The Combat de la Martinique, or Battle of Martinique, was a naval encounter on 18 December 1779 between a British squadron under Admiral Hyde Parker and a French squadron under Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte near the island of Martinique in the West Indies. In the fall of 1779, a British fleet under Admiral Hyde Parker was anchored at St. Lucia, while a French fleet under Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte was undergoing a refit at the nearby island of Martinique in the West Indies. Parker was awaiting the arrival of Admiral George Brydges Rodney, to lead the 1780 campaign, his fleet was at rest, with crews ashore and repairs being made to some vessels. Around 8 am on 18 December, HMS Preston, stationed in the channel between the two islands, gave a signal indicating the arrival of an unknown fleet. Parker scrambled, managed to get five ships of the line and a 50-gun frigate out to meet the arriving fleet, which turned out to be a French supply fleet destined for Martinique.
Before La Motte was able to muster some of his ships to meet them, Parker managed to capture nine of the convoy ships, forcing four of them ashore. Parker, who has called on all his ships, now has 13 ships of the line, against only three for the French. La Motte left the anchorage at Fort Royal with his flagship Annibal and two ships of the line, Vengeur and Réfléchi; as his arrival was to the windward, he was able to cover the arrival of the remaining convoy ships. The British fleet, with HMS Conqueror in the lead, began beating against the wind to closing with the French fleet. By 5 pm, Conqueror came with the range of Annibal's guns, battle was engaged between those two, with the other French ships joining in; the defense of La Motte-Picquet is facilitated by the shore batteries firing on the vessels of Parker. By the time evening arrived, HMS Albion had come within range, but the action had worked its way toward shoals near Fort Royal, the French fleet was coming under the protection of the port's guns.
Parker called his fleet off at 6:45 pm, but one last broadside from the French fleet took the life of Conqueror's captain, Walter Griffith. The loss to the French convoy was significant with thirteen ships driven ashore. Parker was however satisfied with his squadrons conduct and the prizes captured but was with the French. La Motte's conduct during the battle impressed Hyde Parker sufficiently to make him send a congratulatory letter to his adversary when they had occasion to communicate via a truce flag: The conduct of your Excellency in the affair of the 18th of this month justifies the reputation which you enjoy among us, I assure you that I could not witness without envy the skill you showed on that occasion. Our enmity is transient, depending upon our masters.
Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe is an 1866-1867 painting by Claude Monet, a smaller version of a earlier work now in the Musée d'Orsay. It is now in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow. Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe was first exhibited in Louis Latouche's art gallery and for a time was in the collection of the opera singer Jean-Baptiste Faure, it was exhibited at the 1900 exhibition of Monet's works at the Durand-Ruel gallery and Alexandre Benois described it as "perhaps Monet's most brilliant work" and "one of the most beautiful of the entire 20th century" on seeing it at the Exposition Universelle. Sergei Shchukin bought the painting from Monet himself in November 1904 for 30,000 francs via the art dealer Paul Cassirer, the thirteenth Monet work he acquired, his collection was seized by the Soviet state in May 1918, with Le Déjeuner going to the State Museum of New Western Art and from 1948 in its present home
Emmanuïl Bogdanovych Chekaliuk was a Ukrainian petroleum engineer and statistical thermodynamicist. He first produced rigorous physical and mathematical evidences of petroleum thermodynamic stability at mantlean conditions. Since the 1990s the heavy hydrocarbons mixture enriched with organometallic compounds is known as "Chekaliuk’s petroleum". Born in the family of a parson he graduated from Electromechanics Faculty at Lviv Polytech Institute in 1933 and worked as an electrician at Kalush potash plant and received the job of an engineer at the factory for domestic electric appliances in Warsaw, his first research paper on electrophysics was published in Przeglad electrotechniczny Jour. in 1938. After WW II he come back to Ukraine and linked his career with petroleum industry and passed through all positions from a field engineer to a director of large production enterprise. In 1951 Chekaliuk started to work at Central Research Lab of Ukrnafta Co. in Boryslav, in 1955 he joined Ukrainian Research Geoexploration Institute.
