Giuseppe "Peppino" Meazza known as il Balilla, was an Italian football manager and player. Throughout his career, he played for Internazionale in the 1930s, scoring 242 goals in 365 games for the club, winning three Serie A titles, as well as the Coppa Italia. At international level, he led Italy to win two consecutive World Cups: in 1934 on home soil, in 1938 as captain. Along with Giovanni Ferrari and Eraldo Monzeglio, he is one of only three Italian players to have won two World Cups. Following his retirement, he served as a coach for the Italy national team, with several Italian clubs, including his former club sides Inter and Atalanta, as well as Pro Patria, Turkish club Beşiktaş. Meazza is considered one of the best players of his generation, among the greatest of all time, as well as being regarded by many in the sport as Italy's greatest player. Giuseppe Prisco and Gianni Brera considered him to be the greatest footballer of all time. Due to his technical skill, prolific goalscoring, creative ability, he was given the nickname "il genio" by the Italian press during his career.
He has been ranked fourth-best player in the history of the World Cup. A prolific forward, Meazza won the Serie A top-scorer award on three occasions in his career. With 338 goals, he is the third-highest Italian goalscorer in all competitions, he is the youngest player to score 100 goals in Serie A, a feat which he achieved at the age of 23 years and 32 days. San Siro, the principal stadium in his native city of Milan, today shared by two of his former clubs and crosstown rivals A. C. Milan, is now called Stadio Giuseppe Meazza in the player's honour. In 2011, he was posthumously inducted into the Italian Football Hall of Fame. Meazza was born in Milan. Having lost his father in 1917 during the fighting of World War I at the age of seven, Peppe grew up in Milan with his mother, Ersilia who came from Mediglia, helping her sell fruit at the market, he began playing football at six years old, started out playing barefoot with a ball made of rags on the streets for a team named the "Maestri Campionesi".
At the age of twelve, his mother gave him permission to pursue a footballing career, he began playing for Gloria F. C.. It was during this time. At the age of 14, Meazza was rejected by the team for his small physique. However, he was instead accepted by Milan's cross-city rivals Internazionale. Meazza's nickname, "il Balilla", was given to him in 1927 by his older teammate Leopoldo Conti, who thought "Peppìn", in Milanese dialect, only 17 when he joined the senior team, was too young to be associated to the senior team, he was surprised after Inter coach Árpád Weisz decided to give Meazza his debut for Inter in his place, famously commenting: "Now we let the Balilla kids play!" The Opera Nazionale Balilla, the Fascist youth organisation which collected all children aged eight to 14 years, was established in 1926, hence why Conti felt it to be a suitable nickname for the young rookie. However, Meazza scored two goals on his official debut, leaving Conti speechless. Meazza scored two goals on his professional debut, which came in a 6–2 win against Milanese Unione Sportiva in the Coppa Volta di Como, on 12 September 1927.
The following day, the Italian sports newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport praised his game as "intelligent, quick". Meazza still holds the record for the most goals scored in a debut season in Serie A, with 31 goals in his first season; the next season, he scored 5 goals in a single game, twice in one season: 6 January 1929 Inter against Pistoiese 9–1 and 17 March 1929 Inter v Verona 9–0. That same season on 12 May 1929, he scored six goals as Inter beat Venezia 10–2. 27 April 1930 was the first time Inter played A. S. Roma in Milan. Inter won 6–0 and Meazza scored four goals, scoring his first three within three minutes of the game. With Meazza in the squad, Inter won three national championships in 1930, 1938 and 1940, helped win the team's first Coppa Italia in 1939. In the 1930 deciding game, he scored a second half hat-trick to tie the game against Genoa after Inter had been down 3–0, he was top-scorer of Serie A 3 times, top-scorer in the pre-Serie A year of 1929 and top scorer of the Mitropa Cup three times: 1930, 1933 and 1936.
