The Battle of Mohi known as Battle of the Sajó River or Battle of the Tisza River, was the main battle between the Mongol Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary during the Mongol invasion of Europe. It took place at southwest of the Sajó River. After the invasion, Hungary lay in ruins. Nearly half of the inhabited places had been destroyed by the invading armies. Around 15–25 percent of the population was lost in lowland areas in the Great Hungarian Plain, the southern reaches of the Hungarian plain in the area now called the Banat and in southern Transylvania; the Mongols attacked Eastern Europe with five distinct armies. Two of them attacked through Poland in order to protect the flank from Bela's Polish cousins, winning several victories. Most notably, they defeated the army of Duke Henry II the Pious of Silesia at Legnica. A southern army attacked Transylvania, crushed the Transylvanian armies; the main army led by Khan Batu and Subutai attacked Hungary through the fortified Verecke Pass and annihilated the army led by Denis Tomaj, the count palatine on 12 March 1241, while the final army under Batu's brother Shiban marched in an arc north of the main force.
Prior to the invasion, King Bela had supervised the construction of dense natural barriers along Hungary's eastern border intending to slow the Mongol advance and obstruct their movement. However, the Mongols possessed specialized units who cleared the paths with great rapidity, removing the obstacles in just 3 days. Combined with the extreme speed of the Mongol advance, called "lightning" by a European observer, the Hungarians lacked time to properly group their forces. In 1223, the expanding Mongol Empire defeated a group of semi-allied Rus city states at the Kalka River using their famous tactic of the feigned retreat under Subutai and Jebe; this was part of their great cavalry raid to explore the lands beyond their knowledge under the direction of Genghis Khan. The defeated princes of Rus that were captured by the Mongols were crushed alive under a victory platform following the battle. At this time, the Mongols were purely an expeditionary force in Europe, did not lay siege unto major cities such as Kiev until decades under the direction of Genghis Khan’s successor, Ogedei.
Hungary had tried to convert the Cumans to Christianity and expand its influence over them for several decades beforehand. The Hungarian King Béla IV began to use the title "King of Cumania"; when Cuman refugees sought refuge in his kingdom, it seemed that at least a portion of the Cumans had accepted Hungarian rule. The Mongols saw Hungary as a rival, the Cuman migration to Hungary as a casus belli. In their ultimatum they blamed Hungary for "missing envoys"; the Mongolian threat appeared during a time of political turmoil in Hungary. Traditionally, the base of royal power consisted of vast estates owned as royal property. Under King Andrew II, donations of land to nobles by the crown reached a new peak: whole counties were donated; as Andrew II said, "The best measure of royal generosity is measureless". After Béla IV inherited his father's throne he began to reconfiscate Andrew’s donations and to execute or expel his advisers, he denied the nobles' right of personal hearings and accepted only written petitions to his chancellery.
He had the chairs of the council chamber taken away in order to force everybody to stand in his presence. His actions caused great disaffection among the nobles; the newly arrived and grateful Cumans gave the king more power but caused more friction. The nomadic Cumans did not integrate with the settled Hungarians and the nobles were shocked that the king supported the Cumans in quarrels between the two. King Béla began to mobilise his army and ordered all of his troops, including the Cumans, to the city of Pest. Frederick II, Duke of Austria and Styria arrived there to help him. At this moment, the conflict between Cumans and Hungarians caused riots and the Cuman khan—who had been under the personal protection of the king—was murdered; some sources mention the role of Duke Frederick in inciting this riot. Another possibility is that Mongol spies helped spread rumors of the supposed Cuman-Mongol alliance to cause panic, similar to what the Mongols had done in the invasion of Khwarezm; the Cumans believed that they had been betrayed, left the country to the south, pillaging all the way.
