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Battle of Akroinon

The Battle of Akroinon was fought at Akroinon or Akroinos in Phrygia, on the western edge of the Anatolian plateau, in 740 between an Umayyad Arab army and the Byzantine forces. The Arabs had been conducting regular raids into Anatolia for the past century, the 740 expedition was the largest in recent decades, consisting of three separate divisions. One division, 20,000 strong under Abdallah al-Battal and al-Malik ibn Shu'aib, was confronted at Akroinon by the Byzantines under the command of Emperor Leo III the Isaurian r. 717–741) and his son, the future Constantine V. The battle resulted in a decisive Byzantine victory. Coupled with the Umayyad Caliphate's troubles on other fronts and the internal instability before and after the Abbasid Revolt, this put an end to major Arab incursions into Anatolia for three decades. Since the beginning of the Muslim conquests, the Byzantine Empire, as the largest and militarily strongest state bordering the expanding Caliphate, had been the Muslims' primary enemy.

Following the disastrous Battle of Sebastopolis, the Byzantines had confined themselves to a strategy of passive defence, while the Muslim armies launched raids into Byzantine-held Anatolia. Following their failure to capture the Byzantine capital, Constantinople, in 717–718, the Umayyads for a time diverted their attention elsewhere. From 720/721, they resumed their expeditions against Byzantium in a regular pattern: each summer one or two campaigns would be launched, sometimes accompanied by a naval attack and sometimes followed by winter expeditions; these were no longer aimed at permanent conquest but were rather large-scale raids and devastating the countryside, only attacking forts or major settlements. The raids of this period were largely confined to the central Anatolian plateau, only reached the peripheral coastlands. Under the more aggressive Caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik, the Arab raids became more substantial affairs and were led by some of the Caliphate's most capable generals, including princes of the Umayyad dynasty, such as Maslama ibn Abd al-Malik or Hisham's own sons Mu'awiyah and Sulayman.

However, the Muslim successes became fewer as their resources were drawn into the mounting conflict with the Khazars in the Caucasus. The raids continued, but the Arab and Byzantine chroniclers mention fewer successful captures of forts or towns. In 737 a major victory over the Khazars allowed the Arabs to shift their focus and intensify their campaigns against Byzantium, thus in 738 and 739 Maslamah ibn Hisham led successful raids, including the capture of the town of Ancyra. For the year 740, Hisham assembled the largest expedition of his reign, appointing his son Sulayman to lead it. According to the chronicle of Theophanes the Confessor, the invading Umayyad force totalled 90,000 men. 10,000 armed men under al-Ghamr ibn Yazid were sent to raid the western coastlands, followed by 20,000 under Abdallah al-Battal and al-Malik ibn Su'aib who marched towards Akroinon, while the main force of some 60,000, under Sulayman ibn Hisham, raided Cappadocia. The Emperor Leo confronted the second force at Akroinon.

Details of the battle are not known, but the Emperor secured a crushing victory: both Arab commanders fell, as well as the larger part of their army, some 13,200 men. The rest of the Arab troops managed to conduct an orderly retreat to Synnada, where they joined Sulayman; the other two Arab forces devastated the countryside unopposed, but failed to take any towns or forts. The Arab invasion army suffered from severe hunger and lack of supplies before returning to Syria, while the 10th-century Arab Christian historian Agapius records that the Byzantines took 20,000 prisoners from the invading forces. Akroinon was a major success for the Byzantines, as it was the first victory they had scored in a major pitched battle against the Arabs. Seeing it as evidence of God's renewed favour, the victory served to strengthen Leo's belief in the policy of iconoclasm that he had adopted some years before. In the immediate aftermath, this success opened up the way for a more aggressive stance by the Byzantines, who in 741 attacked the major Arab base of Melitene.

In 742 and 743, the Umayyads were able to exploit a civil war between Constantine V and the general Artabasdos and raid into Anatolia with relative impunity, but the Arab sources do not report any major achievements. The Arab defeat at Akroinon has traditionally been seen as a "decisive" battle and a "turning point" of the Arab–Byzantine wars, causing the slackening of Arab pressure on Byzantium. Other historians however, from the early 20th-century Syriac scholar E. W. Brooks to more recent ones such as Walter Kaegi and Ralph-Johannes Lilie, have challenged this view, attributing the reduced Arab threat after Akroinon to the fact that it coincided with other heavy reversals on the most remote provinces of the Caliphate, which exhausted its overextended military resources, as well as with internal turmoil due to civil wars and the Abbasid Revolution; as a result, the Arab attacks against the Byzantine Empire in the 740s were rather ineffectual and soon ceased completely. Indeed, Constantine V was able to take advantage of the Umayyad Caliphate's collapse to launch a series of expeditions into Syria and secure a Byzantine ascendancy on the eastern frontier which lasted until the 770s.