Defended his PhD thesis entitled "Non-stationary phenomena of homogeneous liquid inflow from porous medium" at Lviv Polytech Inst. in 1957. A Dr. Sc. Dissertation in Engineering "Some thermodynamic phenomena in porous medium and the ways of their application to petroleum industry" was defended in Moscow at All-Union Research Institute for Petroleum in 1962, he studied different aspects of reservoir properties, filtration of liquids and gases, physical parameters of deep oils, pay zone testing, production well-logging, oil field development, enhanced oil recovery, thermodynamics of hydrocarbon deposits, liquidation of accidental gas gushers. Since 1964 he worked for Inst. of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, Nat’l Ac. Sci. Ukraine, in Lviv where he headed the Abyssal Hydrocarbons Dept. and coined new scientific trend of petroleum geology, geo-thermodynamics. With his colleagues he developed a principally new technology of enhanced oil recovery from the deep pools using the water with higher thermodynamic parameters.
He has determined the optimal depth to preserve mantlean hydrocarbons and calculated their chemical composition and with his teammates conducted first experiments on high temperature synthesis of hydrocarbon systems in hydrocarbonate medium. He studied the problem of hydrocarbon systems kinetic transformation at sedimentary cover conditions. Besides, he interested in theoretical physics and published a fundamental monograph "Gnoseological potential of classical mechanics" and several articles on the topic, he generated more than 170 research publications, including 9 monographs and received 14 inventor's certificates related to hydrocarbon fields development and enhanced oil recovery. His technology applying the special water solution for oil recovery was patented in the UK, Mexico. Soviet authorities did not value Chekaliuk's work because his own brother was a soldier of Ukrainian Insurgent Army and sentenced to 25 years of imprisonment. Therefore, Chekaliuk had no chance to become a Member of UkrSSR Academy of Sciences, to head the institute or to travel abroad.
Chekaliuk E. B, 1961. Basics of oil and gas pools piezometry. - Kiev, GosTechIzdat. - 268 p. Chekaliuk E. B. 1965. Thermodynamics of oil pay zone. – Moscow, Nedra Press. - 240 p. Chekaliuk E. B. 1966. Petroleum in the Earth's upper mantle. In: Problem of oil gas origin and formation of their commercial accumulations. - Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. - p. 49-62 Chekaliuk E. B. 1967. Petroleum in the Earth's upper mantle. – Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. - 256 p. Chekaliuk, E. B. 1971. The thermodynamic basis for the theory of the abiotic genesis of petroleum. – Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. – 256 p. Chekaliuk, E. B. Fedortsov I. M. Ossadchy V. G. 1974. Field geothermal surveying. - Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. - 103 p. Chekaliuk E. B. 1975. Thermodynamic properties of hydrocarbon systems. In: Problems of Endogenous petroleum geology and geochemistry. – Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. - pp. 30–39 Chekaliuk E. B. 1971. Petroleum-producing layer of the Earth's upper mantle. In: Genesis of oil and gas and formation of their commercial accumulations. – Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. - pp. 37–51 Chekaliuk E.
B. 1976. The thermal stability of hydrocarbon systems in geothermodynamic systems. In: Earth's Outgassing and Geotectonics, P. N. Kropotkin, Ed. - pp. 267–272 Chekaliuk E. B. 1975. Energetic processes in the interior part of their role in the formation of oil fields. In: Regularities of formation and distribution of commercial oil and gas fields. - Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. - p. 66-76. Chekaliuk E. B. and Filyas Yu. I.1977. Water-oil solutions. – Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. – 128 p. Chekaliuk E. B. 1978. Gnoseological potential of classical mechanics. - Lviv. Dep. in VINITI, October 3, 1978. - 248 p. Chekaliuk E. B. and Oganov V. A. 1979. Thermal methods to improve oil recovery. – Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. – 208 p. Chekaliuk E. B. and Boyko G. E. 1982. Geo-thermodynamic evidences for abyssal genesis of oil. In: Peculiarities of the Earth's crust abyssal structure and theoretical provisions of inorganic origin of petroleum. – Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. - pp. 185–210 Chekaliuk E. B. 1986. Towards the problem of oil synthesis at great depths.