When Ambrosiana beat Bari in the 1937–38 championship, he scored five goals in a 9–2 victory. The next week he scored a hat-trick against Lucchese. Along with fellow Inter players Ferraris II, Locatelli, Meazza was involved in the Azzurri set-up that wins the 1938 World Cup in Paris; the same year, Inter won their fourth Scudetto, while the club's first Coppa Italia success came in 1939. An injury put him out of action for most of 1938–39 and 1939–40, after having devoted the best part of his career to Inter, Meazza transferred to A. C. Milan on 28 November 1940. In his career he played for Juventus, A. S. Varese 1910 and Atalanta Bergamo, his debut for Juventus, 18 October 1942, took place in
Highbury is a district in North London and part of the London Borough of Islington. The area now known as Islington was part of the larger manor of Tolentone, mentioned in the Domesday Book. Tolentone was owned by Ranulf brother of Ilger and included all the areas north and east of Canonbury and Holloway Roads; the manor house was situated by what is now the east side of Hornsey Road near the junction with Seven Sisters Road. After the manor decayed, a new manor house was built in 1271 to the south-east; the site for Highbury Manor was used by a Roman garrison as a summer camp. During the construction of a new Highbury House in 1781, tiles were found that could have been Roman or Norman. Ownership of Highbury passed to Alicia de Barrow, who in 1271 gave it to the Priory of St John of Jerusalem known as the Knights Hospitallers in England; the wealthy Lord Prior built Highbury manor as a substantial stone country lodging with a grange and barn. In 1381, during the Peasants' Revolt, Jack Straw led a mob of 20,000 rioters who "so offended by the wealth and haughtiness" of the Knights Hospitallers destroyed the manor house.
The Lord Prior at the time, Robert Hales, who had taken refuge in the Tower of London, was captured and beheaded on Tower Hill. Jack Straw and some of his followers used the site as a temporary headquarters; this should not be confused with the better known Jack Straw's Castle a pub and now residential flats at Whitestone Ponds, named after the semi-legendary leader of the revolt. The Manor of Highbury remained the possession of the Knights of St John until it was confiscated by Henry VIII in 1540; the land stayed as crown property until Parliament began selling it in the 17th century. John Dawes, a wealthy stockbroker, acquired the site of Jack Straw's Castle together with 247 acres of surrounding land. In 1781 he built Highbury House at a cost of £ 10,000 on the spot. Over the next 30 years the house was extended by new owners, firstly Alexander Aubert and John Bentley, to include a large observatory and lavish gardens; the grounds around Highbury House started to be sold off in 1794. By 1894 Highbury House and its remaining grounds became a school.
In 1938 Highbury House was demolished and is now the site of Eton House flats, built by the Old Etonian Housing Association in 1939. After the Manor house had been destroyed in 1381, the grange and barn remained on the east side of the track that ran south to Hopping Lane, now St Paul's Road on the line of Highbury Park / Highbury Grove. In 1740 a small ale and cake house was opened in the Highbury. In 1770 William Willoughby took over Highbury Barn and increased its popularity, he expanded its size and facilities, taking over land and buildings from the farm next door, reaching beyond what is now Kelvin Road and created a bowling green, trap-ball grounds and gardens. It could cater for company dinners of 2,000 people and dancing and became one of the most popular venues in London. In 1854 events at the annual balls in the grounds of the Barn included the aeronaut Charles Green's balloon ascent. By 1865 there was a huge dancing platform, a rebuilt theatre, high-wire acts, music hall and the original Siamese twins.
The Barn became the victim of its own success. After a riot led by students from Bart's Hospital in 1869, locals complained about the Barn's riotous and bawdy clientele; this led in 1871 authorities revoked the Barn's dancing licence. By 1794 Highbury consisted of Highbury House and Highbury Hill House, Highbury Barn and the gated terraces of Highbury Terrace and Highbury Place, built on land leased by John Dawes. Highbury may have stayed this way, as the plan was to create a 250 acres park – Albert Park – between St Paul's Road/Balls Pond Road and the Seven Sisters Road. Instead a 27.5 acre site, now Highbury Fields was saved in 1869 and the 115 acre Finsbury Park were created. The rest of the area was developed; the majority of the development of the area occurred in two phases. After this time, development went high-density with close packed terraced houses being built in the north of Highbury. Available land continued to be in-filled with more housing until 1918, but little else changed until after World War II.
