Gray's Regional Iceplex in Rochester; the Raiders were a member of the Continental Indoor Football League from 2006 to 2008 and the American Indoor Football Association for two exhibition matches in 2008. In 2014, the Raiders played as a member of American Indoor Football; the Raiders played in the CIFL championship game twice, both times against the Port Huron / Michigan Pirates. They lost to Port Huron in 2006 but defeated Michigan in 2007. Rochester finished the 2008 regular season undefeated at 12–0; the Rochester Raiders were founded in 2006 as a charter member of the newly created Great Lakes Indoor Football League. The Raiders derived their name from a local flag football team. There have been a small number of fans concerned with copyright between the team's logo and the National Football League's Oakland Raiders. However, since the Rochester team never plays in California, this is not believed to be of real concern.
The Raiders were one of two 2006 teams in the GLIFL that held a television contract, at the time with WBGT-CA, a local low-power station. Games have since been moved to Time Warner Cable SportsNet; the Raiders' first home venue was the ESL Sports Centre in Brighton. The team's 2006 roster featured Syracuse University standout wide receiver Maurice Jackson, quarterback Matt Cottengim, Darius Smith, in January 2006, they signed 2-time Pro Bowler and Super Bowl XXVI Most Valuable Player Mark Rypien to a one-game contract. Rochester went 8–4 under head coach Dennis Greco during the 2006 regular season and advanced to the postseason. However, they would fall to the Port Huron Pirates by a score of 40–34 in Great Lakes Bowl I, the GLIFL championship game. After the season, the Raiders moved from the 2,500-seat ESL Sports Centre to the 5,000-seat Main Street Armory in downtown Rochester. In 2007 the Raiders' only season in the Armory, they finished the regular season with a 10–2 record under new head coach Eddie Long, good for first in the Atlantic Division.
In the playoffs, Rochester won the CIFL championship by defeating the previously-unbeaten Michigan Pirates 37–27 in the CIFL Indoor Championship Game on July 28, 2007. Mike Condello was named the game's Most Valuable Player; the game was held at the Blue Cross Arena due to a pro wrestling show, being held at The Armory. The Raiders moved to the Blue Cross Arena full-time beginning with the 2008 season. Rochester kept most of its championship-caliber core together, re-signing quarterbacks Mike Mikolaichik, Matt Cottingem, Omar Baker; the team added tight end / defensive end TJ Cottrell, wide receiver Darryl Fragger, running back Felix Joyner, defensive lineman Steve Fleming, running back / wide receiver Mark Bly and linebacker Brenton Brady by way of free agency. The mix of holdovers from the 2007 club with players from free agency proved to be a winning combination as the team was wildly successful in 2008, they won their second straight division title. However, the Raiders withdrew from the CIFL playoffs on June 8, 2008, after the Flint Phantoms failed to show up for a Sunday afternoon game.
The team immediately moved to the American Indoor Football Association, played two exhibition matches there, but announced a move to the Indoor Football League instead. Speculation among fans and league personnel on CIFL message boards is that some Raiders players will play with the new af2 team in Buffalo, New York—which shares ownership with the Raiders—starting in 2009; as part of the deal, Thurman Thomas, the other investor in the Buffalo af2 team, will acquire a share of the Raiders. In December 2009, Rochester businessman Bob Bartosiewicz sold his majority share in the team to minority owner and team founder Dave McCarthy, McCarthy announced that the team would be playing its 2010 home games at the Dome Arena in Henrietta, which has 2,164 seats—the lowest seating capacity of any IFL team, lower than the previous arenas they used in the GLIFL and CIFL. On April 23, 2010, McCarthy announced. On June 5, 2010, the Raiders hosted the first outdoor IFL game against the Chicago Slaughter at Marina Auto Stadium.
The Raiders won that game 43-36. In November 2010, the Rochester Raiders announced its cessation of operations. Professional indoor football would return to the city in 2013, with the announcement of the independent Roc City Thunder taking up residence in the city. For the 2014 season the Rochester Raiders began play in the American Indoor Football League. After announcing plans to return to the Main Street Armory, a scheduling issue prompted the team to instead return to Bill Gray's; the Raide
The Bluegrass Warhorses were a professional indoor American football team based in Lexington, Kentucky. The team joined the Continental Indoor Football League in 2014 as an expansion team; the Warhorses were the second indoor football team based in Lexington. The owner of the Warhorses is JaQuar Sanders; the Warhorses played their home games at the Alltech Arena inside of Kentucky Horse Park but were forced to cancel their last four home games "due to unpaid arena rent and other bills". The franchise was first announced in May 2013, it announced that the Warhorses would be playing at the Alltech Arena on the grounds of the Kentucky Horse Park. In July, it was announced. Harry Lewis was introduced in August as the team's first head coach. With former University of Kentucky quarterback, Shane Boyd leading the Warhorses, they fell to the Northern Kentucky River Monsters 20-36, in what became an internet sensation game, due to Jared Lorenzen's 320-pound quarterback play; the team fell into financial problems halfway through the season, cancellation of their four remaining home dates, moving the league to seek new ownership for a possible 2015 season.