The full mobilisation was unsuccessful. Many nobles refused to take part in the campaign because they hated the king and desired his downfall; the loss of the Cumans was painful for Béla, because they were the one army in Europe who had experience fighting the Mongols. The Mongol vanguard began to pillage the neighbouring area. King Béla forbade his men to attack them. So, Duke Frederick attacked and defeated a minor raiding party and used this to attempt to smear Bela as a coward. After this "heroic" act, Duke Frederick returned home. Meanwhile, the Mongols had destroyed several other Hungarian forces that were unable to link up with the main army in time. Ugrin Csák, Archbishop of Kalocsa tried to attack a Mongol contingent, but he was lured to a swamp and his armoured cavalry became irretrievably stuck in it, he escaped with his life. The army of the Count Palatine was annihilated, as mentioned; the southern Mongol army defeated another Hungarian force at Nagyvárad. The king decided to offer the Mongols battle, but they b
Marhi Panuan is a village located in Batala Tehsil of Gurdaspur district in Punjab, India. As per 2016 status, Marhi Panuan village is a gram panchayat. Marhi Panuan lies in a fertile, alluvial plain with an irrigation canal system, it is situated 34.3 kilometres away from sub-district headquarter Batala and 40.5 kilometres away from district headquarters Gurdaspur. The geography and subtropical climate of Marhi Panuan leads to large variations in temperature from month to month, it experiences temperatures around 5 °C from December to February, when ground frost is found. The temperature rises with high humidity and overcast skies. However, the rise in temperature is steep when humidity is low. Maximum temperatures occur in mid-May and June; the temperature remains above 40 °C during this period. Marhi Panuan has a population of 3388 of which 1746 are males while 1642 are females as per Population Census 2011; the village has 633 households. The population of children with age 0-6 is 11.48 % of the total.
The average sex ratio of the village is 940, higher than Punjab state average of 895. Child sex ratio for the village as per census is 852, higher than Punjab average of 846. Marhi Panuan has one middle school and one high school; the average literacy rate was 65% in 2011 compared to 75.84% of Punjab. Male literacy stands at 69% while female literacy rate was 60%. Punjabi Kabaddi and volleyball are the three most popular sports
Darby Joseph Hendrickson is an American former professional ice hockey center. He played in the NHL with the Toronto Maple Leafs, New York Islanders, Vancouver Canucks, Minnesota Wild and the Colorado Avalanche, is an assistant coach with the Minnesota Wild, he was drafted in the fourth round, seventy-third overall, by the Toronto Maple Leafs in the 1990 NHL Entry Draft. After being named Minnesota Mr. Hockey in 1991 for his play at Richfield Senior High School, Hendrickson entered the University of Minnesota, he played for two seasons with the Golden Gophers before joining Toronto's American Hockey League affiliate, the St. John's Maple Leafs, in the 1993–94 season. After playing on the United States hockey team in the 1994 Winter Olympics, he made his NHL debut with Toronto during the 1994 Stanley Cup Playoffs, appearing in two games. Other than a brief move to the New York Islanders during the 1995–96 season, Hendrickson remained with the Maple Leafs until midway through the 1998–99 season, when he was traded to the Vancouver Canucks in exchange for Chris McAllister on February 16, 1999.
The Canucks left him unprotected in the 2000 NHL Expansion Draft, he was selected by the Minnesota Wild. After three-plus seasons with the Wild, Hendrickson was traded during the 2003–04 season on February 25, 2004, along with an 8th round draft pick, to the Colorado Avalanche in exchange for a 4th round pick, which in turn was traded to the Ottawa Senators in exchange for center Todd White. During 2004–05 NHL lockout Hendrickson, as a friend of Sergei Zholtok, played 7 games in Latvian hockey league club HK Riga 2000, but after the death of Zholtok he left the club. Hendrickson spent two seasons from 2005-07 playing for EC Salzburg in the Austrian EBEL before retiring, he worked as a Wild commentator for FSN North, on March 27, 2008, he was named Northwest Divisional Representative by the NHLPA. Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database
Barbara Evelyn Bailey is an educator and gender studies scholar from Kingston, Jamaica. In addition to her education work, she has represented Jamaica at numerous conferences and assemblies regarding women's rights. In 2008 she was elected by the state parties as a member of the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. Bailey attended the University of the West Indies, where she received a Bachelor of Science in microbiology in 1974, a Master of Arts in education in 1983, a Ph. D. in education in 1987. She worked as a lecturer at UWI from 1980 to 1996. From 1995 to 2010, she served as regional coordinator of the University's Institute for Gender and Development Studies. In 2003, Bailey was named Professor of Gender & Education at UWI. Bailey became inadvertently involved in the international women's movement in the 1980s when she was invited to head the National Executive of Methodist Women in Jamaica. Through her work there and as founding member and president of the Women in the Methodist Church in the Caribbean and the Americas, she became interested in ways to empower women through social outreach programs.