Carlos Alberto Poblete is a former Chilean Football player. He is the head coach of Puebla F. C. in Mexico's Liga MX. He began his career with the Chilean club Universidad de Chile in 1980 where he played until 1986 when he transferred to the Mexican club Puebla FC. During his first year he scored 8 goals in 35 games, which did not convince the coach or the owners, so he was sent out on loan to crosstown rival Ángeles de Puebla. While playing there he scored 20 goals, which got the attention of Puebla FC's coach, so he was transferred back. In the 1988-89 tournament he scored 23 goals. In 1989-90 he increased his goal scoring further, scoring 22, including 2 in the 1989 final against Leones Negros. After the 1992 tournament, with the club in hiatus after losing the 1992 final, he was transferred to Cruz Azul where he managed to score 14 goals. In the 1993 tournament he was sent to Veracruz. In 1995, he returned to Puebla FC, he finished with 83. At the end of the tournament he left for his native Chile where he played with Club Deportivo O'Higgins for the 1996 tournament.
Barry and Holly Tashian are an American country and bluegrass duo. They are both musicians, they have performed and recorded together since 1972. The Tashians have recorded seven albums since 1989, they have been awarded the National Association of Independent Record Distributors award for their album "Straw into Gold". Barry has three CDs out with The Remains, they received a Boston Music Award for Best Country album for "Straw Into Gold". In 1998 their album, "Harmony" was nominated for Bluegrass Album of the Year by the Nashville Music Awards; as songwriters and Holly have written for Kenny Rogers, Solomon Burke, Ty England, Daniel O'Donnell, The Nashville Bluegrass Band, Roland White, Kate Brislin and Jody Stecher, Niall Toner and many others. Barry Tashian first won acclaim as a member of The Remains. Barry made his TV debut in 1958 on “American Bandstand”, he later was a member of Emmylou Harris' Hot Band. Barry and Holly have recorded with Tom Paxton, Charlie Louvin, Nanci Griffith, Iris DeMent, Suzy Bogguss, Delia Bell.
They have performed at the MerleFest, Strawberry Music Festival, Swiss Alps Country Music Festival, Lincoln Center, the Bethlehem, PA Musikfest, numerous European and Australian festivals. They released three albums on the Rounder Records label, they have been profiled in The Boston Globe, The Boston Herald, The Los Angeles Times, The Tennessean, The Columbia Dispatch, many other newspapers, Billboard, Rolling Stone, other magazines. Barry and Holly Tashian have appeared as a duo on many nationally syndicated radio shows, including A Prairie Home Companion with Garrison Keillor, E-Town, Grand Ole Opry, BBC Radio, World Café, they have appeared on many nationally syndicated television programs, including TNN shows American Music Shop, Grand Ole Opry Live' and Backstage at the Opry. They have performed at the Merle Watson Festival, Strawberry Music Festival, Swiss Alps Country Music Festival, Lincoln Center, Bethlehem Musik Festival, numerous European and Australian festivals, their songwriting cuts include The Nashville Bluegrass Band, Emmylou Harris, Kenny Rogers, Roland White, The Gordons, Ty England, Special Consensus, more.
