Battle of Ichi-no-Tani
Ichi-no-Tani was a Taira defensive position at Suma, to the west of present-day Kobe, Japan. It sat on a narrow strip of shore, between mountains on the north, the sea to the south; this made it quite defensible, but made it difficult to maneuver troops inside the fortress. The Taira suffered a crucial defeat to the forces of Noriyori. Yoshitsune split his force in two. Noriyori's force attacked the Taira in the woods a short distance to the east. A second detachment, no more than a hundred horsemen under Yoshitsune, attacked the Taira at Ichinotani from the mountain ridge to the north. At the chosen hour, the Minamoto forces attacked causing confusion amongst the Taira who neither deploy nor retreat. Only about 3000 Taira escaped to Yashima, while Shigehira captured. Killed from the Taira clan were Lord Michimori, Noritsune, Moromori, Tomoakira and Moritoshi. Ichi-no-Tani is one of the most famous battles of the Genpei War, in large part due to the individual combats that occurred here. Benkei the most famous of all warrior monks, fought alongside the Minamoto Yoshitsune here, many of the Taira's most important and powerful warriors were present as well.
The death of Taira no Atsumori at the hand of Kumagai no Naozane is a famous passage in Heike Monogatari. It has been dramatized in noh and kabuki, in popular fiction, Oda Nobunaga is portrayed as performing the noh at his own death; the death of Atsumori is arguably among the most celebrated acts of single combat in all of Japanese history. Ichi-no-Tani is the last recorded instance in which crossbows were used in a Japanese siege
Battle of Uji (1180)
The first battle of Uji is famous and important for having opened the Genpei War. In early 1180, Prince Mochihito, the Minamoto Clan's favored claimant to the Imperial Throne, was chased by Taira forces to the Mii-dera, a temple just outside Kyoto. Due to the interference of a Mii-dera monk with Taira sympathies, the Minamoto army arrived too late to help defend the temple. Minamoto no Yorimasa and Prince Mochihito, along with a force of about fifteen hundred men including the warrior monks of Mii-dera and the Watanabe clan, fled south towards Nara, they crossed the Uji River, just outside the Byōdō-in, tore up the planks of the bridge behind them to prevent the Taira following them. Three warrior monks in particular are named in the Heike Monogatari: Gochi-in no Tajima, Tsutsui Jōmyō Meishū, Ichirai Hōshi; these three, along with the other monks of Mii-dera, fought with bow and arrow, a variety of swords and daggers, naginata. As for the Heike troops, they were led by Ashikaga Tadatsuna, one of the few warrior of direct Minamoto descent who stayed loyal to his oath to the Taira family when it was crumbling around him, until he and his father were murdered by one of their retainers, Kiryū Rokurō.
A young hero of 18 years old, Tadatsuna is remembered as having the strength of hundred men, a voice echoed over 10 li, teeth of 1 sun long. Describing it as such, Azuma Kagami further stated that "there will be no warrior in future ages like this Tadatsuna." Led by their young general, the Taira force soon began to ford the river and caught up with the Minamoto. Tadatsuna was the first warrior on the frontline, gallantly proclaimed his name and lineage before charging the enemies, as it was the traditional custom. Yorimasa tried to help the Imperial Prince get away, but was struck with an arrow in the right elbow. While his sons and Kanetsuna were dying to fend off the enemies eager for the old man's head, Yorimasa committed seppuku."Yorimasa committed hara-kiri in a way, to set the standard for generations to come."As for Prince Mochihito, he was captured and killed shortly afterwards by the Taira warriors. Turnbull, Stephen. Japanese Warrior Monks AD 949-1603. Oxford: Osprey Publishing
Battle of Yahagi-gawa
The Battle of Yahagi-gawa took place in 1181. Retreating from the Battle of Sunomata-gawa, Minamoto no Yukiie attempted to make a stand by destroying the bridge over the Yahagi River and putting up a defensive shieldwall, he was forced to withdraw in the end, but the Taira pursuit was soon called off when their leader, fell ill
Kurashiki is a historic city located in western Okayama Prefecture, sitting on the Takahashi River, on the coast of the Inland Sea. As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 483,576 and a population density of 1,400 persons per km²; the total area is 355.63 km². The modern city of Kurashiki was founded on April 1, 1928, it was the site of clashes between the Taira and Minamoto clans during the Heian period. It developed as a river port. During the Edo period, it became an area directly controlled by the shogunate. Distinctive white-walled, black-tiled warehouses were built to store goods. During the Meiji Restoration, factories were built, including the Ohara Spinning Mill, which still stands as the nostalgic tourist attraction Ivy Square. On August 1, 2005, the town of Mabi, the town of Funao were merged with Kurashiki. Kurashiki is the home of Japan's first museum for the Ohara Museum of Art. Established in 1930 by Magosaburō Ōhara, it contains paintings by El Greco, Matisse and Renoir.