In the Muslim world, the memory of the defeated Arab commander, Abdallah al-Battal, was preserved, he became one of the greatest heroes of Arab and Turkish epic poetry as Sayyid Battal Ghazi. Bl

Michael Tabor (activist)

Michael Aloysius Tabor was an American member of the Black Panther Party, charged and tried as part of an alleged conspiracy to bomb public buildings in New York City and kill members of the New York Police Department. Four months into the trial Tabor and another defendant fled to Algeria. Despite his ultimate acquittal on all charges, Tabor remained in exile in Africa until his death, never returning to the United States. Tabor was born on December 13, 1946, in Harlem and joined the Black Panther Party while in his teens, he took the name a 19th century Zulu king. In 1969, he authored the pamphlet Capitalism Plus Dope Equals Genocide. In 1970, Tabor and 12 other members of the Black Panthers were charged for plotting to kill police officers and to plant bombs in New York City commercial and public buildings, including the New York Botanical Garden in the Bronx. Support for the prosecution's case came from undercover officers who claimed that the defendants had developed plans for a series of bombings and had conducted classes to instruct those participating in the plot how to construct explosive devices.

Together with fellow defendant Richard Moore, Tabor failed to appear at their trial in February 1971, forfeited $150,000 in bail and were declared fugitives. Blank Panther leader Huey P. Newton called Moore and Tabor "enemies of the people" for evading justice while on trial and putting the other defendants and the party at risk. Connie Matthews, Newton's former secretary and Tabor's wife left the country and was said to have taken valuable records with her; the two surfaced in Algeria the following month together with Eldridge Cleaver. The New York Times published a lengthy letter from Moore on the day before the verdicts were read explaining that they had fled the U. S. because they feared. On May 13, 1971, after an eight-month-long trial, the jury in New York Supreme Court in Manhattan delivered an acquittal on all 156 counts. In a statement issued from Algiers, Tabor stated that the trial represented "an attempted railroad and that the defendants' rights were flagrantly violated" and said that he was "overjoyed that the brothers are free".

Algeria expelled Tabor and he and Matthews moved to Zambia in 1972, where Tabor wrote about politics and hosted a radio show. Despite repeated requests, Tabor refused to return to the United States, he died at age 63 in Lusaka, Zambia, on October 2010, due to complications of multiple strokes. He was survived by his second wife, Priscilla Matanda, as well as by a daughter and three sons

Vince Nagy

Vince Nagy de Losonc was a Hungarian politician, who served as Interior Minister between 1918 and 1919 during the Hungarian Democratic Republic. After the establishment of the Hungarian Soviet Republic, he returned to Szatmárnémeti, where the occupying Romanian Army imprisoned him for 9 months. From 1922, he was a lawyer. From 1928, he was the chairman of the Independence Party. After the German occupation Nagy had to escape because of his anti-Nazi views. After the Second World War, he rejected the cooperation with the Hungarian Communist Party, why he was excluded with 18 other members from the party. From 1948, he lived in the United States, he took part in Hungarian emigrant politics. Szálasi és társai a vádlottak padján Magyar Életrajzi Lexikon Markó László: Ki kicsoda a magyar történelemben, Helikon, 2005

Monophobia (song)

"Monophobia" is a song by Canadian electronic music producer Deadmau5 featuring Australian singer Rob Swire. It was released on July 13, 2018, as the first track on Deadmau5's EP and compilation album Mau5ville: Level 1. Prior to its release on the EP, an orchestral rendition of the song was featured on Deadmau5's Where's the Drop?. On release, the song charted on the US Dance/Electronic Songs chart, peaking number 19. A music video for the song was released on Deadmau5's YouTube channel on July 16, 2018. Deadmau5 and Rob Swire had collaborated on "Ghosts'n' Stuff", nine years prior to "Monophobia"; the instrumental of "Monophobia" had been created on a Twitch livestream in 2017, an orchestral rendition of the song was featured as the sixth track on Deadmau5's orchestral compilation album, Where's the Drop?, on March 30, 2018, four months before the original song's official release. The song's release was announced for the EP and compilation album, Mau5ville: Level 1, on July 12, 2018, was released one day later.

