Battle of Manila (1574)

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Siege of Manila
Part of the Spanish colonization of the Philippines
DateNovember 29, 1574
Location
Result Decisive Spanish victory
Belligerents
Spain Spanish Empire Chinese Pirates
Commanders and leaders
Spain Juan de Salcedo and Don Galo Limahong
Strength
600 total Spanish forces (300 troops imported from Mexico and 300 Ilocano Warriors from Bauang plus some unknown number of members of the village militia led by Don Galo[citation needed]) 62 war junks
6,500 soldiers, seaman, and colonists[1]

The Battle of Manila (1574) (Filipino: Labanan sa Maynila Spanish: Batallas de Manila) was a battle in the Manila area mainly in the location of what is now Parañaque between Chinese pirates, led by Limahong and the Spanish colonial forces and their native allies. The battle occurred on November 29, 1574[2] when Limahong's fleet landed in the town of Parañaque and from there, began to assault the fortifications of Intramuros. Initially, the inhabitants where disorganized and Limahong's forces routed them. Furthermore, the Chinese killed the Master-of-Camp of the Spanish, Martin de Goiti. This caused them to delay their assault on Manila as Martin de Goiti's house was an obstacle in their march.[3]

Limahong's forces laid siege to Manila until a force, led by Juan de Salcedo, of fifty Spanish musketeers broke the siege.[1] Having been defeated at Manila, Limahong retreated abandoned his plans to invade Manila and instead settling in Pangasinan.[4] A year later, forces again led by Salcedo defeated Limahong, leading to the Viceroy of Fukien to travel to the Philippines for the initial purpose of securing the release of Limahong, but ultimately establishing diplomatic relations between China and the Spanish Philippines.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Charles A. Truxillo (2012). Crusaders in the Far East: The Moro Wars in the Philippines in the Context of the Ibero-Islamic World War. Jain Publishing Company. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-89581-864-5.
  2. ^ Marciano R. De Borja (2005). Basques in the Philippines. University of Nevada Press. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-87417-590-5.
  3. ^ Bourne, Edward Gaylord (16 June 2004). Blair, Emma Helen; Robertson, James Alexander, eds. "The Philippine Islands, 1493-1803 — Volume 04 of 55". Gutenberg.org. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  4. ^ Lee Khoon Choy (26 March 2013). Golden Dragon And Purple Phoenix: The Chinese And Their Multi-ethnic Descendants In Southeast Asia. World Scientific. p. 62. ISBN 978-981-4518-49-9.
  • Stearn, Duncan, Chronology of South-East Asian History 1400-1996 (Dee Why, NSW: The Mitraphab Centre Pty Ltd., 1997).
  • "La Relación del suceso de la venida del tirano chino del gobernador Guido de Lavezares (1575): Épica española en Asia en el siglo XVI:" Edición, transcripción y notas (incluye facsimil del manuscrito original), Juan Francisco Maura. Lemir (Departamento de Filología Hispánica de la Universidad de Valencia), [1] 2004.

Coordinates: 14°35′N 120°58′E / 14.583°N 120.967°E / 14.583; 120.967