The Battle of Ramadi in 2006 was fought during the Iraq War from April 2006 to November 2006 for control of the capital of the Al Anbar Governorate in western Iraq. Coalition strategy relied on establishing a number of patrol bases called Combat Operation Posts throughout the city, U. S. military officers believe that insurgent actions during the battle led to the formation of the Anbar Awakening. In August, insurgents executed a tribal sheik who was encouraging his kinsmen to join the Iraqi police, in response, Sunni sheiks banded together to drive insurgents from Ramadi. In September 2006, Sheik Abdul Sattar Abu Risha formed the Anbar Salvation Council, U. S. Navy SEAL Michael A. Monsoor was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for actions during the battle. On September 29,2006, he threw himself upon a grenade which threatened the lives of the members of his team. Monsoor had previously awarded the Silver Star in May for rescuing an injured comrade in the city. The battle also marked the first use of bombs by insurgents during the war. On October 21,2006, insurgents detonated a car-bomb with two 100-pound chlorine tanks, injuring three Iraqi policemen and a civilian in Ramadi, since the fall of Fallujah in 2004, Ramadi had been the center of the insurgency in Iraq. The Islamic State of Iraq, a front group for Al-Qaida in Iraq, had declared the city to be its capital, law and order had broken down, and street battles were common. On April 17,2006 the second battle of Ramadi began, observation Post Virginia, the government center, the snake pit outpost, and Camp Ramadi all simultaneously came under heavy attack by forces led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. OP Virginia was the target of a heavily armed vehicle-born suicide bomber, the suicide bomber drove an armored yellow dump truck loaded with approximately one thousand pounds of explosives through the gate of the outpost and detonated it. Insurgents with small arms and RPGs moved in on the post, the Marines of Lima Company, 3rd Battalion 8th Marines, eventually repelled the attack, killing dozens of insurgents with few Marine casualties. On June 14, U. S. and Iraqi forces in Baghdad began Operation Together Forward, in early June 2006, the 1st Brigade Combat Team of the 1st U. S. Word of an offensive already gotten to the 400,000 citizens of the city who feared another Fallujah style attack. But the U. S. commander of 1/1 AD, Colonel Sean MacFarland decided to take it slowly and softly, without using heavy close air support, by June 10, U. S. troops had cordoned off the city. U. S. air strikes on residential areas were escalating, the objective of the operation was to cut off resupply and reinforcements to the insurgents in Ramadi by gaining control of the key entry points into the city. On June 17, there were skirmishes with the insurgents which killed two American soldiers. The operation had some success but the effect that the Americans wanted to achieve did not happen
Image: Ramadi august 2006 patrol
Marines during an operation to prevent and disrupt insurgency activity in Ramadi, April 25, 2006
US troops take cover from small arms fire while investigating a car bomb explosion in Tameem, Ramadi, August 10, 2006.
Iraqi police prepare to enter the Ramadi hospital, July 5, 2006.