The song was uploaded to the SoundCloud account of Rob Swire's Knife Party on July 23, 2018. Upon the release of Mau5ville: level 1, the song independently charted in the United States, appearing on the Dance/Electronic Songs and Digital Songs charts at positions 19 and 9 respectively; the song charted in Canada, peaking at number 37 on the Canadian Digital Song Sales chart. Despite the song's success, it was not released as a single; the music video for "Monophobia" was released on Deadmau5's YouTube channel on July 16, 2018. It was directed by Nick DenBoer and Kenny Hotz, produced by the Nick DenBoer Production Company and Generic Versatility Animation, it has acquired over 4 million views on YouTube. The video is acclaimed for its "bizarre" style of computer generated 3D animation by Nick DenBoer known as Smearballs, it was filmed in Deadmau5's residence in Campbellville, Ontario and shows footage of animated beings dancing and performing various activities in and around his household. Deadmau5 makes physical appearances throughout the video.

The surrealism of the video has been compared to Cyriak. In an interview with Animation World Network, DenBoer stated Adapted from the music video. Joel Zimmerman – writing, production Rob Swire – vocals Nick DenBoer – music video director, visual effects Kenny Hotz – music video director Nick DenBoer Production Company – music video production Generic Versatility Animation – music video production

Barlow Trecothick

Barlow Trecothick was a City of London merchant brought up in the colonial Province of Massachusetts Bay who became one of the Members of Parliament for the City of London and was Lord Mayor of London in 1770. Trecothick was the son of Mark Trecothick, by his marriage to Hannah Greenleaf, his place of birth is uncertain, but it was either Stepney or else at sea. One biographer reports, his brother Edward Trecothick was baptized there in 1721. From about 1724, the Trecothicks lived in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, where in 1734 the young Trecothick was apprenticed to Charles Apthorp, an enormously rich English-born merchant and slave trader of Boston, serving him until 1740, becoming a merchant. In his evidence to a parliamentary committee in England in 1766, Trecothick said he had lived at Boston between the ages of seven and twenty-two, was in Jamaica for seven years, returned to New England for three years, settled in London, his sister Hannah was born at Boston on 2 December 1724. After marrying in 1747, Trecothick and his wife moved to London, where they settled around 1750, he continued trading as a merchant, through a company called Trecothick and Thomlinson, becoming a member of the Worshipful Company of Clothworkers.

Having made a large fortune and become an alderman of the Corporation of London, in 1768 Trecothick bought the manor of Addington, in Surrey, for £38,500, equivalent to £5,380,000 in 2019, began to build Addington Park, a new country house designed by Robert Mylne in the Palladian style, with single-storey wings. He soon had an estate of some five thousand acres, went on to sit as a Member of Parliament for the City of London between 1768 and 1774 serving as Lord Mayor in 1770. On 2 March 1747, Trecothick married the eldest daughter of Charles Apthorp, his first wife died childless on 31 July 1769, on 9 June 1770, Trecothick married secondly Anne, a daughter of Amos Meredith and a sister of Sir William Meredith, 3rd Baronet. There were no children of this marriage. Trecothick died on 28 May 1775, he was interred at St Mary the Blessed Virgin Churchyard in Addington. His property and estate was inherited by his heir, a Harvard-educated nephew, James Ivers, the son of Trecothick's younger sister Hannah, who changed his name to Trecothick in the terms of his benefactor's will, he completed the house, but ran through his uncle's fortune and had to sell up in 1803.

Addington Park was purchased by Charles Manners-Sutton and became one of the palaces of the Archbishops of Canterbury and was renamed Addington Palace. Bryce E. Withrow, "A Biographical Study of Barlow Trecothick 1720–1775" in The Emporia State Research Studies, Vol. 38, Issue 3 Barlow Trecothick at Find a Grave

Brennan Dickenson

Brennan Peter Dickenson is an English professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for League Two club Exeter City. Dickenson's career began at Southampton before moving on to Conference South side Dorchester Town, he earned a move to Championship side Brighton & Hove Albion in 2012. He failed to break into the Brighton first team, instead heading out on loan to Chesterfield, AFC Wimbledon and Northampton Town, he was released in 2014. He joined Colchester United after two seasons with the Kent club. Born in Ferndown, former Southampton trainee Dickenson signed for Championship club Brighton & Hove Albion in January 2012 for an undisclosed fee from Dorchester Town, he had scored five goals in 22 Conference South games during the first half of the 2011–12 season. He joined League Two side Chesterfield on a one-month loan deal on 8 November 2012, he scored on his professional debut on 10 November after replacing Mark Randall 61-minutes into a 3–2 defeat by Bristol Rovers. He made six substitute appearances during his time with the Spireites.