A need for a place for Catholic residents of Highbury to worship in the 1920s led to the commissioning of St Joan of Arc's church, thought to be the first dedicated to the saint canonised in 1920, on a site on Kelross Road where the church hall is now located. The church was soon expanded, but the influx of Catholic residents after the war led to a need for a new, larger church; the new church dedicated to St Joan of Arc, designed by Stanley Kerr Bate, opened on 23 September 1962 on Highbury Park. Highbury was again by V-1 flying bombs. On 27 June 1944, a V-1 destroyed Highbury Corner, killing 26 people and injuring 150. Highbury Corner had an impressive station and hotel which were damaged in this attack but its main building remained in use until demolished in the 1960s during the building of the Victoria Line; the original westbound platform buildings remain on the opposite side of Holloway Road, as does a small part of the original entrance to the left of the present station entrance. A red plaque, mount
Swedish Football Association
The Swedish Football Association is the governing and head body of football in Sweden. It organises the football leagues — Allsvenskan for men and Damallsvenskan for women — and the men's and women's national teams, it is based in Solna and is a founding member of both FIFA and UEFA. SvFF is supported by 24 district organisations. Svenska Fotbollförbundet was founded on 18 December 1904 and is the sports federation responsible for the promotion and administration of organised football in Sweden and represents the country outside Sweden. SvFF is affiliated to the Swedish Sports Confederation and the Fédération Internationale de Football Association and Union of European Football Associations. Karl-Erik Nilsson has been the President since 2012. In 2009 there were 3,359 clubs affiliated to the Svenska Fotbollförbundet with a total of more than a million members, of whom about 500,000 were active players. Together, they accounted for one third of the total Swedish sports movement activities. SvFF administers the Swedish men's women's national football teams, other football teams and leagues including the Allsvenskan and Superettan.
The motto of Swedish football – "one club in every village, football for all" – is reflected in the democratic constitution of Swedish football. All football competition in the nation is arranged by its 24 district organisations; the clubs are voting members at the annual meetings of the district organisations. The district organisations and the elite clubs are entitled to vote at the F. A.'s general meeting. SvFF was the sole owner of Sweden's national stadium, the Råsunda Stadium in Solna, from 1999 until it was replaced in 2012 by Friends Arena, located about 1 kilometer away and in Solna. SvFF is the lead partner in the consortium that owns the current stadium, maintains its offices there; the Swedish Football Association Football Gala is held annually in November since 2005. It includes the award for female players. SvFF had a turnover 2008 of 554 MSEK; the first Swedish national football championship was played in 1896 but it was 7 years in 1903 that the Riksidrottsförbundet was formed, to be the precursor to the Svenska Fotbollförbundet.
The new organisation had a hockey section. In 1904 Sweden was one of 7 nations that founded FIFA, it introduced ice hockey to Sweden in 1920, before the 1922 establishment of the Swedish Ice Hockey Association. Before the 1925 establishment of the Swedish Bandy Association, the Swedish Football Association administered organized bandy in Sweden. In 1906 the name Svenska Fotbollförbundet was accepted and the following year SvFF was voted into FIFA. On 12 July 1908, Sweden's first international match was played in which Norway were defeated 11–3 in Gothenburg; however the Olympics were a disappointment for Sweden, losing 1–12 to England and 0–2 to the Netherlands. Svenska Fotbollförbundet is responsible for organising the following competitions: Allsvenskan Superettan Division 1 – two sections Division 2 – six sections Division 3 – twelve sections Folksam utvecklingsserie – two sections Damallsvenskan Elitettan Division 1 Norrettan Division 1 Söderettan Division 2 – nine sections Juniorallsvenskan Pojkallsvenskan Svenska Cupen – Men Svenska Cupen – Women CANAL+-cupen – Junior Boys Cup Kommunal – Junior Girls FIFA World CupRunners-up Third place Olympic GamesWinners Third place FIFA U-17 World CupThird place UEFA European Under-21 ChampionshipWinners Runners-up FIFA Women's World CupRunners-up Third place Olympic GamesRunners-up UEFA Women's ChampionshipWinners Runners-up UEFA Women's Under-19 ChampionshipWinners Runners-up UEFA Women's Under-17 ChampionshipRunners-up Swedish football is built on a single pyramid league system.