In 1985, Bailey was part of the Jamaican delegation to the Third World Conference on Women in Nairobi, Kenya. She was part of her country's delegation in 1995 for the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. In 2000 she participated in the follow-up meeting, "Beijing + 5,", held at the UN General Assembly in New York City. Bailey served as chair of the National Gender Advisory Committee for Jamaica, working to develop policy that would promote gender equality and social justice within the country; the states parties elected Bailey as a member of the CEDAW Committee to serve from January 2009 through the end of 2012. This committee monitors countries' compliance with the CEDAW Convention, which provides a series of articles aiming to end discrimination against women. In a 2015 interview, Bailey recognized the complexities of reaching women's equality, naming "entrenched patriarchal ideology" as the primary factor in structural and ideological inequality. In 2008, Bailey was awarded the CARICOM Triennial Award for Women
In mathematics, a radial function is a function defined on a Euclidean space Rn whose value at each point depends only on the distance between that point and the origin. For example, a radial function Φ in two dimensions has the form Φ = φ, r = x 2 + y 2 where φ is a function of a single non-negative real variable. Radial functions are contrasted with spherical functions, any decent function on Euclidean space can be decomposed into a series consisting of radial and spherical parts: the solid spherical harmonic expansion. A function is radial; that is, ƒ is radial if and only if f ∘ ρ = f for all ρ ∈ SO, the special orthogonal group in n dimensions. This characterization of radial functions makes it possible to define radial distributions; these are distributions S on Rn such that S = S for every test function φ and rotation ρ. Given any function ƒ, its radial part is given by averaging over spheres centered at the origin. To wit, ϕ = 1 ω n − 1 ∫ S n − 1 f d x ′ where ωn−1 is the surface area of the -sphere Sn−1, r = |x|, x′ = x/r.
It follows by Fubini's theorem that a locally integrable function has a well-defined radial part at every r. The Fourier transform of a radial function is radial, so radial functions play a vital role in Fourier analysis. Furthermore, the Fourier transform of a radial function has stronger decay behavior at infinity than non-radial functions: for radial functions bounded in a neighborhood of the origin, the Fourier transform decays faster than R−/2; the Bessel functions are a special class of radial function that arise in Fourier analysis as the radial eigenfunctions of the Laplacian. Radial basis function Elias. J.: Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-08078-9
Divya S. Menon is an Indian musician and television anchor from Kerala. Divya is a playback singer in Malayalam cinema, who has recorded songs for Tamil and Telugu films. Divya started anchoring musical shows in Asianet Cable Vision and has done musical shows in Yes Indiavision and Kairali Channels. Divya S Menon started her film career by singing for the 2009 film Ee Pattanathil Bhootham, she was noticed by Shaan Rahman while anchoring music shows and picked her for Vineeth Sreenivasan – Shaan Rahman debut album, Coffee @ MG Road. She have sung in multiple albums in the series. Divya has sung in Vineeth Sreenivasan's super hit romantic movie, Thattathin Marayathu composed by Shaan Rahman, she has been associated with Vineeth – Shaan ventures, including Malarvadi Arts Club. In 2014 the hit wedding song "Thudakkham Maangalyam" from Anjali Menon's Bangalore Days gave her much popularity which she sang along with, along with Vijay Yesudas and Sachin Warrier composed by Gopi Sunder. In 2015 Divya was noticed more promptly when she sang the song "Puthumazhayai" from Martin Prakkat's Charlie composed by Gopi Sundar while the same song was sung by Shreya Ghoshal too.
She sang several ad jingles for various music composers both in Malayalam and Tamil. Divya was born in Thrissur, Kerala, to Mr. Soman Kurup, a mechanical engineer and his wife Meena Soman, she was started singing at an early age of Seven. Divya's father was on a transferable job and hence she attended schools including Kendriya Vidyalaya and Bhavans Vidhya Mandir across India, she graduated with a bachelor's degree in Commerce from Sree Kerala Varma College and went on to pursue her master's degree in Fashion Designing from St. Teresa's College, Ernakulam, she is married to Reghu Mohan on 20 August 2012 and is residing at Thrippunithura, Kerala. The couple has a baby girl born on 31 October 2014. Divya was trained in Carnatic Music from the age of 12 years by Smt. Shakunthala Sheshadri, Mr. Sunil and Sri. Mangad Nadessan. Divya received education in Hindustani Classical music from Ustad Fiyaz Khan and Sri Dinesh Devdas, she is passionate about jewellery making and have conducted several exhibitions under her jewellery brand named "Jingles"