AFC Wimbledon signed Dickenson on loan for one-month in February 2013. He made his debut on 23 February in Wimbledon's 1–0 win at Dagenham & Redbridge, before scoring in consecutive games, first against Cheltenham Town in a 2–1 defeat, a week in a 3–2 home win over York City. In all, Dickenson made seven appearances for the Dons, before agreeing a one-year contract extension with Brighton at the end of the season. Still without a first-team appearance for Brighton, Dickenson was allowed to leave on loan for League Two once again, this time for Northampton Town until the end of the 2013–14 season on 8 February 2014, he made his debut the same day. He scored one goal for the club, in a 2–0 win against Hartlepool United on 22 February, made 13 league appearances. In May 2014, Dickenson had a contract clause invoked extending his contract by one season. Gillingham paid an undisclosed fee to bring Dickenson to the League One club on a two-year contract on 30 June 2014, just weeks after extending his Brighton contract.

He made his debut on 9 August 2014 as a 77th-minute substitute for Jake Hessenthaler in Gillingham's 4–2 defeat to Milton Keynes Dons. He scored in his second game in his first start for the club with a first-half goal against Yeovil Town in the League Cup, he was withdrawn at half-time after picking up a slight injury. He made 42 appearances during the season. Bradley Garmston ousted Dickenson from the left-back position which he had become accustomed to playing for Gillingham by November 2015, with manager Justin Edinburgh saying that "choosing between them is the most difficult decision." Dickenson had made 18 appearances from August through early November, but found his opportunities limited until March 2016, when a return to first-team action yielded 36 appearances in total. Dickenson was released by Gillingham in May 2016. After being released by Gillingham, Dickenson joined League Two side Colchester United on a two-year contract, he made his debut for Colchester on 9 August 2016 in their 4–0 EFL Cup defeat to his former club Brighton, before scoring his first goal on his league debut four days in Colchester's 2–0 win at home to Cambridge United.

His performance was recognised by the English Football League when he was named in the'Team of the Week' for all three divisions. He scored a brace in his next match on 16 August as he helped his side to a 3–2 win over Grimsby Town at the Colchester Community Stadium; as a result of his performance, he was named in the EFL'Team of the Week' for the second week in succession. He was nominated for the League Two'Player of the Month' award after three goals and an assist in his four league appearances in August. After a goal in each of Colchester's wins against Stevenage and Cheltenham Town either side of New Year, Dickenson was named in the EFL'Team of New Year' on 3 January 2017. Having established himself as a regular starter as a left wing-back in the Colchester first-team, Dickenson said that "the spell I'm having at the moment is the best in my career. I've had a few good seasons but this is the best." Dickenson sustained cruciate ligament damage in April 2017 which would rule him out of action for up to nine months.

In his first season with the club, after scoring 12 goals in 39 appearances, he was named Player of the Year alongside the Players' Player of the Year award. Dickenson revealed in July 2017 that his injury sustained in April would keep him out of first-team action until February 2018, he made his first appearance of the 2017–18 season on 13 February 2018, replacing Kane Vincent-Young during Colchester's 2–1 win against Coventry City. At the end of the season, Dickenson took up the option on his contract to remain with Colchester for a further year until at least summer 2019. Dickenson scored his first goals since April 2017 when he scored a brace against Crewe Alexandra in a 6–0 win on 21 August 2018. Dickenson turned down a new contract offer from Colchester, on 30 May 2019 joined newly-promoted League One club Milton Keynes Dons on a free transfer effective from 1 July 2019, he scored his first goal for MK Dons when he scored in an EFL Trophy tie against Wycombe Wanderers on 12 November 2019.

On 17 January 2020, following the mutual termination of his contract with MK Dons, Dickenson joined League Two club Exeter City on a short term deal until the end of the season in response to Jack Sparkes sustaining a season-ending knee injury against Newport County on Boxing Day 2019 and other left sided players being injured. He made, he scored his first goal for