Their son Daniel Tashian is the leader of Nashville pop band The Silver Seas. Trust In Me Ready for Love Straw Into Gold Live in Holland Harmony At Home Long Story Short National Association of Independent Record Distributors - Country Album of the Year for "Straw Into Gold" Boston Music Award for Best Country album Official website
The following events occurred in July 1970: The western section of Pakistan the province of West Pakistan, was reorganized into four sub-national provinces, each with its own provincial government, a system, in effect for the nation of Pakistan since. President Yahya Khan had announced the division on November 28 and ordered the transition on April 1 The four provinces created were Balochistan, the North-West Frontier Province and Sindh. East Pakistan, which continued to be a single province, would secede less than a year and become the nation of Bangladesh. Police in Rio de Janeiro rescued all 40 people on a hijacked jet airplane, after the four hijackers had threatened to kill passengers "one by one" if their demands to be flown to Cuba were not met; the jet had taken off from Rio on a multistop flight to Buenos Aires in Argentina landed back at Rio when the crew convinced the hijackers that the jet would have to refuel before its flight to Cuba. Upon arrival in Rio, local police flattened the jet's tires with machine gun fire.
In a special Congressional election in California to fill the unexpired terms of two U. S. Representatives who had died in office, the voting public approved two Republican candidates who became, at the time, the only acknowledged members of the ultra-conservative John Birch Society to serve in the House. John G. Schmitz took the 35th District seat of James B. Utt, who had died of a heart attack on March 1. John H. Rousselot of the 24th District succeeded Glenard P. Lipscomb, who died of cancer on February 1. Conservative Party rule began in the House of Commons after Queen Elizabeth II addressed the Commons and the House of Lords for the traditional State Opening of Parliament; the Queen spoke on the plans of Edward Heath's government for reducing taxes, reforming relations between management and labor, curbing immigration and reducing the government's intervention in business affairs. Prime Minister Heath addressed the Commons and said that he planned to lift the ban on the sale of weapons to South Africa.
Born: Derrick Adkins, American track athlete and 1996 Olympic gold medalist in 400m hurdles. The De Havilland Comet had been chartered to take 105 passengers from northern England to Spain for a 13-day holiday vacation, had departed Manchester earlier. Born: Audra McDonald, American stage actress and six-time Tony Award winner. Only 10 radio stations carried the syndicated program The first song introduced was Marvin Gaye's recording of "The End of Our Road", the first number one hit was "Mama Told Me Not to Come" by Three Dog Night The French Army detonated a 914 kiloton hydrogen bomb over its atmospheric test site at the Mururoa Atoll at 5:30 in the morning local time as part of a program to make a thermonuclear weapon small enough to be deliverable by a missile. Four previous tests had been made since June 15 of atomic bombs designed to trigger the thermonuclear reaction; the bomb was kept 1,800 feet above the ocean by a balloon. France's Defense Minister, Michel Debre, watched the test from the deck of the French warship De Grasse from a distance of 30 miles A crowd of 400,000 people gathered in front of the Washington Monument in Washington, D.
C. for "Honor America Day", hosted by comedian Bob Hope and featuring other entertainers "to celebrate the nation's 194th birthday". The organizers— Hope, evangelist Billy Graham and Readers Digest editor Hobart Lewis— promised in advance that they would keep the speeches and performances "scrupulously nonpolitical" attracted a smaller group of anti-war protesters, but remained calm. A 19-year-old man was killed by two lions at the Portland Zoo in Oregon, after he and two companions broke into the zoo after closing time. Roger Adams sat at the edge of the 16 feet deep lion pit lowered himself over the edge and fell the rest of the way when one of the lions knocked him down. In the early morning hours before the zoo reopened, an unknown person shot and killed the two lions, "Caesar" and "Sis" in an apparent retaliation for Adams's death All 109 persons aboard Air Canada Flight 621 were killed as the Super DC-8 airliner crashed while on its approach to Toronto International Airport The jet had departed from Montreal on a multi-stop flight with a final scheduled destination of Los Angeles.
Luis Echeverría Álvarez was elected President of Mexico by an overwhelming margin, his party, the PRI won all 60 of the seats in the Senate of Mexico and 178 of the 213 seats in the Chamber of Deputies. The PRI had ruled continuously since 1929. Echeverría had 86% of the vote against his opponent, Efraín González Morfín of the conservative PAN party. None of the five political parties in parliamentary elections in Cyprus received a majority although the Eniaion party won 15 of the 35 available seats. Under the Cypriot constitution, the unicameral parliament ha