The collection presents fine examples of Asian and contemporary art. The main building is designed in the style of Neoclassicism; the old merchant quarter is called the Bikan historical area. It contains many fine examples of 17th century wooden warehouses painted white with traditional black tiles, along a canal framed with weeping willows and filled with koi; the area has no electric poles in order to make it more resemble the look of the Meiji period. One of the city's former town halls was located in the Kurashiki Kan, a European style building constructed in 1917. In 1997 a theme park called. After ten years of operation it was closed with a massive debt; the Great Seto Bridge connects the city to Sakaide in Kagawa Prefecture across the Inland Sea. Kenzo Tange, winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture, designed the former Kurashiki City Hall in 1960; the city is home to one public university. Kurashiki University of Science and the Arts Kurashiki Sakuyo University Kawasaki College of Allied Health Professions Kurashiki City College Okayama College Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare Kawasaki Medical School Kawasaki Medical University The city has a North Korean school, Okayama Korean Elementary and Junior High School.
Kurashiki has a variety of Sports clubs, including former Japan Football League side Mitsubishi Mizushima. Mitsubishi Motors Mizushima FC - Soccer JX Nippon Oil & Energy Mizushima F. C. - Soccer Kurashiki Oceans - Baseball Kurashiki Peach Jacks - Baseball Kurashiki maintains the following sister/friendship cities: Sankt Pölten, September 29, 1957 Kansas City, United States since May 28, 1972 Christchurch, New Zealand, March 7, 1973 Zhenjiang, China, November 18, 1997 Ahn Young-Hak, Japanese-born North Korean football midfielder Senichi Hoshino, baseball player Keitarou Izawa, a.k.a. Ichiyo Izawa, frontman of Appa and former member of Tokyo Jihen Kibi Makibi and noble during the Nara period Magosaburō Ōhara and philanthropist Yasuharu Ōyama, shogi player, the 15th Lifetime Meijin Daisuke Takahashi, figure skater Joichiro Tatsuyoshi, boxer Makiko Ohmoto, voice actress Keiji Tanaka, figure skater Kurashiki City official website Kurashiki City official website Ryokan Kurashiki website Kurashiki's Sister/Friendship Cities
Taira no Tomomori
Taira no Tomomori was the son of Taira no Kiyomori, one of the Taira Clan's chief commanders in the Genpei War at the end of the Heian period of Japanese history. He was the victor at the Battle of Uji in 1180, at the Battle of Yahagigawa in 1181, after forcing the enemy Minamoto forces to retreat, Tomomori fell ill, so the pursuit was ended. Tomomori was again victorious over the Minamoto in a naval battle at Mizushima two years later; the Taira forces tied their ships together, to create a larger stable surface to fire arrows from, to engage in hand-to-hand combat. At the Battle of Dan-no-ura, when the Taira were decisively beaten by their rivals, Tomomori joined many of his fellow clan members in committing suicide, he tied an anchor to his feet and leapt into the sea. Tomomori has become a popular subject for kabuki plays
Takamatsu is a city located in central Kagawa Prefecture on the island of Shikoku in Japan, is the capital city of the prefectural government. It is designated a core city by the Japanese Government, it is a port city located on the Seto Inland Sea, is the closest port to Honshu from Shikoku island. For this reason it flourished under the daimyōs as a castle town in the fiefdom of Takamatsu, during the Edo period. Takamatsu is a city with a large concentration of nationwide companies' branch offices, which play a large role in its economy, it contains most of the national government's branch offices for Shikoku; the castle tower used as the symbol of the city was destroyed during the Meiji period. In 2004, construction of the Symbol Tower, the new symbol of Takamatsu, was completed; the Symbol Tower is located in the Sunport area of the city. The Symbol Tower is the tallest building in Takamatsu, is right next to another tall building The JR Clement Hotel, part of the Sunport complex; the Sunport Takamatsu covers the area of the Symbol Tower, the JR Clement Hotel, a miniature mall called Maritime Plaza.
