Battle of Delhi (1737)

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First Battle of Delhi
Part of Mughal-Maratha Wars
Date28 March 1737
Result Decisive Maratha Victory
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgMaratha Empire Mughal Empire
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgBaji Rao I Mir Hasan Khan Koka[1]
Qamaruddin Khan
Amir Khan Bahadur
Muin ul-Mulk (Mir Mannu)
70,000 soldiers 2,50,000 soldiers
20-40 cannons

The First Battle of Delhi or The Raid of Delhi took place on 28 March 1737 between Maratha Empire and the Mughals.[2]

The Mughal's were devastated by the fierce attack, lost half of their army which compelled them to ask for all regional rulers to help against the army of Marathas. Nizam of Hyderabad and Nawab of Bhopal left Hyderabad to protect mughal empire from the suvasion of Marathas but was defeated decisively in the Battle of Bhopal.[3][2] The Marathas extracted large tributaries from Mughal's and signed a treaty which ceded Malwa to the Marathas.[2]

This Maratha plunder of Delhi weakened the Mughal Empire, which got further weakened after successive invasions of Nadir Shah (1739) and Ahmad Shah Abdali (1750s). The continuous attacks led to another Battle of Delhi of 1757 which largely effected the remaining central authority of Mughal Empire.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813
  2. ^ a b c An Advanced History of Modern India
  3. ^ History Modern India
  4. ^ Robinson, Howard; James Thomson Shotwell (1922). "Mogul Empire and the Marathas". The Development of the British Empire. Houghton Mifflin. p. 106-132.