Note: Statistics are correct through Week 12 of the 2014 Continental Indoor Football League season
The Kellogg Company, doing business as Kellogg's, is an American multinational food-manufacturing company headquartered in Battle Creek, United States. Kellogg's produces cereal and convenience foods, including cookies and toaster pastries and markets their products by several well known brands including Corn Flakes, Pringles and Cheez-It. Kellogg's mission statement is "Nourishing families so they can flourish and thrive."Kellogg's products are manufactured and marketed in over 180 countries. Kellogg's largest factory is at Trafford Park in Trafford, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom, the location of its European headquarters. Other corporate office locations outside of Battle Creek include Chicago, Dublin and Querétaro City. Kellogg's holds a Royal Warrant from the Prince of Wales. Brothers Dr. John Harvey and Will Keith Kellogg founded a health food company, the Battle Creek Sanitarium Health Food Company in 1898; this company produced foodstuffs for current and former patients at Dr. J. H.
Kellogg's Battle Creek Sanitarium. The company became known as the Battle Creek Sanitarium Food Company in 1901. During this time, the company produced and marketed health foods such as corn flakes and Caramel Cereal Coffee; the company merged with the Sanitas Nut Food Company to become the Kellogg Food Company in July 1908, sold nut butters and meat substitutes, it was that the company's products all began to be sold under the trade name, "Kellogg's". At this time, Dr. J. H. Kellogg owned all but 2 of its 15,000 shares of stock. In 1921, it changed its name back to Battle Creek Food Company. However, Dr. John Harvey forbade his brother Will from distributing cereal beyond his patients; as a result, the brothers fell out, W. K. launched the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company on February 19, 1906. Convincing his brother to relinquish Sanitas's rights to the product, Will's company produced and marketed the hugely successful Kellogg's Toasted Corn Flakes and was renamed the Kellogg Toasted Corn Flake Company in 1909, taking on the current name of the Kellogg Company in 1922.
In 1930, the Kellogg Company announced that most of its factories would shift towards 30-hour work weeks, from the usual 40. W. K. Kellogg stated that he did this so that an additional shift of workers would be employed in an effort to support people through the depression era; this practice remained until World War II, continued after the war, although some departments and factories remained locked into 30-hour work weeks until 1980. From 1968 to 1970, the slogan “Kellogg’s puts more into your morning” was used on Saturday morning tv shows. From 1969 to 1977, Kellogg's acquired various small businesses including Salada Foods, Fearn International, Mrs. Smith's Pies and Pure Packed Foods. After underspending its competition in marketing and product development, Kellogg's U. S. market share hit a low 36.7% in 1983. A prominent Wall Street analyst called it "a fine company that's past its prime" and the cereal market was being regarded as "mature"; such comments stimulated Kellogg chairman William E. LaMothe to improve, which involved approaching the demographic of 80 million baby boomers rather than marketing children-oriented cereals.
In emphasizing cereal's convenience and nutritional value, Kellogg's helped persuade U. S. consumers age 25 to 49 to eat 26 %. The U. S. ready-to-eat cereal market, worth $3.7 billion at retail in 1983, totaled $5.4 billion by 1988 and had expanded three times as fast as the average grocery category. Kellogg's introduced new products including Crispix, Raisin Squares, Nutri-Grain Biscuits and reached out internationally with Just Right aimed at Australians and Genmai Flakes for Japan. During this time, the company maintained success over its top competitors: General Mills, which marketed children's cereals, Post, which had difficulty in the adult cereal market. In March 2001, Kellogg's made the Keebler Company. Over the years, it has gone on to acquire Morningstar Farms and Kashi divisions or subsidiaries. Kellogg's owns the Bear Naked, Natural Touch, Cheez-It, Austin cookies and crackers, Famous Amos and Plantation brands. Presently, Kellogg's is a member of the World Cocoa Foundation. In 2012, Kellogg's became the world's second-largest snack food company by acquiring the potato crisps brand Pringles from Procter & Gamble for $2.7 billion in a cash deal.
In 2017, Kellogg's acquired Chicago-based food company Rxbar for $600 million. Earlier that year, Kellogg's opened new corporate office space in Chicago's Merchandise Mart for its global growth and IT departments. In the UK, Kellogg's released the W. K. Kellogg brand of organic and plant-based cereals with no added sugars. In 2018, Kellogg decided to cease their operations in Venezuela due to the economic crisis the country is facing. On April 1, 2019, Kellogg announced that it was selling the Keebler and Famous Amos brands to Ferrero SpA for $1.3 billion. The acquisition is expected to close in July of that year. For the fiscal year 2017, Kellogg's reported earnings of US$1.269 billion, with an annual revenue of US$12.932 billion, a decline of 0.7% over the previous fiscal cycle. Kellogg's market capitalization was valued at over US$22.1 billion in November 2018. A list of cereal products produced by Kellogg's, with available varieties: Various methods have been used in the company's history to promote the company and its br