Battle of Gandesa (1938)

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Battle of Gandesa
Part of the Spanish Civil War
Date1-3 April 1938
LocationGandesa, Catalonia, Spain
Result Francoist victory
Spanish Republic
Flag of the International Brigades.svg International Brigades
 Nationalist Spain
Kingdom of Italy Corpo Truppe Volontarie
Aviazione Legionaria
Nazi Germany Condor Legion
XV International Brigade
Casualties and losses
140 prisoners

The Battle of Gandesa was an event that took place in April 1938 during the Spanish Civil War.


After the fall of Caspe, the Nationalists troops continued their advance towards Catalonia with the support of the Legion Condor and the Aviazione Legionaria. By the end of February the nationalist had reached the outskirts of Gandesa. The XV International Brigade had been retreating since the Aragón Offensive began and the republican lines collapsed.[1][2]

The battle was caused by the decision of the XV International Brigade to dig in and hold to the town of Gandesa in an effort to slow down the offensive of the Francoist troops who had been advancing in a steady manner since the beginning of the offensive.[3]


The town of Gandesa was held by the XV International Brigade and the Nationalists attacked with troops of the Mario Berti´s CTV and the Monasterio's Army Corps. Despite the prowess of the British troops, Gandesa fell on 3 April and 140 British and American members of the International Brigades were made prisoners.[4] Nevertheless, the resistance of the XV Brigade allowed the Republican troops to regroup and to withdraw some material across the Ebro River.[5]

Cultural references[edit]

This battle is mentioned in the song Jamie Foyers, where the fictional hero is killed.


  1. ^ Salas Larrazabal, Ramón (2006); Historia del Ejército Popular de la República, La Esfera de los Libros, Madrid; ISBN 84-9734-465-0.
  2. ^ Hugh Thomas (1976); p. 859 (Spanish edition).
  3. ^ Hugh Thomas (1976); p. 871 (Spanish edition)
  4. ^ Hugh Thomas (1976); p. 862 (Spanish edition).
  5. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.781

Coordinates: 41°3′N 0°26′E / 41.050°N 0.433°E / 41.050; 0.433