While the SvFF administers the top leagues, the 24 district or regional associations administers youth football and the lower tier leagues from Division 4 and Division 3 and further below. The 24 district organisations are as follows: Swedish Football Association Svenska Fotbollslandslagen Facebook Sweden at FIFA site Sweden at UEFA site
Edward Joseph Drake was an English football player and manager. As a player, he first played for Southampton but made his name playing for Arsenal in the 1930s, winning two league titles and an FA Cup, as well as five caps for England. Drake is Arsenal's joint fifth highest goalscorer of all time, he holds the record for the most goals scored in a top flight game in English football, with seven against Aston Villa in December 1935. Drake has been described as a "classic number 9" and as a "strong, powerful and entirely unthinking" player who "typified the English view."After retiring from playing football, he became a manager, while in charge of Chelsea he took the club to its first league title. He was a cricketer, but only played sparingly for Hampshire. Born in Southampton, Drake started playing at Winchester City, whilst continuing to work as a gas-meter reader, he nearly missed the trial match with an injury. In June 1931, he was persuaded by George Kay to join Southampton playing in Division Two.
He made his Saints debut on 14 November 1931 at Swansea Town, signed as a professional in November, becoming first-choice centre-forward by the end of the 1931–32 season. In the following season he made 33 league appearances. After only one full season, his bravery and skill attracted the attention of Arsenal's Herbert Chapman, who tried to persuade Drake to move to north London. Drake decided to remain at The Dell, he started the 1933–34 season by scoring a hat-trick in the opening game against Bradford City, following this with at least one goal in the next four games, thereby amassing eight goals in the opening five games. By early March he had blasted his way to the top of the Football League Division Two goal-scoring table with 22 goals. Arsenal, with George Allison now in charge, renewed their interest and Drake decided to join the Gunners. Saints had declined several previous offers, but were forced to sell to balance their books. Drake made a total of 74 appearances for Southampton. Drake moved to Arsenal in March 1934 for £6,500, scored on his league debut against Wolves on 24 March 1934, in a 3–2 win.
Although he joined too late to qualify for a League Championship medal in 1933–34, Drake would win one in 1934–35, scoring 42 goals in 41 league games in the process – this included three hat-tricks and four four-goal hauls. With two more goals in the FA Cup and Charity Shield, Drake scored 44 in all that season, breaking Jack Lambert's club record, one that still holds to this day; the following season, 1935–36 Drake scored seven in a single match against Aston Villa at Villa Park on 14 December 1935, a club record and top flight record that still stands. Drake claimed an eighth goal hit the crossbar and went over the line, but the referee waved away his appeal. Drake would go on to win the FA Cup in 1935–36 with him scoring the only goal in the final and the League title again in 1937–38 with Arsenal. Despite being injured Drake's speed, fierce shooting and brave playing style meant he was Arsenal's first-choice centre forward for the rest of the decade, he was the club's top scorer for each of the five seasons from 1934–35 to 1938–39.
The Second World War curtailed Drake's career, although he served in the Royal Air Force as well as turning out for Arsenal in wartime games and appearing as a guest player for West Ham United in World War II. However, Drake's career would not last long into peacetime. With 139 goals in 184 games, he is along with Jimmy Brain the joint-fifth all-time scorer for Arsenal. Drake is as well one of 32 Arsenal legends who are emblazoned in a mural upon the walls of the club's Emirates Stadium. Drake's exploits at club level brought him recognition at international level, he made his England debut against Italy in the "Battle of Highbury" on 14 November 1934; as one of seven Arsenal players in the side, he scored the third goal in a heated 3–2 win. With England Drake went on to win the 1935 British Home Championship title. In total he won five caps, scoring six times for the Three Lions, he made his debut for Hampshire in 1931 and shared a vital stand of 86 with Phil Mead against Glamorgan. He made 45 but never reached this score again in the 15 further matches he played over the next six years, first as an amateur and as a professional.