The Takamatsu Bus station is located right next to Maritime Plaza. Various Buses including the Kotoden Bus run through town, to Ritsurin Park, to the airport. Sunport Takamatsu is connected to the ports of Takamatsu; the Takamatsu metropolitan region has a population of 838,788, making it the largest in Shikoku. Takamatsu Airport is located in Takamatsu. On September 26, 2005, the town of Shionoe was merged into Takamatsu. On January 10, 2006, Takamatsu absorbed the towns of Aji and Mure, the towns of Kagawa and Kōnan, the town of Kokubunji to create the new and expanded city of Takamatsu; as of October 1, 2010, the city has an estimated population of 419,429 with a population density of 1,118 persons per km². The total area is 375.11 square kilometres following the September 26, 2005, January 10, 2006, expansions. The city was founded on February 15, 1890, it had been a political and economic center in this area since the Edo period when the Matsudaira clan made Takamatsu the capital of their han.
Takamatsu was selected as a target by the United States' XXI Bomber Command because the city was thought to be an important focal point of Shikoku's rail and road transit systems, containing some industry vital to supporting the war effort. On July 3, 1945, towards the end of World War II, at 6:40 PM 128 B-29 aircraft took off to bomb Takamatsu. Over 800 tons of incendiary bombs were dropped on Takamatsu, destroying 78% of the built-up areas of the city; the city's major tourist attraction is Ritsurin Garden, a feudal lord garden created in the Edo period. Designated as a Special Place of Scenic Beauty by the Japanese government, Ritsurin Garden is popular during spring and autumn where night-time illuminations showcase cherry blossoms and autumn colours respectively. Takamatsu Castle is known for using seawater in its moat and the old keep of the castle was restored and opened for public viewing. In the east of Takamatsu City lies the Yashima lava plateau, home to various sightseeing spots.
At the base of the mountain is the open air museum Shikoku Mura where aspects of regional history and culture are exhibited. On the mountain itself is number 84 of the Shikoku 88 temple pilgrimage. At the top of the mountain there is an observation deck which offers views across the Seto Inland Sea. Takamatsu acts as a hub to access various islands of the Seto Inland Sea; these include, Ogijima, Teshima and Shōdoshima. Since 2010, along with these islands and more, has been host to the Setouchi Triennale, a contemporary art festival with many outdoor exhibitions by prominent artists from across the world. Companies headquartered in the city include: Shikoku Railway Company Tadano Limited Shikoku ShimbunAsiana Airlines operates a sales office on the twelfth floor of the Nihon Seimei Ekimae Building in Takamatsu. Kagawa University Kagawa Prefectural College of Health Sciences Takamatsu University JR Shikoku Takamatsu Station has trains to Okayama Station on Honshū via the Seto-Ōhashi Bridge, to destinations around Shikoku.
A local tram service operated by Kotoden connects much of Takamatsu. The Kotoden trains leave from Takamatsu Chikko Station, a much smaller station than Takamatsu Station, Kawaramachi Station, a station located within the Flag department store of Takamatsu; this train service, as well as local buses operated by Kotoden accept a contactless payment card for travel called an IruCa. Long distance coach services operate from the city to destinations such as Ōsaka, Kyoto and Hiroshima; the Shinwa-kai yakuza syndicate is based in Takamatsu. The Shinwa-kai is the only designated yakuza group based in the Shikoku region. In October 2017 Japan Today reported 5 people received minor injuries when a wild boar entered a local Aeon mall. Kagawa Five Arrows Kagawa Olive Guyners Kamatamare Sanuki Kagawa Ice Fellows Takamatsu is twinned with: St. Petersburg, United States Tours, France Takamatsu has friendship arrangements with: Nanchang, China Takamatsu is the main setting of Haruki Murakami's novel Kafka on the Shore.
Hara, Tameichi. "Born A Samurai". Japanese Destroyer Captain. New York & Toronto: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-1-59114-354-3. OCLC 255849609; the author gives an account of his childhood there. Takamatsu is the main setting of Poco's Udon World This manga had