Battle of Delhi (1737)

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First Battle of Delhi
Part of Mughal-Maratha Wars
Date28 March 1737
LocationDelhi
Result Decisive Maratha Victory
Belligerents
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgMaratha Empire Mughal Empire
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgBaji Rao I Mir Hasan Khan Koka[1]
Qamaruddin Khan
Amir Khan Bahadur
Muin ul-Mulk (Mir Mannu)
Strength
70,000 soldiers 2,50,000 soldiers
20-40 cannons

The First Battle of Delhi or The Raid of Delhi took place on 28 March 1737 between Maratha Empire and the Mughals.[2]

The Mughals were devastated by the fierce attack, and lost half of their army which compelled them to ask for all regional rulers to help against the army of Marathas. Nizam of Hyderabad and Nawab of Bhopal left Hyderabad to protect the Mughal Empire from the invasion of Marathas but were defeated decisively in the Battle of Bhopal.[3][2] The Marathas extracted large tributaries from Mughals and signed a treaty which ceded Malwa to the Marathas.[2]

The Maratha plunder of Delhi weakened the Mughal Empire, which got further weakened after successive invasions of Nadir Shah in 1739 and Ahmad Shah Abdali in the 1750s. The continuous attacks led to another Battle of Delhi, in 1757, which largely effaced the remaining central authority of Mughal Empire.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813
  2. ^ a b c An Advanced History of Modern India
  3. ^ History Modern India
  4. ^ Robinson, Howard; James Thomson Shotwell (1922). "Mogul Empire and the Marathas". The Development of the British Empire. Houghton Mifflin. p. 106-132.