After retiring as a player, Drake managed Hendon in 1946, Reading from 1947. He led the club to the runners-up spot in Division Three South in 1948–49 and again in 1951–52, though at the time only the champions were promoted. Without much ado he was appointed manager of First Division Chelsea in June 1952; this is so due to the rivalry between the Gunners and the Blues being non existent at the time. Upon Drake's arrival at Chelsea, he made a series of sweeping changes, doing much to rid the club of its previous amateurish, music hall image, he discarded the club's Chelsea pensioner crest and with it the Pensioners nickname, insisted a new one be adopted. From these changes came the Lion Rampant Regardant crest and the Blues nickname, he introduced scouting reports and a new, training regime based on ballwork, a rare practice in English football at the time. The club's previous policy of signing unreliable big-name players was abandoned; these included John McNichol, Frank Blunstone, Derek Saunders, Jim Lewis and Peter Sillett Within three years, in the 1954–55 season
Sir Stanley Matthews, CBE was an English footballer. Regarded as one of the greatest players of the British game, he is the only player to have been knighted while still playing football, as well as being the first winner of both the European Footballer of the Year and the Football Writers' Association Footballer of the Year awards. Matthews' nicknames included "The Wizard of the Dribble" and "The Magician". Matthews kept fit enough to play at the top level. Matthews was the oldest player to play in England's top football division and the oldest player to represent the country, he was an inaugural inductee to the English Football Hall of Fame in 2002 to honour his contribution to the English game. He spent 19 years with Stoke City, playing for the Potters from 1932 to 1947, again from 1961 to 1965, he helped Stoke to the Second Division title in 1932–33 and 1962–63. Between his two spells at Stoke he spent 14 years with Blackpool, after being on the losing side in the 1948 and 1951 FA Cup finals, he helped Blackpool to win the cup with a formidable personal performance in the "Matthews Final" of 1953.
Between 1934 and 1957 he won 54 caps for England, playing in the FIFA World Cup in 1950 and 1954, winning nine British Home Championship titles. Following an unsuccessful stint as Port Vale's general manager between 1965 and 1968, he travelled around the world, coaching enthusiastic amateurs; the most notable of his coaching experiences came in 1975 in South Africa, where in spite of the harsh apartheid laws of the time he established an all-black team in Soweto known as "Stan's Men". Stanley Matthews was born on 1 February 1915 in a terraced house in Seymour Street, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, he was the third of four sons born to Jack Matthews, a local boxer, known as the "Fighting Barber of Hanley". In the summer of 1921, Jack Matthews took six-year-old Stanley to the Victoria Ground, home of the local club Stoke City, for an open race for boys under the age of 14, with a staggered start according to age, his father placed a bet on his son winning, he did. Matthews attended Hanley's Wellington Road School, described himself as "in many respects a model pupil".
He said the kickabout games the children played helped to improve his dribbling, prepared the children for future life by giving them "a focus, a purpose, in many respects an escape". At home he spent "countless hours" practising dribbling around kitchen chairs he placed in his backyard. Though he would become indelibly associated with Stoke City, Matthews grew up supporting that club's local rivals Port Vale, his father wanted him to follow in his footsteps and become a boxer, but Stanley decided at the age of 13 that he wanted to be a footballer. After a rigorous training session that made Matthews vomit, his mother, stood firm and made Jack realise that his son, who had one more year at school, should follow his passion of football, his father conceded that should he be picked for England Schoolboys he could continue his footballing career. Matthews played for England Schoolboys against Wales in 1929, in front of around 20,000 spectators at Dean Court, Bournemouth. Wolverhampton Wanderers, Birmingham City, Aston Villa and West Bromwich Albion were all rumoured to be interested in Matthews in the wake of his appearance for England Schoolboys.
The Stoke City manager Tom Mather persuaded Matthews' father to allow Stanley to join his club's staff as an office boy on his 15th birthday for pay of £1 a week. Matthews played for Stoke's reserve team during the 1930 -- 31 season. After the game his father gave his usual realist assessment: "I've seen you play better and I've seen you play worse". Matthews played 22 reserve games in 1931–32, shunning the social scene to focus on improving his game. In one of these games, against Manchester City, he attempted to run at the left-back and take him on with a deft swerve as the defender committed himself to a challenge, rather than follow the accepted wisdom of the day, to first wait for the defender to run at the attacker – his new technique "worked a treat"; the national press were predicting a bright future for the teenager, though he could have joined any club in the country, he signed as a professional with Stoke on his 17th birthday. Paid the maximum wage of £5 a week, he was on the same wage as seasoned professionals before he kicked a ball.
