The Battle of Kresna Gorge was fought in 1913 between the Greeks and the Bulgarians during the Second Balkan War. It marked the last phase of the Greek advance into Bulgarian territory before the ceasefire, the battle was continued for eleven days, between July 8–18, over a front of 20 km, in a maze of forests and mountains. After the victorious Battle of Doiran the Greek forces continued their penetration north, on July 18, the 1st Greek Division, managed to drive back the Bulgarian rear guard and captured an important foothold at the southern end of the Kresna pass. In the pass, the Greeks were ambushed by the Bulgarian 2nd, however, after bitter fighting the Greek side managed to break through the Kresna pass. The Greek advance continued and on July 25, the village of Krupnik, north of the pass, was captured, forcing the Bulgarian troops to withdraw to Simitli. Simitli was also captured on July 26, while at the night of July 27–28 the Bulgarian forces were pushed north to Gorna Dzhumaya,76 km south of Sofia. Meanwhile, the Greek forces continued their march inland into western Thrace and on July 26, entered Xanthi, the Greek army was stopped in front of Gorna Dzhumaya by significant Bulgarian resistance. In July 28, the Greek forces resumed the attack and captured a line stretching from Cherovo to Hill 1378, southeast of Gorna Dzhumaya. However, on the evening of July 28, under heavy pressure, on the following day, the counterattacking Bulgarians attempted to encircle the outnumbered Greeks in a Cannae-type battle by applying pressure on their flanks. Nevertheless, the Greeks launched counter-attacks at Mehomia and to the west of Kresna, on the eastern flank, the Greek army launched an counterattack towards Mehomia through the Predela pass. The offensive was stopped by the Bulgarian army on the side of the pass. On the western flank, an offensive was launched against Charevo Selo with the objection of reaching the Serbian lines, however, after a three days fighting at the sectors of Pehchevo and Mahomia, the Greek forces retained their positions. On July 30, the Greek headquarters planned to launch a new attack in order to advance towards the sector of Gorna Dzhumaya, on that day hostilities continued with the Bulgarian forces deployed on strategic positions north and northeast of the town. The resulted general armistice, signed on July,311913 in Bucharest, armistice left both parties claiming victory. From the Greek point of view, after 11 days of attack the Bulgarians had clearly failed to turn the Greek armys flanks, and consequently they consider the battle a defensive victory. To the Bulgarians, the battle was a victory since their attack successfully stopped the Greek Armys advance towards Sofia, the Balkan Cockpit - The Political and Military Story of the Balkan Wars in Macedonia. The Balkan wars 1912 -1913, prelude to the First World War
Image: Greek advance Kresna 1913
Advance of the Greek forces after breaking through the Kresna Gorge (July, 25-30)
Demarcation line and disposition of the Greek forces, following the armistice.