Despite this his father insisted that Matthews save this money, only spend any winning bonus money he earned. He made his first team debut against Bury at Gigg Lane on 19 March 1932. After spending the 1932–33 pre-season training intensely by himself, Mather selected Matthews in 15 games, enough to earn him in a winners medal after Stoke were crowned Second Division champions, one point ahead of Tottenham Hotspur. On 4 March 1933 he scored his first senior goal in a 3–1 win over local rivals Port Vale at The Old Recreation Ground, he played 29 First Division games in 1933–34, as Stoke secured their top-flight status with a 12th-place finish. He continued to progress in the 1934–35 campaign, was selected by The Football League for an Inter-League game with the Irish League at The Oval, which finished 6–1 to the English, his England debut followed, so did a further game for the Football League against the Scottish League. Stok
Defender (association football)
In the sport of association football, a defender is an outfield player whose primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals. There are four types of defenders: centre-back, full-back, wing-back; the centre-back and full-back positions are essential in most modern formations. The sweeper and wing-back roles are more specialised for certain formations. A centre-back defends in the area directly in front of the goal, tries to prevent opposing players centre-forwards, from scoring. Centre-backs accomplish this by blocking shots, intercepting passes, contesting headers and marking forwards to discourage the opposing team from passing to them. With the ball, centre-backs are expected to make long and pinpoint passes to their teammates, or to kick unaimed long balls down the field. For example, a clearance is a long unaimed kick intended to move the ball as far as possible from the defender's goal. Due to the many skills centre-backs are required to possess in the modern game, many successful contemporary central-defensive partnerships have involved pairing a more physical defender with a defender, quicker, more comfortable in possession and capable of playing the ball out from the back.
During normal play, centre-backs are unlikely to score goals. However, when their team takes a corner kick or other set pieces, centre-backs may move forward to the opponents' penalty area. In this case, other defenders or midfielders will temporarily move into the centre-back positions; some centre-backs have been known for their direct free kicks and powerful shots from distance. Brazilian defenders David Luiz and Naldo have been known for using the cannonball free kick method, which relies more on power than placement. In the modern game, most teams employ three centre-backs in front of the goalkeeper; the 4–2–3–1, 4–3–3, 4–4–2 formations all use two centre-backs. There are two main defensive strategies used by centre-backs: the zonal defence, where each centre-back covers a specific area of the pitch; the sweeper is a more versatile centre-back who "sweeps up" the ball if an opponent manages to breach the defensive line. This position is rather more fluid than that of other defenders who man-mark their designated opponents.
Because of this, it is sometimes referred to as libero. Though sweepers may be expected to build counter-attacking moves, as such require better ball control and passing ability than typical centre-backs, their talents are confined to the defensive realm. For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only "roamed" around the back line; the more modern libero possesses the defensive qualities of the typical libero while being able to expose the opposition during counterattacks. The Fundell-libero has become more popular in recent time with the sweeper transitioning to the most advanced forward in an attack; this variation on the position requires great fitness. While seen in professional football, the position has been extensively used in lower leagues. Modern libero sit behind centre-backs as a sweeper before charging through the team to join in the attack; some sweepers move forward and distribute the ball up-field, while others intercept passes and get the ball off the opposition without needing to hurl themselves into tackles.
If the sweeper does move up the field to distribute the ball, they will need to make a speedy recovery and run back into their position. In modern football, its usage has been restricted, with few clubs in the biggest leagues using the position; the position is most believed to have been pioneered by Franz Beckenbauer, Gaetano Scirea, Elías Figueroa, although they were not the first players to play this position. Earlier proponents included Alexandru Apolzan, Ivano Blason, Velibor Vasović, Ján Popluhár. Other defenders who have been described as sweepers include Bobby Moore, Franco Baresi, Ronald Koeman, Fernando Hierro, Matthias Sammer, Aldair, due to their ball skills and long passing ability. Though it is used in modern football, it remains a respected and demanding position. A recent and successful use of the sweeper was made by Otto Rehhagel, Greece's manager, during UEFA Euro 2004. Rehhagel utilized Traianos Dellas as Greece's sweeper to great success, as Greece became European champions.
Although this position has become obsolete in modern football formations, due to the use of zonal marking and the offside trap, certain players such as Daniele De Rossi:, Leonardo Bonucci, Javi Martínez and David Luiz have played a similar role as a ball-playing central defender in a 3–5–2 or 3–4–3 formation. Some goalkeepers, who are comfortable leaving their goalmouth to intercept and clear through balls, who participate more in play, such as René Higuita, Manuel Neuer, Edwin van der Sar, Fabien Barthez, Hugo Lloris, among others, have been referred to as sweep
England national football team
The England national football team represents England in senior men's international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England. England is one of the two oldest national teams in football, alongside Scotland, whom they played in the world's first international football match in 1872. England's home ground is Wembley Stadium and their headquarters are at St George's Park, Burton upon Trent; the team's manager is Gareth Southgate. Although part of the United Kingdom, England's representative side plays in major professional tournaments, but not the Olympic Games. Since first entering the tournament in 1950, England has qualified for the FIFA World Cup 15 times, they won the 1966 World Cup, when they hosted the finals, finished fourth in 1990 and 2018. Since first entering in 1964, England have never won the UEFA European Championship, with their best performances being a third-place finish in 1968 and 1996, the latter as hosts; the England national football team is the joint-oldest in the world.
A representative match between England and Scotland was played on 5 March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association. A return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872; this match, played at Hamilton Crescent in Scotland, is viewed as the first official international football match, because the two teams were independently selected and operated, rather than being the work of a single football association. Over the next 40 years, England played with the other three Home Nations—Scotland and Ireland—in the British Home Championship. At first, England had no permanent home stadium, they joined FIFA in 1906 and played their first games against countries other than the Home Nations on a tour of Central Europe in 1908. Wembley Stadium became their home ground; the relationship between England and FIFA became strained, this resulted in their departure from FIFA in 1928, before they rejoined in 1946. As a result, they did not compete in a World Cup until 1950, in which they were beaten in a 1–0 defeat by the United States, failing to get past the first round in one of the most embarrassing defeats in the team's history.
Their first defeat on home soil to a foreign team was a 0–2 loss to the Republic of Ireland, on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park. A 6–3 loss in 1953 to Hungary, was their second defeat by a foreign team at Wembley. In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7–1; this stands as England's largest defeat. After the game, a bewildered Syd Owen said, "it was like playing men from outer space". In the 1954 FIFA World Cup, England reached the quarter-finals for the first time, lost 4–2 to reigning champions Uruguay. England got to the semi final in 2018. Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as England's first full-time manager in 1946, the team was still picked by a committee until Alf Ramsey took over in 1963; the 1966 FIFA World Cup was hosted in England and Ramsey guided England to victory with a 4–2 win against West Germany after extra time in the final, during which Geoff Hurst famously scored a hat-trick. In UEFA Euro 1968, the team reached the semi-finals for the first time, being eliminated by Yugoslavia.
England qualified for the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico as reigning champions, reached the quarter-finals, where they were knocked out by West Germany. England had been 2–0 up, but were beaten 3–2 after extra time, they failed in qualification for the 1974, leading to Ramsey's dismissal, 1978 FIFA World Cups. Under Ron Greenwood, they managed to qualify for the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain; the team under Bobby Robson fared better as England reached the quarter-finals of the 1986 FIFA World Cup, losing 2–1 to Argentina in a game made famous by two goals by Maradona for contrasting reasons, before losing every match in UEFA Euro 1988. They next went on to achieve their second best result in the 1990 FIFA World Cup by finishing fourth – losing again to West Germany in a semi-final finishing 1–1 after extra time 3–4 in England's first penalty shoot-out. Despite losing to Italy in the third place play-off, the members of the England team were given bronze medals identical to the Italians'; the England team of 1990 were welcomed home as heroes and thousands of people lined the streets, for a spectacular open-top bus parade.
However, the team did not win any matches in UEFA Euro 1992, drawing with tournament winners Denmark, with France, before being eliminated by host nation Sweden. The 1990s saw four England managers, each in the role for a brief period. Graham Taylor was Robson's successor, but resigned after England failed to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup after losing a controversial game against the Netherlands in Rotterdam. At UEFA Euro 1996, held in England, Terry Venables led England, equalling their best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semi-finals as they did in 1968, before exiting via a penalty shoot-out loss to Germany, he resigned following investigations into his financial activities. His successor, Glenn Hoddle left the job for non-footballing reasons after just one international tournament – the 1998 FIFA World Cup — in which England were eliminated in the second round again by Argentina and again on penalties. Following Hoddle's departure, Kevin Keegan took England to UEFA Euro 2000, but performances were disappointing and he resigned shortly afterwards.
Sven-Göran Eriksson took charge between 2001 and 2006, was the team's first non-English manager. He guided England to the quarter-finals of the 2002 FIFA World C